What is a renal scan and GFR?
A renal scan and GFR (glomerular filtration rate) is a test to look at how well the kidneys filter blood.
How is the test done?
The test is done by a nuclear medicine technologist. It has four parts.
- Your child will be given a small injection (needle) into a vein in the arm or back of hand.
- The technologist will do a scan to take pictures of your child's kidneys.
- The technologist will take a blood sample 1.5 hours after the injection.
- The technologist will take a second blood sample 2.5 hours after the injection.
The injection contains a very small amount of radioactive medicine that mixes with the blood.
Note: The injection before the scan is not painful, but your child's hand or arm can still be numbed first with a topical anaesthetic (a special cream or cooling spray). If you would like this option, it is best to arrive at least 30 minutes before your appointment time to allow the anaesthetic to take effect.
Your child will then lie down on a narrow bed and a special camera will take pictures for 30 minutes right after the injection. This is to see how your child's kidneys filter the medicine. In most cases your child can watch a movie as the scan is being done.
The blood samples are taken to check how well the kidneys can remove waste products at set intervals.
How long does the test take?
The test can take about three hours in total. This includes the time to inject your child, do the scan of their kidneys, and wait for the blood samples to be taken. Please add half an hour to the total time if your child has a topical anaesthetic before the injection.
Must my child stay in the hospital between the scan and the blood samples?
Your child can leave the hospital between the scan and the blood samples, but they must return at the time(s) given by the technologist.
Does my child need to do anything special to prepare for the test?
Your child can eat and drink as usual, but they may be asked to drink one or two extra glasses of water or juice before the scan so they are well hydrated.
Some children need a blood or urine test before the test. Your doctor's office will tell you if your child needs one.
Will I be able to stay with my child during the test?
One parent or guardian may stay in the room with the child, but no other children are allowed.
Does the test carry any risks?
A renal scan involves giving a very small amount of radiation to your child. The nuclear medicine team will discuss this with you when you and your child arrive for the x-ray. You might also find it helpful to read this information about
nuclear medicine from the Alliance for Radiation Safety in Pediatric Imaging.
When are the results available?
A nuclear medicine doctor will send a report to your family doctor or paediatrician (child's doctor) within one or two working days of the test. Please contact your family doctor to get the results. You will not be able to get the results from the nuclear medicine technologist.
- A renal scan and GFR (glomerular filtration rate) is a test to look at how well the kidneys filter blood. It can take three about hours.
- Your child will be injected with a small amount of radioactive medicine and have pictures taken of their kidneys. They will then give two samples of blood at set times to show how well the kidneys are filtering the medicine.
- Your child may be asked to drink one or two extra glasses of water or juice before the scan so they are well hydrated.
- A nuclear medicine doctor will send the results of the scan to your family doctor or paediatrician (child's doctor) within two working days. The person who does the scan cannot give the results.