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Bleeding: First aidBBleeding: First aidBleeding: First aidEnglishHaematologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NACardiovascular systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2013-05-04T04:00:00ZElizabeth Berger, BA, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, MHPE6.0000000000000079.0000000000000511.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>An overview of the first aid treatment of bleeding and the prevention of shock.</p><p>In most cases, when your child scrapes or cuts themselves, the bleeding will stop quickly. Although the amount of bleeding may seem like a lot, most minor wounds do not result in major blood loss or complications. However, if the bleeding does not stop, you will have to act quickly to prevent too much blood loss and maybe even shock. Shock occurs when the circulatory system fails to provide enough blood to all parts of the body. </p> ​<h2>Key points </h2> <ul> <li>If your child's wound does not stop bleeding on its own, act quickly to prevent too much blood loss and shock. </li> <li>Signs of shock include pale skin, a drop in temperature, sweating, fast breathing and loss of consciousness. </li> <li>If your child is showing any sign of shock, call 911 right away.</li> <li>Raise the wound so it is above the heart. This will reduce the amount of blood flowing to the wounded area. </li> <li>Be sure your hands are clean, or wear disposable gloves, when treating your child's wound. </li> <li>If an object is embedded in your child's body, do not remove it. Cover the area with clean bandage rolls and seek medical attention right away. </li> </ul><h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <ul> <li>If the bleeding continues for more than five minutes, despite applying firm pressure to the area. </li> <li>If you are unable to properly clean the wound or if it appears dirty. </li> <li>If there are signs of shock. </li> <li>If the wound is on the child's neck or face. </li> <li>If the injury was caused by an electrical burn, an animal or human bite, a burn or a puncture wound (ex. a nail piercing the skin). </li> <li>If there is an object embedded in the wound. </li> <li>If the cut is deep and looks like it might need stitches. </li> <li>If the child has not had a shot for tetanus or if it has been longer than 10 years since the last tetanus shot. </li> </ul><h2>Treatment </h2> <h3>Rest </h3> <p>When treating any type of wound, minor or severe, have your child rest. Encourage them to sit or lie down. </p> <h3>Elevate </h3> <p>Be sure to raise the wounded area above their heart. This will reduce the amount of blood flowing to the wound. If the wound is dirty, you can rinse it gently with clean, cool or warm tap water. Do not use hot water. You can also use bottled water or a saline wound spray to clean the wound. Do not use alcohol, iodine, mercurochrome, hydrogen peroxide or other similar agents to clean the wound. These solutions will cause pain and/or irritation. </p> <h3>Direct pressure </h3> <p>Before you try to stop the bleeding, clean your hands to reduce the risk of infection. If you do not know the person that you are helping, wear gloves to protect yourself from any potential, transmissible diseases. Take sterile gauze or a clean cloth and press firmly on the wound to stop the bleeding. Continue to apply pressure to the area for at least five minutes. When the bleeding has slowed or stopped, secure the dressing with tape. </p> <p>If your child is showing any signs of shock, call 911 right away. </p> <h3>Embedded Object </h3> <p>If an object is embedded, or stuck in your child's body, do not take it out. Pulling it out could cause the bleeding to worsen. Instead, protect and cover the area with sterile gauze. Make sure to not push the object deeper into the wound. Wrap bandage rolls over the wound. Secure the bandage rolls above and below the wound. Seek medical attention right away to have the object removed and the wound cared for. </p>
النزيف: الإسعافات الأوليةاالنزيف: الإسعافات الأوليةBleeding: First aidArabicHaematologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NACardiovascular systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-12-03T05:00:00ZNA6.0000000000000079.0000000000000511.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>نظرة عامة سهلة الفهم لعلاج الاسعافات الأولية للنزيف والوقاية من الصدمات.</p>
出血:急救出血:急救Bleeding: First aidChineseSimplifiedHaematologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NACardiovascular systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-12-03T05:00:00Z79.00000000000006.00000000000000511.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>一个易于理解的出血和预防休克的急救治疗的概述。</p>
出血:急救出血:急救Bleeding: First AidChineseTraditionalHaematologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NACardiovascular systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-12-03T05:00:00Z79.00000000000006.00000000000000511.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>簡要概述出血的急救和休克的預防。</p>
Hemorragias: Primeros auxiliosHHemorragias: Primeros auxiliosBleeding: First AidSpanishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-12-03T05:00:00Z79.00000000000006.00000000000000511.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Una descripción sencilla sobre el tratamiento de primeros auxilios en caso de hemorragia y sobre la prevención del shock.</p>
இரத்தம் வடிதல்: முதலுதவிஇரத்தம் வடிதல்: முதலுதவிBleeding: First AidTamilNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-12-03T05:00:00Z79.00000000000006.00000000000000511.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>இரத்தம் வடிதலையும் அதிர்ச்சியையும் தடுப்பதற்கான முதல் உதவிச் சிகிச்சையைப் பற்றி இலகுவாக விளங்கிக்கொள்ளக்கூடிய ஒரு மேற்ப்பார்வை. </p>
خون کا بہنا : ابتدائِ طبی امدادخخون کا بہنا : ابتدائِ طبی امدادBleeding: First AidUrduNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-12-03T05:00:00Z79.00000000000006.00000000000000511.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>خون کے بہاو کو روکنے اور صدمے سے بچنے کے لئے ایک آسان جائزہ جس میں ابتدائی طبی امداد اور صدمے سے بچنے کا ذکر ھے۔</p>

 

 

出血:急救1043.00000000000出血:急救Bleeding: First AidChineseTraditionalHaematologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NACardiovascular systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-12-03T05:00:00Z79.00000000000006.00000000000000511.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>簡要概述出血的急救和休克的預防。</p><p>多數情況下,您的孩子刮傷或割傷自己時,出血會很快停止。儘管出血量看起來很多,多數小傷不會造成大量失血或併發症。然而,如果出血不止,您需要採取措施防止大量出血,否則可能會造成休克。循環系統不能向全身的各個部位提供足夠的血液時即會發生休克。休克的跡象包括:</p> <ul> <li>皮膚蒼白、灰白 </li> <li>體溫下降</li> <li>出汗 </li> <li>呼吸急促 </li> <li>失去意識</li> </ul> <h2>治療</h2> <h3>休息 </h3> <p>處理任何類型的受傷,不管是小傷還是大傷,均要讓您的孩子休息。最好是讓他坐下或躺下。 </p> <h3>抬起受傷部位</h3> <p>確信讓受傷部位高於其心臟。這樣可以減少從心臟流向傷口的血液。如果傷口不乾淨,您可以用清潔的涼或溫自來水輕輕沖洗。不要用熱水。您也可以用瓶裝水或生理鹽水噴一下傷口。不要用酒精、碘、紅藥水、過氧化氫(雙氧水)或其他類似的製劑清洗傷口。這些製劑會造成疼痛和/或瘙癢。 </p> <h3>直接壓按 </h3> <p>用消毒紗布或乾淨的布緊緊按住傷口,阻止繼續出血。出血變慢或停止後,用膠帶或安全別針固定包紮。</p> <p>若孩子有任何休克跡象,立即撥打 911。</p> <h3>插入物體</h3> <p>如果孩子的身體中被插入或卡入物體,不要拔出。否則可能會造成出血加劇。相反,要用消毒紗布包住該部位。不要將物體推入傷口更深。確信洗手或戴一次性手套,防止感染。用繃帶包紮傷口。固定繃帶卷的上下部位。然後立即就醫,請醫生取出物體,護理一下傷口。</p> <h2>要點</h2> <ul> <li>“如果孩子的傷口不自己停止流血,快速採取行動防止大量失血和休克。 </li> <li>休克的症狀包括皮膚蒼白、體溫下降、出汗、呼吸急促以及失去意識。 </li> <li>若孩子有任何休克跡象,立即撥打 911。 </li> <li>抬起傷口部位,使其高於心臟。這樣可以減少從心臟流向傷口部位的血液。 </li> <li>處理您孩子的傷口時,一定要保證您的手清潔,或者戴一次性手套。 </li> <li>如果孩子的身體中被插入物體,不要拔出。用乾淨的繃帶卷包紮傷口部位,然後立即就醫。</li> </ul>​https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/bleeding_first_aid.jpg出血:急救False

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