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Asthma triggersAAsthma triggersAsthma triggersEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)LungsRespiratory systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00ZSharon Dell, BEng, MD, FRCPC; Bonnie Fleming-Carroll, MN, ACNP, CAE; Jennifer Leaist, RN, BScN; Rishita Peterson, RN, BScN, MN; Gurjit Sangha, RN, MN; James Tjon, BScPhm, PharmD, RPh6.3000000000000073.70000000000001454.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Identifying and dealing with your child's asthma triggers is an important step in asthma management. Read about common triggers and ways to overcome them.</p><p>Triggers are things that make your child’s asthma worse. Your child has a set of asthma triggers that may be different from other children. It is important to know what your child’s asthma triggers are and try to remove or reduce them. </p><h2> Key points </h2><ul><li>Triggers worsen asthma and can vary from child to child.</li><li> Common triggers include infections such as colds and flu, cigarette smoke and irritants such as air pollution, cold air, and chemical fumes, allergens such as pet dander, dust mites, pollens, and moulds, and certain medicines. </li></ul><figure><span class="asset-image-title">Common asthma triggers</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Asthma_Triggers_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Pet dander, dust mites, infections, cigarette smoke, air pollution, pollens and moulds" /></figure> <h2>Infections such as colds and flu</h2><p>Viral infections such as colds and flu are common asthma triggers. To help protect your child:</p><ul><li>Keep your child away from people who have a cold or the flu.</li><li>Make sure your child and your family members wash their hands often.</li><li>Ask your doctor about getting the flu shot for your child early in the fall each year.</li><li>Remember to keep your child’s asthma under control all the time. This will help your child to have less asthma symptoms when your child does get a cold or the flu. </li></ul><h2>Irritants</h2><p>Irritants are things that can irritate your child’s airway and cause asthma symptoms. Even though sometimes it may be hard to stay away from irritants, there are ways to help your child avoid them. </p><p>Some examples of irritants are:</p><ul><li>cigarette smoke</li><li>wood and oil smoke</li><li>air pollution</li><li>cold air</li><li>chemical fumes or strong odours</li></ul><h3>Cigarette smoke</h3><p>Children’s asthma is frequently triggered by second-hand smoke. Here are some ways to protect your child from smoke:</p><ul><li>If you smoke, try to quit.</li><li>Do not smoke in the house. Ask anyone who smokes to smoke outdoors.</li><li>Remember that cigarette smoke stays on clothes. If a person who has been near cigarette smoke is close to your child, this can make your child’s asthma worse. </li><li>Stay away from smoky areas. Help your child stay away from cigarette smoke when you are out.</li><li>Do not let anyone smoke in the car.</li></ul><h3>Wood and oil smoke</h3><p>Smoke from a wood stove or a campfire may also be an irritant. Here are some ways to protect your child:</p><ul><li>Keep your child away from the smoke of a fireplace, wood stove, or campfire.</li><li>Keep your child away from the smoke made by an oil heater.</li></ul><h3>Air pollution</h3><p>Air pollution is highest during hot and humid days in the summer. Here are some ways to protect your child from air pollution:</p><ul><li>Follow the air quality index on TV or online.</li><li>When air quality is poor outside, try to let your child stay indoors where air conditioning is available. This might be an air-conditioned home, a shopping mall, or an office building. </li><li>Keep the windows closed at home and in the car when the air quality is poor. Turn on air conditioning if possible.</li></ul><h3>Cold air</h3><p>Your child’s asthma may get worse if there is a sudden change in temperature. Here are some ways to prevent cold air from triggering an asthma episode: </p><ul><li>Before your child goes out in cold weather, make sure your child wears a scarf that covers the nose and mouth. This can help to warm and humidify the air that your child breathes in. </li><li>Let your child exercise indoors on cold days.</li><li>You may need to ask your child’s teacher to let your child stay indoors during recess.</li></ul><h3>Chemical fumes and strong odours</h3><p>Some strong scents and chemical fumes can irritate your child’s airway. Some examples include:</p><ul><li>cleaning products</li><li>paints and paint strippers</li><li>perfumes</li><li>bleach</li><li>air fresheners</li><li>pesticides</li></ul><p>Here are some ways to protect your child from these irritants:</p><ul><li>Keep your child away from chemical fumes and strong odours.</li><li>Try to keep the windows open and air out after you paint a room. Let your child go into the room after the scent is gone.</li></ul><h2>Allergens</h2><p>Allergens are things that your child is allergic to. Not every child with asthma has allergies. But if your child has allergies, it is important to control or stay away from the allergens that bother them. </p><p>Allergens can make a child’s asthma worse when they are breathed in. Allergens make the airways in the lungs become inflamed and narrow. This makes it hard for air to pass through. It can cause coughing, wheezing, feeling short of breath, and other asthma symptoms. </p><p>Some examples of allergens include:</p><ul><li>pet dander</li><li>dust mites</li><li>pollens</li><li>moulds</li></ul><h3>Pet dander</h3><p>If your child is allergic to pets, the best way to avoid asthma episodes is to find another home for your pets. It is very important to clean your house thoroughly after the pet is removed, because traces of the animal can stay in living areas for a long time. You may need to clean furniture, carpets, children’s stuffed toys, and the heating and cooling system. </p><h3>Dust mites</h3><p>Dust mites are very tiny bugs that feed off shed human skin. Children who have dust allergies are actually allergic to the droppings of dust mites. Dust mites live mostly in warm and moist places with lots of shed human skin, such as mattresses, pillows, bedding, carpets, rugs, and upholstered furniture. In order to control your child’s allergy, you must remove all the droppings and kill the dust mites. </p><p>Some helpful actions are:</p><ul><li>Wash all your linens in very hot water every week.</li><li>Cover your child’s mattress, box spring, and pillows with special allergen-proof covers or impermeable covers that completely enclose the mattress. </li><li>Remove carpets, rugs, and heavy curtains from your child’s bedroom. Ideally, remove them from the rest of the house if possible.</li><li>Remove stuffed animals or dolls from your child’s bedroom or store them in the closet. Reducing clutter in the bedroom will mean less dust can collect. </li><li>Vacuum the carpet and dust every week.</li><li>Keep the humidity level in the house below 50%. You can use a dehumidifier in damp areas. Dust mites do not survive well in dry environment. </li></ul><h3>Pollens</h3><p>Pollens are from trees, grasses, and weeds. They can travel for miles by wind and are most problematic during the spring and warm-weather months. </p><p>If your child is allergic to pollens, there are a few things you can do to help your child avoid them:</p><ul><li>Close the windows at home and in the car as much as you can on days when the pollen count is high. Use an air conditioner if needed and change the filter regularly. </li><li>Watch for the pollen count and decide if your child should stay home on days when the count is high. You can check pollen reports on TV or online. </li><li>>If your child does go out when the pollen is high, have them shower and change clothes when they come home.</li><li>Dry your child’s laundry using a clothes dryer instead of hanging clothes and sheets outside.</li></ul><h3>Moulds</h3><p>Moulds grow all year round in areas that are damp, such as basements and bathrooms. They can travel in the air to anywhere in the home. </p><p>Here are some ways you can keep your house free of moulds:</p><ul><li>Use soap or detergent and water to clean up small areas of mould in your home. For larger areas, you may need a substance that is specifically for killing mould (a fungicide). </li><li>Use a dehumidifier in damp areas of your home, such as the basement. Keep the humidity in your home to less than 50%.</li><li>Ventilate your home well; moulds do not live well in airy areas.</li><li>Open the window or use a bathroom fan after showers.</li><li>Fix water leaks in the roof or plumbing immediately.</li></ul><h3>Foods</h3><p>Food allergies do not usually cause asthma symptoms, but children with food allergies are more likely to develop asthma. In addition, children with food allergies may be more likely to have severe asthma, so it is very important to keep asthma under good control if your child has food allergies. The most common food items that account for food allergies in children are milk, eggs, peanuts, nuts, wheat, soy, shellfish, and fish. </p><p>If you suspect that your child is allergic to certain food, consult an allergist.</p><h2>Medicine</h2><p>Certain medicines, like <a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=English">ASA</a> (acetylsalicylic acid or Aspirin) and <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a>, can cause asthma symptoms in some children with asthma. </p><p>If your child is sensitive to these medicines, tell your pharmacist. Make sure there are no words like <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a>, Aspirin, <a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=English">ASA, or acetylsalicylic acid​</a> on the labels of the medicines that you give your child.</p>
مثيرات الربوممثيرات الربوAsthma triggersArabicRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)LungsRespiratory systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00ZSharon Dell, BEng, MD, FRCPC;Bonnie Fleming-Carroll, MN, ACNP, CAE;Jennifer Leaist, RN, BScN;Rishita Peterson, RN, BScN, MN;Gurjit Sangha, RN, MN;James Tjon, BScPhm, PharmD, RPh7.0000000000000071.00000000000001390.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>مثيرات الربو كثيرة وحساسية الربو تأثر على رئتي الأطفال. اقرأ عن تأثير الالتهابات على الربو والمواد المثيرة للحساسية.</p>
哮喘诱因哮喘诱因Asthma triggersChineseSimplifiedNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00ZSharon Dell, BEng, MD, FRCPCBonnie Fleming-Carroll, MN, ACNP, CAEJennifer Leaist, RN, BScNRishita Peterson, RN, BScN, MNGurjit Sangha, RN, MNJames Tjon, BScPhm, PharmD, RPh71.00000000000007.000000000000001390.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>识别和对付你的孩子的哮喘诱因是哮喘病管理中的重要一步。</p>
哮喘誘因哮喘誘因Asthma TriggersChineseTraditionalNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00ZSharon Dell, BEng, MD, FRCPCBonnie Fleming-Carroll, MN, ACNP, CAEJennifer Leaist, RN, BScNRishita Peterson, RN, BScN, MNGurjit Sangha, RN, MNJames Tjon, BScPhm, PharmD, RPh71.00000000000007.000000000000001390.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>識別幷處理孩子的哮喘誘因是治療哮喘病的一個重要步驟。瞭解常見的哮喘誘因及相關克服方法。</p>
Éléments déclencheurs de l’asthmeÉÉléments déclencheurs de l’asthmeAsthma TriggersFrenchRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)LungsRespiratory systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00ZSharon Dell, BEng, MD, FRCPCBonnie Fleming-Carroll, MN, ACNP, CAEJennifer Leaist, RN, BScNRishita Peterson, RN, BScN, MNGurjit Sangha, RN, MNJames Tjon, BScPhm, PharmD, RPh7.0000000000000071.00000000000001390.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Il est important de cerner les éléments déclencheurs de l’asthme chez votre enfant et de les maîtriser; c’est une étape importante de la gestion de l’asthme. Renseignez vous sur les éléments déclencheurs les plus communs et sur la manière de les surmonter.</p><p>On appelle éléments déclencheurs les choses qui font empirer l’asthme de votre enfant. Votre enfant réagit à un ensemble d’éléments déclencheurs qui peuvent différer de ceux des autres enfants. Il est important que vous connaissiez les éléments qui déclenchent l’asthme chez votre enfant et que vous tentiez de les supprimer ou de les réduire.</p><h2> À retenir </h2> <ul><li>Les déclencheurs détériorent l’asthme et peuvent varies d’un enfant à l’autre.</li> <li>Les déclencheurs les plus fréquents comprennent les rhumes et la grippe, la fumée de cigarette et les irritant atmosphériques comme la pollution de l’air, l’air froid les fumées de produits chimiques, les allergènes comme les squames des animaux domestiques, les acariens de la poussière, les pollens, les moisissures et certains médicaments.</li></ul>
Factores desencadenantes del asmaFFactores desencadenantes del asmaAsthma TriggersSpanishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00ZSharon Dell, BEng, MD, FRCPCBonnie Fleming-Carroll, MN, ACNP, CAEJennifer Leaist, RN, BScNRishita Peterson, RN, BScN, MNGurjit Sangha, RN, MNJames Tjon, BScPhm, PharmD, RPh000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Identificar y tratar los factores desencadenantes del asma son pasos importantes en el manejo del asma de su niño.<br></p>
ஆஸ்துமா நோய்க்கான ஊக்கிகள்ஆஸ்துமா நோய்க்கான ஊக்கிகள்Asthma TriggersTamilNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00ZSharon Dell, BEng, MD, FRCPCBonnie Fleming-Carroll, MN, ACNP, CAEJennifer Leaist, RN, BScNRishita Peterson, RN, BScN, MNGurjit Sangha, RN, MNJames Tjon, BScPhm, PharmD, RPh000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>உங்கள் பிள்ளையின் ஆஸ்துமா ஊக்கிகளை அடையாளம் காணுதல் மற்றும் அவற்றைக் கையாளுதல் என்பன, ஆஸ்துமாவைச் சமாளிப்பதின் ஒரு முக்கியமான படியாகும்.</p>
دمہ کا متحرک ہوناددمہ کا متحرک ہوناAsthma TriggersUrduNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00ZSharon Dell, BEng, MD, FRCPCBonnie Fleming-Carroll, MN, ACNP, CAEJennifer Leaist, RN, BScNRishita Peterson, RN, BScN, MNGurjit Sangha, RN, MNJames Tjon, BScPhm, PharmD, RPh71.00000000000007.000000000000001390.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Zاپنے بچے کے دمہ کو شناخت کرنا اور اس کے متحرکات سے نمٹنا دمہ کے بندوبست کے لئے اہم قدم ہیں۔ عام متحرکات اور ان پر قابو پانے کے بارے میں مطالعہ کریں

 

 

 

 

哮喘诱因1484.00000000000哮喘诱因Asthma triggersChineseSimplifiedNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00ZSharon Dell, BEng, MD, FRCPCBonnie Fleming-Carroll, MN, ACNP, CAEJennifer Leaist, RN, BScNRishita Peterson, RN, BScN, MNGurjit Sangha, RN, MNJames Tjon, BScPhm, PharmD, RPh71.00000000000007.000000000000001390.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>识别和对付你的孩子的哮喘诱因是哮喘病管理中的重要一步。</p><p>哮喘诱因使得你的孩子的哮喘病加剧。你的孩子的一系列触发哮喘的诱因会和其他孩子的有所不同。重要的是要了解你的孩子的哮喘诱发因素是什么,并努力去除或减少这些问题。</p><p>常见的诱因包括:</p><ul><li>感染如感冒和流感</li><li>香烟的烟雾和其他刺激物,如空气污染,冷空气,和化学烟雾</li><li>过敏原,如宠物皮屑,尘螨,花粉和霉菌</li><li>某些药物 </li></ul> <figure><span class="asset-image-title">一些常见的哮喘引发因素</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Asthma_Triggers_EQUIP_ILL_ZH.jpg" alt="宠物毛屑、尘螨、感染、二手烟、空气污染、花粉和霉菌" /> </figure> <h2>感染,如感冒和流感</h2><p>病毒感染如感冒和流感是常见的哮喘诱因。为了帮助保护你的孩子:</p><ul><li>保持你的孩子远离患有感冒或流感的人。 </li><li>确保你的孩子和家人经常洗手。 </li><li>寻问你的医生每年秋天提前给你的孩子注射流感疫苗。 </li><li>记住时时都要控制孩子的哮喘病的发作。这将帮助你的孩子在患感冒或流感时减少哮喘的症状。</li></ul><h2>刺激物</h2><p>刺激物是指对孩子的呼吸道产生刺激并诱发哮喘的物质。尽管有时很难远离刺激物,有办法帮助你的孩子避开它们。 </p><p>刺激物的一些例子:</p><ul><li>香烟烟雾<br></li><li>木材和油烟</li><li>空气污染</li><li>冷空气</li><li>化学烟雾或强烈气味</li></ul><h3>香烟烟雾</h3><p>儿童哮喘经常由被动吸烟引起。这里有一些方法来保护你的孩子不受吸烟的影响:</p><ul><li>如果你本人吸烟,尝试戒掉。 </li><li>不要在家里吸烟。谁要吸烟的话,到室外去吸。 </li><li>记住香烟烟雾停留在衣服上。如果接近吸烟者的人接近你的孩子,这可以会让你的孩子的哮喘病加剧。 </li><li>远离烟雾区。当你不在家时帮助孩子远离烟雾区。 </li><li>不要让任何人在车上吸烟。</li></ul><h3>木材和油烟</h3><p>从柴火炉或篝火烟雾也可能是一个刺激因素。这里有一些方法来保护你的孩子:</p><ul><li>保持你的孩子远离了壁炉,柴火炉,或营火的烟雾。 </li><li>保持你的孩子远离由油加热器所引起烟雾。</li></ul><h3>空气污染</h3><p>空气污染在夏天炎热潮湿的日子最严重。这里有一些方法保护你的孩子不受空气污染的影响:</p><ul><li>参照电视里或网上提供的空气质量指数。 </li><li>当户外空气质量不好时,尽量让孩子留在有空调的室内。这可能是有空调的家庭,一个购物中心,或办公楼。 </li><li>户外空气质量查时,保持家里的窗户和车窗都关闭好。如果可能的话,把空调打开。</li></ul><h3>冷空气</h3><p>如果温度突然变化的话你孩子的哮喘可能会加剧。这里有一些方法可避免冷空气触发哮喘症状: </p><ul><li>在你的孩子在冷天外出时,确保你的孩子戴上围巾并捂住鼻子和嘴。这可以帮助温暖并加湿你的孩子呼入的空气。</li><li>天气冷时让你的孩子在室内运动。 </li><li>你可能需要告诉你的孩子的老师让孩子在课间休息时留在教室内。</li></ul><h3>化学烟雾和强烈气味</h3><p>一些强烈气味的化学烟雾会刺激孩子的呼吸道。一些例子包括:</p><ul><li>清洁产品</li><li>油漆和脱漆剂</li><li>香水</li><li>漂白剂</li><li>空气清新剂</li><li>杀虫剂</li></ul><p>这里有一些方法来保护你的孩子免受这些刺激:</p><ul><li>保持你的孩子远离化学烟雾和强烈的气味。 </li><li>房间刷漆后,尽量打开窗户通风。在气味消失后,再让你的孩子回到房间。</li></ul><h2>过敏原</h2><p>过敏原是引起你的孩子过敏的东西。不是所有患哮喘儿童均有过敏原。但是,如果你的孩子有过敏原,重要的是要控制或使孩子远离干扰她的过敏原。</p><p>当吸入时,过敏原会使孩子的哮喘加重。吸入过敏原使肺部的气管发炎并变窄。这使得空气难以通过。它可以引起咳嗽,气喘,呼吸急促的感觉,和其他哮喘症状。 </p><p>对过敏原的一些例子包括:</p><ul><li>宠物皮屑</li><li>尘螨</li><li>花粉</li><li>霉菌</li></ul><h3>宠物皮屑</h3><p>如果你的孩子对宠物过敏的话,避免哮喘发作的最好办法是给你的宠物另找另一家。宠物移走后,把家彻底清洁一次是非常重要的,因为动物的痕迹可以在它生活过的地方存留很长时间。你可能需要清洁家具,地毯,孩子的毛绒玩具,以及暖气和冷气系统。</p><h3>尘螨</h3><p>尘螨是非常微小的,以人体皮肤脱屑为食物的虫子。对粉尘过敏的孩子实际上是对尘螨的粪便过敏。大多数尘螨生长在温暖潮湿有人体皮肤脱屑的地方,例如床垫,枕头,被褥,地毯,挂毯,和软垫家具。为了控制孩子的过敏,你必须清除所有的尘螨排泄物并杀死尘螨。</p><p>一些有用的做法是:</p><ul><li>用滚热的水清洗所有的床单,每周一次。 </li><li>用抗过敏的单子覆盖孩子的床垫,弹簧床架,和枕头,或用不透水的单子把床垫完全裹好。 </li><li>把地毯,挂毯,和沉重的窗帘从孩子的卧室移走。在理想的情况下,把它们从其它房间也移走。 </li><li>从你孩子的卧室拿走毛绒动物或娃娃,把它们储存在壁橱里。在卧室里减少杂物将意味粉尘的减少。 </li><li>用吸尘器清洁地毯和灰尘,每周一次。 </li><li>保持房间湿度在50%以下的。你可以在潮湿的地方使用除湿机。尘螨无法在干燥的环境的地方生存。</li></ul><h3>花粉</h3><p>花粉来自树木,青草,和杂草。他们可以随风飘扬数英里,在春季和气候温暖的月份里活动产生问题。 </p><p>如果你的孩子是花粉过敏,有一些做法你可以帮助你的孩子避免它们:</p><ul><li>在花粉计数较高的季节,尽可能地关闭家里的窗户和车窗。如果需要的话使用空调,并定期更换过滤器。 </li><li>观察花粉计数的,并决定在花粉计数较高时你的孩子是否应该留在家里。你可以在电视上或网上查看花粉计数报告。 </li><li>如果你的孩子确实需要在花粉计数较高时外出,她回家后应及时淋浴和换衣服。 </li><li>使用烘干机烘干你的孩子的衣服,不要把衣服和床单挂在外面。</li></ul><h3>霉菌</h3><p>霉菌全年当中在潮湿的地方生长,如地下室和浴室。它们可以随空气在家里的各处传播。 </p><p>这里有一些方法可以让你的房子里没有霉菌:</p><ul><li>使用肥皂或清洁剂和水来清洁霉菌可能生长的小地方。对于面积较大的地方,你可能需要一种特制的专门杀霉菌的物质(一种杀真菌剂)。 </li><li>在你的家里潮湿的地方使用抽湿机,如地下室。保持房间内湿度低于50%。 </li><li>保持家里通风良好;霉菌在通风良好的地方无法生存。 </li><li>淋浴后打开浴室窗户或使用浴室风扇通风。 </li><li>立即修理屋顶漏水处或水管漏水。</li></ul><h3>食品</h3><p>食物过敏一般不引起哮喘症状,但患有食物过敏症的儿童更容易患哮喘。此外,食物过敏的儿童可能更容易出现严重的哮喘,如果你的孩子有食物过敏,妥善地控制哮喘是非常重要的。最常见的食物,最常见的引起儿童过敏的食物包括牛奶,鸡蛋,花生,坚果,小麦,大豆,贝类和鱼类食品。</p><p>如果你怀疑你的孩子对某些食物过敏,请向过敏症专治医师咨询。</p><h2>药物</h2><p>某些药物,抗坏血酸(乙酰水杨酸或阿司匹林)和布洛芬,可能会在一些患哮喘儿童的身上导致哮喘症状的发生。</p><p>如果你的孩子对这些药物很敏感,请告诉你的药剂师。确保你让孩子服用的药品标签上没有布洛芬,阿司匹林,抗坏血酸,或乙酰水杨酸的字样。</p> <br>哮喘诱因False

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