Asthma triggersAAsthma triggersAsthma triggersEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)LungsRespiratory systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00Z6.3000000000000073.70000000000001454.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Identifying and dealing with your child's asthma triggers is an important step in asthma management. Read about common triggers and ways to overcome them.</p><p>Triggers are things that make your child’s asthma worse. Your child has a set of asthma triggers that may be different from other children. It is important to know what your child’s asthma triggers are and try to remove or reduce them. </p><h2> Key points </h2><ul><li>Triggers worsen asthma and can vary from child to child.</li><li> Common triggers include infections such as colds and flu, cigarette smoke and irritants such as air pollution, cold air, and chemical fumes, allergens such as pet dander, dust mites, pollens, and moulds, and certain medicines. </li></ul><figure><span class="asset-image-title">Common asthma triggers</span><img src="" alt="Pet dander, dust mites, infections, cigarette smoke, air pollution, pollens and moulds" /></figure> <h2>Infections such as colds and flu</h2><p>Viral infections such as colds and flu are common asthma triggers. To help protect your child:</p><ul><li>Keep your child away from people who have a cold or the flu.</li><li>Make sure your child and your family members wash their hands often.</li><li>Ask your doctor about getting the flu shot for your child early in the fall each year.</li><li>Remember to keep your child’s asthma under control all the time. This will help your child to have less asthma symptoms when your child does get a cold or the flu. </li></ul><h2>Irritants</h2><p>Irritants are things that can irritate your child’s airway and cause asthma symptoms. Even though sometimes it may be hard to stay away from irritants, there are ways to help your child avoid them. </p><p>Some examples of irritants are:</p><ul><li>cigarette smoke</li><li>wood and oil smoke</li><li>air pollution</li><li>cold air</li><li>chemical fumes or strong odours</li></ul><h3>Cigarette smoke</h3><p>Children’s asthma is frequently triggered by second-hand smoke. Here are some ways to protect your child from smoke:</p><ul><li>If you smoke, try to quit.</li><li>Do not smoke in the house. Ask anyone who smokes to smoke outdoors.</li><li>Remember that cigarette smoke stays on clothes. If a person who has been near cigarette smoke is close to your child, this can make your child’s asthma worse. </li><li>Stay away from smoky areas. Help your child stay away from cigarette smoke when you are out.</li><li>Do not let anyone smoke in the car.</li></ul><h3>Wood and oil smoke</h3><p>Smoke from a wood stove or a campfire may also be an irritant. Here are some ways to protect your child:</p><ul><li>Keep your child away from the smoke of a fireplace, wood stove, or campfire.</li><li>Keep your child away from the smoke made by an oil heater.</li></ul><h3>Air pollution</h3><p>Air pollution is highest during hot and humid days in the summer. Here are some ways to protect your child from air pollution:</p><ul><li>Follow the air quality index on TV or online.</li><li>When air quality is poor outside, try to let your child stay indoors where air conditioning is available. This might be an air-conditioned home, a shopping mall, or an office building. </li><li>Keep the windows closed at home and in the car when the air quality is poor. Turn on air conditioning if possible.</li></ul><h3>Cold air</h3><p>Your child’s asthma may get worse if there is a sudden change in temperature. Here are some ways to prevent cold air from triggering an asthma episode: </p><ul><li>Before your child goes out in cold weather, make sure your child wears a scarf that covers the nose and mouth. This can help to warm and humidify the air that your child breathes in. </li><li>Let your child exercise indoors on cold days.</li><li>You may need to ask your child’s teacher to let your child stay indoors during recess.</li></ul><h3>Chemical fumes and strong odours</h3><p>Some strong scents and chemical fumes can irritate your child’s airway. Some examples include:</p><ul><li>cleaning products</li><li>paints and paint strippers</li><li>perfumes</li><li>bleach</li><li>air fresheners</li><li>pesticides</li></ul><p>Here are some ways to protect your child from these irritants:</p><ul><li>Keep your child away from chemical fumes and strong odours.</li><li>Try to keep the windows open and air out after you paint a room. Let your child go into the room after the scent is gone.</li></ul><h2>Allergens</h2><p>Allergens are things that your child is allergic to. Not every child with asthma has allergies. But if your child has allergies, it is important to control or stay away from the allergens that bother them. </p><p>Allergens can make a child’s asthma worse when they are breathed in. Allergens make the airways in the lungs become inflamed and narrow. This makes it hard for air to pass through. It can cause coughing, wheezing, feeling short of breath, and other asthma symptoms. </p><p>Some examples of allergens include:</p><ul><li>pet dander</li><li>dust mites</li><li>pollens</li><li>moulds</li></ul><h3>Pet dander</h3><p>If your child is allergic to pets, the best way to avoid asthma episodes is to find another home for your pets. It is very important to clean your house thoroughly after the pet is removed, because traces of the animal can stay in living areas for a long time. You may need to clean furniture, carpets, children’s stuffed toys, and the heating and cooling system. </p><h3>Dust mites</h3><p>Dust mites are very tiny bugs that feed off shed human skin. Children who have dust allergies are actually allergic to the droppings of dust mites. Dust mites live mostly in warm and moist places with lots of shed human skin, such as mattresses, pillows, bedding, carpets, rugs, and upholstered furniture. In order to control your child’s allergy, you must remove all the droppings and kill the dust mites. </p><p>Some helpful actions are:</p><ul><li>Wash all your linens in very hot water every week.</li><li>Cover your child’s mattress, box spring, and pillows with special allergen-proof covers or impermeable covers that completely enclose the mattress. </li><li>Remove carpets, rugs, and heavy curtains from your child’s bedroom. Ideally, remove them from the rest of the house if possible.</li><li>Remove stuffed animals or dolls from your child’s bedroom or store them in the closet. Reducing clutter in the bedroom will mean less dust can collect. </li><li>Vacuum the carpet and dust every week.</li><li>Keep the humidity level in the house below 50%. You can use a dehumidifier in damp areas. Dust mites do not survive well in dry environment. </li></ul><h3>Pollens</h3><p>Pollens are from trees, grasses, and weeds. They can travel for miles by wind and are most problematic during the spring and warm-weather months. </p><p>If your child is allergic to pollens, there are a few things you can do to help your child avoid them:</p><ul><li>Close the windows at home and in the car as much as you can on days when the pollen count is high. Use an air conditioner if needed and change the filter regularly. </li><li>Watch for the pollen count and decide if your child should stay home on days when the count is high. You can check pollen reports on TV or online. </li><li>>If your child does go out when the pollen is high, have them shower and change clothes when they come home.</li><li>Dry your child’s laundry using a clothes dryer instead of hanging clothes and sheets outside.</li></ul><h3>Moulds</h3><p>Moulds grow all year round in areas that are damp, such as basements and bathrooms. They can travel in the air to anywhere in the home. </p><p>Here are some ways you can keep your house free of moulds:</p><ul><li>Use soap or detergent and water to clean up small areas of mould in your home. For larger areas, you may need a substance that is specifically for killing mould (a fungicide). </li><li>Use a dehumidifier in damp areas of your home, such as the basement. Keep the humidity in your home to less than 50%.</li><li>Ventilate your home well; moulds do not live well in airy areas.</li><li>Open the window or use a bathroom fan after showers.</li><li>Fix water leaks in the roof or plumbing immediately.</li></ul><h3>Foods</h3><p>Food allergies do not usually cause asthma symptoms, but children with food allergies are more likely to develop asthma. In addition, children with food allergies may be more likely to have severe asthma, so it is very important to keep asthma under good control if your child has food allergies. The most common food items that account for food allergies in children are milk, eggs, peanuts, nuts, wheat, soy, shellfish, and fish. </p><p>If you suspect that your child is allergic to certain food, consult an allergist.</p><h2>Medicine</h2><p>Certain medicines, like <a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=English">ASA</a> (acetylsalicylic acid or Aspirin) and <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a>, can cause asthma symptoms in some children with asthma. </p><p>If your child is sensitive to these medicines, tell your pharmacist. Make sure there are no words like <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a>, Aspirin, <a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=English">ASA, or acetylsalicylic acid​</a> on the labels of the medicines that you give your child.</p>
مثيرات الربوممثيرات الربوAsthma triggersArabicRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)LungsRespiratory systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00Z7.0000000000000071.00000000000001390.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>مثيرات الربو كثيرة وحساسية الربو تأثر على رئتي الأطفال. اقرأ عن تأثير الالتهابات على الربو والمواد المثيرة للحساسية.</p>
哮喘诱因哮喘诱因Asthma triggersChineseSimplifiedNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00Z71.00000000000007.000000000000001390.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>识别和对付你的孩子的哮喘诱因是哮喘病管理中的重要一步。</p>
哮喘誘因哮喘誘因Asthma TriggersChineseTraditionalNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00Z71.00000000000007.000000000000001390.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>識別幷處理孩子的哮喘誘因是治療哮喘病的一個重要步驟。瞭解常見的哮喘誘因及相關克服方法。</p>
Éléments déclencheurs de l’asthmeÉÉléments déclencheurs de l’asthmeAsthma TriggersFrenchRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)LungsRespiratory systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00Z7.0000000000000071.00000000000001390.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Il est important de cerner les éléments déclencheurs de l’asthme chez votre enfant et de les maîtriser; c’est une étape importante de la gestion de l’asthme. Renseignez vous sur les éléments déclencheurs les plus communs et sur la manière de les surmonter.</p><p>On appelle éléments déclencheurs les choses qui font empirer l’asthme de votre enfant. Votre enfant réagit à un ensemble d’éléments déclencheurs qui peuvent différer de ceux des autres enfants. Il est important que vous connaissiez les éléments qui déclenchent l’asthme chez votre enfant et que vous tentiez de les supprimer ou de les réduire.</p><h2> À retenir </h2> <ul><li>Les déclencheurs détériorent l’asthme et peuvent varies d’un enfant à l’autre.</li> <li>Les déclencheurs les plus fréquents comprennent les rhumes et la grippe, la fumée de cigarette et les irritant atmosphériques comme la pollution de l’air, l’air froid les fumées de produits chimiques, les allergènes comme les squames des animaux domestiques, les acariens de la poussière, les pollens, les moisissures et certains médicaments.</li></ul>
Factores desencadenantes del asmaFFactores desencadenantes del asmaAsthma TriggersSpanishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00Z000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Identificar y tratar los factores desencadenantes del asma son pasos importantes en el manejo del asma de su niño.<br></p>
ஆஸ்துமா நோய்க்கான ஊக்கிகள்ஆஸ்துமா நோய்க்கான ஊக்கிகள்Asthma TriggersTamilNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00Z000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>உங்கள் பிள்ளையின் ஆஸ்துமா ஊக்கிகளை அடையாளம் காணுதல் மற்றும் அவற்றைக் கையாளுதல் என்பன, ஆஸ்துமாவைச் சமாளிப்பதின் ஒரு முக்கியமான படியாகும்.</p>
دمہ کا متحرک ہوناددمہ کا متحرک ہوناAsthma TriggersUrduNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00Z71.00000000000007.000000000000001390.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Zاپنے بچے کے دمہ کو شناخت کرنا اور اس کے متحرکات سے نمٹنا دمہ کے بندوبست کے لئے اہم قدم ہیں۔ عام متحرکات اور ان پر قابو پانے کے بارے میں مطالعہ کریں





哮喘誘因1484.00000000000哮喘誘因Asthma TriggersChineseTraditionalNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-01-29T05:00:00Z71.00000000000007.000000000000001390.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>識別幷處理孩子的哮喘誘因是治療哮喘病的一個重要步驟。瞭解常見的哮喘誘因及相關克服方法。</p><p>誘因會加重孩子的哮喘病。你的孩子存在的一系列哮喘誘因可能跟別的孩子不同。瞭解你的孩子身上存在的哮喘誘因是什麽,從而嘗試將之消除或减輕,這一點很重要。</p><p>常見的哮喘誘因有:</p><ul><li>感冒和流感之類的傳染病</li><li>香烟烟霧和其他刺激物,如空氣污染、冷空氣和化學烟霧</li><li>過敏原,如寵物毛屑、塵蟎、花粉和黴菌</li><li>某些藥物​</li></ul><h2>感冒和流感之類的傳染病</h2> <figure><span class="asset-image-title">一些常見的哮喘病誘因</span><img src="" alt="寵物毛屑、塵蟎、感染、二手煙、空氣污染、花粉和黴菌" /> </figure> <p>感冒和流感之類的病毒感染是常見的哮喘誘因。爲避免孩子遭受此類影響,可采取如下措施:<br></p><ul><li>讓孩子遠離患有感冒或流感的人群。</li><li>確保孩子和家庭成員常洗手。</li><li>在每年初秋時,讓醫生給孩子注射流感疫苗。</li><li>確保孩子的哮喘病情始終處于控制之下。這樣可以在孩子真正患上感冒或流感時减輕其哮喘症狀。 </li></ul><h2>刺激物</h2><p>刺激物就是刺激孩子氣道幷導致哮喘發作的因素。儘管有時候可能很難讓孩子遠離刺激物,但還是有一些方法可以幫助將之避免的。</p><p>常見的刺激物有:</p><ul><li>香烟烟霧</li><li>木材烟霧和油烟</li><li>空氣污染</li><li>冷空氣</li><li>化學烟霧或濃烈氣味</li></ul><h3>香烟烟霧</h3><p>孩子常常會因爲吸入二手烟而患上哮喘病。以下一些方法可以讓孩子免遭烟霧侵害:</p><ul><li>如果你吸烟,請設法戒掉。</li><li>不要在室內吸烟。如果有人吸烟,請他到室外去吸。</li><li>記住,香烟烟霧會殘留在衣服上。如果曾接近香烟烟霧的人靠近孩子,這將會導致其哮喘病加重。</li><li>遠離烟霧場所。外出時避免讓孩子接近香烟烟霧。</li><li>不要讓任何人在車內吸烟。</li></ul><h3>木材烟霧和油烟</h3><p>燃木爐灶或營火産生的烟霧也可能會引發哮喘。以下一些方法可以讓孩子免遭烟霧侵害:</p><ul><li>讓孩子遠離壁爐、燃木爐灶或營火産生的烟霧。</li><li>讓孩子遠離油加熱器産生的油烟。</li></ul><h3>空氣污染</h3><p>在夏天的濕熱天空氣污染最爲嚴重。以下一些方法可以使孩子免遭空氣污染侵害:</p><ul><li>關注電視或在綫媒體上播報的空氣質量指標。</li><li>當室外空氣質量低下時,設法讓孩子待在備有空調裝置的室內,如備有空調裝置的住宅、大型購物中心或辦公樓等。</li><li>空氣質量低下時,儘量保持家裏的窗戶和車窗處于關閉狀態。如果條件允許,請儘量打開空調。</li></ul><h3>冷空氣</h3><p>溫度的急劇變化可能會加重孩子的哮喘病情。以下一些方法可以避免孩子因冷空氣侵害而哮喘發作:</p><ul><li>天氣寒冷時,如果孩子要外出,讓孩子戴上圍巾幷將鼻子和嘴遮住。這樣可以避免孩子吸入的空氣過于寒冷或乾燥。</li><li>天氣寒冷時,讓孩子在室內運動。</li><li>你可能還需要孩子的任課老師的協助,確保讓孩子在課間休息時待在教室裏。</li></ul><h3>化學烟霧和濃烈氣味</h3><p>某些濃烈氣味和化學烟霧會刺激孩子的氣道,例如:</p><ul><li>清潔産品</li><li>油漆和脫漆劑</li><li>香水</li><li>漂白劑</li><li>空氣清新劑</li><li>殺蟲劑</li></ul><p>以下一些方法可以幫助孩子免遭此類刺激物侵害:</p><ul><li>讓孩子遠離化學烟霧或濃烈氣味。</li><li>粉刷房間後,設法讓窗戶處于打開狀態,保持室內通風良好,氣味消除後方可讓孩子進入房間。</li></ul><h2>過敏原</h2><p>過敏原是指導致孩子過敏的物品。不是每個患有哮喘的孩子都存在過敏反應。但是,如果孩子存在過敏反應,請務必讓其遠離過敏原。</p><p>吸入過敏原會導致孩子哮喘病情加重,它會導致肺部氣道因發炎而變窄,進而導致空氣難以通過氣道。它會導致咳嗽、哮鳴、呼吸困難和其他哮喘症狀的産生。</p><p>常見的過敏原有:</p><ul><li>寵物毛屑</li><li>塵蟎</li><li>花粉</li><li>黴菌</li></ul><h3>寵物毛屑</h3><p>如果孩子對寵物過敏,避免哮喘發作最好的辦法就是給寵物找個新家。將寵物遷出後,一定要將房子徹底打掃乾淨,因爲動物遺留物可能會長時間殘留在居室內。你可能還需要清理傢具、地毯、孩子的填充玩具及制熱和製冷系統。</p><h3>塵蟎</h3><p>塵蟎是一種非常小的蟲子,它以人體脫落皮屑爲食。對塵蟎過敏的孩子實際上是對塵蟎排泄物過敏。塵蟎大多寄生在溫暖潮濕且含有大量人體脫落皮屑的地方,如床墊、枕頭、被褥、地毯、墊毯和軟墊傢具。爲了避免塵蟎引起孩子過敏,必須將塵蟎殺死幷清除其所有排泄物。</p><p>爲此可采取以下有效措施:</p><ul><li>每星期使用開水清洗所有亞麻製品。</li><li>使用防過敏蓋罩或密封蓋罩將孩子的床墊、彈簧床墊和枕頭完全密封。</li><li>拆除孩子臥室內的地毯、墊毯和厚窗簾。如果允許的話,最好將室內其他地方的地毯、墊毯和厚窗簾也一幷拆除。</li><li>清除孩子臥室內的毛絨玩具或布偶,或將它們放在儲藏室裏。清除臥室內的雜亂物品可以减少積聚的灰塵。</li><li>每個星期使用真空吸塵器清理地毯上的灰塵。</li><li>將室內空氣濕度保持在 50% 以下。在潮濕的地方加裝减濕器。塵蟎難以在乾燥環境中生存。 </li></ul><h3>花粉</h3><p>樹木、雜草和種子都會産生花粉。它們可以被風帶到數英里之外的地方,這種情况在春天和天氣溫暖的時候尤爲嚴重。</p><p>如果孩子對花粉過敏,你可以采取以下措施將之避免:</p><ul><li>在花粉含量較高的季節儘量關閉家窗和車窗。如有需要,可加裝空調幷定期更換過濾器。</li><li>在花粉含量較高的季節留意花粉含量,然後决定是否讓孩子留在家中。你可以查看電視或在綫媒體上的花粉報道。</li><li>如果孩子在花粉含量較高的季節外出,當其回到家中時需讓其沖洗幷更換衣服。</li><li>使用幹衣機將孩子的換洗衣物烘乾,而不是將衣服和被褥挂在外面曬乾。</li></ul><h3>黴菌</h3><p>黴菌會常年滋生于潮濕的地方,如地下室和浴室。它們可以隨空氣傳播到家裏的任何地方。</p><p>你可以采取以下一些方法避免住宅內黴菌的滋生:</p><ul><li>使用肥皂或清潔劑和水清洗家裏可能存在黴菌的狹小區域。對于較大區域,可以使用專用殺菌物質(殺菌劑)。 </li><li>在家裏潮濕的地方(如地下室)加裝减濕器。保持室內濕度低于 50%。</li><li>保持室內通風良好;黴菌難以在通風良好的地方生存。</li><li>沖洗後打開窗戶或開啓浴室換氣扇。</li><li>屋頂或水管出現漏水時立刻將之解决。</li></ul><h3>食物</h3><p>食物過敏一般不會引發哮喘,但是存在食物過敏的孩子更容易患上哮喘。此外,存在食物過敏的孩子可能更容易患上嚴重哮喘病。如果孩子存在食物過敏情况,請務必小心。導致孩子食物過敏的最常見食物有:牛奶、鶏蛋、花生、堅果、小麥、大豆、甲殼類水生動物和魚。</p><p>如果你懷疑孩子對某種事物過敏,請咨詢過敏症專科醫師。</p><h2>藥物</h2><p>某些藥物會導致某些患有哮喘的孩子哮喘發作,如 ASA(乙醯水楊酸或阿司匹林)和布洛芬(异丁苯丙酸)。</p><p>如果孩子對這些藥物過敏,請告知藥劑師。確保孩子服用的藥物不含有布洛芬、阿司匹林、ASA 或乙醯水楊酸成分。</p>​哮喘誘因False