Other lung conditions in premature babiesOOther lung conditions in premature babiesOther lung conditions in premature babiesEnglishNeonatology;RespiratoryPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)LungsRespiratory systemConditions and diseasesPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPCJaques Belik, MD, FRCPC12.000000000000041.0000000000000800.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about lung complications, such as pneumothorax, pneumonia, and other congenital lung defects, that can afflict premature infants.</p><p>There are several other lung conditions that can affect premature babies. These conditions include pneumothorax, pneumonia and congenital malformations of the lung. Treatment of these conditions will depend on the severity and on the prematurity of the baby.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Lung conditions that can affect a newborn baby include pneumothorax, pneumonia and congenital malformations of the lung.</li> <li>Congenital malformations of the lung are rare; these malformations include congenital diaphragmatic hernia, cystic adenomatous malformations, congenital lobar emphysema, pulmonary sequestration and pulmonary hypoplasia.<br></li></ul>
Autres troubles pulmonaires chez les bébés prématurésAAutres troubles pulmonaires chez les bébés prématurésOther lung conditions in premature babiesFrenchNeonatology;RespiratoryPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)LungsRespiratory systemConditions and diseasesPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPCJaques Belik, MD, FRCPC12.000000000000041.0000000000000800.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Renseignez-vous au sujet des complications associées aux poumons, comme le pneumothorax, la pneumonie et les autres défauts congénitaux des poumons, qui peuvent toucher les prématurés.</p><p>Il existe plusieurs troubles pulmonaires qui affectent les bébés prématurés, dont les pneumothorax, les pneumonies et les malformations congénitales des poumons. Le traitement de ces troubles dépendra de leur gravité ainsi que du degré de prématurité du bébé.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>Les troubles pulmonaires qui peuvent affecter un nouveau-né comprennent un pneumothorax, une pneumonie et des malformations congénitales des poumons.</li> <li>Les malformations congénitales des poumons sont rares; ces malformations comprennent une hernie diaphragmatique congénitale, une malformation kystique adénomateuse, un emphysème lobaire congénital, une séquestration pulmonaire et une hypoplasie pulmonaire.</li></ul>

 

 

Other lung conditions in premature babies1766.00000000000Other lung conditions in premature babiesOther lung conditions in premature babiesOEnglishNeonatology;RespiratoryPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)LungsRespiratory systemConditions and diseasesPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPCJaques Belik, MD, FRCPC12.000000000000041.0000000000000800.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about lung complications, such as pneumothorax, pneumonia, and other congenital lung defects, that can afflict premature infants.</p><p>There are several other lung conditions that can affect premature babies. These conditions include pneumothorax, pneumonia and congenital malformations of the lung. Treatment of these conditions will depend on the severity and on the prematurity of the baby.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Lung conditions that can affect a newborn baby include pneumothorax, pneumonia and congenital malformations of the lung.</li> <li>Congenital malformations of the lung are rare; these malformations include congenital diaphragmatic hernia, cystic adenomatous malformations, congenital lobar emphysema, pulmonary sequestration and pulmonary hypoplasia.<br></li></ul><h2>Pneumothorax</h2><p>A pneumothorax is a rupture of the air sacs, or alveoli, in the lung. As the baby breathes air into the lungs, some of that air goes through the rupture and into what is called the pleural space or cavity that surrounds the lung. The air that enters this cavity puts pressure on the lung from the outside, squeezing and squashing the underlying lung, making breathing more difficult. The positive pressure in the chest can interfere with blood flow through the lungs, and if severe, may prevent blood returning to the heart from the lungs or the body.</p><p>A pneumothorax can occur for several reasons. In general, a baby’s lung tissues are vulnerable to rupture if they are over-inflated by breaths that are too large, or by too much pressure. Sometimes the baby’s first breath, opening and expanding the lungs for the first time, is enough to cause a rupture. Other times, pneumothorax occurs during mechanical ventilation. Because mechanical ventilation is only used when necessary, removal from the ventilator may not be possible. The health care professionals looking after your baby will pay particular attention to pressure levels and other settings on the ventilator to minimize the chance of lung damage.</p> <figure class="asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title"></span> <span class="asset-image-title"> Pneumothorax</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Pneumothorax_MED_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="" /><figcaption class="asset-image-caption">A</figcaption><figcaption class="asset-image-caption"> pneumothorax is a rupture of the lung. As the baby breathes air into the lungs, some of that air goes through the rupture and into the cavity called the pleural space that surrounds the lung.</figcaption> </figure> <h2>Pneumonia</h2><p>Pneumonia is an infection of the lung that causes the airways and the alveoli involved with gas exchange to become inflamed, making them much less efficient. Often, the infection causes fluid and debris to accumulate in the airways. Some premature babies are born with pneumonia; others develop pneumonia during the first few days of life. Sometimes pneumonia occurs later because the breathing tube provides a passageway for infection to enter the immature lung.</p><p>Like other infections, pneumonia is treated with antibiotics to clear the infection and to prevent it from spreading to other parts of the body. If fluid has accumulated in the lungs, the baby may be given drugs called diuretics, which flush the body of fluids by making the baby pass urine more often. It may take up to 10 to 14 days to clear the lung of infection.</p><h2>Congenital malformations of the lung</h2><p>Although rare, some premature babies are born with congenital malformation of the lungs. Among others, these include the following:</p><h3>Congenital diaphragmatic hernia<br></h3><p>Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a malformation of the diaphragm, the muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen. Usually with this condition, the diaphragm is either missing or has a hole in it. Consequently, the organs in the abdomen, the liver, stomach, and intestines, can end up in the chest cavity, leaving little room for the lungs to expand during breathing. Repair of the diaphragm is accomplished with surgery.</p> <figure class="asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Congenital diaphragmatic </span> <span class="asset-image-title">Hernia</span><img src="http://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Diaphragmatic_hernia_MED_ILL_EN.png" alt="" /><figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Congenital</figcaption><figcaption class="asset-image-caption"> diaphragmatic hernia is a condition in which the diaphragm does not form completely and the abdominal organs enter the chest cavity. The lungs do not have space to develop properly, and the heart is pushed to one side.</figcaption> </figure> <h3>Cystic adenomatous malformations</h3><p>Cystic adenomatous malformations are cysts at the end of the small airways within the lung. There is a connection with the airways of the lung that causes the cysts to increase in size. Most babies with cystic adenomatous malformation have respiratory distress. Surgical removal of the affected lobe is the treatment.</p><h3>Congenital lobar emphysema</h3><p>Congenital lobar emphysema is a malformation which causes an over inflation of one of the lobes of the lungs. This becomes a problem since the over inflated lobe takes up more space than it should and therefore interferes with the regular inflation of the rest of the lung. Again, surgery is the treatment.</p><h3>Pulmonary sequestration</h3><p>Pulmonary sequestration refers to an area of non-functioning lung tissue that has no connection to the airways of the lung. The abnormality may be within the lung or outside the lung. A sequestration may be asymptomatic or cause breathing problems. Surgery is recommended to remove a pulmonary sequestration.</p><h3>Pulmonary hypoplasia</h3><p>Pulmonary hypoplasia refers to underdevelopment of the alveoli, airways, and blood vessels of the lung. There is a spectrum of severity of this abnormality. Severe pulmonary hypoplasia is not compatible with survival after birth.</p><p>These types of malformation may be suspected if signs of respiratory distress, such as increased breathing rate, grunting, or a bluish tint to the skin are present but unexplained in a premature baby. X-rays and other imaging techniques will be used to make a diagnosis.</p><h4>More information</h4><ul><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=1799&language=English">Diagnosis of other lung conditions in premature babies</a> </li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=1837&language=English">Treatment of other lung conditions in premature babies</a> </li></ul>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Pneumothorax_MED_ILL_EN.jpgOther lung conditions in premature babies

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