Diagnosis of breathing problems in premature babiesDDiagnosis of breathing problems in premature babiesDiagnosis of breathing problems in premature babiesEnglishNeonatology;RespiratoryPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)LungsRespiratory systemNAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPCJaques Belik, MD, FRCPC12.000000000000038.0000000000000326.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about diagnosis of breathing problems, which is the first step in treating the breathing difficulties of a premature baby. </p><p>Lung problems are some of the most common complications of prematurity. Diagnosis of breathing problems is the first step in treating lung conditions in a premature baby.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>The lungs are among the last organs to become fully functional as a baby grows in the womb, which means lung problems are a common complication of prematurity.</li> <li>A premature baby may have trouble breathing because their lungs are immature and not fully developed, not because there is something wrong with the lungs.</li> <li>Premature babies with breathing problems are given a blood gas test to measure the amount of oxygen, carbon dioxide and acid in the blood, which indicate the severity of the respiratory distress.</li> <li>Other measurements of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood include transcutaneous measurements and pulse oximetry.</li></ul>
Diagnostic des problèmes respiratoires chez les bébés prématurésDDiagnostic des problèmes respiratoires chez les bébés prématurésDiagnosis of breathing problems in premature babiesFrenchNeonatology;RespiratoryPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)LungsRespiratory systemNAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPCJaques Belik, MD, FRCPC12.000000000000038.0000000000000326.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Lisez au sujet du diagnostic des problèmes respiratoires, qui est la première étape dans le traitement des problèmes respiratoires de votre bébé prématuré.</p><p>Les problèmes pulmonaires sont parmi les complications les plus courantes de la prématurité. Le diagnostic des problèmes respiratoires est la première étape dans le traitement des affections pulmonaires chez un bébé prématuré.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>Alors que le fœtus croît et se développe dans l’utérus, les poumons font partie des derniers organes à devenir complètement fonctionnels. Pour cette raison, les problèmes pulmonaires font partie des complications les plus courantes de la prématurité. </li> <li>Dans bien des cas, un bébé prématuré peut éprouver de la difficulté à respirer normalement, pas à cause d’un trouble particulier, mais plutôt parce que les poumons sont immatures et n’ont pas complété leur développement.</li> <li>Le test de gaz sanguins évalue les taux d’oxygène, de dioxyde de carbone et d’acide dans le sang. Ces trois indicateurs permettent d’évaluer la gravité de la détresse respiratoire du bébé.</li> <li>Il est aussi possible d’évaluer les taux d’oxygène et de dioxyde de carbone dans le sang en utilisant des appareils de mesures transcutanées  ou l’oxymétrie de pouls.</li></ul>

 

 

Diagnosis of breathing problems in premature babies1795.00000000000Diagnosis of breathing problems in premature babiesDiagnosis of breathing problems in premature babiesDEnglishNeonatology;RespiratoryPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)LungsRespiratory systemNAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPCJaques Belik, MD, FRCPC12.000000000000038.0000000000000326.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about diagnosis of breathing problems, which is the first step in treating the breathing difficulties of a premature baby. </p><p>Lung problems are some of the most common complications of prematurity. Diagnosis of breathing problems is the first step in treating lung conditions in a premature baby.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>The lungs are among the last organs to become fully functional as a baby grows in the womb, which means lung problems are a common complication of prematurity.</li> <li>A premature baby may have trouble breathing because their lungs are immature and not fully developed, not because there is something wrong with the lungs.</li> <li>Premature babies with breathing problems are given a blood gas test to measure the amount of oxygen, carbon dioxide and acid in the blood, which indicate the severity of the respiratory distress.</li> <li>Other measurements of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood include transcutaneous measurements and pulse oximetry.</li></ul><figure><img alt="Bonnet baby with ventilator" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/bonnet-baby-with-hand-BRAND_EN.jpg" /> </figure> <p>As a fetus grows and develops in the womb, the lungs are among the last organs to become fully functional. For this reason, lung problems are some of the most common complications of prematurity. In many cases, a premature baby may have trouble breathing normally not because there is something wrong, but rather because the lungs are immature and have not had time to fully develop.</p><p>This section examines how the most common lung complications are diagnosed. As with all complications of prematurity, the more immature a baby is, the more likely they are to develop complications and the more severe those complications are likely to be. </p><p>All premature babies with breathing problems are carefully monitored to assess the severity of the breathing problem, to detect changes in the severity of the problem, and to follow progress. The blood gas test measures the amount of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and acid in the blood. These three measures indicate the severity of the baby’s respiratory distress. The blood gas specimen is obtained from an artery or by heel prick. It is also possible to estimate the oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood by using “transcutaneous” devices that make these measurements through the skin. Transcutaneous measurements may be inaccurate if the skin is too thick, contains too much fluid, or has a reduced blood flow. </p><p>Pulse oximetry, or the transcutaneous measurement of oxygen saturation, is another non-invasive approach to monitoring. A small light is attached to one of the baby’s extremities, usually finger or toe. As the light passes through the body, the light is measured to indicate how much oxygen is in the blood. Oximetry can confirm that a baby is breathing the appropriate amount of oxygen. </p><h4>More information</h4><ul><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=1763&language=English">Breathing in premature babies</a></li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=1835&language=English">Treatment of breathing problems in premature babies</a></li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=1862&language=English">Ongoing care of breathing problems in premature babies</a></li></ul>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/bonnet-baby-with-hand-BRAND_EN.jpgDiagnosis of breathing problems in premature babies

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