Attention and memoryAAttention and memoryAttention and memoryEnglishDevelopmentalPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years)NANANAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZVirginia Frisk, Ph.D., C. Psych12.000000000000056.0000000000000669.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about the effect of prematurity on attention and memory. Prematurely born children may have difficulty with attention and working memory.</p><p>Premature babies often have difficulty with attention and with working memory. However, there are ways you can help your child improve and strengthen these capabilities.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Premature birth, particularly in high-risk cases, may increase the likelihood that children will have difficulty with attention, in particular, with executive control of attention.</li> <li>Working memory is the ability to store incoming information for a short time and do something with it.</li> <li>Children who were high-risk premature babies often have difficulty with working memory. </li></ul>
Attention et mémoireAAttention et mémoireAttention and memoryFrenchNAPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years)NANANAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZVirginia Frisk, Ph.D., C. Psych12.000000000000056.0000000000000669.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Lisez au sujet des effets de la prématurité sur l’attention et la mémoire. Les enfants nés prématurément peuvent avoir des troubles d’attention et de la mémoire de travail.</p><p>Les bébés prématurés ont souvent des difficultés d’attention et de mémoire de travail. Cependant, il existe des moyens par lesquels vous pouvez aider votre enfant à améliorer et renforcer ces capacités.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>La naissance prématurée, particulièrement pour les cas à haut risque, peut augmenter la probabilité que des enfants aient des difficultés d’attention, en particulier avec le contrôle exécutif de l’attention.</li> <li>La mémoire de travail est la capacité de stocker l’information pour une courte période de temps et d’utiliser cette information.</li> <li>Les enfants nés prématurés à haut risque éprouvent souvent des difficultés au niveau de leur mémoire de travail.</li></ul>

 

 

Attention and memory1884.00000000000Attention and memoryAttention and memoryAEnglishDevelopmentalPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years)NANANAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZVirginia Frisk, Ph.D., C. Psych12.000000000000056.0000000000000669.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about the effect of prematurity on attention and memory. Prematurely born children may have difficulty with attention and working memory.</p><p>Premature babies often have difficulty with attention and with working memory. However, there are ways you can help your child improve and strengthen these capabilities.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Premature birth, particularly in high-risk cases, may increase the likelihood that children will have difficulty with attention, in particular, with executive control of attention.</li> <li>Working memory is the ability to store incoming information for a short time and do something with it.</li> <li>Children who were high-risk premature babies often have difficulty with working memory. </li></ul><h2>What is attention?</h2><p>In 1890, the psychologist William James wrote:</p><p>“Everyone knows what attention is. It is the taking possession by the mind, in clear and vivid form, of one out of what seem several simultaneously possible objects or trains of thought. Focalization, concentration, of consciousness are of its essence. It implies withdrawal from some things in order to deal effectively with others...( <em>The Principles of Psychology,</em> p. 403-4).” </p><p>James captures what we still understand practically as attention. But packed into their definition are a number of different mental processes. Since James wrote that passage, much research has been conducted by psychologists into the nature and workings of attention. Differences between auditory and visual attention, focused attention, divided attention, sustained attention, alerting, orienting of attention, shifting of attention, focused attention, selective attention, and attention under conditions of distraction have all received intensive study. </p><p>More recently, functional imaging studies of the brain have cast light onto the networks in the brain that underlie attention. There appear to be three networks that relate to different aspects of attention. These networks have been implicated in alerting, orienting, and executive control of attention. </p><ul><li>Alerting is defined as achieving and maintaining a state of high sensitivity to incoming information. </li><li>Orienting is the selection of certain information from sensory input. </li><li>Executive control involves resolving conflict among thoughts, feelings, and responses that is necessary to focus and sustain attention. </li></ul><p>Maintaining these different types of attention involve activating different parts of the brain.</p><p>There are significant individual differences in function of the various aspects of attention, and some aspects of attention appear related to genetic inheritance. Attentional skills can also be disrupted in cases of congenital or acquired disorders. For example, in children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the executive control of attention is most frequently disrupted. </p><p>Premature birth, particularly in high-risk cases, may increase the likelihood that children will have difficulty with attention, in particular, with executive control of attention. This section of the site will teach you how to recognize the signs that your child may be having difficulty focusing attention and explain some ways that you can help your child. </p><h2>What is working memory?</h2><p>Working memory is the ability to store incoming information for a short time and do something with it. Repeating a telephone number backwards requires auditory working memory. Deciding whether a shape is a rotated view of another shape or identifying a shape that has been seen before from a series of shapes requires visual working memory. The idea of working memory is related to the idea of attention, particularly executive control of attention. Working memory capacity increases across childhood and adolescence. </p> <figure class="swf-asset-c-80"> <div class="asset-animation"> src="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Style%20Library/akh/swfanimations/swf.html?swffile=ADHD_Controls_MISC_FLA_EN.swf" </div></figure> <p>Development of working memory and increased activity of networks involving the frontal cortex and parietal cortex in the brain have been related to maturation of the connecting fibres of the brain called white matter. In studies of adults using functional neuroimaging, both auditory and visual working memory activate some similar areas of the frontal cortex and parietal cortex, and some other areas of the brain. Auditory working memory also activates some areas of the left frontal cortex, and visual working memory activates areas of the right frontal cortex and the back area of parietal cortex.</p><p>Working memory is important for a number of mental skills including reading comprehension, mathematics calculation, and problem-solving. Like attention, the normal development of working memory can be disrupted by congenital or acquired conditions such as an injury.</p><p>Children who were high-risk premature babies often have difficulty with working memory. Fortunately, it has been demonstrated that children with working memory difficulties can learn working memory skills, and that improved working memory skills can result in gains in other cognitive areas. The next pages in this area of the site will show how to recognize problems with working memory, and make suggestions about ways you can help a child with working memory problems.</p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/attention_and_memory_premature_babies.jpgAttention and memory

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