Simple partial seizuresSSimple partial seizuresSimple partial seizuresEnglishNeurologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BrainNervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+) EducatorsNA2010-02-04T05:00:00ZElizabeth J. Donner, MD, FRCPC9.0000000000000058.00000000000001138.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about the symptoms and causes of simple partial seizures and how they are treated. </p><p>Simple partial seizures can take many different forms, depending on which area of the brain is affected. They include:</p> <ul> <li>motor seizures, involving a change in muscle activity (such as jerking or twitching) </li> <li>sensory seizures, involving a change in sensation (such as tingling, numbness or prickling in a body part, or seeing or hearing things that are not there) </li> <li>autonomic seizures, involving a change in the autonomic functions of the body (so that a child may blush, sweat or feel nausea or a “rising” sensation in their stomach) </li> <li>psychic seizures, involving a change in thinking, feeling (such as fear or sadness) or experience (such as déjà vu). </li> </ul> <p>Simple partial seizures sometimes spread to other areas of the brain. If they spread to the entire brain, this is known as a secondarily generalized seizure. The child may have a tonic-clonic seizure. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>The symptoms of a simple partial seizure depend on the part of the brain that is affected. They include brief muscle twitching, jerking or stiffening or changes in physical sensations, bodily functions or mood.</li> <li>Although there are many types of simple partial seizure, an individual child will usually have the same pattern of symptoms each time.</li> <li>Keep your child safe during a simple partial seizure. They will remain conscious and will likely remember what happened.</li> <li>The treatment for a simple partial seizure depends on the underlying cause. Some children may need surgery and/or medications.</li></ul>
Épilepsie partielle simpleÉÉpilepsie partielle simpleSimple partial seizuresFrenchNeurologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BrainNervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+) EducatorsNA2010-02-04T05:00:00ZElizabeth J. Donner, MD, FRCPC9.0000000000000058.00000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Apprenez-en davantage sur les symptômes et les causes de l’épilepsie partielle simple et sur la façon de la traiter.</p><p>Les crises partielles simples peuvent prendre diverses formes selon la zone touchée à l’intérieur du cerveau. Elles comprennent ce qui suit :</p><ul><li>des crises motrices qui entraînent un changement dans l’activité musculaire (tels que des spasmes et des secousses); </li><li>des crises sensorielles (sensation de picotements, d’engourdissement ou de chatouillements sur une partie du corps; voir ou entendre des choses qui ne sont pas réelles); </li><li>des crises autonomes qui entraînent un changement dans les fonctions autonomes du corps (l’enfant peut rougir ou transpirer, ou avoir la nausée ou une sensation de « soulèvement » dans son estomac);</li><li>des crises psychiques qui entraînent un changement dans le raisonnement et les sentiments (comme la peur ou la tristesse) ou dans l’expérience (comme une illusion de déjà vu).</li></ul><p>Les crises partielles simples s’étendent parfois à d’autres régions du cerveau. Si elles se propagent à l’ensemble du cerveau, elles deviennent des crises généralisées secondaires. L’enfant pourrait alors avoir une crise tonico-clonique.</p><ul><li>Les symptômes d’une crise partielle simple dépendent de la partie du cerveau qui est touchée. Ils comprennent des contractions, des spasmes ou des raidissements brefs au niveau des muscles ou des changements de sensation physiques, dans les fonctions corporelles ou dans l’humeur.</li><li>Bien qu’il existe de nombreux types d’épilepsie partielle simple, l’enfant présentera habituellement le même modèle de symptômes à chaque fois.</li><li>Veillez à la sécurité de votre enfant lors d’une épilepsie partielle simple. Toutefois, il restera conscient et se souviendra probablement de ce qui s’est passé.</li><li>Le traitement contre les crises partielles simple dépend de la cause sous-jacente. Dans certains cas, l’enfant aura besoin d’une chirurgie ou de médicaments.</li></ul>

 

 

Simple partial seizures2069.00000000000Simple partial seizuresSimple partial seizuresSEnglishNeurologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BrainNervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+) EducatorsNA2010-02-04T05:00:00ZElizabeth J. Donner, MD, FRCPC9.0000000000000058.00000000000001138.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about the symptoms and causes of simple partial seizures and how they are treated. </p><p>Simple partial seizures can take many different forms, depending on which area of the brain is affected. They include:</p> <ul> <li>motor seizures, involving a change in muscle activity (such as jerking or twitching) </li> <li>sensory seizures, involving a change in sensation (such as tingling, numbness or prickling in a body part, or seeing or hearing things that are not there) </li> <li>autonomic seizures, involving a change in the autonomic functions of the body (so that a child may blush, sweat or feel nausea or a “rising” sensation in their stomach) </li> <li>psychic seizures, involving a change in thinking, feeling (such as fear or sadness) or experience (such as déjà vu). </li> </ul> <p>Simple partial seizures sometimes spread to other areas of the brain. If they spread to the entire brain, this is known as a secondarily generalized seizure. The child may have a tonic-clonic seizure. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>The symptoms of a simple partial seizure depend on the part of the brain that is affected. They include brief muscle twitching, jerking or stiffening or changes in physical sensations, bodily functions or mood.</li> <li>Although there are many types of simple partial seizure, an individual child will usually have the same pattern of symptoms each time.</li> <li>Keep your child safe during a simple partial seizure. They will remain conscious and will likely remember what happened.</li> <li>The treatment for a simple partial seizure depends on the underlying cause. Some children may need surgery and/or medications.</li></ul><h2>What are other terms for simple partial seizures?</h2><p>Other terms for simple partial seizures [include:</p><ul><li>focal seizures </li><li>localized onset seizures </li><li>motor seizures: focal motor seizures </li><li>sensory seizures involving numbness or pins and needles in a body part: tactile seizures, somatosensory seizures </li></ul><h2>How can you tell if your child has simple partial seizures?</h2> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Simple Partial (Focal) Seizures</span> <div class="asset-animation"> src="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Style%20Library/akh/swfanimations/swf.html?swffile=Seizures_simple_partial_MED_ANI_EN.swf" </div> </figure> <p>A doctor will diagnose simple partial seizures by looking at the child’s medical history, their physical and neurological exam, and sometimes their EEG.</p><p>Simple partial seizures appear different from person to person, depending on the seizure focus (the affected area of the brain). However, an individual child will usually have the same seizure pattern every time. A common feature of simple partial seizures is that the child remains conscious and alert and can remember what happened. </p><p>It can be hard to identify simple partial seizures in a baby or a young child up to five or six years old, because their nervous systems are less developed than those of older children and adults. A child of this age may suddenly stop what they are doing; their hand or arm may jerk rhythmically, and holding the arm will not stop the jerking; they may raise one or both arms or move their head to one side; in rare cases, their eyes may look to one side. </p><h3>Motor seizures</h3><p>A child having a motor seizure will have brief muscle contractions (twitching, jerking, or stiffening), often beginning in the face, finger, or toe on one side of the body. This twitching or jerking then spreads to other parts of the body on the same side, near the initial site. This is called motor march or Jacksonian march, and it happens because the seizure spreads out to neighbouring parts of the motor strip of the brain. </p><p>Alternatively, the child’s head may turn to one side and they may raise one arm. This is called posturing.</p><p>The seizure begins in the same way each time. When the seizure is over, the child may feel weakness or paralysis in the affected body part, usually for less than two hours, although it may last for up to 24 hours. This is called Todd paralysis. </p><p>Simple motor seizures often progress to generalized or complex partial seizures.</p><h3>Sensory seizures</h3><p>Possible symptoms of a sensory seizure include:</p><ul><li>a feeling of pins and needles or numbness in part of the body (these may spread to nearby parts of the body in the same way that motor seizures do) </li><li>hearing ringing, buzzing, or voices that are not there, or experiencing normal sounds as muffled or distorted </li><li>seeing lights or objects that are not there, seeing distortions or movement in objects that are there, or seeing objects as smaller or larger than they really are </li><li>smelling or tasting something that is not there (often something unpleasant) </li></ul><h3>Autonomic seizures<br></h3><p>A child having an autonomic seizure may experience any of the following:</p><ul><li>changes in heart rate </li><li>changes in breathing </li><li>sweating </li><li>goose bumps </li><li>flushing or pallor </li><li>a strange or unpleasant sensation in the stomach, chest, or head </li></ul><h3>Psychic seizures<br></h3><p>A child having a psychic seizure may experience problems with memory or garbled speech. They may feel as though they are outside their own body, or have feelings of déjà vu, jamais vu, or knowledge of the future. They may feel sudden emotions, such as fear, depression, or happiness, for no apparent reason. Children who are not old enough to talk may run to a parent and hold on. </p><h3>Secondarily generalized seizures</h3><p>A secondarily generalized seizure begins as a simple partial seizure, then spreads to the whole brain to result in a generalized tonic-clonic or clonic seizure. This can happen very quickly, so that it is not always obvious the child is having a simple partial seizure.</p><h2>How many other children have simple partial seizures?</h2><p>Simple partial seizures are quite common. Between 2% and 12% of all children with epilepsy have simple partial seizures.</p><h2>What causes simple partial seizures?</h2><p>Simple partial seizures are often symptomatic, caused by an injury, tumour, or congenital malformation in a part of the brain. The source of the seizures may be very small, so that it is not always possible to find the cause. </p><h2>How are simple partial seizures treated?</h2><p>The treatment for simple partial seizures depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, such as a brain tumour, surgery may be advised as the first course of treatment. In other cases, the doctor will prescribe an anti-epileptic drug. If the child continues to have seizures while taking medication, it may be possible to surgically remove the affected area of the brain. This option depends on how close the seizure focus is to essential areas of the brain, such as the speech and language areas. </p><p>With benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS), in which seizures usually happen at night, it may not be necessary to treat the seizures. This syndrome usually goes away on its own when the child is older. </p><h2>What should I do when my child has a simple partial seizure?</h2><p>A simple partial seizure affects only part of the brain, and the child is usually conscious and aware the whole time. If your child is having a simple partial seizure, keep them safe; no other intervention is usually needed. </p><h2>What is the outlook for a child with simple partial seizures?</h2><p>As with most seizure types, the outlook for a child with simple partial seizures depends on the underlying cause. BECTS usually disappears between the ages of 12 and 15. </p><p>If the child has surgery, the outlook is often good. The outcome of surgery depends on the cause of the seizures (for example, surgery for low-grade tumours may be more successful than for malformations), how successful the surgery is, and whether the surgeon was able to remove the entire seizure focus. Anti-epileptic drugs may control seizures better after a child has had surgery. </p>Simple partial seizures

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