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Infection control: General knowledgeIInfection control: General knowledgeInfection control: General knowledgeEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Lungs;TracheaRespiratory systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+) Hospital healthcare providersNA2017-06-29T04:00:00ZReshma Amin, MD, FRCPC, MSc;Faiza Syed, BHSc, RRT;Tuyen Tran, RRT000Flat ContentHealth A-Z

 

 

Infection control: General knowledge2913.00000000000Infection control: General knowledgeInfection control: General knowledgeIEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Lungs;TracheaRespiratory systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+) Hospital healthcare providersNA2017-06-29T04:00:00ZReshma Amin, MD, FRCPC, MSc;Faiza Syed, BHSc, RRT;Tuyen Tran, RRT000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<figure> <img alt="Girl with a tracheostomy using hand sanitizer" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/trach_hand_sanitizer_EN.jpg" /> </figure> <p>To control infections, it is very important to practise good <a href="/Article?contentid=2914&language=English">hand hygiene</a>, keep your child's hands, <a href="/Article?contentid=2916&language=English"> tracheostomy tube</a> and equipment clean and make sure the air at home is free of pollution.</p><p>Because your child already has a condition that requires a tracheostomy tube, preventing infection is even more important for their health.</p><h2>General guidelines for controlling infections</h2><ul><li>Check that healthcare professionals wash their hands before and after handling the tracheostomy tube or related equipment.</li><li>Have hand sanitizer readily available.</li><li>Have a smoke-free home.</li><li>Ask visitors to stay away if they are sick.</li><li>Make sure anyone who is sick but needs to be around your child wears a mask.</li><li>Keep your child's tracheos​tomy tube, <a href="/Article?contentid=2936&language=English"> stoma site</a> and dressings clean and dry.</li><li>Clean equipment regularly.</li></ul><h2>What are the signs that my child has an infection?</h2><p>Your child may have an infection if they:</p><ul><li>are coughing more</li><li>are sleepy and/or irritable</li><li>feel unwell</li><li>are not tolerating feeds</li><li>have a fever or chills</li><li>are more short of breath than usual</li><li>have chest tightness.</li></ul><p>Your child may have an infection if their mucus:</p><ul><li>is thick </li><li>has increased </li><li>is yellow or green</li><li>is tinged with blood</li><li>has an unpleasant smell.</li></ul><p>Your child might have an infection if their stoma:</p><ul><li>is red, swollen and/or painful</li><li>has an excoriation (a skin abrasion)</li><li>has secretions or coloured discharge</li><li>has granulation tissue (extra tissue growth, called a granuloma).</li></ul><p>Finally, your child may have an infection if:</p><ul><li>they start to need <a href="/Article?contentid=2958&language=English">oxygen</a> or need more oxygen than usual</li><li>they need to be <a href="/Article?contentid=2927&language=English">suctioned</a> more often</li><li>they need to use inhalers (puffers) more often</li><li>they otherwise look unwell</li><li>their ventilator’s high pressure or low volume <a href="/Article?contentid=2939&language=English">al​arms​</a> are going off more than usual.</li></ul><h2>What should I do if I think my child has an infection?</h2><p>If you think your child might have an infection:</p><ul><li>call your doctor or healthcare professional</li><li>follow your doctor's instructions on giving your child medications such as antibiotics.</li></ul> <a class="btn btn-primary" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/trachvent">Return to trach-vent learning hub</a> <br>Infection control: General knowledgeTruehttps://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=2914&language=Englishhttps://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=2912&language=English

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