Ventilator parts: OverviewVVentilator parts: OverviewVentilator parts: OverviewEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Lungs;TracheaRespiratory systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+) Hospital healthcare providersNA2017-06-29T04:00:00ZReshma Amin, MD, FRCPC, MSc;Faiza Syed, BHSc, RRT;Tuyen Tran, RRT000Flat ContentHealth A-Z

 

 

Ventilator parts: Overview2940.00000000000Ventilator parts: OverviewVentilator parts: OverviewVEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Lungs;TracheaRespiratory systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+) Hospital healthcare providersNA2017-06-29T04:00:00ZReshma Amin, MD, FRCPC, MSc;Faiza Syed, BHSc, RRT;Tuyen Tran, RRT000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/trach_vent_parts_aiflow_EN.jpg" alt="A ventilator with oxygen, tubing and a humidifier attached" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">A ventilator with oxygen, tubing and a humidifier attached</figcaption> </figure> <p>Your ventilator machine features a number of parts that:</p><ul><li>allow <a href="#air">air or additional oxygen</a> into and out of the machine</li><li>connect the machine to a <a href="#power">power source</a></li><li>enable you to <a href="#operate">operate the machine</a></li><li> <a href="#data">display important information, or data,</a> about the machine and your child that you can save and send to your child’s healthcare team. </li></ul><h2 id="air">Air or oxygen flow</h2><ul><li>An air inlet allows air to enter the ventilator. It includes a filter to reduce the amount of environmental particles and bacteria that enter the lungs.</li><li>An oxygen inlet connector connects the ventilator to extra oxygen if your child needs it.</li><li>A breathing circuit connection allows air to leave the ventilator and go into the attached breathing circuit. </li></ul> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/trach_vent_parts_circuitconnector_EN.jpg" alt="A ventilator with a breathing circuit connector attached" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">A ventilator with a breathing circuit connector attached</figcaption> </figure> <h2 id="power">Power source</h2><p>Four sources of electricity can be used to operate the ventilator: </p><ul><li>AC </li><li>detachable battery </li><li>external DC </li><li>internal DC. </li></ul><h3>Alternating current (AC)</h3><p>This is the most common power source. When your ventilator is plugged into an AC power outlet in your wall, you are using AC power. This power source has 120 volts of alternating current (AC). If you are planning to stay in one place, use an AC power outlet so that you can preserve your battery power.</p> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/trach_vent_parts_AC_EN.jpg" alt="Inserting the AC plug on the side of a ventilator" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">AC plug connection, often on the side of a ventilator</figcaption> </figure> <h3>Lithium ion detachable battery pack</h3><p>The batteries each last for three hours. They are always being recharged when the ventilator is plugged in. They are easily inserted and removed.</p><h3>External direct current (DC) battery</h3><p>This is the extra battery provided with your ventilator. Use this battery if a power outage is likely to last longer than 30 to 60 minutes. This is a standard 12-volt battery and can power the ventilator for five to 12 hours.</p><p>Note: The external DC battery should only be used as emergency back-up power.</p> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/trach_ventilator_battery_location_EN.jpg" alt="A removable battery at the back of a ventilator machine" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">A removable battery at the back of a ventilator machine</figcaption> </figure> <h3>Internal DC battery</h3><p>This is the battery inside the ventilator. Use it for short-term power. It can power the ventilator for two to three hours if it is fully charged. This battery needs to be discharged and recharged every month.</p><p>Note: In some ventilators, the internal DC battery may not recharge when the ventilator is plugged into an external DC battery. Ask your respiratory therapist whether your ventilator will recharge when plugged into an external DC battery.</p><h2 id="operate">Navigation buttons</h2><p>These include on/off buttons, arrows to select menu options or to move through a data reading and buttons to silence machine alarms. </p> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/trach_vent_parts_navbuttons_EN.jpg" alt="The navigation buttons below the screen on a ventilator machine" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Navigation buttons on a ventilator, usually below the screen display</figcaption> </figure> <h2 id="data">Data display</h2><p>The ventilator display window shows the monitored data, which is constantly updated. The display may automatically move from one type of data to the next, or you can use the Select key to scroll through different types of data.</p><p>The Trilogy Respironics 200 collects the following data.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th scope="col">Display</th><th scope="col">Monitored data</th><th scope="col">Units</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>RR</td><td> Respiratory rate: The measured rate of breathing</td><td> breaths per minute (bmp)</td></tr><tr><td> PIP</td><td> Positive inspiratory pressure: The maximum pressure that was delivered to your child during their previous breath</td><td> centimetres of water pressure (cmH<sub>2</sub>O)</td></tr><tr><td>Vte</td><td>Exhaled tidal volume: Estimated volume of air that was exhaled (only appears in detailed view when using a passive circuit)</td><td> millilitres (mL)</td></tr><tr><td> Leak</td><td> Total leaked air between the outlet of the ventilator and your child, averaged over the last breath (only appears in detailed view when using a passive circuit)</td><td> litres per minute (L/min)</td></tr><tr><td>Peak flow</td><td> Maximum inspiratory flow delivered to your child during their previous breath</td><td> litres per minute (L/min)</td></tr><tr><td> Patient breath</td><td> Patient breath: A grey dot appears in the top-left corner of the screen during a breath triggered by your child</td><td> n/a</td></tr><tr><td>Min vent</td><td> Minute ventilation: The amount of air delivered to your child over the past minute</td><td> litres per minute (L/min)</td></tr><tr><td style="width:72px;"> MAP</td><td> Mean airway pressure</td><td style="width:138px;"> centimetres of water pressure (cmH<sub>2</sub>O)</td></tr><tr><td>I:E</td><td> Inhalation:exhalation ratio: The time spent breathing in compared to breathing out</td><td></td></tr></tbody></table><p></p> <a class="btn btn-primary" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/trachvent">Return to trach-vent learning hub</a><br>Ventilator parts: OverviewTruehttps://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=2941&language=Englishhttps://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=2939&language=English

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