CPR: How to perform chest compressionsCCPR: How to perform chest compressionsCPR: How to perform chest compressionsEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Lungs;TracheaRespiratory systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+) Hospital healthcare providersNA2017-06-29T04:00:00ZReshma Amin, MD, FRCPC, MSc;Faiza Syed, BHSc, RRT;Tuyen Tran, RRT000Flat ContentHealth A-Z

 

 

CPR: How to perform chest compressions2948.00000000000CPR: How to perform chest compressionsCPR: How to perform chest compressionsCEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Lungs;TracheaRespiratory systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+) Hospital healthcare providersNA2017-06-29T04:00:00ZReshma Amin, MD, FRCPC, MSc;Faiza Syed, BHSc, RRT;Tuyen Tran, RRT000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<figure><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/IMD_CPR_infant_chest_compressions_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure> <p>It is important to know how to perform chest compressions safely but effectively. This page provides guidelines on performing chest compressions, but it <em>does not replace</em> hands-on CPR training from your child’s healthcare team.</p><h2>Guidelines for chest compressions</h2><p>The general guideline for chest compressions is 30 compressions, at a rate of 100–120 compressions a minute, followed by two breaths. This is known as a compression-to-breath ratio of 30:2.<br></p><p>The depth of the chest compressions depends on whether your child is considered an infant, a child or an older child or teenager. In infants and children, the compression depth should be at least ⅓ the depth of the child's chest.</p><div class="caution"><h3>Chest compression guidelines by age</h3><ul><li>Infant = under one year of age </li><li>Child = one year to puberty</li><li>Older child/teen = from the start of puberty* onwards </li></ul><p>*In girls, puberty starts when breasts start to develop. In boys, puberty starts when underarm hair starts to appear.</p></div><h3>Chest compressions for infants (under one year of age)</h3><ul><li>The compression depth for an infant is 4 centimetres (1.5 inches).</li><li>Place your two fingers on the breastbone, just below the nipple line. Give your baby 30 quick chest compressions followed by two breaths. Repeat with a compression-to-breath ratio of 30:2.<br></li></ul><h3>Chest compressions for children (one year to puberty)</h3><ul><li>The compression depth for a child is 5 centimetres (2 inches) or at least ⅓ the depth of the chest size.</li><li>Place the heel of your hand over the lower third of your child's breastbone and give them 30 quick chest compressions followed by two breaths. Repeat with a compression-to-breath ratio of 30:2. You may use two hands if you cannot compress the chest to the correct depth with only one hand.</li></ul> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/IMD_CPR_child_chest_compressions_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure> <h3>Chest compressions for older children and teens (from puberty onwards)</h3><ul><li>The compression depth for this age group is 5–6 centimetres (2–2.4 inches).</li><li>Place the heel of your hand over the lower third of your child's breastbone and give them 30 quick chest compressions followed by two breaths. Repeat with a compression-to-breath ratio of 30:2.<br></li></ul> <p></p> <a class="btn btn-primary" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/trachvent">Return to trach-vent learning hub</a><br>CPR: How to perform chest compressionsTruehttps://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=2949&language=Englishhttps://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=2947&language=English

Thank you to our sponsors

AboutKidsHealth is proud to partner with the following sponsors as they support our mission to improve the health and wellbeing of children in Canada and around the world by making accessible health care information available via the internet.