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Health care before pregnancyHHealth care before pregnancyHealth care before pregnancyEnglishPregnancyAdult (19+)BodyNAHealthy living and preventionPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-09-11T04:00:00Z12.000000000000040.0000000000000489.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Critical information on health care before pregnancy, including information about nutrition, exercise, genetic screening, and screening for infections.</p><p>The time before a woman's first prenatal doctor's appointment is the most crucial to the baby’s development. To reduce any risk to the unborn baby, try to seek medical advice before you actually become pregnant. Your doctor can help to make sure that you are in the best possible health before conceiving, in order to ensure the best outcomes for you and your baby.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>The first eight to 12 weeks of pregnancy are the most crucial to a baby's development.</li> <li>Before becoming pregnant, try to maintain a healthy diet, exercise regularly and take folic acid.</li> <li>If you or your partner have a family history of certain diseases, you should both undergo testing to determine if you carry the traits for those diseases.</li> <li>Reduce your exposure to potentially harmful substances (teratogens) before becoming pregnant.</li></ul>
Soins de santé avant la grossesseSSoins de santé avant la grossesseHealth care before pregnancyFrenchPregnancyAdult (19+)BodyNAHealthy living and preventionPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-09-11T04:00:00Z12.000000000000040.0000000000000489.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Information essentielle sur les soins de santé avant la grossesse, y compris de l’information concernant la nutrition, l’exercice physique, le dépistage génétique et le dépistage des infections.</p><p>La période qui précède la première visite prénatale est de la plus grande importance pour le développement du bébé. Pour réduire le risque, demandez conseil à votre médecin avant de devenir enceinte. Avec son aide, vous pourrez vous assurer que votre santé est des plus optimales avant la grossesse, ce qui garantira un heureux aboutissement pour vous et votre bébé. </p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>Les premières huit à douze semaines de la grossesse sont les plus cruciales au développement du bébé.</li> <li>Avant de devenir enceinte, essayez de maintenir un régime alimentaire sain, de faire de l'exercice de manière régulière et prenez de l'acide folique.</li> <li>Si vous ou votre partenaire avez des antécédents familiaux de certaines maladies, vous devriez tous deux subir des examens afin de déterminer si vous êtes porteurs des gènes de ces maladies.</li> <li>Réduisez votre exposition à des substances potentiellement nuisibles (tératogènes) avant de devenir enceinte.</li></ul>

 

 

Health care before pregnancy311.000000000000Health care before pregnancyHealth care before pregnancyHEnglishPregnancyAdult (19+)BodyNAHealthy living and preventionPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-09-11T04:00:00Z12.000000000000040.0000000000000489.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Critical information on health care before pregnancy, including information about nutrition, exercise, genetic screening, and screening for infections.</p><p>The time before a woman's first prenatal doctor's appointment is the most crucial to the baby’s development. To reduce any risk to the unborn baby, try to seek medical advice before you actually become pregnant. Your doctor can help to make sure that you are in the best possible health before conceiving, in order to ensure the best outcomes for you and your baby.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>The first eight to 12 weeks of pregnancy are the most crucial to a baby's development.</li> <li>Before becoming pregnant, try to maintain a healthy diet, exercise regularly and take folic acid.</li> <li>If you or your partner have a family history of certain diseases, you should both undergo testing to determine if you carry the traits for those diseases.</li> <li>Reduce your exposure to potentially harmful substances (teratogens) before becoming pregnant.</li></ul><p>Most women have their first prenatal medical visit shortly after finding out that they are pregnant. This is usually eight to 12 weeks into the pregnancy. However, by that time, most of the major organ systems and structures have already formed in the unborn baby.</p><h2>Nutrition before and during pregnancy</h2><p>Good nutrition and healthy eating practices are important to a healthy pregnancy. If you are obese or underweight, you are at higher risk of complications during pregnancy. Try to achieve a healthy weight before becoming pregnant. Strive for a healthy diet with food choices from the four major food groups: milk and milk products, meat and meat alternatives, fruit and vegetables, and grain products. </p><p>A vitamin called folic acid is especially important to protect against the development of birth defects called neural tube defects. The recommended folic acid intake for women with no health risks or with health risks such as epilepsy, diabetes, or obesity is 0.4 to 1.0 mg per day with a daily multivitamin. Folic acid should be taken from two to three months before conception, throughout pregnancy, and for the first four to six weeks after birth or as long as breastfeeding continues. </p><p>A woman who has previously conceived a baby with a birth defect such as anencephaly, myelomeningocele, cleft lip or palate, structural heart disease, limb defect, a defect of the urinary tract, or hydrocephalus should take 5.0 mg of folic acid daily from three months before conception until 10 to 12 weeks after conception. After that time, they need to continue taking folic acid 0.4 to 1.0 mg per day throughout the rest of pregnancy and for the first four to six weeks after birth or as long as breastfeeding continues. </p><p>Daily multivitamins should also contain 200 to 400 IU of vitamin D per day, and some studies are starting to show that a higher dose of vitamin D is beneficial throughout pregnancy and breastfeeding. </p><h2>Exercise before and during pregnancy</h2><p>Regular moderate exercise is also helpful before and during pregnancy. Women who do not exercise are at higher risk of excessive weight gain, gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, varicose veins, and low back pain in pregnancy. If you enter into pregnancy with regular aerobic exercise as part of your daily life, you will find it easier to continue that pattern throughout pregnancy. </p><h2>Screen for certain health conditions before pregnancy</h2><p>If you or your partner have a family history of certain diseases, you should both undergo screening to determine if you carry the traits for those diseases. Carrier screening is done for couples with a family history of cystic fibrosis, congenital hearing loss, or who are high-risk for genetically determined diseases such as sickle cell anemia or thalassemia. </p><p>Some infections put the unborn baby at risk during pregnancy. Before becoming pregnant, you should consider screening for infections such as HIV or syphilis, because early and appropriate treatment can reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to the baby. If you have not already had rubella or chicken pox, you may want to consider taking the vaccines for both diseases before becoming pregnant. These vaccines cannot be given once you actually are pregnant. If you are high-risk for hepatitis B, consider screening and taking the vaccination if possible. </p><h2>Reduce exposure to potentially harmful substances before pregnancy</h2><p>Before becoming pregnant, try to remove or reduce your exposure to any potentially harmful substances, called teratogens. These substances can cause problems in the development of your unborn baby, usually in the first couple of months of pregnancy. Potential teratogens include certain drugs, hazardous substances at work, pesticides, paint thinners, smoking, alcohol, cocaine, marijuana, and heroin. </p><h2>Get chronic illnesses under control before pregnancy</h2><p>Additionally, if you have any high-risk chronic illnesses, it is important to get them under control before becoming pregnant. Sometimes a change in treatment may be needed before pregnancy begins, because some medications are harmful to the unborn baby. </p><h2>More information</h2><ul><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=335&language=English">Health care in pregnancy </a></li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=358&language=English">Maternal conditions and pregnancy </a></li></ul>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/health_care_before_pregnancy.jpgHealth care before pregnancy

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