Other infections in pregnancyOOther infections in pregnancyOther infections in pregnancyEnglishPregnancyAdult (19+)BodyReproductive systemConditions and diseasesPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-09-11T04:00:00ZNicolette Caccia, MEd, MD, FRCSCRory Windrim, MB, MSc, FRCSC11.000000000000043.0000000000000631.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about serious infections in pregnancy that are not caused by viruses or bacteria. Toxoplasmosis and malaria are discussed.</p><p>When you are pregnant, you need to careful about infections and infectious diseases. Unborn and newborn babies have weak immune systems compared with older children and adults, and therefore are very susceptible to infection. </p> <p>Infections in pregnancy can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or other organisms called protozoa. Below is a description of the protozoal infections that can affect the growing baby during pregnancy. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>To prevent toxoplasmosis, prepare and cook food properly and avoid changing cat litter pans.</li> <li>Refrain from travelling to areas that have high rates of malaria.</li></ul>
Autres infections pendant la grossesseAAutres infections pendant la grossesseOther infections in pregnancyFrenchPregnancyAdult (19+)BodyReproductive systemConditions and diseasesPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-09-11T04:00:00ZNicolette Caccia, MEd, MD, FRCSC Rory Windrim, MB, MSc, FRCSC11.000000000000043.0000000000000631.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Apprenez-en davantage sur les infections pendant la grossesse causées par les virus et bactéries. Cette section fournit de l’information sur la toxoplasmose et la malaria.</p><p>Si vous êtes enceinte, vous devez vous méfier des infections et maladies infectieuses. Le système immunitaire des bébés en gestation et des nouveaux-nés est plus faible que celui des autres enfants et des adultes, ce qui le rend très susceptible à l’infection. </p> <p>Les infections pendant la grossesse sont imputables aux bactéries, aux virus et à d’autres organismes appelés protozoaires. Voici une description des infections causées par des protozoaires susceptibles d’entraver la croissance du bébé en gestation.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>Afin de prévenir la toxoplasmose, préparez et cuisinez les aliments de manière adéquate et évitez de changer la litière du chat.</li> <li>Évitez de voyager dans les régions qui présentent une haute prévalence de malaria (paludisme).</li></ul>

 

 

Other infections in pregnancy353.000000000000Other infections in pregnancyOther infections in pregnancyOEnglishPregnancyAdult (19+)BodyReproductive systemConditions and diseasesPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-09-11T04:00:00ZNicolette Caccia, MEd, MD, FRCSCRory Windrim, MB, MSc, FRCSC11.000000000000043.0000000000000631.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about serious infections in pregnancy that are not caused by viruses or bacteria. Toxoplasmosis and malaria are discussed.</p><p>When you are pregnant, you need to careful about infections and infectious diseases. Unborn and newborn babies have weak immune systems compared with older children and adults, and therefore are very susceptible to infection. </p> <p>Infections in pregnancy can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or other organisms called protozoa. Below is a description of the protozoal infections that can affect the growing baby during pregnancy. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>To prevent toxoplasmosis, prepare and cook food properly and avoid changing cat litter pans.</li> <li>Refrain from travelling to areas that have high rates of malaria.</li></ul><h2>Toxoplasmosis</h2><p>Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by the <em>Toxoplasma gondii</em> organism. It is transmitted through eating raw or undercooked meat and through contact with infected cat droppings. Toxoplasmosis may cause flu-like symptoms such as fatigue or muscle pains, or no symptoms at all. Although this infection is not dangerous to pregnant women, it can be passed through the placenta and poses a rare but serious threat to the well-being of the unborn baby. </p><p>Babies who are infected with toxoplasmosis may be born with low birth weight, enlargements of the liver and spleen, jaundice, anemia, or congenital toxoplasmosis. Congenital toxoplasmosis is a birth defect with three classic signs: an inflammation of the retina in the eye called chorioretinitis, which causes blurred vision; a build-up of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain called hydrocephalus; and a build-up of calcium in the skull. Babies with born with toxoplasmosis are at risk for developmental disability.</p><p>If you are considered high-risk, or if an ultrasound shows the signs of toxoplasmosis mentioned above, you may be offered a screening test for this disease. The risk of toxoplasmosis is low, and therefore the screening test is not offered to all pregnant women. If a pregnant woman tests positive for toxoplasmosis, the unborn baby may also be tested. Women who are infected with toxoplasmosis are treated with drugs such as spiramycin to try to prevent transmission to the baby. </p><p>There are a number of ways that you can protect yourself and your developing baby from toxoplasmosis:</p><ul><li>Cook food thoroughly. </li><li>Peel and/or thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables. </li><li>Wash cutting boards, counters, dishes, utensils, and hands with soapy water after they have been in contact with uncooked food or unwashed fruits or vegetables. </li><li>Wear gloves when gardening or touching soil, to prevent contact with cat droppings. </li><li>Avoid changing cat litter pans and make sure the cat litter is changed every day. </li><li>Keep your cat inside and do not feed your cat undercooked or raw meat. </li></ul><h2>Malaria</h2><p>Malaria is transmitted through the bite of the female anopheles mosquito. Malaria causes fever and flu-like symptoms such as chills, headache, muscle pain, and weakness. More severe forms of the disease may cause anemia, jaundice, kidney failure, and coma. Malaria may cause infections in the unborn baby and placenta, and may lead to premature birth, low birth weight, and death of the baby. The treatment of choice for malaria is a drug called chloroquine, which can be used during pregnancy. </p><p>To protect against malaria, avoid exposure to the anopheles mosquito. If you are pregnant, refrain from travelling to areas that have high rates of malaria. Wear clothes that cover the skin. If you do visit an area with a high rate of malaria, seek medical attention immediately if you develop a fever. </p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/other_infections_in_pregnancy.jpgOther infections in pregnancy

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