Eye or ear problems in newborn babiesEEye or ear problems in newborn babiesEye or ear problems in newborn babiesEnglishNeonatologyNewborn (0-28 days)Eyes;EarsNAConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)Eye discomfort and redness;Itchy eyes;Vision problems;Decreased hearing2009-10-28T04:00:00ZAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPC10.000000000000045.0000000000000817.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about the various types of congenital eye abnormalities that can occur in newborn babies. Aniridia, anophthalmia and other conditions are discussed.</p><p>Some babies are born with abnormalities of the eye or the ear. They form as the result of something going wrong with the development of the eyes or ears during pregnancy. Eye abnormalities are rare, while ear abnormalities are more common, though usually less severe.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Examples of eye abnormalities include aniridia, anophthalmia, coloboma iridis, congenital aphakia, congenital cataracts and microphthalmia.</li> <li>Ear abnormalities include outer ear malformations and congenital hearing loss.</li></ul>
Problèmes oculaires ou problèmes liés aux oreilles chez les nouveau-nésPProblèmes oculaires ou problèmes liés aux oreilles chez les nouveau-nésEye or ear problems in newborn babiesFrenchNeonatologyNewborn (0-28 days)Eyes;EarsNAConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)Eye discomfort and redness;Itchy eyes;Vision problems;Decreased hearing2009-10-28T04:00:00ZAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPC10.000000000000045.0000000000000817.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Apprenez-en davantage sur les divers types d'anomalies congénitales qui peuvent survenir chez les nouveau-nés. On y discute de l'aniridie, de l’anophthalmie et d’autres anomalies.</p><p>Certains bébés sont nés avec des anomalies aux yeux et aux oreilles. Elles se sont formées en raison de problèmes de développement des yeux et des oreilles au cours de la grossesse. Les anomalies d’yeux sont rares alors que les anomalies des oreilles sont plus fréquentes, quoique généralement moins graves.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>Des exemples d’anomalies des yeux comprennent l’aniridie, l’anophtalmie, la colobome de l’iris, l’aphakie congénitale, les cataractes congénitales et la microphtalmie.</li> <li>Les anomalies des oreilles comprennent des malformations de l’oreille externe et de la déficience auditive congénitale.</li></ul>

 

 

Eye or ear problems in newborn babies471.000000000000Eye or ear problems in newborn babiesEye or ear problems in newborn babiesEEnglishNeonatologyNewborn (0-28 days)Eyes;EarsNAConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)Eye discomfort and redness;Itchy eyes;Vision problems;Decreased hearing2009-10-28T04:00:00ZAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPC10.000000000000045.0000000000000817.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about the various types of congenital eye abnormalities that can occur in newborn babies. Aniridia, anophthalmia and other conditions are discussed.</p><p>Some babies are born with abnormalities of the eye or the ear. They form as the result of something going wrong with the development of the eyes or ears during pregnancy. Eye abnormalities are rare, while ear abnormalities are more common, though usually less severe.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Examples of eye abnormalities include aniridia, anophthalmia, coloboma iridis, congenital aphakia, congenital cataracts and microphthalmia.</li> <li>Ear abnormalities include outer ear malformations and congenital hearing loss.</li></ul><h2>Eye abnormalities</h2><p>Some babies are born with eye abnormalities. They form as the result of something going wrong with the development of baby’s eyes during pregnancy. It is important to keep in mind that these abnormalities are rare. A few examples are: </p><ul><li>Aniridia: This is an absence of the iris. As the iris regulates the amount of light entering the eye, aniridia makes it difficult to see because of glare and bright light conditions. Sometimes there is only a partial absence of the iris. Some people with aniridia can obtain contact lenses containing an artificial iris. </li><li>Anophthalmia: This is the absence of an eyeball. Newborn babies who have this condition should receive special plastic conformers to put into the eye socket. This maintains the shape of the eye socket as the bones in the face grow. When the child is older, an artificial eye can be made for her. </li><li>Coloboma iridis: This common eye abnormality is a keyhole-shaped notch in the bottom of the iris. It frequently occurs with other eye abnormalities. </li><li>Congenital aphakia: This is when a baby is born without a lens. Congenital aphakia can be treated with glasses or contact lenses that have a strong convex prescription. </li><li>Congenital cataracts: This is a condition where the lens becomes opaque, and vision may be blurry. If left untreated, permanent vision loss can occur. In some cases, congenital cataract can lead to lazy eye or underdevelopment of the visual system. The most effective way to treat cataracts is to remove the lens surgically. Optical correction with contact lenses or glasses is usually required after the surgery. </li><li>Microphthalmia: This is when the eyeball is too small. Chronic infections during pregnancy, especially viral infections such as rubella, are a common cause of microphthalmia. Babies with very mild forms of microphthalmia may benefit from medical or surgical treatment.</li></ul><h2>Ear abnormalities</h2><p>Some babies are born with abnormalities of the ear. They form as the result of something going wrong with the development of the baby’s ear during pregnancy. The main examples are: </p><h3>Outer ear malformations</h3><p>These are common, usually minor but sometimes severe abnormalities of the outer ear. Outer ear abnormalities can include shallow depressions or bumps called skin tags in or around the outer ear. Many chromosomal abnormalities have ear malformations as one of their features. If necessary, some outer ear abnormalities can be corrected with surgery. </p><h3>Congenital hearing loss</h3><p>Some newborn babies are at risk of being born with hearing loss. These include babies with a family history of hearing loss, babies who have certain facial birth defects, and those who were affected by certain infections during pregnancy. Your baby’s health-care provider will check to make sure they can hear properly, by clinically assessing their hearing. Many jurisdictions offer newborn screening for hearing. </p><p>Congenital deafness or hearing loss is a partial or complete loss of hearing in one or both ears, due to abnormal development of the ears in pregnancy. Most cases of congenital hearing loss have genetic causes. Therefore, if you or your partner has a family history of congenital hearing loss, there is a chance that your baby could also develop this condition. Congenital hearing loss can also be caused by certain infections during pregnancy, such as rubella and toxoplasmosis. </p><p>A child's early years are very important for learning and the development of speech and language. Treating hearing impairment early makes a big difference in how well a child functions later in life. A health-care provider called an audiologist will try to provide the best use of a child's remaining hearing. The audiologist will develop a treatment plan for your child. This plan consists not only of making sound louder with hearing aids, but also speech and language training and parent support and training. </p><p>Hearing aids, which are loudspeakers that amplify sound, can benefit children of all ages, even young infants. Hearing aids do not make sounds more clear; in fact, they can sometimes distort sound. Therefore, as a baby becomes older, they need to learn how to distinguish which sounds are important and which can be ignored. An audiologist can help a child to make these distinctions more easily. Children older than 12 months may sometimes benefit from having a cochlear implant, which can help improve their hearing and oral language abilities. </p><p>Hearing impaired children can be offered speech and language training programs as early as infancy. If the baby has only limited hearing loss, they can be taught to make the most of their speech and hearing abilities. If they have more severe hearing loss, they can learn a variety of ways to communicate, including speech, lip reading, finger spelling, reading, writing, and sign language. </p><p>If you have a baby with hearing loss, always make sure to speak directly to them, on their level. Use short, simple phrases. Speak clearly and not too fast. Repeat words and phrases often. Use a lot of facial expressions when you speak. </p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/eye_or_ear_problems_newborn.jpgEye or ear problems in newborn babies

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