Learning to think: Cognitive development in babiesLLearning to think: Cognitive development in babiesLearning to think: Cognitive development in babiesEnglishNABaby (1-12 months)BodyNANAAdult (19+)NA2009-09-21T04:00:00ZJoanne Cummings, PhD, Cpsych10.000000000000056.0000000000000558.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about cognitive development, or learning to think, in a baby's first year of life. Their sense of self and sensitivity to contingency are discussed.</p><p>Cognitive development is the development of your baby’s abilities to see, hear, touch, feel, taste, and smell; to remember and learn; to understand language and then to say words; and to think. All of these processes take place in your baby’s brain, which undergoes tremendous development during the first year of life. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Cognitive development is the development of your baby’s abilities to see, hear, touch, feel, taste, and smell; to remember and learn; to understand language and then to say words; and to think.</li> <li>The initial 12 months of life is a time of great learning, and a baby’s interactions with their caregivers is crucial to their cognitive development.</li></ul>
Apprendre à penser : développement cognitif chez les bébésAApprendre à penser : développement cognitif chez les bébésLearning to think: Cognitive development in babiesFrenchNABaby (1-12 months)BodyNANAAdult (19+)NA2009-09-21T04:00:00ZJoanne Cummings, PhD, Cpsych10.000000000000056.0000000000000558.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Apprenez-en davantage sur le développement cognitif, ou le développement de la capacité de penser, chez votre bébé durant la première année de sa vie et sur le sens de soi et la sensibilité à la contingence.</p><p>Le développement cognitif est le développement des facultés de votre bébé, soit voir, entendre, toucher, goûter et sentir; mémoriser et apprendre; comprendre le langage et prononcer des mots par la suite; et également penser. Tous ces processus ont lieu à l’intérieur du cerveau de votre bébé, lequel connaît un développement formidable durant la première année de la vie.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>Le développement cognitif est le développement des facultés de votre bébé, soit voir, entendre, toucher, goûter et sentir; mémoriser et apprendre; comprendre le langage et prononcer des mots; et penser.</li> <li>Les douze premiers mois de vie sont une période de grand apprentissage et les interactions d’un bébé avec les personnes qui en prennent soin sont cruciales à son développement cognitif. </li></ul>

 

 

Learning to think: Cognitive development in babies488.000000000000Learning to think: Cognitive development in babiesLearning to think: Cognitive development in babiesLEnglishNABaby (1-12 months)BodyNANAAdult (19+)NA2009-09-21T04:00:00ZJoanne Cummings, PhD, Cpsych10.000000000000056.0000000000000558.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about cognitive development, or learning to think, in a baby's first year of life. Their sense of self and sensitivity to contingency are discussed.</p><p>Cognitive development is the development of your baby’s abilities to see, hear, touch, feel, taste, and smell; to remember and learn; to understand language and then to say words; and to think. All of these processes take place in your baby’s brain, which undergoes tremendous development during the first year of life. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Cognitive development is the development of your baby’s abilities to see, hear, touch, feel, taste, and smell; to remember and learn; to understand language and then to say words; and to think.</li> <li>The initial 12 months of life is a time of great learning, and a baby’s interactions with their caregivers is crucial to their cognitive development.</li></ul><h2>What is cognitive development?</h2><p>Your baby is constantly learning. Even in the womb, they were taking note of their surroundings and storing memories of events that occurred over and over again. Studies have shown that newborn babies can tell the difference between their mother’s amniotic fluid and someone else’s amniotic fluid. Newborns prefer the sound of their mother’s voice over that of another person. </p><p>Babies tend to live in the here and now because their memory capacity is limited and they are not able to sustain their attention. Newborns and young babies are easily distracted because they live "in the moment." Over the first year, your baby’s memory capacity will grow. </p><p>Right from the beginning of life, your baby is very sensitive to contingency, meaning that they notice when one event consistently follows another event closely in time. For example, they will figure out that the sound of your voice is usually followed by you picking up and holding them. They will notice that if they cry, they will soon hear you approaching. </p><p>Also from the start, your baby will begin to acquire a sense of self, that their body is separate from others. They will start to develop proprioception, which is a sense of where the parts of their body are in space and in relation to the other parts of their body. Try touching your nose with your finger with your eyes closed: the ability to locate the parts of your body in space is proprioception. Of course, your baby cannot do this yet; it will take some time. It is very important to your baby to know where they are in space, and to feel secure in that space. This is why, if you are jumpy when you hold your baby, they may feel insecure and start to become upset. </p><p>There is a continuing controversy about how much of a baby’s ability to learn is because of the internal wiring in their brain, and how much is due to learning through experience. There is also some disagreement with regard to when a baby acquires specific cognitive abilities. Some scientists think cognitive development in babies occurs in stages, and others think it is a more gradual, continuous process. </p><p>Researchers do agree on two things, though. First, the initial 12 months of life is a time of great learning, and a baby’s interactions with their caregivers is crucial to their cognitive development. Second, in a baby’s first year, many neural connections in the brain are wired together and some connections are lost; the creation and "pruning back" of these connections are affected by a baby’s experiences. </p><p>Babies cannot tell us what they are thinking. As a result, researchers have used careful observation of baby behaviour to try to figure out what is going on in babies’ minds. The pages in this section provide a general month-by-month description of what cognitive abilities a baby acquires in the first year of life. However, it is important to keep in mind that every baby develops at their own pace. </p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/learning_to_think_cognitive_development.jpgLearning to think: Cognitive development in babies

Thank you to our sponsors

AboutKidsHealth is proud to partner with the following sponsors as they support our mission to improve the health and wellbeing of children in Canada and around the world by making accessible health care information available via the internet.