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Influenza (flu): Who is at risk for severe illness?IInfluenza (flu): Who is at risk for severe illness?Influenza (flu): Who is at risk for severe illness?EnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough;Fever;Headache;Sore throat2014-02-27T05:00:00ZUpton Allen, MBBS, MSc, FRCPC, FAAP;Shawna Silver, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, PEng7.0000000000000061.0000000000000750.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>This page discusses which people are most at risk for severe illness from the flu.</p><h2>Different reactions to flu</h2><p>Influenza (the <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=763&language=English">flu</a>) can create different reactions in people.<br></p><ul><li>Some people will get mildly sick. They may take a few days off work or school. They may visit the doctor. They may take pain relievers or other medications. They will recover after a few days.</li><li>Some people will get very sick. They may need to stay in a hospital. They may be given antiviral medications and antibiotics. They may need intensive care.</li></ul> ​<h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Very young children or children with a pre-existing condition are at high risk of developing a severe form of flu.</li> <li>The best way to avoid getting the flu is to get the flu shot, keep away from infected people, regularly wash your hands and keep surfaces people regularly touch clean.</li> </ul><h2>Children at high risk</h2> <h3>Children with weak immune systems<br></h3> <p>Children with weak immune systems will have a harder time fighting off illness. These children may also have problems taking medications for infections. Children can have weak immune systems for different reasons, including:</p> <ul> <li>receiving an organ transplant</li> <li>receiving a <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=1512&language=English">bone marrow transplant</a></li> <li>congenital immunodeficiency</li> <li>some nutritional deficiencies</li> <li>severe burns</li> <li><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=910&language=English">HIV/AIDS</a></li> <li>taking immunomodulators and immunosuppressive agents</li> <li>being on long-term steroid therapy</li> </ul> <h3>Some medical conditions can also put children at high risk</h3> <p>Chronic health conditions, severe enough to require regular medical follow-up, can put children at high risk of getting very sick from the flu. These include:</p> <ul> <li>heart and lung disorders, including chronic asthma</li> <li>diabetes and other metabolic diseases</li> <li>cancer, immune deficiency and immune suppression</li> <li>kidney disease</li> <li>anemia or other blood conditions such as <a href="/Article?contentid=745&language=English">sickle cell disease</a> and <a href="/Article?contentid=840&language=English">thalassemia</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=882&language=English">cystic fibrosis</a> and other conditions that affect lung secretions</li> <li>conditions treated for long periods with <a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=English">acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)</a></li> <li><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=845&language=English">epilepsy</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=847&language=English">cerebral palsy</a></li> <li>other neurological disorders, including intellectual disabilities or developmental delays</li> <li>obesity</li> </ul>
Influenza (grippe) : quelles personnes risquent de présenter une infection grippale grave?IInfluenza (grippe) : quelles personnes risquent de présenter une infection grippale grave?Influenza (flu): Who is at risk for severe illness?FrenchInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough;Fever;Headache;Sore throat2014-02-27T05:00:00ZUpton Allen, MBBS, MSc, FRCPC, FAAP;Shawna Silver, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, PEng7.0000000000000061.0000000000000750.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Renseignez-vous sur les personnes qui risquent le plus de présenter une infection grippale grave.</p><h2>Les réactions à la grippe diffère​nt</h2><p>La <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=763&language=french">grippe​</a> (ou influenza) peut provoquer des réactions différentes selon les personnes qui la contractent.<br></p><ul><li>Certaines personnes n'auront qu'une infection mineure du virus grippal. Elles sont susceptibles de s'absenter du travail ou de l'école pendant quelques jours. Elles peuvent aussi consulter un médecin et prendre des analgésiques ou d'autres médicaments. Ces personnes se seront rétablies au bout de quelques jours.<br></li><li>Un certain nombre d'autres personnes auront de graves complications. Elles peuvent devoir être hospitalisées, prendre des antiviraux et des antibiotiques et être admises à l'unité de soins intensifs.</li></ul> <br><h2>À rete​nir</h2> <ul><li>Chez les tout-petits et les enfants déjà atteints d'une maladie, le risque de complication de la grippe est élevé.</li> <li>Pour éviter de contracter la grippe, les meilleurs moyens sont de se faire vacciner, de ne pas fréquenter de personnes infectées, de se laver souvent les mains et de laver régulièrement les objets que les personnes touchent fréquemment.​</li></ul><h2>Enfants à risqu​e élevé </h2> <h3>Enfants dont le système immunitaire est affaibli </h3> <p>Les enfants dont le système immunitaire est affaibli auront plus de mal à combattre la grippe. Ils sont aussi susceptibles d'avoir de la difficulté à prendre des médicaments contre les infections. Diverses causes peuvent être à l'origine de cet affaiblissement chez les enfants, y compris : </p> <ul><li>les greffes d'organes,</li> <li>les <a href="/Article?contentid=1512&language=French">greffes de moelle osseuse</a>,</li> <li>l'immunodéficience congénitale,</li> <li>certaines déficiences alimentaires,<br></li> <li>les brûlures graves,</li> <li>le <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=910&language=French">VIH/sida</a>, </li> <li>la prise d'immunomodulateurs et d'immunodépresseurs,</li> <li>la stéroïdothérapie (traitement par stéroïdes) à long terme.</li></ul> <h3>​Les enfants peuvent aussi être à risque s'ils sont atteints de certaines maladies</h3> <p>Les enfants aux prises avec certaines affections chroniques (de longue durée) assez graves pour exiger des suivis médicaux réguliers risquent fortement d'avoir des complications très graves de la grippe. Les affections en cause sont :</p> <ul><li>les troubles cardiaques et pulmonaires, dont l'asthme chronique,</li> <li>le diabète et d'autres maladies métaboliques,</li> <li>le cancer, l'immunodéficience et l'immunodépression,</li> <li>les maladies rénales,</li> <li>l'anémie ou d'autres troubles sanguins comme l'<a href="/Article?contentid=745&language=French">anémie falciforme </a>(ou drépanocytose) et la <a href="/Article?contentid=840&language=French">thalassémie</a>,</li> <li>la <a href="/Article?contentid=882&language=French">fibrose kystique</a> (ou mucoviscidose) et d'autres affections agissant sur les sécrétions pulmonaires,</li> <li>les troubles soignés pendant de longues périodes à l'aide d'<a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=French">Aspirine</a> (acide acétylsalicylique ou AAS),</li> <li>l'<a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=845&language=French">épilepsie</a>,</li> <li>la <a href="/Article?contentid=847&language=French">paralysie cérébrale</a> (ou infirmité motrice cérébrale), </li> <li>les autres troubles neurologiques, dont les déficiences intellectuelles ou les retards du développement,</li> <li>l'obésité.</li></ul>

 

 

Influenza (flu): Who is at risk for severe illness?762.000000000000Influenza (flu): Who is at risk for severe illness?Influenza (flu): Who is at risk for severe illness?IEnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough;Fever;Headache;Sore throat2014-02-27T05:00:00ZUpton Allen, MBBS, MSc, FRCPC, FAAP;Shawna Silver, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, PEng7.0000000000000061.0000000000000750.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>This page discusses which people are most at risk for severe illness from the flu.</p><h2>Different reactions to flu</h2><p>Influenza (the <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=763&language=English">flu</a>) can create different reactions in people.<br></p><ul><li>Some people will get mildly sick. They may take a few days off work or school. They may visit the doctor. They may take pain relievers or other medications. They will recover after a few days.</li><li>Some people will get very sick. They may need to stay in a hospital. They may be given antiviral medications and antibiotics. They may need intensive care.</li></ul> ​<h2>Who gets very sick from the flu?</h2> <p>The vast majority of people with the flu will get mildly sick. The groups who may get very sick are:<br></p> <ul> <li>the very young (younger than two, but children up to six years old may still become very sick)</li> <li>the elderly (older than 65)</li> <li>people who have underlying health conditions or are already sick with something else.<br></li> </ul> <p>Healthy people rarely require hospitalization or get very sick from the flu.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Very young children or children with a pre-existing condition are at high risk of developing a severe form of flu.</li> <li>The best way to avoid getting the flu is to get the flu shot, keep away from infected people, regularly wash your hands and keep surfaces people regularly touch clean.</li> </ul><h2>Children at high risk</h2> <h3>Children with weak immune systems<br></h3> <p>Children with weak immune systems will have a harder time fighting off illness. These children may also have problems taking medications for infections. Children can have weak immune systems for different reasons, including:</p> <ul> <li>receiving an organ transplant</li> <li>receiving a <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=1512&language=English">bone marrow transplant</a></li> <li>congenital immunodeficiency</li> <li>some nutritional deficiencies</li> <li>severe burns</li> <li><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=910&language=English">HIV/AIDS</a></li> <li>taking immunomodulators and immunosuppressive agents</li> <li>being on long-term steroid therapy</li> </ul> <h3>Some medical conditions can also put children at high risk</h3> <p>Chronic health conditions, severe enough to require regular medical follow-up, can put children at high risk of getting very sick from the flu. These include:</p> <ul> <li>heart and lung disorders, including chronic asthma</li> <li>diabetes and other metabolic diseases</li> <li>cancer, immune deficiency and immune suppression</li> <li>kidney disease</li> <li>anemia or other blood conditions such as <a href="/Article?contentid=745&language=English">sickle cell disease</a> and <a href="/Article?contentid=840&language=English">thalassemia</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=882&language=English">cystic fibrosis</a> and other conditions that affect lung secretions</li> <li>conditions treated for long periods with <a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=English">acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)</a></li> <li><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=845&language=English">epilepsy</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=847&language=English">cerebral palsy</a></li> <li>other neurological disorders, including intellectual disabilities or developmental delays</li> <li>obesity</li> </ul><h2>Prevention</h2> <h3>What measures can parents of high-risk children take?</h3> <p>Parents of children with weak immune systems over the age of six months or with chronic (long-lasting) conditions should speak with their doctor about getting the flu shot. It is rare for the flu shot to be not recommended. To avoid getting the flu and passing it to their child, parents and family members of children with weak immune systems or chronic conditions, regardless of whether the child received the flu shot, should also get the flu shot. For tips on making vaccinations as easy and pain-free as possible, read the articles, <a href="/Article?contentid=989&language=English">Pain-free injections in babies</a> and <a href="/Article?contentid=990&language=English">Pain-free injections in children over one year of age</a>.</p> <h3>Pregnant women are at risk</h3> <p>Women who are pregnant should get the flu shot to protect themselves and their newborn infant</p><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/influenza_who_is_at_risk.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/influenza_who_is_at_risk.jpgInfluenza (flu): Who is at risk for severe illness?

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