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Phonological processing: Sound awareness, memory, and retrievalPPhonological processing: Sound awareness, memory, and retrievalPhonological processing: Sound awareness, memory, and retrievalEnglishDevelopmentalPreschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years)NANAHealthy living and preventionCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2021-08-06T04:00:00Z8.2000000000000056.7000000000000430.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn what sounds your child can recognize, remember and retrieve in early childhood.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Phonological awareness is the ability to recognize individual sounds in words.</li><li>Phonological memory is the ability to remember individual sounds in words.</li><li>Retrieval is how quickly your child can name objects and symbols.</li><li>Different sounds can include syllables, words that rhyme and individual sounds or phonemes.</li></ul>
Conscience phonologique : quels sons votre enfant peut reconnaître selon son âgeCConscience phonologique : quels sons votre enfant peut reconnaître selon son âgePhonological awareness: What sounds your child can recognize at different agesFrenchDevelopmentalPreschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years)NANAHealthy living and preventionAdult (19+) CaregiversNA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZFlat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Apprenez quels sons votre enfant peut reconnaître de trois à huit ans.</p><h2>À retenir</h2><ul><li>La conscience phonologique est la capacité de reconnaître les sons formant les mots.</li><li>Votre enfant apprend, entre autres, à reconnaître les syllabes et les rimes, et à distinguer les phonèmes (sons de la langue).</li></ul>

 

 

 

 

Phonological processing: Sound awareness, memory, and retrieval720.000000000000Phonological processing: Sound awareness, memory, and retrievalPhonological processing: Sound awareness, memory, and retrievalPEnglishDevelopmentalPreschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years)NANAHealthy living and preventionCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2021-08-06T04:00:00Z8.2000000000000056.7000000000000430.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn what sounds your child can recognize, remember and retrieve in early childhood.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Phonological awareness is the ability to recognize individual sounds in words.</li><li>Phonological memory is the ability to remember individual sounds in words.</li><li>Retrieval is how quickly your child can name objects and symbols.</li><li>Different sounds can include syllables, words that rhyme and individual sounds or phonemes.</li></ul><h2>Phonological awareness</h2><p>When beginning Kindergarten, many children recognize rhymes and syllables in words. A syllable is a unit of spoken language made up of a continuous sound. For example, <em>run</em> has one syllable (run) and <em>pocket</em> has two syllables (pock·et).</p><p>By Grade 1, many children recognize beginning and ending sounds in words. They can also break down words into individual sounds (e.g., phonemes). Phonemes are the most basic speech sounds. The “m” in <em>mat</em> and the “b” in <em>bat</em> are phonemes.</p><p>By Grades 2 or 3, many children can break words into syllables and phonemes.</p><p>In general, during early childhood, the following phonological skills are developed. The ability to:</p><ul><li>recognize rhymes such as <em>ball</em> and <em>wall</em></li><li>generate rhymes</li><li>recognize whether the sounds of words are the same or different. For example, understanding that <em>bat</em> and <em>man</em>, <em>bat</em> and <em>ball</em>, and <em>cat</em> and <em>bat</em> are different words with varying degrees of similarity</li><li>recognize that words begin or end with the same sound, for example, <em>ball</em> starts with “b,” <em>bat</em> also starts with “b”; <em>plant</em> ends in “t”; <em>mat</em> and <em>cat</em> also end in “t”</li><li>identify middle sounds in words (e.g., <em>bat</em> is “ah”; <em>fun</em> is “uh”)</li><li>break words into syllable sounds (e.g., by clapping or saying them out loud – “pock·et”, “ba·na·na”)</li><li>identify individual word sounds (e.g., <em>cat</em> → c-a-t)</li><li>recognize that sentences are made up of words</li></ul><p>You can practice these skills with your child to help support their phonological awareness.</p><h2>Phonological memory</h2><p>Phonological memory is the ability to remember individual speech sounds in words.</p><p>In general, by early elementary school, children can:</p><ul><li>repeat words in isolation and in lists</li><li>name letters and produce sounds independently</li></ul><p>These are useful skills in the practice of reading, where recognizing words and their pronunciation is necessary.</p><h2>Retrieval</h2><p>Words are retrieved based on their sounds. Retrieval is the ability to accurately and rapidly name pictured objects, letters and numbers.</p><h2>What if I have questions about my child’s phonological processing?</h2><p>Phonological awareness, phonological memory, and retrieval are the building blocks of literacy. If you are concerned about your child’s development of speech sounds, speak with their doctor to learn whether a referral to a speech-language pathologist is needed.</p><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/phonological_awareness.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/phonological_awareness.jpgPhonological processing: Sound awareness, memory, and retrievalFalse

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