Hydrocephalus and treatment: Shunts and endoscopic third ventriculostomy

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Hydrocephalus is a buildup of fluid around the brain. Read about two surgical treatments for hydrocephalus; shunts and endoscopic third ventriculostomy.

Key points

  • Hydrocephalus is an abnormal build-up of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles inside the brain.
  • Hydrocephalus is treated with surgery (an operation) to put in a shunt or create an endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV).
  • If you see any signs that the shunt or ETV is not working properly, call 911 or emergency services right away. Your child needs medical attention.
Last updated: April 2nd 2009