Low glycemic index treatment (LGIT) for epilepsy

PDF download is not available for Arabic and Urdu languages at this time. Please use the browser print function instead

Learn about the benefits and limitations of the low glycemic index treatment (LGIT) for childhood epilepsy and how to use it at home.

Key points

  • The low glycemic index treatment (LGIT) involves avoiding starchy and sugary carbohydrates such as potatoes and white bread. A child can eat 40-60 g of low-glycemic carbohydrates a day and get about 60 per cent of their calories from fat.
  • This diet is easier to follow and has fewer side effects than ketogenic diet therapy, but it may take a few months to see if it is effective.
  • Side effects may include constipation, changes in blood chemistry and weight loss. Your child will be monitored closely for these side effects.
  • The diet is restrictive and needs to be followed carefully under the guidance of a ketogenic diet therapy team, which could include a neurologist, nurse practitioner, dietician and nurse.
Last updated: March 12th 2021