AboutKidsHealth is a health education website for children, youth and their caregivers.


 

 

Belly BonanzaBelly BonanzaBelly BonanzaBEnglishhttps://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/J4K_belly_Bonanza_promo.pngKids ContentKids<p>5:25; Ages 6–11</p><p>Blueberry and Green Pea have just been eaten. Follow them through the digestive system to see where they end up in body!</p><figure class="swf-asset-c-80"> <div class="akh-video">src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/BU-tzxqU0CA"</div></figure><br> Follow the adventures of Blueberry and Green Pea to help your child learn how food travels through their digestive system.Kidsbelly-bonanza
COVID-19COVID-19COVID-19CEnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NAImmune systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+) CaregiversNA2020-03-26T04:00:00Z000Landing PageLearning Hub<p>Learn about COVID-19 and how to talk to and support your family. Also find resources such as videos and audio meditations to help you cope.</p><p>This hub includes resources on COVID-19 and how to help you cope. There are resources on how to support your child's mental health and general wellbeing through physical activity, sleep, nutrition and learning. Also included are videos and audio meditations to help you cope with stressful thoughts and experiences that occur throughout your day.<br></p> <br> <div class="asset-video"> <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/fBkA2ZTUnyI"></iframe> <p>View Dr. Ronni's chat with Dr. Cheddar above.</p></div> <br> <div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">COVID-19 information</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Find information about COVID-19 from AboutKidsHealth.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3872&language=English">Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) </a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/8d9SPC7T6KM">After your child's COVID-19 test - Virtual discharge</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/coronavirus-disease-covid-19.html">Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) (Public Health Agency of Canada)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3863&language=English">COVID-19: Information for parents of immunocompromised children and children with chronic medical conditions</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3870&language=English&hub=COVID-19">COVID-19: Information for parents of children with congenital heart disease</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://covid19healthliteracyproject.com/#languages">COVID-19 fact sheets in 34 different languages (Harvard Health Publishing)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/diseases-and-conditions/infectious-diseases/respiratory-diseases/novel-coronavirus/public-resources">COVID-19 public resources (Public Health Ontario)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.pcmch.on.ca/covid-19-resources-for-children-youth-and-families/">COVID-19 resources for children, youth, and families (Provincial Council for Maternal and Child Health)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.caringforkids.cps.ca/handouts/the-2019-novel-coronavirus-covid-19">The 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) (Caring for Kids)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.ontario.ca/page/2019-novel-coronavirus">The 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) (Ontario Ministry of Health)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/9Ay4u7OYOhA">6 steps to prevent COVID-19 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">Talking to your child about COVID-19</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Helpful resources that provide information about how to explain and talk to your child about COVID-19. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3866&language=English">How to talk to your child about COVID-19</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="http://hollandbloorview.ca/services/family-workshops-resources/family-resource-centre/explaining-covid-19-kids">Explaining COVID-19 and Coronavirus to children (Holland Bloorview)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.cps.ca/en/blog-blogue/how-can-we-talk-to-kids-about-covid-19">How can we talk to kids about COVID-19? Be “realistically reassuring” (Canadian Pediatric Society)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.pbs.org/parents/thrive/how-to-talk-to-your-kids-about-coronavirus#.XmuZ3QV_gax.twitter">How to Talk to Your Kids About Coronavirus (PBS)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3869&language=English">Supporting your child with a neurodevelopmental disorder through the COVID-19 crisis</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.cmho.org/blog/blog-news/6519918-talking-to-your-anxious-child-about-covid-19">Talking to your anxious child about COVID-19 (Children's Mental Health Ontario)</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">Coping</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Information on how to help your child cope with stress during the COVID-19 crisis and how to help them deal with separation from family and friend. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3868&language=English">Coping with separation from family and friends during COVID-19</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3882&language=English">COVID-19: Frequently asked questions</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3883&language=English">COVID-19: Well-being and mental health resources</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3888&language=English">Stressed adults and anxious young children: Supporting infants, toddlers and preschoolers through COVID-19</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3867&language=English">Is my child or adolescent feeling stressed about COVID-19?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.caringforkids.cps.ca/handouts/disaster">Helping children and teens cope with stressful public events (Caring for Kids)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.cps.ca/en/blog-blogue/how-to-help-youth-tackle-the-blues-during-covid-19">How to help youth tackle the blues during COVID-19 and #physicaldistancing (Canadian Pediatric Society)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://afirm.fpg.unc.edu/supporting-individuals-autism-through-uncertain-times">Supporting individuals with autism through uncertain times (Autism Focused Intervention Resources & Modules)</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">Mental health</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Taking care of your mental health during difficult and stressful times is important. Learn more about anxiety and depression.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=18&language=English">Anxiety: Overview</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://teens.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3810&language=English">Anxiety and anxiety disorders</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/Anxiety%20Individual%20handout_Eng%2004_03_2020_v2.pdf">CARD: Coping with your own fears and anxiety</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/Anxiety%20caregiver%20handout_Eng%2004_03_2020.pdf">CARD: Helping your child cope with anxiety</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=19&language=English">Depression: Overview</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.camh.ca/en/health-info/mental-health-and-covid-19">Mental health and the COVID-19 pandemic (CAMH)</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">Parenting</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Find some helpful information on parenting during the COVID-19 crisis. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.caringforkids.cps.ca/handouts/health_information_on_the_internet">A parent’s guide to health information on the Internet (Caring for Kids)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.cps.ca/en/blog-blogue/covid-youth-and-substance-use-critical-messages-for-youth-and-families">COVID, youth, and substance use: Critical messages for youth and families (Canadian Pediatric Society)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.cps.ca/en/blog-blogue/parenting-during-covid-19-a-new-frontier">Parenting during COVID-19: A new frontier (Canadian Pediatric Society)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.sickkids.ca/AboutSickKids/Newsroom/Past-News/2020/joint-statement-school-reopening.html">SickKids - Joint statement on reopening schools</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://hollandbloorview.ca/sites/default/files/2020-07/HB-BackToSchool-Recommendations.pdf">Return to school recommendations for children with special needs (Holland Bloorview)</a></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h3>Learning</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=651&language=English&hub=COVID-19">Reading milestones</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=1903&language=English&hub=COVID-19">Reading: How to help early and struggling readers</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3871&language=English&hub=COVID-19">Writing milestones</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=1881&language=English&hub=COVID-19">Visual-motor skills: How to foster in children</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=722&language=English&hub=COVID-19">Mathematics milestones</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=721&language=English&hub=COVID-19">Mathematics: How to help your pre-school and school-aged child</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=649&language=English&hub=COVID-19">Spatial reasoning skills: How to foster in children</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">Well-being</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Find out how physical activity, a healthy sleep routine, screen time limits and balanced nutrition can boost your child's mental health and support them to achieve better academic success and help them through difficult times. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h3>Handwashing</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=1981&language=English">Hand hygiene</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.caringforkids.cps.ca/handouts/handwashing">Handwashing for parents and children (Caring for Kids)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=9&v=7PKwE1jIuws&feature=emb_title">Protect don’t infect (CHEO)</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h3>Sleep</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=645&language=English">Sleep: Benefits and recommended amounts</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://teens.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3632&language=English">Sleep and your mental health: Overview</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://teens.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3633&language=English">Sleep and mental health: Sorting out your sleep routine</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=646&language=English">How to help your child get a good night's sleep</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=647&language=English">How to help your teen get a good night's sleep</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h3>Physical activity</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://teens.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3783&language=English">Physical activity and mental health: Overview</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://teens.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3784&language=English">Physical activity and mental health: Types of physical activity</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=641&language=English">Physical activity: Benefits of exercise for health and wellbeing</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=642&language=English">Physical activity: Guidelines for children and teens</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h3>Nutrition</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://teens.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3773&language=English">Nutrition and mental health: The basics of a healthy diet</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=639&language=English">How a balanced diet and healthy eating habits can help your child's mental health</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://teens.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3774&language=English">Nutrition and mental health: Developing positive eating habits</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=1464&language=English&hub=COVID-19">Meal ideas for school-aged children, tweens and teens</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=638&language=English">Healthy eating for teens</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h3>Screen time and social media</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=643&language=English">Screen time: Overview</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://teens.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3775&language=English">Screen time for teens: Overview</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=644&language=English">How to help your child set healthy screen time limits</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://teens.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3776&language=English">Setting limits and staying safe with screen time</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h3>Stress and resilience</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://teens.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3777&language=English">Stress and health</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://teens.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3778&language=English">How to become more resilient</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">Tools, videos and resources for you and your child</h2></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/8d9SPC7T6KM">After your child's COVID-19 test - Virtual discharge</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/Anxiety%20Individual%20handout_Eng%2004_03_2020_v2.pdf">CARD: Coping with your own fears and anxiety</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/Anxiety%20caregiver%20handout_Eng%2004_03_2020.pdf">CARD: Helping your child cope with anxiety</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fBkA2ZTUnyI&feature=youtu.be">Dr. Cheddar chats with Dr. Ronni from SickKids (video for children)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/nO1L-oYo9TA">Nasopharyngeal (NP) swab (video for children)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r51gYrDzpHQ">Physical distancing (video for children)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=9&v=7PKwE1jIuws&feature=emb_title">Protect don’t infect (CHEO)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.brainson.org/shows/2020/03/10/understanding-coronavirus-and-how-germs-spread-for-kids?fbclid=IwAR21Y_n6fsy33QD2s07In2Q892xQoI5OEFMMZ5vcMyVoLdkH8tv4yZjaZsc">Understanding coronavirus and how germs spread (Brains On!)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3889&language=English">Virtual care at SickKids</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://kidshelpphone.ca/get-info/were-here-for-you-during-covid-19-novel-coronavirus/">We’re here for you during COVID-19 (novel coronavirus) (Kids Help Phone)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sNinywG7BtY">What is personal protective equipment (PPE) (video for children)</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">Videos to support sleep and mindfulness</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Find videos that will help you prepare for sleep and for when you need a moment of peace, to understand your situation more clearly and coping with stressful thoughts and experiences.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h3>Sleep video</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/2fbaoqkY0Qk">Sleep: A bed time story</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h3>Mindfulness videos</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/nQdM_Cku9pA">A moment of peace</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/cFCiUlFKuO4">Two wings to fly</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/jaNAwy3XsfI">Being with all of your experiences</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/0QXmmP4psbA">You are not your thoughts</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/Ty93GRPplJo">Dealing with difficult moments</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/QTsUEOUaWpY">Everyday mindfulness</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/GgBVIZAEQqU">STOP for mindfulness</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KYcLfBf-T9c">Stress and thinking: The mind/body connection</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/EWzDHN7Jdg8">Dealing with flares: Controlling the controllables</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">Audio meditations for mindfulness and coping</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Listen to these meditations in a quiet, comfortable spot to practise mindfulness, learn about ways to cope with physical and emotional pain or discomfort and to help you with stress throughout your day.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h3>Mindfulness</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/3cevA6EjCbE">5 senses</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/gqMu6kFfQcE">Dropping the anchor</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/O5F3-Xw2XPE">The mountain</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/84Tr734KXO8">Dilute the yuck</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/YnL-hjXo4EQ">Self-compassion</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/fZdw6wm3A3E">Body scan</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/jc64ap852FU">Circle of gratitude</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/LMu-r-KZ_l8">Tree meditation</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/xcO8IIeV12M">Mindfulness of thought</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h3>Coping with physical and emotional pain</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/84Tr734KXO8">Dilute the yuck</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/3IK7yWuEs3k">Visualize your pain</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/UbTyPgHf8z4">Soften, soothe, allow</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/NN7fz8lMTIM">Ice cube</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/e0JMtabUVvQ">Comfort your pain</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h3>Finding calm/coping with stress</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/RQJNdVtHxlY">Time for rest</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/RpHvQkHYrZ0">Allowing rest</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/gqMu6kFfQcE">Dropping the anchor</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/EnrNtaMskik">Breathing meditation</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/CMcx9tJ70rA">Joy</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/EL_fvAepwv8">Equal breathing</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/QSf0JS0O16Q">Key word guided meditation</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/Tsi2np8xtVY">Bell meditation</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/263e093H5eM">Bell sounds</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/Jqu3SOEKtvE">Progressive muscle relaxation with tension</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="https://youtu.be/4ilNITE3-fE">Relaxation with imagery</a></li></ol></li></ol></div> <div class="asset-video"> <br> <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/videoseries?list=PLjJtOP3StIuU99GGMBBV2N_b2tsRwMx0m"></iframe> <p>Above is our COVID-focused playlist. See "Tools, videos and resources for you and your child" in the menu above for more videos or visit the <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/Aboutkidshealth">AboutKidHealth YouTube channel</a>.</p></div>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/iStock-1157093074.jpgCOVID-19,COVID19COVID-19Main
Foreskin problemsForeskin problemsForeskin problemsFEnglishUrologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)PenisPenisConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NAhttps://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Paraphimosis_MED_ILL_EN.png2019-05-16T04:00:00Z8.5000000000000057.90000000000001170.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn how to treat common foreskin problems, such as foreskin infection and accidental injury, and when to see a doctor.</p><p>The penis is attached to a sheath of skin called the foreskin. </p><p>Some children may develop foreskin problems. Many of these issues either go away on their own or with the help of prescription medicine. Proper <a href="/Article?contentid=967&language=English">foreskin care</a> is the best way to prevent many of these issues.</p><p>Other foreskin problems, such as an accidental injury are more serious. These types of issues need treatment right away.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Adhesions can form along the tip of the penis (glans), as the foreskin naturally separates from it. These are normal, require no treatment and go away on their own.<br></li><li>Pus-like clumps called smegma can sometimes form as the foreskin naturally retracts. This is normal, requires no treatment and goes away on its own.</li><li>Zipper injuries are common and require emergency treatment.</li><li>In babies, a hair or thread may tightly twist around the penis, interfering with blood flow (hair tourniquet). This is serious and requires emergency treatment.</li><li>Some children may forget to unretract their foreskin, causing it to form a painful, tight ring around the penis (paraphimosis). Using anaesthetic cream and pain medicine, a doctor can help push the foreskin to its original position.</li><li>If your child experiences bleeding, irritation or white scarring of the foreskin, take them to see a doctor.</li></ul><h2>Adhesions and smegma</h2><p>As a child gets older, the foreskin naturally separates from the head of the penis (glans). As this happens, the following may occur.</p><ul><li>Parts of the foreskin may remain attached (adhesions). This is normal and does not need any treatment. The foreskin fully separates by the time a child reaches puberty. Until then, there may be temporary soreness or pain while urinating. This usually goes away after a day or two.</li><li>The foreskin naturally sheds, leaving small white or yellow clumps behind. These clumps are called smegma and may look like pus. The smegma eventually goes away on its own. There is no need for treatment.</li></ul><h2>Balanitis</h2><p>Balanitis is an infection which may cause the foreskin to become red, swollen and itchy. You may also notice a build-up of fluid and your child may experience pain while urinating. Proper foreskin care can prevent balanitis.</p><h3>Treating balanitis</h3><p>If the balanitis is mild, your child’s doctor may prescribe an antifungal cream, such as nystatin, clotrimazole or miconazole. If the foreskin infection is severe or keeps coming back, circumcision may be an option once the redness and swelling go away. Talk to your child's doctor to learn more. Good hygiene can also help prevent balanitis from coming back.</p><h2>Bacterial infection</h2><p>If there is a cut or sore on the foreskin, bacteria can enter the skin and cause an infection. The bacteria can quickly spread along the entire foreskin. This can cause a bacterial infection called balanoposthitis. The penis and foreskin swell, become red and feel painful and very sensitive to the touch.</p><h3>Treating bacterial infection in the foreskin</h3><p>If your child has developed a bacterial infection, talk to your doctor about treatment. In most cases, bacterial infection inside the foreskin or penis can be treated using either:</p><ul><li>antibiotics by mouth or</li><li>topical antibiotics (antibiotic creams for the skin)</li></ul><p>Your child’s doctor may prescribe oral and topical antibiotics together.</p><p>In adolescents, other conditions may cause an infection. If your teen develops an infection or inflammation on their penis or foreskin, they should see a doctor.</p><p>To ease pain or discomfort, your child can sit in a warm bath with added bath salts (do not use bubble baths or perfumed soaps). They can also take pain medicine such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. If your child develops a fever, they should see a doctor.</p><h2>Zipper injury</h2><p>Your child may accidently injure their foreskin by getting it caught in the teeth of a zipper. Aside from being very painful, a zipper injury may damage the tip of the tube inside the penis through which urine flows, called the urethral meatus.</p><p>If a zipper injury happens, take your child to the emergency department right away. Trying to remove skin trapped in a stuck zipper may cause more injury. Leave it alone or cut the clothing around the zipper to make it easier to take them to the hospital.</p><h3>Treating a zipper injury</h3><p>Before detaching the zipper from the penis, your child's doctor may give your child some pain medicine. The doctor may inject a small amount of anaesthetic medicine at the base of the penis to numb it for a short time.</p><h2>Hair tourniquet</h2><p>In babies, a hair or thread may tightly twist around the penis, interfering with blood flow. This is called a hair tourniquet.</p><p>The hair or thread may appear as a thin line around the penis, and the affected area usually swells and reddens. Sometimes the hair or thread may be very difficult to see. If you notice swelling, discoloration or redness of the penis and suspect a hair tourniquet, take your baby to the hospital right away. If it is not dealt with right away, a hair tourniquet can damage nerves or blood vessels.</p><h3>Treating a hair tourniquet</h3><p>Your doctor will try to remove the tourniquet by applying a hair removal cream to the area. They may consult a urologist if the hair is deeply embedded in the skin. More serious cases may require surgery.</p><h2>Paraphimosis</h2><p>As a child gets older, their foreskin loosens and they are able to pull back (retract) the foreskin. They can also push the foreskin back to its original position (unretract), covering the head of the penis (glans).</p><p>Sometimes, a child may forget to unretract their foreskin. As a result, it becomes a tight band around the penis shaft. This is a condition called paraphimosis, which causes swelling and pain. Fluid can also build up around the area, causing further swelling.</p> <figure class="asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Paraphimosis</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Paraphimosis_MED_ILL_EN.png" alt="Normal penis and penis with paraphimosis" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">The penis is covered by a ring of tissue called the foreskin. In a normal penis, the foreskin is loose and retractable to show the glans (head of the penis). In a penis with paraphimosis, the foreskin is so swollen and tight around the shaft that it cannot be unretracted to cover the glans.</figcaption> </figure> <h3>Treating paraphimosis</h3><p>If your child develops paraphimosis, take them to the doctor or an emergency department right away. Paraphimosis rarely requires surgery, but only a doctor should unretract the foreskin.</p><p>Before starting, the doctor will apply an anaesthetic cream. They may also prescribe pain medicine to relieve any discomfort. As the swelling reduces, the doctor will gently unretract the foreskin. Most children will need pain management or even sedation for this procedure.</p><h2>Phimosis</h2><p>A related condition, called phimosis, occurs when children are unable to retract the foreskin. In newborns, the foreskin is usually not retractable. As your child gets older, the foreskin will slowly become easier to retract. The foreskin is usually retractable by late childhood or early adulthood. Children who are not experiencing any discomfort or symptoms do not need to be seen by a doctor, even if they cannot fully retract their foreskin.</p><p>Sometimes, children are unable to retract their foreskin due to scarring from a previous infection, trauma or inflammation. In these cases, your child should see a doctor. </p><p>Your child should also see a doctor if they experience:</p><ul><li>irritation or bleeding at the tip of the foreskin</li><li>a ring of white scarring at the tip of the foreskin</li><li>severe ballooning of the foreskin when urinating, requiring pressure to push the urine out(If your child has ballooning of the foreskin while urinating that resolves on its own, they do not need to be seen by a doctor</li><li>recurrent foreskin infections that require antibiotic treatment</li></ul><p>For information on treating phimosis, please visit the Health A-Z page on <a href="/Article?contentid=889&language=English">Phimosis</a>.</p>foreskinforeskin ​Learn how to treat common foreskin problems and when to see a doctor. Main
Mathematics: How to help your pre-school and school-aged child Mathematics: How to help your pre-school and school-aged child Mathematics: How to help your pre-school and school-aged child MEnglishDevelopmentalPreschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-15 years)NANAHealthy living and preventionCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2020-07-20T04:00:00Z7.2000000000000065.6000000000000754.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about the everyday activities you can do with your young child to help develop their math skills.</p><h2>Playing games</h2><h3>Supporting the development of your child’s math skills can be fun</h3><ul><li>Playing card games such as Go Fish, War, Spit, Uno and Concentration are an engaging way to support your child’s knowledge of numbers, number sequences and number concepts such “more than” or “less than”.</li><li>Young children may enjoy setting up a store with a register, which can support money identification, money value, and basic addition and subtraction.</li><li>Have your child create their own game with dice and rules, and play it as a family. This also allows your child to practice number recognition and planning.</li><li>Activities using a stopwatch can support the understanding of numbers, time estimation and elapsed time.</li><li>Puzzle books with connect-the-dots puzzles support development of number sequences.</li></ul><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>​Everyday activities can support your pre-school and school-aged child in developing a positive attitude towards math and essential skills.</li><li>Workbooks and computer programs provide extra exposure and practice.</li></ul><h2>Math in everyday life</h2><ul><li>Teach your child about temperature and have them report it to you each morning.</li><li>Point out the time and calculate how much time various activities take to create a schedule with your child (e.g., measure how long it takes the bus to get to school, how long it will be before dinner, how much time there is to play in the park, etc.).</li><li>Have a calendar hanging up and count how many days there are until an event (e.g., a birthday party, a holiday). Have your child write down and monitor those events to appreciate the passage of time.</li><li>Cooking or baking with your child exposes them to measuring and fractions.</li><li>Point out prices while shopping and ask your child to consider what items are “more” or “less”.</li><li>Have your child plan a movie night and ask them how much they think it would cost for your family to go to the theatre (i.e., the cost of the activity and any snacks).</li><li>Consider giving your child a weekly allowance, which will let them keep track of, estimate, and balance money.</li></ul><h2>Fostering spatial reasoning skills: Shapes are all around us</h2><p>There are various ways of <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=649&language=English">fostering spatial reasoning skills</a> in your child:</p><ul><li>Use spatial terms including “above”/“below”, “behind”/“in front” and “near”/“far” in everyday activities (e.g., when taking dishes out of the dishwasher) or while playing games (e.g., when setting up a train set).</li><li>Talk about spatial properties (e.g., doing up laces – over and under; placing things in the trunk of a car).</li><li>Take turns pointing out spaces around you (e.g., while out walking consider the different shapes that comprise a house or a garden and how they relate to one another).</li><li>Use paper and pencil mazes to support development of your child’s visual problem-solving, planning and visual-spatial skills.</li><li>Play games such as Mighty Minds, Tetris and Blockus to support development of your child’s visual problem-solving, planning and visual-spatial skills.</li><li>Have fun making paper airplanes, paper fortune tellers, and origami.</li></ul><h2>Looking for patterns</h2><ul><li>Look for and point out recurring patterns (e.g., on floor tiles, clothing, utensils on the dinner table, house styles on the street, windows on houses, stones/beds in gardens, etc.).</li><li>Make up patterns using different colours, sizes, shapes, rhythms or actions (e.g., reciting nursery rhymes, crafting with beads, clapping or singing music patterns).</li></ul><h2>General tips</h2><ul><li>Praise your child for engaging in math activities.</li><li>Encourage your child to ask for help when they need it.</li><li>Include math activities in daily life.</li></ul><h3>What if I have questions about my child’s math development?</h3><p>Early math skills provide the foundation for later math development. Practising math in a variety of contexts, both at school and at home, can support your child’s learning. Without mastering early skills, learning more advanced math can be difficult for your child. If you think your child may be falling behind in math, please speak to their teacher.</p><h2>Resources</h2><p>Workbooks are available that can be used to supplement the school math curriculum and activities. Look for ones that use the Canadian curriculum. Use books in keeping with your child’s functional skills level, which may be higher or lower than their grade level.</p><p>Computer programs are also available to support development. Many school boards used specific programs, such as Prodigy or IXL, and may share your child’s skill level and details with you for practice at home. These types of programs can also be purchased by families.</p><p>The following document contains further activities that you can do at home: <a href="http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/parentguidenumen.pdf">http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/parentguidenumen.pdf</a><br></p><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/mathematics_problems_how_to_help.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/Teacher%20and%20kids%20playing%20with%20geometric%20shapes.jpgMathematics: How to help your child Main
Mental healthMental healthMental healthMEnglishPsychiatryTeen (13-18 years)NANAConditions and diseases;Healthy living and preventionTeen (13-18 years)NALanding Page (Overview)Learning Hub<p>Learn how to support your mental health and well-being and how to recognize and manage various mental health conditions, with multimedia resources including articles, animations and guided meditations.<br></p><p>Learn how to support your mental health and well-being and how to recognize and manage various mental health conditions, with multimedia resources including articles, animations and guided meditations.</p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/teen_mentalhealth1.jpgmentalhealthmentalhealth ​Learn how to support your teen’s mental health and wellbeing, and how to recognize and manage various mental health conditions. Teens

 

 

RehabilitationRehabilitationRehabilitationREnglishOtherChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2018-01-19T05:00:00Z000Landing PageLearning Hub<p>There are many reasons your child may need rehabilitation therapy. A therapist can help with things such as feeding problems or hand difference. If you child has a health condition they may need physiotherapy to help them recover.</p><p>There are many reasons your child may need rehabilitation therapy. An occupational therapist can help with things such as feeding problems, brachial plexus palsy or hand difference. If you child has a health condition or has had surgery they may need physiotherapy to help them recover and stay active.</p><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">Infant development</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Flattened head syndrome can develop when a baby spends a lot of time on their back. Uneven neck muscles (torticollis) can lead a baby to tilt their head. Find out how occupational therapy and tummy time can prevent and help your child overcome these conditions.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=24&language=English">Positional plagiocephaly (flattened head syndrome)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=972&language=English">Positional plagiocephaly: Treatment with a corrective helmet</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=947&language=English">Torticollis</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=296&language=English">Tummy time: Helping your baby</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">Feeding your baby</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Feeding problems can be stressful, especially if there is an underlying medical condition. Learn how an occupational therapist identifies feeding problems and can offer different feeding methods to help your baby eat and drink safely.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=968&language=English">Cleft lip and cleft palate: Spoon feeding and cup drinking</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1684&language=English">Feeding a baby with a heart condition</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2450&language=English">Feeding studies</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=719&language=English">Formula feeding when you cannot provide breastmilk for your baby</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1790&language=English">Nutrition and feeding consultants</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=31&language=English">Sensitive gag reflex: Transition to textured foods</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">Congenital conditions</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>A different-shaped hand can present challenges to babies and parents alike. Nerve damage in the upper arm, which can occur during birth, can also affect everyday living skills. Discover how families adapt to these conditions and how they can be treated.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=849&language=English">Brachial plexus palsy</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1033&language=English">Brachial plexus operation</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=942&language=English">Congenital hand anomaly (hand difference)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1025&language=English">Pollicization</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">Rehabilitation and health conditions</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Long-term health conditions and recovery from surgery can often affect a child’s ability to be physically active. Find out how simple exercises can ease muscle or joint pain, help your child stay active and improve your child’s strength and balance.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1544&language=English">Blood and marrow transplant: Exercise and movement after surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1973&language=English">Cystic fibrosis: Physical activity and exercise</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1048&language=English">Crutches: How to use</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1004&language=English">Exercises for enthesitis and arthritis</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1013&language=English">Heart surgery: Physiotherapy after surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=981&language=English">Incentive spirometry or bubbles: Encouraging deep breathing to clear the lungs</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=946&language=English">Toe walking, idiopathic</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">Rehabilitation and brain conditions</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Brain conditions can affect a child's speech, memory and movement, among many other things. Find out how treatments and therapies can help your child if they experience infantile seizures, have a brain tumour or are recovering from a head injury.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1406&language=English">Brain tumours: Occupational therapy</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1405&language=English">Brain tumours: Physiotherapy</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1407&language=English">Brain tumours: Speech therapy</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=766&language=English">Head injury and concussion</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1984&language=English">Head injury prevention in children</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=859&language=English">Infantile spasms</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span><h2 class="panel-title">Pain management</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Pain is an everyday occurrence, but acute (sudden) and chronic (long-term) pain often call for different responses. Find out how different therapies can help your child cope with the pain associated with procedures, treatments or ongoing health conditions.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3005&language=English">Pain management: Exercise and physiotherapy</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3004&language=English">Pain management: Heat and cold</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3006&language=English">Pain management: Massage and nerve stimulation</a></li><li class="list-group-item"><a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3003&language=English">Pain management: Physical treatments</a></li></ol></div>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/rehabilitation_landing_page.jpgrehabilitation,rehabrehabilitation There are many reasons your child might need rehabilitation therapy. Learn how occupational therapy and physiotherapy can help your child.Main
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccineHuman papillomavirus (HPV) vaccineHuman papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine: What you need to knowHEnglishPharmacyPre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)PelvisReproductive systemDrugs and SupplementsCaregivers Adult (19+)NAhttps://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/ICO_DrugA-Z.png2013-04-29T04:00:00Z8.7000000000000056.50000000000001144.00000000000Flat ContentDrug A-Z<p>The human papillomavirus (HPV) is an infection that spreads through sexual intercourse and sexual contact. The HPV vaccine protects against the most common strains of the virus.<br></p><h2>What is human papillomavirus (HPV)? </h2><p>The <a href="/Article?contentid=25&language=English">human papillomavirus (HPV)</a> is a virus that spreads through sexual intercourse, oral sex, anal sex and also sexual touching (hand to genital contact). HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease in Canada. Most people do not know that they have HPV because they do not have any symptoms. Unfortunately, they can still pass on the virus to their partner. Persistent HPV infection can lead to certain types of cancers. </p><p>HPV is very common. About one in four Canadians under the age of 25 have HPV. </p><p>There are many different strains of HPV. The HPV vaccine protects against the four most common strains:<br></p><ul><li>The strains HPV-6 and HPV-11 cause <a href="/Article?contentid=25&language=English">genital warts</a>.</li><li>HPV-16 and HPV-18 are the leading cause of cancers of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that narrows into a canal and opens into the vagina. These strains can also cause cancers in the penis and anus as well as cancers of the head and neck. </li></ul><p>In Canada, two vaccines can protect against HPV: Gardasil and Cervarix. </p><h2>How can the HPV vaccine help protect against HPV? </h2><p>Gardasil protects against four types of HPV: </p><ul><li>HPV-16 and HPV-18, which cause about 70 percent of all cancers of the cervix</li><li>HPV-6 and HPV-11, which cause about 90 percent of all genital warts </li></ul><p>Gardasil can be prescribed to females between the ages of nine and 45. The vaccine is licensed for use in males age nine to 26. It offers protection against certain cancers of the penis, anus, head and neck. It also protects the partners of males who have had the vaccine. Unfortunately, the cost of the vaccine for boys is not yet funded by most public health programs. </p><p>Cervarix protects against HPV-16 and HPV-18. It is given to females between the ages of 10 and 25. </p><p>Both vaccines require three doses to be given over the course of six months (Cervarix is given at zero, one and six months; Gardasil is given at zero, two and six months). In Canada, one of the vaccines is given to females in school in Grade 4-8, depending on the province (see table below). </p><h2>Important facts about the HPV vaccine</h2><p>There are many common misconceptions about the HPV virus and vaccine. The correct information is provided below so that you have all the facts when discussing sexual health and the HPV vaccine with your child.</p><h3>The HPV vaccine is <em>not</em> a substitute for regular checkups </h3><p>The vaccine protects against some types of HPV that can potentially lead to cancers. Regular checkups with the doctor are still important. About 30% of cervical cancers will not be prevented by the vaccine because it does not cover all HPV strains. Women should continue to be screened for cervical cancer with pap smears, even after getting all three shots of either HPV vaccine. </p><h3>The vaccine <em>cannot </em>treat HPV infections or HPV-related disease </h3><p>HPV vaccine helps prevent HPV-related infections or disease but will not treat an infection. It is most effective in women who are not yet sexually active because they are less likely to have contracted an HPV infection. </p><h3>There is currently <em>no medical cure</em> for the HPV virus </h3><p>Once someone is infected it can take weeks to months before genital warts become apparent. Warts inside the vaginal or anal areas may not be obvious. Some home therapies and other treatments in the doctor's office can be used to treat warts, but none can completely eliminate the virus. Even if the warts disappear, the virus can remain and warts recur. When warts are treated it can take 8 months or longer for them to disappear. </p><h3>HPV vaccines <em>do not </em>protect against other sexually transmitted infections </h3><p>The HPV vaccine protects against genital warts, which is one type of sexually transmitted infection (STI). It cannot protect against all types of STIs, such as HIV, chlamydia, or gonorrhea. It is important to practice safe sex. Parents should advise teens on how to reduce their risk of contracting STIs.<br></p><h3>The HPV vaccine <em>will not</em> make your child more promiscuous </h3><p>There is no evidence that giving the vaccination will increase sexual activity. </p><p>The HPV vaccination is an opportunity for parents to discuss sex and health with their children. <a href="/Article?contentid=718&language=English">Parents should be talking about sex with their children </a>regularly. </p><p>Studies show that sex education does not increase sexual activity. In fact, sex education may decrease early sexual activity, especially if the message encourages delaying sex and having protected sex. </p><h2>Can sexually active females benefit from the vaccine? </h2><p>The vaccines are most beneficial when given to girls before becoming sexually active. For this reason, doctors usually prescribe HPV vaccines to girls between the ages nine and 13. However, few sexually active women are infected with all types of HPV. For this reason, the vaccine can still help prevent infection and can be given to girls older than 14 years of age. A person with HPV usually has it for life. However, the vaccine can still help prevent recurrences. </p><h2>Is the vaccine protection long-lasting? </h2><p>Studies show that people exhibit strong immunity against HPV. Scientists do not know exactly how long the vaccine protects again HPV because long-term studies have not been done, but protection is for at least five years. </p><h2>Are the HPV vaccines safe? </h2><p>Studies show both HPV vaccines are safe. For both vaccines, the most common side effect is soreness at the site of injection. This is temporary. </p><p>The only reason not to get the vaccine would be if you have had an allergic reaction to a previous dose of the vaccine or if you are pregnant. </p><p>The vaccines contain particles from part of the virus. They cannot infect you with HPV. The vaccines also do not contain any antibiotics or preservatives, such as mercury or thimerosal. Cervarix contains a new additive called (ASO4). According to Health Canada, ASO4 is safe. </p><p>For more information, visit <a href="http://healthycanadians.gc.ca/health-sante/sexual-sexuelle/hpv-vph-eng.php">Health Canada</a>. </p>Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Separate fact from fiction with up-to-date and accurate information on the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine.Main
JIAJIAJIAJEnglishNATeen (13-18 years)NANANATeen (13-15 years)NA2018-03-16T04:00:00ZLanding PageLearning Hub<p>The Taking Charge: Managing JIA Online Program provides teens with information on different types of JIA, managing symptoms, and coping with JIA management now and in the future.<br></p><p>The Taking Charge: Managing JIA Online Program provides teens with information on different types of JIA, managing symptoms, and coping with JIA management now and in the future.<br></p><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Getting started</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Welcome to the Taking Charge: Managing JIA Online Program! In this section you will learn what to expect in the program, how to get started and how to set goals to better manage JIA.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2550&language=English">Introduction: Goals of this session and getting started</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2551&language=English">Goal setting in JIA</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">About JIA<br></h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>JIA stands for juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Find out what causes JIA, the different types of JIA and how it will affect you now and in the future.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2552&language=English">What is JIA?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2553&language=English">What causes JIA?</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Different types of JIA</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2554&language=English">Types of JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2555&language=English">Oligoarticular JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2556&language=English">Polyarticular JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2557&language=English">Systemic JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2558&language=English">Enthesitis-related JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2559&language=English">Psoriatic JIA</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Effects of JIA</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2560&language=English">How will JIA affect you?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2561&language=English">Complications of JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2562&language=English">Eye problems and JIA</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Diagnosis of JIA<br></h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Diagnosing JIA may be difficult as joint pain and swelling may be a part of many different illnesses. Diagnosis of JIA typically includes a physical exam, blood tests and imaging studies.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Diagnostic tests</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2563&language=English">Diagnosing JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2564&language=English">Blood tests and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2565&language=English">Imaging tests and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2566&language=English">Bone scan and bone density and JIA</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Coping with diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2567&language=English">Coping with a JIA diagnosis</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2568&language=English">Regular check-ups for JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2569&language=English">Regular eye exams for JIA</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Managing symptoms<br></h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Pain, stiffness, and tiredness or fatigue, are common symptoms of JIA. These symptoms can lead to difficulties with participating in school and sports activities, and enjoying time with your friends. Learn about pain, fatigue, and stiffness, how to manage symptoms and how these symptoms can cause stress.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Managing pain</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2570&language=English">What is pain?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2571&language=English">Medications for pain</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2572&language=English">Physical methods to treat pain</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2573&language=English">Coping strategies for pain</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Managing fatigue</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2574&language=English">What is fatigue?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2575&language=English">Medications for fatigue</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2576&language=English">Physical methods to improve fatigue</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2577&language=English">Coping strategies for fatigue</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Managing stiffness</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2578&language=English">What is stiffness?</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Managing stress</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2579&language=English">What is stress?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2580&language=English">What causes stress?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2581&language=English">Symptoms of stress</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2582&language=English">Managing your stress</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Your plan for managing symptoms</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2583&language=English">Your plan for managing symptoms</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Coping strategies<br></h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>There are several strategies you can use to help you cope with pain, stress, and sleep problems. These include relaxation, distraction, and managing your thoughts. In this section, learn more about how each of these strategies work.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Relaxation</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2584&language=English">What is relaxation?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2585&language=English">Ways to relax</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2586&language=English">Relaxation with tension</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2587&language=English">Relaxation without tension</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2588&language=English">Mini relaxation</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2589&language=English">Behaviour rehearsal</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Distraction</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2590&language=English">What is distraction?</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Managing your thoughts</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2591&language=English">Becoming aware of your thoughts</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2592&language=English">Changing unhelpful thoughts</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">JIA medications<br></h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>When you know about your medications, you can talk to your doctor about them and make good choices for yourself. Find out about the different types of JIA medications, how they work, common side effects, and the importance of talking to your doctor about your medication plan.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2593&language=English">Overview of JIA medications</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2594&language=English">Taking JIA medications</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2595&language=English">Types of JIA medications</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2596&language=English">Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2597&language=English">Corticosteroids for JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2598&language=English">Corticosteroid injections for JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2599&language=English">Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) for JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2600&language=English">Biologic agents for JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2601&language=English">Other questions about JIA medications</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Other types of care for JIA</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p> Did you know that there are many other therapies that you can use to manage JIA symptoms? They can help to prevent complications so that you can do all the things you want to do. In this section, learn more about physical, occupational, and psychological therapies; maintaining healthy nutrition; surgical options for JIA, and more.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Physiotherapy</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2602&language=English">Physiotherapy and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2603&language=English">Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and JIA</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Exercise and yoga</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2604&language=English">Exercise and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2605&language=English">Yoga</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2606&language=English">Basic yoga poses</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2607&language=English">Yoga poses for tension relief</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2608&language=English">Yoga poses for muscle strengthening</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Occupational therapy</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2610&language=English">Occupational therapy and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2611&language=English">Footwear and orthotics for JIA</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Other types of care</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2609&language=English">Nutrition and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2612&language=English">Psychological therapy and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2613&language=English">Complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) for JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2614&language=English">Surgical procedures and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2615&language=English">Eye care and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2616&language=English">Dental care and JIA</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Therapies, self-monitoring and supports</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Your role in making decisions about your treatment plan is very important. Your health-care team and other members of your support system are available to help you make these decisions. In turn, they can help you to manage your JIA. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2617&language=English">Getting the most from JIA treatments</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2618&language=English">Self-monitoring: How to recognize JIA symptoms</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2619&language=English">Getting the most from your support systems</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2620&language=English">Talking to your doctor</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2621&language=English">Speaking alone with your doctor</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2622&language=English">Talking to your teacher</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2623&language=English">Dealing with bullying</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Your lifestyle</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Whether you have JIA or not, you need to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Find out how to stay healthy and active, learn about puberty and relationships, healthy body image, and making healthy lifestyle choices.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2624&language=English">Staying active</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2625&language=English">Eating healthy</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2626&language=English">Getting enough sleep</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2627&language=English">Puberty, relationships and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2628&language=English">Feeling good about yourself</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2629&language=English">Lifestyle choices and JIA</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Looking ahead</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Sometime between the ages of 18 to 22, you most likely will transition from your pediatric rheumatologist to the adult health care setting. At that time, there are a number of things you, your family, and your health-care team can do to help make this change go smoothly.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2630&language=English">Transitioning to adult health care</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2631&language=English">Birth control and pregnancy </a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2632&language=English">Moving on: Higher education</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2633&language=English">Moving on: Working</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2634&language=English">Maintaining your treatment program</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2635&language=English">Coping with symptoms, stress, flare-ups and setbacks</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2636&language=English">The future of JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2637&language=English">JIA resources</a></li></ol></div>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/encouraging_healthy_coping_behaviors_JIA_US.jpgjiateenhub ​Learn about the different types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis and how to manage symptoms and cope with daily life. Teens
Pain relief: Comfort kitPain relief: Comfort kitPain relief: Comfort kitPEnglishPain/AnaesthesiaBaby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyNervous systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2018-12-18T05:00:00Z6.0000000000000074.1000000000000782.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Learn techniques to help your child manage their pain in the hospital and at home.<br></p><p>Children can experience pain from an illness or injury or from hospital procedures or treatments. Each child copes with pain differently. Some children will not talk about their pain, while others will cry loudly. However, being engaged in a fun activity helps ease pain and anxiety for all children.</p><p>A comfort kit contains toys and other items that can help distract your child from their pain. These items will work in the hospital or at home and can be used alongside any pain medication your child may need. As your child gets older, it is a good idea to let them choose a few things that may work best for them to reduce pain.</p><p>Talk to your child's nurse or child life specialist for more ideas.</p> <h2>Key points</h2><ul> <li>When children are involved in an activity they enjoy, their pain and anxiety decreases.</li><li>A comfort kit contains toys and other distracting objects to help your child deal with painful tests or procedures.</li><li>As your child gets older, encourage them to choose what might best distract them from their pain.</li></ul><h2>Wand</h2><p>A wand helps your child pay attention to something other than pain and encourages imagination.</p><h3>Ideas for use</h3><ul><li>Use the wand to make the hurt disappear in the same way you might kiss something to make it better.</li><li>Concentrate on the movement of the sparkles.</li><li>Make the wand magic and pretend to travel to a favourite place.</li></ul><h2>Bubbles</h2><p>Bubbles can help teach deep breathing, which can relieve stress and anxiety.</p><h3>Ideas for use</h3><ul><li>Blow with long slow breaths.</li><li>Have the child blow the hurt away.</li><li>Predict where the bubbles will land and pop.</li><li>Have a contest to see who can blow the bubbles the furthest.</li><li>Ask your child how many bubbles they can blow at once.</li></ul><h2>Story and activity books</h2><p>Books and stories can help your child pay attention to something other than the pain and encourage imagination.</p><h3>Ideas for use</h3><ul><li>Books for younger children involve touching various textures, rhymes and pop-ups.</li><li>Books for older children involve mazes, searches and puzzles.</li><li>Pick books that are simple and familiar. A more challenging activity may be frustrating.</li><li>Ask questions about the book that your child cannot answer with just a yes, no or maybe. For example, ask, "What do you think will happen next?"</li></ul><h2>Music</h2><p>Music can help your child relax. It can be useful when a child is not able to do a more engaging activity.</p><h3>Ideas for use</h3><ul><li>Encourage your child to sing or hum along with the music.</li><li>Use soothing music for younger children.</li><li>Consider playing music in the background while focusing on another activity.</li><li>Older children might benefit from music that encourages them to move. If the music is fast-paced, encourage your child to clap, bang their fists or click their tongue to the beat of the music.</li></ul><h2>Virtual reality headset</h2><p>A virtual reality headset provides a highly engaging 3D visual distraction.</p><h3>Ideas for use</h3><ul><li>Have your child choose a slide.</li><li>Let the child tell you what they see.</li><li>Let child create their own story based on what they see.</li></ul><h2>Stress ball</h2><p>A stress ball can give your child a "job" to do or a place to transfer nervous energy.</p><h3>Ideas for use</h3><ul><li>Encourage your child to transfer pain or stress out of their body and onto the ball.</li><li>Count how long you can squeeze the ball without stopping.</li><li>Count while opening and closing your fist around the ball.</li><li>Transfer the ball from one hand to the other.</li></ul><h2>Video games, computer and television</h2><p>These things are usually familiar and can be relaxing.</p><h3>Ideas for use</h3><p>While your child is in the hospital, balance videogames, computer use and TV with more creative and expressive experiences such as dancing or drawing.<br></p><h2>SickKids comfort kit</h2><p>Each unit has a comfort kit created by the Child Life team. The kits include:</p><ul><li>bubbles</li><li>a squeeze ball</li><li>a light globe</li><li>a ‘search and find’ book</li><li>a breathing sphere (Hoberman)</li><li>a Find-it Tube</li><li>shakers</li><li>I Spy Wonder Tube</li><li>Tube Shaker</li><li>board games.</li></ul><p>The comfort kit items are available for your child to use before and during their needle poke. Once the procedure is finished, we ask that you clean and return all the items you borrowed so another child can use them.</p> <h2>Further information</h2><p>​For more information about the Comfort Promise bundle of options to reduce the pain of needle pokes, please see the following pages:</p><p><a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=989&language=English">Needle pokes: Reducing pain in infants aged up to 18 months</a><br></p><p> <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=990&language=English">Needle pokes: Reducing pain in children aged 18 months or over</a></p><p> <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3627&language=English">Needle pokes: Reducing pain with numbing cream</a><br></p><p> <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3628&language=English">Needle pokes: Reducing pain with sucrose or breastfeeding</a></p><p> <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3629&language=English">Needle pokes: Reducing pain with comfort positions and distraction</a><br></p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/pain_relief_comfort_kit.jpg Learn techniques to help distract your child from, and manage, their pain in the hospital and at home.Main