Diagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)DDiagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)Diagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)EnglishRheumatologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodySkeletal systemNAAdult (19+)Joint or muscle pain;Pain2017-01-31T05:00:00ZJennifer Stinson RN-EC, PhD, CPNPLori Tucker, MDAdam Huber, MSc, MD, FRCPC7.0000000000000066.0000000000000473.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>This page outlines the various exams and tests that are done in order to diagnose arthritis. Medical history, physical exam, blood tests, and imaging studies such as MRI and X-rays are described.</p><p>There is no single test to diag​nose JIA in children and teenagers. Since JIA may be a part of many different illnesses, it is important to exclude those other conditions. The doctor will do a complete evaluation to make sure the joint pain and swelling are not due to some other cause. It may take some time for the doctor to make sure that a child has JIA. The doctor will also need to determine what type of JIA the child has.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>There is no single test to diagnose JIA.</li> <li>Diagnosis of JIA usually includes a review of your child's medical history, physical exam, blood tests, and imaging tests.</li></ul>
Diagnostic d’AIJDDiagnostic d’AIJDiagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)FrenchRheumatologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodySkeletal systemNAAdult (19+)Joint or muscle pain;Pain2017-01-31T05:00:00ZJennifer Stinson RN-EC, PhD, CPNP Lori Tucker, MD Adam Huber, MSc, MD, FRCPC7.0000000000000066.00000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Cette page décrit les différents examens et tests qui peuvent être faits pour diagnostiquer l'arthrite. On y décrit les antécédents médicaux, les examens physiques, les analyses de sang et les examens d'imagerie comme l'IRM et les rayons X.</p><h2>Comme l’AIJ est-elle diagnostiquée?</h2> <p>Il n’y a pas qu’un seul test pour diagnostiquer l’arthrite idiopathique juvénile (AIJ) chez les jeunes. Étant donné que l’AIJ peut être liée à de nombreuses autres maladies, il est important d’exclure ces autres causes possibles. Le médecin fera une évaluation complète pour s’assurer que la douleur articulaire et le enflure n’ont pas une autre cause. Le médecin pourrait avoir besoin d’un certain temps pour confirmer que votre enfant es atteint(e) d’arthrite juvénile. Il aura aussi besoin de déterminer de quel type d’AIJ tu souffres.</p> <p>Voici les principales étapes à suivre pour poser un diagnostic.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>Il existe plusieurs tests pour diagnostiquer l’AIJ.</li> <li>On pose ce diagnostic en examinant les antécédents médicaux de votre enfant et en procédant à un examen physique, à des analyses sanguines et à des examens d’imagerie.</li></ul>

 

 

Diagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)1058.00000000000Diagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)Diagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)DEnglishRheumatologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodySkeletal systemNAAdult (19+)Joint or muscle pain;Pain2017-01-31T05:00:00ZJennifer Stinson RN-EC, PhD, CPNPLori Tucker, MDAdam Huber, MSc, MD, FRCPC7.0000000000000066.0000000000000473.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>This page outlines the various exams and tests that are done in order to diagnose arthritis. Medical history, physical exam, blood tests, and imaging studies such as MRI and X-rays are described.</p><p>There is no single test to diag​nose JIA in children and teenagers. Since JIA may be a part of many different illnesses, it is important to exclude those other conditions. The doctor will do a complete evaluation to make sure the joint pain and swelling are not due to some other cause. It may take some time for the doctor to make sure that a child has JIA. The doctor will also need to determine what type of JIA the child has.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>There is no single test to diagnose JIA.</li> <li>Diagnosis of JIA usually includes a review of your child's medical history, physical exam, blood tests, and imaging tests.</li></ul><h3>History</h3><p>Your child's doctor will hold a detailed interview with you and your child to obtain a complete history about your child's health and symptoms. They will ask you and your child a lot of questions. The doctor will ask about your child's past health, any tests that have been done, any medications or treatments that have been used and how well any of these treatments have worked for your child. This health history helps to determine how long the symptoms have been present. It can also help rule out other possible causes.</p><p>Your child's doctor will want to know if you or other family members have JIA, other types of arthritis or certain other illnesses. Some forms of JIA can be inherited, meaning that they can be passed down from generation to generation.</p><h3>Physical exam</h3><p>Your child's doctor will do a complete physical examination, which is an examination of the entire body. During the exam, they will check to see if the joints are inflamed. Symptoms of joint inflammation may include joint swelling, limited movement, or pain on movement.</p><p>Certain types of JIA are associated with rash, eye problems, or inflammation of the internal organs. Your child's doctor will check for these during the physical exam. Your child may also need to see an eye doctor for a more specialized eye exam.</p><h3>Blood tests</h3><ul><li>hemoglobin and blood count testing</li><li>erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)</li><li>C-reactive protein (CRP)</li><li>antinuclear antibody (ANA)</li><li>rheumatoid factor (RF)</li><li>human leukocyte antigen (HLA)</li><li>urinalysis</li><li>other tests if needed.</li></ul><p>These tests are explained on the <a href="/Article?contentid=1059&language=English">“Blood tests”</a> page of this session.</p><h3>Imaging studies</h3><p>Your child's doctor may order certain imaging studies to help with diagnosis. Imaging studies provide pictures of the bones, joints and organs. They can help check for other possible causes of JIA. Examples include:</p><ul><li>X-rays</li><li>bone scan</li><li>bone density test</li><li>magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)</li><li>ultrasound.</li></ul> ​https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/diagnosis_of_juvenile_ideopathic_arthritis.jpgDiagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)

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