Prednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisonePPrednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisonePrednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisoneEnglishPharmacyBaby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyDigestive systemDrug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2011-10-13T04:00:00ZJennifer Buccino, MEd, RD, CDE6.0000000000000074.00000000000002020.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Information for parents and children about what to eat to reduce the chances of side effects while taking prednisone.</p><p>Prednisone is a medication (a steroid drug) that is prescribed by your doctor for some diseases. While you are taking prednisone you will need to change what you eat and drink. </p> <p>Prednisone has some side effects, including: </p> <ul> <li>weight gain</li> <li>increased appetite</li> <li>high blood pressure</li> <li>higher risk of developing <a href="/Article?contentid=948&language=English">osteoporosis​</a> or steroid-induced diabetes</li> </ul> <p>This resource will explain what to eat and drink while you are taking prednisone to help lessen these side effects.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Prednisone has side effects such as weight gain, increased appetite, high blood pressure and a higher risk of developing osteoporosis or steroid-induced diabetes.</li> <li>Eating a healthy and balanced diet that is low in sodium (salt), rich in calcium and vitamin D, and low in calories can help with some of these problems. You should also try to be physically active.</li> <li>Read the labels on the foods you eat to help you choose healthy foods.</li> <li>Ask your family and friends for support.</li> </ul><h2>What kinds of foods should you eat while you are taking prednisone? </h2><p>While taking prednisone, you need to eat a healthy and balanced diet of foods that are:</p><ul><li>low in sodium (often called salt)</li><li>rich in calcium and vitamin D</li><li>low in calories</li></ul><h2>Eat foods that are low in sodium</h2><p>We get sodium from the foods we eat, and most of it comes from salt. Sodium helps to control the amount of water in our bodies as well as our blood pressure. </p><p>You need to eat foods that are low in sodium because prednisone can cause you to hold extra water in your body. This causes swelling or puffiness, usually around your eyes and ankles. Too much salt in your diet can make this problem worse. </p><p>Eating foods low in sodium may also help to control your <a href="/Article?contentid=1257&language=English">blood pressure</a>.</p><h3>How to lower the amount of sodium in your diet</h3><p>These suggestions will help lower the amount of sodium in your diet:</p><ul><li>Keep the salt shaker out of sight.</li><li>Use less salt when cooking.</li><li>Do not put salt on your food.</li><li>Avoid foods that are processed, for example, hot dogs, luncheon meats, bacon and sausages, canned foods, TV dinners, foods with MSG (monosodium glutamate) and instant soups, instant noodles and instant meals.</li><li>Avoid soya sauce, hoisin sauce, and other sauces that are high in sodium. Choose lower sodium options if available.</li><li>Choose foods that are labeled low salt, sodium free, or salt free.</li><li>Use salt substitutes, herbs and other seasonings like Mrs Dash for flavour.</li></ul><h2>Eat foods that are rich in calcium and vitamin D</h2><p>Prednisone increases the risk of developing osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is when bones become thin and have a higher chance of breaking. Making sure you get enough calcium and vitamin D in your diet can help strengthen your bones.</p><h3>How much calcium and vitamin D do you need each day?</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Age (in years)</th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamin D*</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>1 to 3</td><td>500 mg </td><td>400 IU </td></tr><tr><td>4 to 8</td><td>800 mg </td><td>400 IU </td></tr><tr><td>9 to 18</td><td>1300 mg </td><td>400 IU </td></tr><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><p align="left">* You may need more vitamin D. Your doctor or dietitian will let you know how much.</p></td></tr></tbody></table><h3>Which foods are good sources of calcium and vitamin D?</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th></th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamin D</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><h3 align="left">Drinks</h3></td></tr><tr><td>1 cup milk (skim, 1%, 2%, 3.25% or chocolate)</td><td>300 mg</td><td>100 IU</td></tr><tr><td>1 cup fortified soy beverage</td><td>300 mg</td><td>100 IU</td></tr><tr><td>1 cup fortified orange juice</td><td>300 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><h3 align="left">Foods - Dairy</h3></td></tr><tr><td>1 cup yogurt (plain or fruit flavoured)</td><td>200 mg</td><td>10 IU</td></tr><tr><td>2 oz (50 g) hard and non-processed cheese such as Cheddar, Colby, Edam</td><td>350 mg</td><td>80 IU</td></tr><tr><td>2 oz (50 g) Mozzarella cheese</td><td>290 mg</td><td>80 IU</td></tr><tr><td>½ cup low-fat cottage or light creamed cheese</td><td>75 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><h3 align="left">Foods - Other</h3></td></tr><tr><td>¾ cup cooked broccoli</td><td>50 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr><tr><td>1 cup baked beans</td><td>160 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr><tr><td>3.5 oz fatty fish (wild) such as salmon, tuna and mackerel</td><td>N/A</td><td>300 IU</td></tr><tr><td>1 oz (30 g) canned salmon with bones</td><td>78 mg</td><td>130 IU</td></tr></tbody></table><h2>Eat foods that are low in calories</h2><p>Prednisone can make you hungrier. This means you will need to choose foods that are low in calories so that you don’t gain too much weight. Some weight gain is needed for growth, and weight gain will happen while taking prednisone, but too much weight gain is harmful: it can lead to overweight, obesity and other health problems. </p><p>Eating foods low in calories also helps prevent high levels of sugar and cholesterol (a type of fat) in the blood.</p><p>Foods that are low in calories include: </p><ul><li>fresh or frozen fruit and vegetables</li><li>low-fat dairy products</li><li>lean meats and alternatives<br></li><li>high-fibre grains</li></ul><p>Avoid sugary foods and junk foods.</p><p>Besides eating foods that are low in calories, it is also very important that you are physically active. Watching calories and being active will help prevent weight gain. </p><p>REMEMBER: It is easier to control your weight than to lose weight.</p><h3>How much food should I eat per day?</h3><p>The following table shows the recommended number of servings of food per day you should eat according to Canada’s Food Guide to Healthy Eating.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th></th><th colspan="3">Children</th><th colspan="2">Teens</th></tr><tr><th>Sex</th><th colspan="3">Girls and boys</th><th>Girls</th><th>Boys</th></tr><tr><th>Age </th><th>2 to 3</th><th>4 to 8</th><th>9 to 13</th><th colspan="2">14 to 18</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td></td><td colspan="5"><div align="center"><strong>Recommended servings per day</strong></div></td></tr><tr><td>Fruits and vegetables</td><td>4</td><td>5</td><td>6</td><td>7</td><td>8</td></tr><tr><td>Grain products</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>6</td><td>6</td><td>7</td></tr><tr><td>Milk and alternatives</td><td>2</td><td>2</td><td>3 to 4</td><td>3 to 4</td><td>3 to 4</td></tr><tr><td>Meat and alternatives</td><td>1</td><td>1</td><td>1 to 2</td><td>2</td><td>3</td></tr></tbody></table><p>1 serving of fruits and vegetables is:</p><ul><li>½ cup (125 mL) fresh frozen or canned vegetables</li><li>½ cup (125 mL) cooked vegetables</li><li>1 cup (250 mL) raw leafy green vegetables</li><li>1 fruit</li><li>½ cup (125 mL) unsweetened 100% fruit juice</li></ul><p>1 serving of grain products is:</p><ul><li>1 slice bread</li><li>½ bagel OR ½ pita OR ½ tortilla<br></li><li>½ cup (125 mL) cooked rice, quinoa, couscous</li><li>¾ cup (180 mL) hot cereal OR 1 cup (30 g) dry cereal</li><li>½ cup (125 mL) cooked pasta</li></ul><p>1 serving of milk and alternatives is:</p><ul><li>1 cup (250 mL) milk</li><li>1 cup (250 mL) fortified soy, rice, almond beverage</li><li>¾ cup (175 g) yogurt</li><li>1.5 oz (50 g) cheese</li></ul><p>1 serving of meat and alternatives is:</p><ul><li>2.5 oz (75 g or ½ cup) cooked fish, shellfish, poultry, lean meats</li><li>¾ cup (150 g) tofu</li><li>¾ cup cooked legumes, beans, soy</li><li>2 ggs</li><li>2 tbsp (30 mL) peanut butter</li><li>¼ cup shelled nuts and seeds</li></ul><h2>Some healthy food choices</h2><p>This table provides examples of foods to choose and avoid while taking prednisone.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Food group</th><th>Choose</th><th>Avoid</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Fruits and vegetables</td><td><p>Steamed vegetables</p><p>Cucumber slices</p><p>Homemade soups</p><p>Canned fruits packed in water</p><p>Baked or mashed potatoes</p><p>Green salads + low fat dressing</p></td><td><p>Fried or battered vegetables</p><p>Pickles or pickled vegetables</p><p>Mr. Noodles, Cup of Soup</p><p>Canned fruits in syrup</p><p>French fries</p><p>Salads with mayonnaise (egg or tuna) and full fat dressings</p></td></tr><tr><td>Grain products</td><td><p>Unsweetened cereals</p><p>Pasta + tomato sauce</p><p>Steamed rice</p><p>Whole grain breads</p><p>Unsalted crackers</p><p>Rice cakes</p><p>Low-fat, low-sodium microwave popcorn</p><p>Low-fat muffins</p></td><td><p>Sweetened cereals</p><p>Pasta + cream sauce</p><p>Fried rice</p><p>Cheese or nut bread </p><p>Salted crackers</p><p>Potato chips</p><p>Buttered popcorn</p><p>Donuts, cakes</p></td></tr><tr><td>Milk and alternatives</td><td><p>Skim or 1% milk</p><p>Fat-free yogurt</p><p>Fat-free pudding</p><p>Low-fat frozen yogurt</p><p>Low-fat cheeses and spreads (4%, 7%, 15% MF)</p></td><td><p>2% or 3.25% milk</p><p>Regular yogurt</p><p>Regular pudding</p><p>Ice cream</p><p>Full fat cheese (35% MF), processed cheese, Cheese Whiz</p></td></tr><tr><td>Meats and alternatives</td><td><p>Lean cuts of meat</p><p>Poultry without skin</p><p>Cooked fresh ham and other meats </p><p>Roast beef, pork, lamb, goat</p><p>Fish canned in water</p></td><td><p>Fatty or battered meats</p><p>Fried chicken</p><p>Salted or smoked meats</p><p>Deli meats, cold cuts, black forest ham, corned beef, bologna</p><p>Fish canned in oil</p></td></tr><tr><td>Other foods</td><td><p>Sugar free Kool-Aid, Crystal Light</p><p>Diet soda/pop</p><p>Sugar free gum</p><p>Low-fat granola bars, trail mix</p><p>Dried fruits</p><p>Low-fat, low-sodium popcorn, salt-free pretzels</p></td><td><p>Kool-Aid</p><p>Regular soda/pop</p><p>Sweetened gum</p><p>Chocolate bars</p><p>Energy bars</p><p>Candies</p><p>Potato chips, cheezies, salted nuts</p></td></tr></tbody></table>
Prednisone : que manger lorsque vous prenez de la prednisonePPrednisone : que manger lorsque vous prenez de la prednisonePrednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisoneFrenchPharmacyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyDigestive systemDrug treatmentAdult (19+) CaregiversNA2011-10-13T04:00:00ZJennifer Buccino, MEd, RD, CDEHealth (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Renseignements pour les parents et les enfants portant sur la manière de s’alimenter afin de réduire les risques d’effets indésirables lorsqu’on prend de la prednisone.</p><p>La prednisone est un médicament (un stéroïde) qui est prescrit par votre médecin dans le cas de certaines maladies. Pendant que vous prenez de la prednisone, vous aurez besoin de modifier ce que vous mangez et buvez.</p><p>La prednisone présente certains effets indésirables, y compris :</p><ul><li>un gain de poids;</li><li>une augmentation de l’appétit;</li><li>une pression artérielle élevée;</li><li>un risque plus élevé de développer de l’<a href="/Article?contentid=948&language=French">ostéoporose</a> ou un diabète induit par l’usage de stéroïdes.</li></ul><p>Le présent document expliquera ce que vous pouvez manger et boire lorsque vous prenez de la prednisone afin d’atténuer ces effets indésirables.</p><h2>À retenir</h2><ul><li>La prednisone présente des effets indésirables comme un gain de poids, une augmentation de l’appétit, une pression artérielle élevée et un risque plus élevé de développer de l’ostéoporose ou un diabète induit par l’usage de stéroïdes.</li><li>Avoir une alimentation saine et équilibrée qui est pauvre en sodium (sel), riche en calcium et en vitamine D et à faible teneur en calories peut aider à résoudre certains de ces problèmes. Vous devriez aussi essayer d’être actif physiquement.</li><li>Lisez les étiquettes des aliments que vous pensez manger afin de faire un choix sain.</li><li>Demander le soutien de votre famille et de vos amis.</li></ul><h2>Quels aliments devriez-vous manger lorsque vous prenez de la prednisone?</h2><p>Lorsque vous prenez de la prednisone, vous devez avoir une alimentation saine et équilibrée qui est :</p><ul><li>à faible teneur en sodium (aussi nommé « sel »);</li><li>riche en calcium et en vitamine D;</li><li>à faible teneur en calories.</li></ul><h2>Consommez des aliments à faible teneur en sodium<br></h2><p>Nous obtenons du sodium des aliments que nous mangeons et la majeure partie provient du sel. Le sodium aide à contrôler la quantité d’eau présente dans notre corps de même que notre tension artérielle.</p><p>Vous devez consommer des aliments à faible teneur en sodium, car la prednisone peut entraîner de la rétention d’eau dans votre corps. Cette rétention cause de l’enflure ou des gonflements, habituellement autour des yeux et des chevilles. Ce problème peut s’aggraver si votre alimentation contient une trop grande quantité de sel.</p><p>Consommer des aliments à faible teneur en sodium peut aussi aider à contrôler la <a href="/Article?contentid=1257&language=English">tension artérielle</a>.</p><h3>Comment diminuer la quantité de sodium présente dans votre alimentation</h3><p>Les présentes suggestions aideront à diminuer la quantité de sodium présent dans votre alimentation :</p><ul><li>placez la salière hors de la vue;</li><li>employez moins de sel lorsque vous cuisinez;</li><li>ne salez pas vos aliments;</li><li>évitez les aliments transformés, comme les hot-dogs, les viandes froides, le bacon et les saucisses, les aliments en conserves, les plats surgelés, les aliments contenant du GMS (glutamate monosodique) de même que les soupes, les nouilles et les plats instantanés;</li><li>évitez la sauce soya, la sauce hoisin et les autres sauces à haute teneur en sodium. Choisissez les versions à faible teneur en sodium lorsqu’elles sont disponibles. Choisissez des aliments étiquetés comme étant faibles en sel, sans sodium ou sans sel;</li><li>afin d’ajouter de la saveur, employez des substituts du sel comme les fines herbes ou autres assaisonnements de type « Mrs Dash ».</li></ul><h2>Consommez des aliments riches en calcium et en vitamine D</h2><p>La prednisone augmente le risque de développer de l’ostéoporose. L’ostéoporose survient lorsque les os s’amincissent et présentent un plus haut risque de fracture. Vous assurer d’obtenir suffisamment de calcium et de vitamine D dans votre alimentation peut aider à renforcer vos os.</p><p>De quelle quantité de calcium et de vitamine D avez-vous besoin chaque jour?</p><h3>De quelle quantité de calcium et de vitamine D avez-vous besoin chaque jour?</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Âge (années)</th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamine D*</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>1 à 3</td><td>500 mg </td><td>400 UI </td></tr><tr><td>4 à 8</td><td>800 mg </td><td>400 UI </td></tr><tr><td>9 à 18</td><td>1 300 mg </td><td>400 UI </td></tr><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><p align="left">* Vous pourriez avoir besoin de davantage de vitamine D. Votre médecin ou votre nutritionniste vous indiquera quelle quantité.</p></td></tr></tbody></table><p>Vous pourriez avoir besoin de davantage de vitamine D. Votre médecin ou votre nutritionniste vous indiquera quelle quantité.</p><h3>Quels aliments constituent de bonnes sources de calcium et de vitamine D?</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th> <br> </th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamine D</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><h3 align="left">Boissons</h3></td></tr><tr><td>1 tasse de lait (écrémé, 1 %, 2 %, 3,25 % ou au chocolat)</td><td>300 mg</td><td>100 UI</td></tr><tr><td>1 tasse de boisson de soya enrichie</td><td>300 mg</td><td>100 UI</td></tr><tr><td>1 tasse de jus d’orange enrichi</td><td>300 mg</td><td>S.O.</td></tr><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><h3 align="left">Aliments — Produits laitiers</h3></td></tr><tr><td>1 tasse de yogourt (nature ou aromatisé aux fruits)</td><td>200 mg</td><td>10 UI</td></tr><tr><td>2 on (50 g) de fromage non transformé et à pâte ferme comme le Cheddar, le Colby ou l’Edam</td><td>350 mg</td><td>80 UI</td></tr><tr><td>2 on (50 g) de fromage mozzarella</td><td>290 mg</td><td>80 IU</td></tr><tr><td>½ tasse de fromage cottage faible en matières grasses ou de fromage à la crème allégé</td><td>75 mg</td><td>S.O.</td></tr><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><h3 align="left">Aliments — Autres</h3></td></tr><tr><td>¾ tasse de brocoli cuit</td><td>50 mg</td><td>S.O.</td></tr><tr><td>1 tasse de légumineuses cuites</td><td>160 mg</td><td>S.O.</td></tr><tr><td>3,5 oz de poisson gras (sauvage) comme le saumon, le thon et le maquereau</td><td>S.O.</td><td>300 UI</td></tr><tr><td>1 on (30 g) de saumon en conserve avec les arêtes</td><td>78 mg</td><td>130 UI</td></tr></tbody></table><h2>Consommez des aliments à faible teneur en calories</h2><p>La prednisone peut augmenter votre sensation de faim. Vous devrez alors choisir des aliments à faible teneur en calories afin de ne pas prendre trop de poids. Une certaine prise de poids est nécessaire à la croissance, et un gain de poids peut se produire alors que vous prenez de la prednisone, mais un gain de poids trop important est nuisible : il peut mener à un surpoids, à l’obésité et à d’autres problèmes de santé.</p><p>Consommer des aliments à faible teneur en calories peut aussi aider à prévenir la présence de concentrations élevées en glucose et en cholestérol (un type de matière grasse) dans le sang. Les aliments faibles en calories comprennent :</p><ul><li>des fruits et des légumes frais ou congelés;</li><li>des produits laitiers faibles en matières grasses;</li><li>des viandes maigres et des substituts;</li><li>des produits céréaliers à haute teneur en fibres.</li></ul><p>Évitez les aliments sucrés et la malbouffe.</p><p>En plus de consommer des aliments à faible teneur en calories, il est aussi important que vous soyez physiquement actif. En surveillant votre apport calorique et en étant actif, vous aiderez à prévenir une prise de poids.</p><p>N’OUBLIEZ PAS : il est plus facile de contrôle votre poids que de perdre du poids.</p><h3>Quelle quantité d’aliments devriez-vous consommer chaque jour?</h3><h3><p>Le tableau suivant présente le nombre de portions quotidiennes recommandées chaque jour que vous devriez consommer selon le Guide alimentaire canadien pour manger sainement.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th></th><th colspan="3">Enfants</th><th colspan="2">Adolescents</th></tr><tr><th>Genre</th><th colspan="3">Filles et garçons</th><th>Filles</th><th>Garçons</th></tr><tr><th>Age </th><th>2 à 3</th><th>4 à 8</th><th>9 à 13</th><th>14 à 18</th><th>14 à 18</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td></td><td colspan="5"><h3 align="center">Nombre de portions recommandé par jour</h3></td></tr><tr><td>Fruits et légumes</td><td>4</td><td>5</td><td>6</td><td>7</td><td>8</td></tr><tr><td>Produits céréaliers</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>6</td><td>6</td><td>7</td></tr><tr><td>Lait et substituts</td><td>2</td><td>2</td><td>3 to 4</td><td>3 to 4</td><td>3 to 4</td></tr><tr><td>Viande et substituts</td><td>1</td><td>1</td><td>1 to 2</td><td>2</td><td>3</td></tr></tbody></table><p>1 portion de fruits et légumes représente :</p><ul><li>½ tasse (125 ml) de légumes frais, congelés ou en conserve;</li><li>½ tasse (125 ml) de légumes cuits;</li><li>1 tasse (250 ml) de légumes verts et feuillus crus;</li><li>1 fruit;</li><li>½ tasse (125 ml) de jus de fruits à 100 % non sucré.</li></ul><p>1 portion de produits céréaliers représente :</p><ul><li>1 tranche de pain;</li><li>½ bagel OU ½ pain pita OU ½ tortilla;</li><li>½ tasse (125 ml) de riz, de quinoa ou de couscous cuits;</li><li>¾ tasse (180 ml) de céréale chaude OU 1 tasse (30 g) de céréales à déjeuner sèches;</li><li>½ tasse (125 ml) de pâtes alimentaires cuites.</li></ul><p>1 portion de lait et substituts représente :</p><ul><li>1 tasse (250 ml) de lait;</li><li>1 tasse (250 ml) de boisson de soya, de riz ou d’amande enrichie;</li><li>¾ tasse (175 g) de yogourt;</li><li>1,5 oz (50 g) de fromage.</li></ul><p>1 portion de viande et substituts représente :</p><ul><li>2,5 oz (75 g ou ou ½ tasse) de poisson, de mollusques, de volaille ou de viande maigre;</li><li>¾ tasse (150 g) de tofu;</li><li>¾ tasse de légumineuses, de haricots ou de fèves de soya cuits;</li><li>2 œufs;</li><li>2 c. à tab. (30 ml) de beurre d’arachides;</li><li>¼ tasse de noix écalées et de graines.</li></ul></h3><h2>Quelques choix alimentaires sains</h2><p>Le tableau suivant présente des exemples d’aliments à choisir et à éviter lorsque vous prenez de la prednisone.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Groupe alimentaire</th><th>Choisissez</th><th>Évitez</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Fruits et légumes</td><td><p>Légumes cuits à la vapeur</p><p>Tranches de concombre</p><p>Soupes maison</p><p>Fruits en conserve dans l’eau</p><p>Pommes de terre bouillies ou en purée</p><p>Salades vertes accompagnées de vinaigrette réduite en matières grasses </p></td><td><p>Légumes frits ou pannés</p><p>Cornichons ou légumes marinés</p><p>Nouilles instantanées « Mr. Noodles », soupes instantanées « Cup of Soup »</p><p>Fruits en conserve dans le sirop</p><p>Frites</p><p>Salades à base de mayonnaise (aux œufs ou au thon) ou servies avec de la vinaigrette non réduite en matières </p></td></tr><tr><td>Produits céréaliers</td><td><p>Céréales à déjeuner non sucrées</p><p>Pâtes alimentaires et sauce aux tomates</p><p>Riz cuit à la vapeur</p><p>Pains de grains entiers </p><p>Craquelins non salés</p><p>Galettes de riz soufflé</p><p>Maïs soufflé réduit en matières grasses et à faible teneur en sodium, cuit au four à micro-onde</p><p>Muffins faibles en matières grasses </p></td><td><p>Céréales à déjeuner sucrées</p><p>Pâtes alimentaires et sauce à la crème</p><p>Riz frit</p><p>Pain au fromage ou aux noix</p><p>Craquelins salés</p><p>Croustilles</p><p>Maïs soufflé au beurre</p><p>Beignes, gâteaux </p></td></tr><tr><td>Lait et substituts</td><td><p>Lait écrémé ou 1 %</p><p>Yogourt à 0 % de matières grasses</p><p>Pudding à 0 % de matières grasses</p><p>Yogourt glacé à faible teneur en matières grasses</p><p>Fromages et tartinades réduits en matières grasses (4 %, 7 %, 15 % de matières grasses) </p></td><td><p>Lait 2 % ou 3,25 %</p><p>Yogourt régulier</p><p>Pudding régulier</p><p>Crème glacée</p><p>Fromage non réduit en matières grasses (35 % de matières grasses), fromage transformé, tartinade de fromage Cheeze Whiz </p></td></tr><tr><td>Viandes et substituts</td><td><p>Coupes de viandes maigres</p><p>Volaille sans la peau</p><p>Jambon cuit frais et autres viandes</p><p>Rôti de bœuf, de porc, d’agneau, de chèvre</p><p>Poisson en conserve dans l’eau </p></td><td><p>Viandes grasses ou pannées</p><p>Poulet frit</p><p>Viandes fumées ou salées</p><p>Charcuteries, viandes froides, jambon forêt-noire, bœuf en conserve</p><p>Saucisson de Bologne</p><p>Poisson en conserve dans l’huile </p></td></tr><tr><td>Autres aliments</td><td><p>Boisson Kool-Aid sans sucre, boisson Crystal Light</p><p>Boissons gazeuses diète</p><p>Gomme à mâcher sans sucre</p><p>Barres tendres réduites en matières grasses, mélange montagnard</p><p>Fruits séchés</p><p>Maïs soufflé réduit en matières grasses et en sodium, bretzels non salés </p></td><td><p>Boisson Kool-Aid</p><p>Boissons gazeuses régulières</p><p>Gommes à mâcher sucrées</p><p>Barres de chocolat</p><p>Barres d’énergie</p><p>Bonbons</p><p>Croustilles, croustilles au fromage, noix salées</p></td></tr></tbody></table>

 

 

Prednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisone1201.00000000000Prednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisonePrednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisonePEnglishPharmacyBaby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyDigestive systemDrug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2011-10-13T04:00:00ZJennifer Buccino, MEd, RD, CDE6.0000000000000074.00000000000002020.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Information for parents and children about what to eat to reduce the chances of side effects while taking prednisone.</p><p>Prednisone is a medication (a steroid drug) that is prescribed by your doctor for some diseases. While you are taking prednisone you will need to change what you eat and drink. </p> <p>Prednisone has some side effects, including: </p> <ul> <li>weight gain</li> <li>increased appetite</li> <li>high blood pressure</li> <li>higher risk of developing <a href="/Article?contentid=948&language=English">osteoporosis​</a> or steroid-induced diabetes</li> </ul> <p>This resource will explain what to eat and drink while you are taking prednisone to help lessen these side effects.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Prednisone has side effects such as weight gain, increased appetite, high blood pressure and a higher risk of developing osteoporosis or steroid-induced diabetes.</li> <li>Eating a healthy and balanced diet that is low in sodium (salt), rich in calcium and vitamin D, and low in calories can help with some of these problems. You should also try to be physically active.</li> <li>Read the labels on the foods you eat to help you choose healthy foods.</li> <li>Ask your family and friends for support.</li> </ul><h2>What kinds of foods should you eat while you are taking prednisone? </h2><p>While taking prednisone, you need to eat a healthy and balanced diet of foods that are:</p><ul><li>low in sodium (often called salt)</li><li>rich in calcium and vitamin D</li><li>low in calories</li></ul><h2>Eat foods that are low in sodium</h2><p>We get sodium from the foods we eat, and most of it comes from salt. Sodium helps to control the amount of water in our bodies as well as our blood pressure. </p><p>You need to eat foods that are low in sodium because prednisone can cause you to hold extra water in your body. This causes swelling or puffiness, usually around your eyes and ankles. Too much salt in your diet can make this problem worse. </p><p>Eating foods low in sodium may also help to control your <a href="/Article?contentid=1257&language=English">blood pressure</a>.</p><h3>How to lower the amount of sodium in your diet</h3><p>These suggestions will help lower the amount of sodium in your diet:</p><ul><li>Keep the salt shaker out of sight.</li><li>Use less salt when cooking.</li><li>Do not put salt on your food.</li><li>Avoid foods that are processed, for example, hot dogs, luncheon meats, bacon and sausages, canned foods, TV dinners, foods with MSG (monosodium glutamate) and instant soups, instant noodles and instant meals.</li><li>Avoid soya sauce, hoisin sauce, and other sauces that are high in sodium. Choose lower sodium options if available.</li><li>Choose foods that are labeled low salt, sodium free, or salt free.</li><li>Use salt substitutes, herbs and other seasonings like Mrs Dash for flavour.</li></ul><h2>Eat foods that are rich in calcium and vitamin D</h2><p>Prednisone increases the risk of developing osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is when bones become thin and have a higher chance of breaking. Making sure you get enough calcium and vitamin D in your diet can help strengthen your bones.</p><h3>How much calcium and vitamin D do you need each day?</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Age (in years)</th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamin D*</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>1 to 3</td><td>500 mg </td><td>400 IU </td></tr><tr><td>4 to 8</td><td>800 mg </td><td>400 IU </td></tr><tr><td>9 to 18</td><td>1300 mg </td><td>400 IU </td></tr><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><p align="left">* You may need more vitamin D. Your doctor or dietitian will let you know how much.</p></td></tr></tbody></table><h3>Which foods are good sources of calcium and vitamin D?</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th></th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamin D</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><h3 align="left">Drinks</h3></td></tr><tr><td>1 cup milk (skim, 1%, 2%, 3.25% or chocolate)</td><td>300 mg</td><td>100 IU</td></tr><tr><td>1 cup fortified soy beverage</td><td>300 mg</td><td>100 IU</td></tr><tr><td>1 cup fortified orange juice</td><td>300 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><h3 align="left">Foods - Dairy</h3></td></tr><tr><td>1 cup yogurt (plain or fruit flavoured)</td><td>200 mg</td><td>10 IU</td></tr><tr><td>2 oz (50 g) hard and non-processed cheese such as Cheddar, Colby, Edam</td><td>350 mg</td><td>80 IU</td></tr><tr><td>2 oz (50 g) Mozzarella cheese</td><td>290 mg</td><td>80 IU</td></tr><tr><td>½ cup low-fat cottage or light creamed cheese</td><td>75 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><h3 align="left">Foods - Other</h3></td></tr><tr><td>¾ cup cooked broccoli</td><td>50 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr><tr><td>1 cup baked beans</td><td>160 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr><tr><td>3.5 oz fatty fish (wild) such as salmon, tuna and mackerel</td><td>N/A</td><td>300 IU</td></tr><tr><td>1 oz (30 g) canned salmon with bones</td><td>78 mg</td><td>130 IU</td></tr></tbody></table><h2>Eat foods that are low in calories</h2><p>Prednisone can make you hungrier. This means you will need to choose foods that are low in calories so that you don’t gain too much weight. Some weight gain is needed for growth, and weight gain will happen while taking prednisone, but too much weight gain is harmful: it can lead to overweight, obesity and other health problems. </p><p>Eating foods low in calories also helps prevent high levels of sugar and cholesterol (a type of fat) in the blood.</p><p>Foods that are low in calories include: </p><ul><li>fresh or frozen fruit and vegetables</li><li>low-fat dairy products</li><li>lean meats and alternatives<br></li><li>high-fibre grains</li></ul><p>Avoid sugary foods and junk foods.</p><p>Besides eating foods that are low in calories, it is also very important that you are physically active. Watching calories and being active will help prevent weight gain. </p><p>REMEMBER: It is easier to control your weight than to lose weight.</p><h3>How much food should I eat per day?</h3><p>The following table shows the recommended number of servings of food per day you should eat according to Canada’s Food Guide to Healthy Eating.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th></th><th colspan="3">Children</th><th colspan="2">Teens</th></tr><tr><th>Sex</th><th colspan="3">Girls and boys</th><th>Girls</th><th>Boys</th></tr><tr><th>Age </th><th>2 to 3</th><th>4 to 8</th><th>9 to 13</th><th colspan="2">14 to 18</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td></td><td colspan="5"><div align="center"><strong>Recommended servings per day</strong></div></td></tr><tr><td>Fruits and vegetables</td><td>4</td><td>5</td><td>6</td><td>7</td><td>8</td></tr><tr><td>Grain products</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>6</td><td>6</td><td>7</td></tr><tr><td>Milk and alternatives</td><td>2</td><td>2</td><td>3 to 4</td><td>3 to 4</td><td>3 to 4</td></tr><tr><td>Meat and alternatives</td><td>1</td><td>1</td><td>1 to 2</td><td>2</td><td>3</td></tr></tbody></table><p>1 serving of fruits and vegetables is:</p><ul><li>½ cup (125 mL) fresh frozen or canned vegetables</li><li>½ cup (125 mL) cooked vegetables</li><li>1 cup (250 mL) raw leafy green vegetables</li><li>1 fruit</li><li>½ cup (125 mL) unsweetened 100% fruit juice</li></ul><p>1 serving of grain products is:</p><ul><li>1 slice bread</li><li>½ bagel OR ½ pita OR ½ tortilla<br></li><li>½ cup (125 mL) cooked rice, quinoa, couscous</li><li>¾ cup (180 mL) hot cereal OR 1 cup (30 g) dry cereal</li><li>½ cup (125 mL) cooked pasta</li></ul><p>1 serving of milk and alternatives is:</p><ul><li>1 cup (250 mL) milk</li><li>1 cup (250 mL) fortified soy, rice, almond beverage</li><li>¾ cup (175 g) yogurt</li><li>1.5 oz (50 g) cheese</li></ul><p>1 serving of meat and alternatives is:</p><ul><li>2.5 oz (75 g or ½ cup) cooked fish, shellfish, poultry, lean meats</li><li>¾ cup (150 g) tofu</li><li>¾ cup cooked legumes, beans, soy</li><li>2 ggs</li><li>2 tbsp (30 mL) peanut butter</li><li>¼ cup shelled nuts and seeds</li></ul><h2>Some healthy food choices</h2><p>This table provides examples of foods to choose and avoid while taking prednisone.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Food group</th><th>Choose</th><th>Avoid</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Fruits and vegetables</td><td><p>Steamed vegetables</p><p>Cucumber slices</p><p>Homemade soups</p><p>Canned fruits packed in water</p><p>Baked or mashed potatoes</p><p>Green salads + low fat dressing</p></td><td><p>Fried or battered vegetables</p><p>Pickles or pickled vegetables</p><p>Mr. Noodles, Cup of Soup</p><p>Canned fruits in syrup</p><p>French fries</p><p>Salads with mayonnaise (egg or tuna) and full fat dressings</p></td></tr><tr><td>Grain products</td><td><p>Unsweetened cereals</p><p>Pasta + tomato sauce</p><p>Steamed rice</p><p>Whole grain breads</p><p>Unsalted crackers</p><p>Rice cakes</p><p>Low-fat, low-sodium microwave popcorn</p><p>Low-fat muffins</p></td><td><p>Sweetened cereals</p><p>Pasta + cream sauce</p><p>Fried rice</p><p>Cheese or nut bread </p><p>Salted crackers</p><p>Potato chips</p><p>Buttered popcorn</p><p>Donuts, cakes</p></td></tr><tr><td>Milk and alternatives</td><td><p>Skim or 1% milk</p><p>Fat-free yogurt</p><p>Fat-free pudding</p><p>Low-fat frozen yogurt</p><p>Low-fat cheeses and spreads (4%, 7%, 15% MF)</p></td><td><p>2% or 3.25% milk</p><p>Regular yogurt</p><p>Regular pudding</p><p>Ice cream</p><p>Full fat cheese (35% MF), processed cheese, Cheese Whiz</p></td></tr><tr><td>Meats and alternatives</td><td><p>Lean cuts of meat</p><p>Poultry without skin</p><p>Cooked fresh ham and other meats </p><p>Roast beef, pork, lamb, goat</p><p>Fish canned in water</p></td><td><p>Fatty or battered meats</p><p>Fried chicken</p><p>Salted or smoked meats</p><p>Deli meats, cold cuts, black forest ham, corned beef, bologna</p><p>Fish canned in oil</p></td></tr><tr><td>Other foods</td><td><p>Sugar free Kool-Aid, Crystal Light</p><p>Diet soda/pop</p><p>Sugar free gum</p><p>Low-fat granola bars, trail mix</p><p>Dried fruits</p><p>Low-fat, low-sodium popcorn, salt-free pretzels</p></td><td><p>Kool-Aid</p><p>Regular soda/pop</p><p>Sweetened gum</p><p>Chocolate bars</p><p>Energy bars</p><p>Candies</p><p>Potato chips, cheezies, salted nuts</p></td></tr></tbody></table><h2>Tips at home</h2><h3>Snack ideas (low calorie and low sodium):</h3><ul><li>1 piece of fresh fruit</li><li>Fresh vegetables with low-fat, low-sodium dip</li><li>Celery with fat-free cream cheese</li><li>Salad with Calorie-Wise dressing or oil and vinegar dressing</li><li>1 fat-free yogurt (e.g. Source, Silhouette)</li><li>1 mini-bag low-fat, low-sodium popcorn</li><li>1 low-fat granola or cereal bar</li><li>2 plain cookies (e.g. social tea, arrowroot, digestives)</li><li>1 small low-fat muffin</li><li>1 slice of whole grain bread with no-sugar jam</li><li>1 scoop low-fat frozen yogurt or low-fat ice cream</li><li>1 cup sugar-free Jell-O or fat-free pudding</li><li>6 unsalted soda crackers + 3 small slices low-fat cheddar cheese</li></ul><h3>Be smart when you cook</h3><ul><li>Use pots and frying pans that are specially treated so that the food will not stick to them. Or instead of oils, use a cooking spray that is low in fat.</li><li>Do not fry foods. Bake, broil, roast or barbecue them instead.</li><li>Take the fat you can see off of your meat. Take the skin off chicken.</li><li>Try not to eat sauces, dressings and gravy unless they are low-fat or fat-free.</li></ul><h3>Be smart when you eat</h3><ul><li>Eat at the kitchen table and not in front of the TV.</li><li>Keep the salt, butter and margarine off the table.</li><li>Start your meal with a glass of water or a salad so that you will be less hungry and eat less.</li><li>Eat only small to medium amounts of food at each meal.</li><li>If you are hungry for more food after you finish your meal, have more vegetables, salad or fruit.</li></ul><h3>Get your family to help</h3><p>The best way your family can help is by eating healthy foods and being physically active too. Get your parents, brothers and sisters, friends, grandparents, babysitters, neighbours and teachers excited about the healthy foods you are eating. It is harder for you to have good eating and exercise habits if your family and friends do not have them too!</p><h2>How to learn more about the calories and sodium in the foods you eat</h2><h3>Reading food labels</h3><p>Food labels will help you learn more about your food and pick healthy choices for your diet. It is important to learn how to read a nutrition label.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Nutrition Facts label</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Prednisone_nutrition_label_CHART_IMG_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure> <h3>Serving Size</h3><p>The serving size tells what a single portion of a food is. The rest of the information on the label is for the serving size listed. If you are eating a larger or smaller amount of the food, use the information on the label to figure out the nutrients for the portion you are going to eat.</p><h3>Major Nutrients</h3><p>This list tells you how much of the nutrient there is per serving.</p><ul><li>A low-sodium food contains less than 200 mg sodium per serving.</li><li>Choose foods with less than 10 g sugar per serving while taking prednisone.</li></ul><h3>Percent Daily Value</h3><p>The % Daily Value (DV) tells you if the food contains a little or a lot of that particular nutrient. The % DV is based on recommendations for a healthy diet.</p><ul><li>5% DV or less is a little of that nutrient.</li><li>15% DV or more is a lot of that nutrient.</li></ul><h3>Ingredients</h3><p>Ingredients are listed in order of weight, from the largest to the smallest amount. When an ingredient is listed near the beginning of the list, it means that the food has a lot of this ingredient. Also, a type of ingredient can be listed more than once using a different word. For example, sucrose, glucose, fructose, dextrose, corn syrup and honey all mean sugar.</p><p>So, if the ingredient label lists salt, sodium, fats, oils or sugars near the start of the list or many times, it is best not to eat that food.</p><h3>Health Claims</h3><p>Health claims help us make informed choices about the product.</p><h2>How long will you have to eat foods that are low in salt and calories?</h2><p>You need to eat foods that are low in calories and sodium the entire time that you are taking prednisone. Usually, the amount of prednisone that you take is slowly lowered and then stopped. When you stop taking prednisone, you can continue eating foods that are low in calories and sodium, or you can stop eating them if you want. If you are restarted on prednisone, you will have to watch your diet again.</p>prednisonediethttps://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Prednisone_nutrition_label_CHART_IMG_EN.jpgPrednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisone

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