Pain: How to talk to kids about their painPPain: How to talk to kids about their painPain: How to talk to kids about their painEnglishPain/AnaesthesiaBaby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyNervous systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZKimberly O'Leary, MEd;Amanda English, BA, CCLS;Jane Darch, BABEd, CCLS;Jennifer Butterly, MA;Alexis Shinewald, CCLS, BA, ECE6.0000000000000087.0000000000000860.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Learn about how to talk to your chid about how much pain they are feeling and some strategies to help them cope with pain.</p><h2>Helping your child manage their pain at the hospital</h2> <p>Most children in hospital have pain. All children should know that pain goes away and that many kids have pain just as they do. </p> <p>You and your child will work together with the health care team to manage pain. Feel free to ask questions and talk about your child's pain with the team. </p> <p>Medication is not the only way to relieve pain. Other ways to manage pain are described here. The following information will also help you learn ways to talk about pain. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Most children in hospital will feel some pain.</li> <li>There are many ways to relieve pain.</li> <li>Parents and kids can learn different ways to relieve pain.</li> </ul><h2>Ways to measure pain</h2> <p>"How does it feel?" "How much does it hurt?" "Where does it hurt?"</p> <p>These are some of the questions staff at the hospital may ask to learn more about your child's pain.</p> <p>It is important for your child to be able to talk to you or a member of their health care team about their pain so it can be treated and your child will feel better. Your child knows their own pain best, so we need to find a way to help them describe it. </p> <p>The tools most often used to measure a child's pain are a faces scale or a number scale.</p> <p>The faces scale is used with younger children who understand pictures better than numbers.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Faces pain scale</span> <img alt="Diagrams of cartoon faces in pain, on a scale from one to ten" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/PN_faces_scale_MISC_IMG_EN.jpg" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption"> Faces Pain Scale - Revised. Copyright © 2001, International Association for the Study of Pain. Reproduced with permission. Source: Hicks CL, von Baeyer CL, Spafford P, van Korlaar I, Goodenough, B. The Faces Pain Scale - Revised: Toward a common metric </figcaption> </figure> <h3>The Number Scale</h3> <p>The number scale is used with children who are school-age and older because they understand numbers and their values.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Pain assessment numerical/visual analogue scale</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/PN_painscale_thermom_CHART_IMG_EN.jpg" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Children are asked to indicate their pain intensity by putting a mark on the scale.</figcaption> </figure> <h3>Creating your own scale</h3> <p>If these scales do not work well for your child, pick a theme that they enjoy or can relate to such as colours, animals or shapes. Have your child choose the item that describes their kind of pain. </p> <h2>Other signs your child is in pain</h2> <p>Sometimes children cannot use a scale to rate their pain. Here are some other signs that you can look for to tell if your child is in pain: </p> <ul> <li>not playing </li> <li>being more quiet than usual </li> <li>going back to using younger behaviours such as thumb-sucking or wetting the bed</li> </ul><h2>Resources</h2><p>Child life specialists find the following books to be helpful:</p><ul><li> <em>A Child in Pain: How to Help, What to Do </em>by Leora Kuttner</li><li> <em>Pain, Pain, Go Away: Helping Children with Pain </em>by Patrick J. McGrath, G. Allen Finley, and Judith Ritchie </li><li> <em>Keys to Parenting your Anxious Child </em>by Katharina Manassis </li></ul><p>These websites have great information for children and families about managing pain:<br></p><ul><li> <a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/ProgramsandServices/Child-Life/index.html" target="_blank">www.sickkids.ca/childlife</a></li><li> <a href="https://psychologyfoundation.org/Public/Resources/KHST_Download_Resources/Copy_of_Download_Resources.aspx?WebsiteKey=7ec8b7ce-729b-4aff-acd8-2f6b59cd21ab&hkey=0e18b555-9114-49b4-9838-084fab967f0e" target="_blank">www.psychologyfoundation.org/Public/Resources/KHST_Download_Resources/Copy_of_Download_Resources.aspx</a><br></li> </ul><br>
Douleur : comment parler à son enfant de la douleur qu’il éprouveDDouleur : comment parler à son enfant de la douleur qu’il éprouvePain: How to talk to kids about their painFrenchPain/AnaesthesiaBaby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyNervous systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZKimberly O'Leary, MEd;Amanda English, BA, CCLS;Jane Darch, BABEd, CCLS;Jennifer Butterly, MA;Alexis Shinewald, CCLS, BA, ECE6.0000000000000087.0000000000000860.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>La présente fiche contient des renseignements pour aider les parents à parler de la douleur avec leur enfant hospitalisé.</p><h2>Aider votre enfant à soulager sa douleur à l'hôpital</h2> <p>La plupart des enfants hospitalisés éprouvent de la douleur. Tous les enfants devraient savoir que la douleur finit par disparaître et que de nombreux enfants éprouvent de la douleur tout comme eux.</p> <p>Vous et votre enfant travaillerez avec l'équipe de soins de santé pour soulager sa douleur. N'hésitez pas à poser des questions et à discuter de la douleur de votre enfant avec l'équipe. </p> <p>Les médicaments ne sont pas la seule façon de soulager la douleur. Nous décrivons ici d'autres méthodes efficaces. Les renseignements suivants vous aideront également à apprendre de nouvelles façons de parler de la douleur avec votre enfant. </p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>La plupart des enfants qui sont hospitalisés éprouveront une certaine douleur. </li> <li>Il existe de nombreuses façons de soulager la douleur. </li> <li>Les parents et les enfants peuvent apprendre à utiliser différentes méthodes pour soulager la douleur. </li></ul> <h2>Comment mesurer la douleur </h2> <p>« Que ressens-tu? », « quel est le degré de douleur? », « où as-tu mal? ». </p> <p>Ce sont des exemples de questions que le personnel de l'hôpital peut poser afin de mieux évaluer la douleur de votre enfant.</p> <p>Il est important que votre enfant puisse parler de sa douleur avec vous ou avec l’un des membres de son équipe de soins de santé afin qu'il obtienne les soins nécessaires et qu'il se sente mieux. Personne ne connaît mieux sa douleur que l'enfant lui-même, il est donc important de trouver une façon de l'aider à décrire sa douleur. </p> <p>Les outils les plus utilisés pour mesurer la douleur d'un enfant sont l’échelle avec visages et l’échelle numérique.</p> <p>On utilise l’échelle avec visages pour les enfants plus jeunes qui comprennent mieux les images que les chiffres.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">L’échelle avec visages</span> <img alt="Diagrams of cartoon faces in pain, on a scale from one to ten" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/PN_faces_scale_MISC_IMG_EN.jpg" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption"> On utilise l’échelle avec visages pour les enfants plus jeunes qui comprennent mieux les images que les chiffres. </figcaption> </figure> <h3>L’échelle numérique</h3> <p>On utilise l’échelle numérique avec les enfants d’âge scolaire et les enfants plus âgés car ils comprennent les chiffres et leur valeur.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Échelle analogique visuelle ou numérique pour évaluer la douleur</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/PN_painscale_thermom_CHART_IMG_FR.jpg" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">On demande aux enfants d'indiquer l'intensité de la douleur ressentie en plaçant une marque sur l'échelle.</figcaption> </figure> <h3>Créer votre propre échelle</h3> <p>Si ces échelles ne fonctionnent pas bien avec votre enfant, choisissez un thème qu'il aime ou qu'il comprend, comme des couleurs, des animaux, des formes. Demandez à votre enfant de choisir l'élément qui décrit la douleur qu'il ressent. </p> <h2>Autres signes que votre enfant éprouve de la douleur </h2> <p>Parfois, les enfants ne peuvent utiliser une échelle pour indiquer l’intensité de la douleur qu’ils éprouvent. Voici certains autres signes qui peuvent indiquer que votre enfant a mal : </p> <ul> <li>Il ne joue pas;</li> <li>Il est plus calme que d'habitude;</li> <li>Il se remet à agir comme un bébé, par exemple il suce son pouce ou fait pipi au lit. </li></ul><h2>Ressources</h2><p>Les éducateurs en milieu pédiatrique suggèrent les livres suivants : </p><ul><li> <em>A Child in Pain: How to Help, What to Do </em>• par Leora Kuttner </li><li> <em>Pain, Pain, Go Away: Helping Children with Pain </em>• par Patrick J. McGrath, G. Allen Finley et Judith Ritchie </li><li> <em>Keys to Parenting your Anxious Child </em>• par Katharina Manassis </li></ul><p>Les sites Web suivants contiennent d’excellents renseignements au sujet de la gestion de la douleur pour les enfants et les familles : </p><ul><li> <a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/ProgramsandServices/Child-Life/index.html" target="_blank">www.sickkids.ca/childlife</a></li> <li> <a href="https://psychologyfoundation.org/Public/Resources/KHST_Download_Resources/Copy_of_Download_Resources.aspx?WebsiteKey=7ec8b7ce-729b-4aff-acd8-2f6b59cd21ab&hkey=0e18b555-9114-49b4-9838-084fab967f0e" target="_blank">www.psychologyfoundation.org/Public/Resources/KHST_Download_Resources/Copy_of_Download_Resources.aspx</a><br></li> </ul>

 

 

Pain: How to talk to kids about their pain1259.00000000000Pain: How to talk to kids about their painPain: How to talk to kids about their painPEnglishPain/AnaesthesiaBaby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyNervous systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZKimberly O'Leary, MEd;Amanda English, BA, CCLS;Jane Darch, BABEd, CCLS;Jennifer Butterly, MA;Alexis Shinewald, CCLS, BA, ECE6.0000000000000087.0000000000000860.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Learn about how to talk to your chid about how much pain they are feeling and some strategies to help them cope with pain.</p><h2>Helping your child manage their pain at the hospital</h2> <p>Most children in hospital have pain. All children should know that pain goes away and that many kids have pain just as they do. </p> <p>You and your child will work together with the health care team to manage pain. Feel free to ask questions and talk about your child's pain with the team. </p> <p>Medication is not the only way to relieve pain. Other ways to manage pain are described here. The following information will also help you learn ways to talk about pain. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Most children in hospital will feel some pain.</li> <li>There are many ways to relieve pain.</li> <li>Parents and kids can learn different ways to relieve pain.</li> </ul><h2>Coping with pain</h2> <p>After you find out how much pain your child is feeling, you can work at finding different strategies to manage that pain. There are many ways to help a child cope with pain. Together with your child, read the coping strategies below. Whenever you can, have your child decide which coping strategy would work best for them. </p> <h3>Breathing</h3> <p>Deep breathing helps manage pain by relaxing your body. This works best when you breathe slowly in through your nose and out through your mouth. Try to make each breath last for the count of five. You can use your imagination by picturing blowing out all the candles on your birthday cake or blowing up a balloon. Another fun and handy tool to help with deep breathing is to blow bubbles. </p> <h3>Imagination</h3> <p>Using your imagination reduces anxiety and pain and will make you feel more calm and relaxed. Make up a story together, talk about your favourite place or thing, or remember and discuss a special time in your life.</p> <p>This strategy is best used with school-aged children six to 12 years old.</p> <h3>Relaxation</h3> <p>Relaxation is good for pain that does not seem to want to go away. Find a comfortable position with your arms and legs outstretched. Starting at your head, think about each body part all the way until you get to your toes. Imagine your body getting heavier and heavier until it is hard to lift any part of your body. This works best when you keep your breaths long, deep and slow. Take your time and stay relaxed. </p> <p>This strategy is ideal for pre-teens and teens.</p> <h3>Distraction</h3> <p>Distraction is a good way to focus attention away from pain and onto something familiar, safe and enjoyable. Choose an activity such as reading, arts and crafts, puzzles, board games, movies or video games.</p> <h3>Redirection</h3> <p>Redirection helps you think more positively about your body and how it feels. Which parts of your body does not hurt? Try to think about that. </p> <p>Child life specialists know many more tricks and techniques to help children manage their pain. If you would like to learn more, please talk to the child life specialist for your program. </p> <h2>Tools</h2> <p>Distraction tools are known to help children manage their pain. These are items that can be used during potentially painful or stressful situations or to manage ongoing pain. You know your child best, so together with your child, decide which of the following distraction items they would like to try: </p> <ul> <li>magic wands </li> <li>bubbles </li> <li>light-up toys </li> <li>singing </li> <li>music </li> <li>a favourite object, such as a stuffed animal </li> <li>picture books </li> <li>videos </li> <li>joke books </li> <li>squishy balls </li> <li>playdough </li> <li>pinwheels </li> <li>search and find books </li> <li>word and name games </li> </ul><h2>Ways to measure pain</h2> <p>"How does it feel?" "How much does it hurt?" "Where does it hurt?"</p> <p>These are some of the questions staff at the hospital may ask to learn more about your child's pain.</p> <p>It is important for your child to be able to talk to you or a member of their health care team about their pain so it can be treated and your child will feel better. Your child knows their own pain best, so we need to find a way to help them describe it. </p> <p>The tools most often used to measure a child's pain are a faces scale or a number scale.</p> <p>The faces scale is used with younger children who understand pictures better than numbers.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Faces pain scale</span> <img alt="Diagrams of cartoon faces in pain, on a scale from one to ten" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/PN_faces_scale_MISC_IMG_EN.jpg" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption"> Faces Pain Scale - Revised. Copyright © 2001, International Association for the Study of Pain. Reproduced with permission. Source: Hicks CL, von Baeyer CL, Spafford P, van Korlaar I, Goodenough, B. The Faces Pain Scale - Revised: Toward a common metric </figcaption> </figure> <h3>The Number Scale</h3> <p>The number scale is used with children who are school-age and older because they understand numbers and their values.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Pain assessment numerical/visual analogue scale</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/PN_painscale_thermom_CHART_IMG_EN.jpg" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Children are asked to indicate their pain intensity by putting a mark on the scale.</figcaption> </figure> <h3>Creating your own scale</h3> <p>If these scales do not work well for your child, pick a theme that they enjoy or can relate to such as colours, animals or shapes. Have your child choose the item that describes their kind of pain. </p> <h2>Other signs your child is in pain</h2> <p>Sometimes children cannot use a scale to rate their pain. Here are some other signs that you can look for to tell if your child is in pain: </p> <ul> <li>not playing </li> <li>being more quiet than usual </li> <li>going back to using younger behaviours such as thumb-sucking or wetting the bed</li> </ul><h2>Resources</h2><p>Child life specialists find the following books to be helpful:</p><ul><li> <em>A Child in Pain: How to Help, What to Do </em>by Leora Kuttner</li><li> <em>Pain, Pain, Go Away: Helping Children with Pain </em>by Patrick J. McGrath, G. Allen Finley, and Judith Ritchie </li><li> <em>Keys to Parenting your Anxious Child </em>by Katharina Manassis </li></ul><p>These websites have great information for children and families about managing pain:<br></p><ul><li> <a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/ProgramsandServices/Child-Life/index.html" target="_blank">www.sickkids.ca/childlife</a></li><li> <a href="https://psychologyfoundation.org/Public/Resources/KHST_Download_Resources/Copy_of_Download_Resources.aspx?WebsiteKey=7ec8b7ce-729b-4aff-acd8-2f6b59cd21ab&hkey=0e18b555-9114-49b4-9838-084fab967f0e" target="_blank">www.psychologyfoundation.org/Public/Resources/KHST_Download_Resources/Copy_of_Download_Resources.aspx</a><br></li> </ul><br>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/pain_how_to_talk_to_kids.jpgPain: How to talk to kids about their pain

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