Adrenal gland effects brain tumours and treatmentAAdrenal gland effects brain tumours and treatmentAdrenal gland effects brain tumours and treatmentEnglishNeurology;EndocrinologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Brain;Kidneys;BladderNervous system;Endocrine system;Renal system/Urinary systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-08-14T04:00:00ZEric Bouffet, MD, FRCPC9.0000000000000052.0000000000000367.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>In-depth answers about the consequences of a damaged adrenal gland due to a brain tumour or its treatment, and what can be done.</p><p>Certain types of tumours or their treatment can affect the adrenal gland, but this is rare. The adrenal gland is a triangle-shaped gland located on the top of the kidneys in the middle of the body. It produces a number of hormones and steroids. One important steroid it releases is called cortisol. The adrenal gland releases cortisol to help our bodies cope with extreme stress or illness. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>If the adrenal gland is not working properly it can result in adrenal insufficiency.</li> <li>Some types of tumours may damage the pituitary gland, which can affect the adrenal gland, or can occur as a result of radiation therapy.</li> <li>Adrenal insufficiency can be treated with daily doses of cortisone.</li> <li>If adrenal insufficiency is not treated, it can lead to extreme and life-threatening shock during times of physical stress, such as illness or surgery.</li></ul>
Effets sur la glande surrénale du le traitement des tumeurs cérébralesEEffets sur la glande surrénale du le traitement des tumeurs cérébralesAdrenal gland effects brain tumours and treatmentFrenchNeurology;EndocrinologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Brain;Kidneys;BladderNervous system;Endocrine system;Renal system/Urinary systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-08-14T04:00:00ZEric Bouffet, MD, FRCPC9.0000000000000052.0000000000000367.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Réponses approfondies sur les conséquences liées à une glande surrénale endommagée en raison d’une tumeur cérébrale ou de son traitement, et ce que l’on peut faire.</p><p>Certains types de tumeurs ou leurs traitements peuvent affecter la glande surrénale, bien que ce soit rare. La glande surrénale est une glande de forme triangulaire située dans la partie supérieure des reins dans le milieu du corps. Elle produit bon nombre d’hormones et de stéroïdes. Un important stéroïde qu’elle libère se nomme le cortisol. La glande surrénale libère le cortisol afin d’aider notre corps à composer avec un stress ou une maladie extrême. </p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>Si la glande surrénale fonctionne mal, elle peut entraîner une insuffisance surrénale.</li> <li>L’hypophyse peut être endommagée par certaines tumeurs ou par la radiothérapie, ce qui peut affecter la glande surrénale.</li> <li>L’insuffisance surrénale peut être traitée avec des doses quotidiennes de cortisone.</li> <li>Si l’insuffisance surrénale n’est pas traitée, il peut s’ensuivre un choc extrême constituant un danger de mort pendant des moments de stress physique, comme une maladie ou une intervention chirurgicale.</li></ul>

 

 

Adrenal gland effects brain tumours and treatment1429.00000000000Adrenal gland effects brain tumours and treatmentAdrenal gland effects brain tumours and treatmentAEnglishNeurology;EndocrinologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Brain;Kidneys;BladderNervous system;Endocrine system;Renal system/Urinary systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-08-14T04:00:00ZEric Bouffet, MD, FRCPC9.0000000000000052.0000000000000367.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>In-depth answers about the consequences of a damaged adrenal gland due to a brain tumour or its treatment, and what can be done.</p><p>Certain types of tumours or their treatment can affect the adrenal gland, but this is rare. The adrenal gland is a triangle-shaped gland located on the top of the kidneys in the middle of the body. It produces a number of hormones and steroids. One important steroid it releases is called cortisol. The adrenal gland releases cortisol to help our bodies cope with extreme stress or illness. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>If the adrenal gland is not working properly it can result in adrenal insufficiency.</li> <li>Some types of tumours may damage the pituitary gland, which can affect the adrenal gland, or can occur as a result of radiation therapy.</li> <li>Adrenal insufficiency can be treated with daily doses of cortisone.</li> <li>If adrenal insufficiency is not treated, it can lead to extreme and life-threatening shock during times of physical stress, such as illness or surgery.</li></ul><figure> <span>Adrenal Gland Function</span> <img alt="" /> <figcaption class="“asset-image-caption”">The pituitary gland triggers the adrenal glands to produce hormones that help our bodies cope with stress or illness.</figcaption> </figure> <p>If the adrenal gland is not working properly, then it will not be able to produce cortisol. This is called adrenal insufficiency. The following symptoms may appear. These symptoms can develop quickly (especially in children and teenagers), or progress slowly for 20 years or more: </p> <ul> <li> changes in blood pressure </li> <li> diarrhea</li> <li> fatigue </li> <li> irritability</li> <li> loss of appetite</li> <li> nausea and vomiting </li> <li> skin colour changes (darkening)</li> <li> weakness</li></ul> <h2>What causes this?</h2> <p>The adrenal gland is controlled by the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland produces a hormone called adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH), which travels to the adrenal gland and triggers it to make cortisol. </p> <p>Although this is rare, the pituitary gland may be damaged by certain tumours or by surgery to remove these tumours. This can affect the adrenal gland's ability to produce ACTH. If there is no ACTH, no cortisol will be produced. This type of damage may occur with craniopharyngiomas, pituitary tumours, germ cell tumours, and hypothalamic or optic tumours. </p> <p>Damage to the pituitary gland can also occur as a result of radiation treatment.</p> <h2>How will this be screened?</h2> <p>During follow-up clinic visits, symptoms should be monitored. </p> <h2>What can be done?</h2> <p>A referral will be made to an endocrinologist, a doctor who specializes in treating hormone problems. </p> <p>Adrenal insufficiency can be treated with daily doses of cortisone. It is taken in a pill form.</p> <h2>How will this affect your child’s future?</h2> <p>Children who are affected will need to keep taking hormones throughout their lives. If adrenal insufficiency is not treated, it can lead to extreme and life-threatening shock during times of physical stress, such as illness or surgery. In such cases an injection of hydrocortisone must be given immediately or the result can be fatal. </p> <p>During times of stress, surgery, or illness, the dose of hydrocortisone needs to be increased. </p>Adrenal gland effects brain tumours and treatment

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