Foods to avoid on a low-bacteria dietFFoods to avoid on a low-bacteria dietFoods to avoid on a low-bacteria dietEnglishHaematology;Immunology;Oncology;NutritionChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemHealthy living and preventionAdult (19+)NA2017-06-05T04:00:00ZJohn Doyle, MD, FRCPC, FAAPChristine Armstrong, RN, MScN, NP Peds6.0000000000000069.00000000000001290.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about low bacteria diet guidelines after your child's blood and marrow transplant.</p><p>After a <a href="/Article?contentid=1512&language=English">blood and marrow transplant</a>, your child’s immune system will be weak. Children with weak immune systems are more likely to get sick from harmful bacteria in food. Because of this, your child will need to avoid foods that may contain harmful bacteria. The diet that they follow is called a low-bacteria diet.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>After a blood and marrow transplant, your child will need to follow a low-bacteria diet.</li><li>A low-bacteria diet involves avoiding foods that contain harmful bacteria.</li><li>To minimize harmful bacteria, wash your hands before and after handling food, keep hot and cold food outside the temperature danger zone and store cooked and raw food separately in the fridge.</li><li>Avoid unpasteurized foods and drinks, mouldy cheese, raw fish and any food left on display or under a heat lamp, for example meats or cheese from a delicatessen, store-bought pastries or buffet or salad bar items. </li> ​​​​</ul> <br>
Alimentation faible en bactéries – Lignes directricesAAlimentation faible en bactéries – Lignes directricesFoods to avoid on a low-bacteria dietFrenchHaematology;Immunology;Oncology;NutritionChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemHealthy living and preventionAdult (19+)NA2017-06-05T04:00:00ZJohn Doyle, MD, FRCPC, FAAPChristine Armstrong, RN, MScN, NP Peds6.0000000000000069.00000000000001290.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Apprendre les lignes directrices pour une alimentation faible en bactéries après la greffe de sang et de moelle osseuse de votre enfant.</p><p>Après une <a href="/Article?contentid=1512&language=French">greffe de sang et de moelle osseuse</a>, le système immunitaire de votre enfant sera affaibli. Lorsque les enfants ont un système immunitaire affaibli, ils sont plus vulnérables aux bactéries nocives qui se trouvent dans les aliments. C’est pourquoi, il est important que votre enfant évite les aliments qui peuvent contenir des bacté​ries nocives. Il devra suivre un régime qui prévoit une alimentation faible en bactéries.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Après la greffe de sang et de moelle osseuse, votre enfant aura besoin se suivre un régime faible en bactéries.</li> <li>Une alimentation faible en bactéries vise à éviter les bactéries nocives contenues dans certains produits.</li> <li>Pour éliminer autant que possible les bactéries nocives, se laver les mains avant et après la manipulation des aliments; et ne jamais servir des aliments expirés.</li> <li>La nourriture doit être consommées chaude ou froide et ne doit être entreposée à température ambiante pour plus de deux heures.</li> </ul>

 

 

Foods to avoid on a low-bacteria diet1546.00000000000Foods to avoid on a low-bacteria dietFoods to avoid on a low-bacteria dietFEnglishHaematology;Immunology;Oncology;NutritionChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemHealthy living and preventionAdult (19+)NA2017-06-05T04:00:00ZJohn Doyle, MD, FRCPC, FAAPChristine Armstrong, RN, MScN, NP Peds6.0000000000000069.00000000000001290.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about low bacteria diet guidelines after your child's blood and marrow transplant.</p><p>After a <a href="/Article?contentid=1512&language=English">blood and marrow transplant</a>, your child’s immune system will be weak. Children with weak immune systems are more likely to get sick from harmful bacteria in food. Because of this, your child will need to avoid foods that may contain harmful bacteria. The diet that they follow is called a low-bacteria diet.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>After a blood and marrow transplant, your child will need to follow a low-bacteria diet.</li><li>A low-bacteria diet involves avoiding foods that contain harmful bacteria.</li><li>To minimize harmful bacteria, wash your hands before and after handling food, keep hot and cold food outside the temperature danger zone and store cooked and raw food separately in the fridge.</li><li>Avoid unpasteurized foods and drinks, mouldy cheese, raw fish and any food left on display or under a heat lamp, for example meats or cheese from a delicatessen, store-bought pastries or buffet or salad bar items. </li> ​​​​</ul> <br><h2>How long must my child be on a low-bacteria diet?</h2><p>A low-bacteria diet starts on day 0, the day your child receives the blood or bone marrow transplant.</p><ul><li>After an <a href="/Article?contentid=1529&language=English">allogeneic transplant</a>, your child should stay on the diet for six months.</li><li>After an <a href="/Article?contentid=1532&language=English">autologous transplant​</a>, your child should stay on the diet for three months.</li></ul><h2>General guidelines to minimize bacteria</h2><ul><li>Hand washing: Always wash your hands before and after handling food.</li><li>Water: If you use well water, make sure to have it tested regularly, even if you only use it for bathing and cooking.</li><li>Eating out: When eating in restaurants, choose off-peak hours when the restaurant is less likely to busy, if possible. Take-out or pick-up is better than delivery, as you can ensure the food is freshly made. Choose well-cooked items only, and ask for all food to be freshly made. Avoid salads, smoothies, and other cold items from restaurants, if possible. Ask for freshly made items at fast-food restaurants. </li><li>Eating out: Do not eat at salad bars, buffets or from street vendors, as there is a higher risk of food contamination.</li><li>Food from home: as long as food is fresh, and carefully prepared, you are welcome to bring in food from home to the hospital. Try to transport it in a cooler and then you can reheat it in the hospital.</li><li>Food that is meant to be eaten hot or cold should not sit at room temperature for longer than two hours.</li></ul><h2>Foods to avoid on a low bacteria diet</h2><h3>Vegetables and fruits to avoid</h3> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/INM_low_bacteria_diet_avoid_veggies_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure> <ul><li>All raw sprouts including alfalfa, bean, mung and clover.</li><li>Salads prepared in stores, delicatessens and restaurants.</li><li>Grapefruits and tangelos (and all products that contain these fruits) if your child takes cyclosporine or tacrolimus.</li></ul><p> <strong>Food safety tips</strong></p><ul><li>Carefully wash all fruit and vegetables under clean, cold running water just before using, even if you will peel them. Use a vegetable scrubber for produce with thick skin.</li><li>Even if you buy pre-washed fruit and vegetables, wash them again.</li><li>Make sure that all fruits and vegetables are fresh. Throw them away if they look old or are bruised, slimy or mouldy.</li><li>Berries are hard to clean. Soak and rinse them at least twice before eating. </li></ul><h3>Milk and milk products to avoid</h3> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/INM_low_bacteria_diet_avoid_diary_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure> <ul><li>Unpasteurized or raw milk, cheese, yogurt or other dairy products.</li><li>Cheese from the delicatessen (unless pre-packaged).</li><li>Cheese containing chili peppers, herbs or other uncooked vegetables.</li><li>Cheese with moulds, such as blue cheese, Stilton, Roquefort or Gorgonzola.</li><li>Uncooked soft cheese, such as Brie, Camembert.</li></ul><p> <strong>Food safety tips</strong></p><ul><li>Keep dairy products cold at all times and always check best before dates.</li><li>Do not give your child dairy products after the best before date.</li></ul><h3>Meat and meat alternatives to avoid</h3> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/INM_low_bacteria_diet_avoid_meat_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure> <ul><li>Raw or undercooked meat, poultry, fish, bacon or tofu </li><li>Raw or undercooked eggs (white and yolk should be hard), or any products containing raw or undercooked eggs, such as meringue.</li><li>Meat and cold cuts from delicatessens (unless pre-packaged, in which case, heat it until steaming hot before serving).</li><li>Fermented soy products such as tempeh and miso.</li><li>Sushi (raw fish), cold smoked salmon, lox, or pickled fish.</li><li>Raw and unshelled nuts and seeds (roasted nuts and seeds are allowed).</li></ul><p> <strong>Food safety tips</strong></p><ul><li>Never defrost meat, poultry or fish at room temperature. Always defrost in the refrigerator, or in a bowl of cool water in the refrigerator.</li><li>Keep raw and cooked meat, poultry or fish separate and on different plates, dishes or trays.</li></ul><h3>Desserts to avoid</h3><ul><li>Store-bought pastries that contain cream or custard (unless freshly made).</li><li>Meringue.</li></ul><h3>Fats to avoid</h3><ul><li>Refrigerated salad dressings containing blue cheese.</li><li>Salad dressing containing raw eggs (store-bought mayonnaise and Caesar salad dressings are allowed).</li></ul><h3>Drinks to avoid</h3><ul><li>Juice bars and fresh pressed juices. All fruit or vegetable juices, and apple cider should be pasteurized.</li></ul><h3>Other foods to avoid</h3><ul><li>Raw or unpasteurized honey (all children under 12 months of age should avoid honey).</li><li>Discuss herbal medicines and non-traditional supplements with your child’s health-care team before using.</li></ul>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/foods_to_avoid_on_a_low_bacteria_diet.jpgFoods to avoid on a low-bacteria diet

Thank you to our sponsors

AboutKidsHealth is proud to partner with the following sponsors as they support our mission to improve the health and wellbeing of children in Canada and around the world by making accessible health care information available via the internet.