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Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD)AAtrioventricular septal defect (AVSD)Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD)EnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-12-04T05:00:00ZFraser Golding, MD, FRCPC11.000000000000044.0000000000000419.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about atrioventricular septal defects (AVSD) in children. This condition involves the lung overfilling with blood.</p><p> Atrioventricular septal defects (AVSD) in children involves the lung overfilling with blood, potentially causing leakage. </p><h2> Key points </h2> <ul><li> Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) is fairly common and the most common heart defect in children with Down syndrome.</li> <li>With AVSD, the heart has to pump harder to get oxygen to body.</li> <li>Children with this defect are often diagnosed within a week or two of birth.</li> <li>The outlook is very good in children after surgery. </li></ul>
Communication auriculo-ventriculaireCCommunication auriculo-ventriculaireAtrioventricular Septal Defect (AVSD)FrenchCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-12-04T05:00:00ZFraser Golding, MD, FRCPC11.000000000000044.0000000000000419.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Informez-vous sur la communication auriculo-ventriculaire chez les enfants. Cette anomalie fait en sorte que les poumons se remplissent d’une quantité excessive de sang, causant des fuites potentielles.</p><p> La communication auriculo-ventriculaire chez les enfants fait en sorte qu’une quantité excessive de sang s’accumule dans les poumons, causant des fuites potentielles. </p><h2> À retenir</h2> <ul><li> La communication auriculo-ventriculaire est assez courante et c’est l’anomalie cardiaque la plus commune chez les enfants atteints du syndrome de Down.</li> <li>Lorsqu’il y a communication auriculo-ventriculaire, le cœur doit pomper plus fort pour envoyer l’oxygène dans le corps.</li> <li> Le diagnostic est habituellement posé une ou deux semaines après la naissance.</li> <li>Les perspectives sont très bonnes pour ces enfants après une chirurgie. </li></ul>

 

 

Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD)1608.00000000000Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD)Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD)AEnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-12-04T05:00:00ZFraser Golding, MD, FRCPC11.000000000000044.0000000000000419.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about atrioventricular septal defects (AVSD) in children. This condition involves the lung overfilling with blood.</p><p> Atrioventricular septal defects (AVSD) in children involves the lung overfilling with blood, potentially causing leakage. </p><h2> Key points </h2> <ul><li> Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) is fairly common and the most common heart defect in children with Down syndrome.</li> <li>With AVSD, the heart has to pump harder to get oxygen to body.</li> <li>Children with this defect are often diagnosed within a week or two of birth.</li> <li>The outlook is very good in children after surgery. </li></ul><p>This defect refers to any abnormal development of the endocardial cushions. These cushions control the separation of the parts of the heart near the tricuspid and mitral valves. It is also referred to as an atrioventricular canal defect or an AV canal defect. </p><p>AVSD is a fairly common defect, accounting for about 5% of all congenital heart defects. AVSD is the most common heart defect to occur in children with Down syndrome. It can also occur with other types of congenital heart diseases like coarctation of the aorta or tetralogy of Fallot. </p><p>The defect involves atria and ventricles that have not separated into their own chambers and mitral and tricuspid valves that have also not separated. As a result, there is a large hole between the two atria andthe two ventricles, and one single atrioventricular valve instead of separate mitral and tricuspid valves. </p> <figure class="swf-asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Atrioventricular septal defect</span> <div class="asset-animation"> src="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Style%20Library/akh/swfanimations/swf.html?swffile=Atrioventricular_septal_MED_ANI_EN.swf" </div> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">A large hole between the two atria and the two ventricles results in oxygenated blood mixing with deoxygenated blood. Less oxygenated blood is able to reach the body. The heart has to pump harder to get oxygen to the body, and pressure in the lungs also increases.</figcaption> </figure> <p>AVSD is usually divided into three types: complete, partial, or transitional. A complete AVSD, which is the most severe type, involves defects in all the parts of the heart controlled by the endocardial cushions. This means there are holes in the atrial septum and the ventricular septum, which results in an undivided AV valve. </p><p>Depending on the type of AVSD, the already oxygenated blood may be recirculated to the lungs, which is inefficient. The left ventricle also tends to have to work harder, which increases pressure to the lungs. This can cause the lungs to overfill with blood, potentially causing it to leak into the air around the lungs. This pulmonary edema can lead to congestive heart failure. </p><div align="center"></div><h2>How is AVSD diagnosed?</h2><p>The condition is usually identified through a heart murmur. Diagnosis is confirmed by doing an echocardiogram, and possibly a chest X-ray or electrocardiogram. </p><p>Children with this defect are often diagnosed within a week ortwo of birth. They are managed with drugs, and rarely with pulmonary artery banding, until they are old enough for corrective surgery. Surgery can use patches to close the holes in the atrial septum or the ventricular septum, and reconstruct the atrioventricular valve. </p><h2>What is the long-term outlook for children with AVSD?</h2><p>The outlook is very good in these children following surgery. A leaky mitral valve is a rare complication that may require re-operation. </p>Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD)

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