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Ventricular septal defect (VSD)VVentricular septal defect (VSD)Ventricular septal defect (VSD)EnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-12-04T05:00:00ZFraser Golding, MD, FRCPC10.000000000000054.0000000000000399.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about ventricular septal defects (VSD). These defects are holes that develop in the heart that force it to overwork, making it get bigger.</p><p> An opening in the wall between the two lower chambers of the heart is known as a ventricular septal defect. A VSD causes oxygen-rich blood to leak from the left side of the heart, where the pressure is higher, to the right side. With large holes, this is a problem because too much blood flows to the lungs. This forces the heart to overwork andmakes it get bigger. There are four types of VSDs, named according to where they occur in the septum: membranous defect, muscular defect, inlet defect, and outlet defect. </p><h2> Key points </h2> <ul><li>With ventricular septal defects (VSD), an excess of blood can travel to the lungs. </li> <li>VSD is usually detected when a doctor hears a heart murmur. </li> <li>Treatment for VSDs depends on the size of the hole and can range from no treatment to open heart surgery.</li> <li> The outlook for children with this condition is very good. </li></ul>
Communication interventriculaireCCommunication interventriculaireVentricular Septal Defect (VSD)FrenchCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-12-04T05:00:00ZFraser Golding, MD, FRCPC10.000000000000054.0000000000000399.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Informez-vous sur les communications interventriculaires. Ces anomalies sont des trous qui se développent dans le cœur, ce qui force ce dernier à se surmener et le fait grossir.</p><p> La communication interventriculaire est caractérisée par une ouverture dans la paroi entre les deux cavités inférieures du cœur. Une communication interventriculaire amène le sang riche en oxygène à fuir du côté gauche du cœur - où la pression est plus élevée - vers le côté droit. Quand il y a de gros trous, c'est un problème, parce que trop de sang se rend dans les poumons. Cela force le cœur à se surmener et le fait grossir. Il existe quatre types de communications interventriculaires, nommées selon l’endroit où elles se forment dans le septum : anomalie de la membrane, anomalie du muscle, anomalie de la valve d’entrée, anomalie de la valve de sortie. </p><h2> À retenir </h2> <ul><li> Une communication interventriculaire peut faire en sorte que trop de sang se rend dans les poumons. </li> <li>Les communications interventriculaires sont décelées lorsqu’un médecin entend un souffle cardiaque. </li> <li>Le traitement des communications interventriculaires dépend de la taille du trou et peut aller d’aucun traitement à une chirurgie à cœur ouvert. </li> <li> Les perspectives pour les enfants atteints de cette anomalie sont très bonnes. </li></ul>

 

 

Ventricular septal defect (VSD)1626.00000000000Ventricular septal defect (VSD)Ventricular septal defect (VSD)VEnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-12-04T05:00:00ZFraser Golding, MD, FRCPC10.000000000000054.0000000000000399.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about ventricular septal defects (VSD). These defects are holes that develop in the heart that force it to overwork, making it get bigger.</p><p> An opening in the wall between the two lower chambers of the heart is known as a ventricular septal defect. A VSD causes oxygen-rich blood to leak from the left side of the heart, where the pressure is higher, to the right side. With large holes, this is a problem because too much blood flows to the lungs. This forces the heart to overwork andmakes it get bigger. There are four types of VSDs, named according to where they occur in the septum: membranous defect, muscular defect, inlet defect, and outlet defect. </p><h2> Key points </h2> <ul><li>With ventricular septal defects (VSD), an excess of blood can travel to the lungs. </li> <li>VSD is usually detected when a doctor hears a heart murmur. </li> <li>Treatment for VSDs depends on the size of the hole and can range from no treatment to open heart surgery.</li> <li> The outlook for children with this condition is very good. </li></ul><p>VSD accounts for about 20% of congenital heart defects. About five to 50 children out of 1,000 are born with this defect. </p> <figure class="swf-asset-c-80"><span class="asset-image-title">Ventricular septal defect</span><div class="asset-animation"> src="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Style%20Library/akh/swfanimations/swf.html?swffile=Ventricular_septal_defect_MED_ANI_EN.swf" </div> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">A hole in the wall dividing the lower chambers of the heart results in oxygen-rich blood leaking into the right ventricle. This means that oxygenated blood is mixing with deoxygenated blood, and more blood is travelling to the lungs than is necessary.</figcaption> </figure> <h2>What are the symptoms of ventricular septal defect?</h2><p>The hole does not usually cause symptoms if it is small and does not allow much blood to pass through. For about 5% to 10% of cases, though, the hole may be large and cause congestive heart failure. A heart murmur may also be present. </p><p>These defects are usually identified when a doctor hears a heart murmur. A chest X-ray, electrocardiogram, and echocardiogramor, in rare cases, cardiac catheterization, may be done to diagnose this condition. </p><h2>How is ventricular septal defect treated?</h2><p>VSDs occur in a range of sizes and their treatment is very individual. Small holes may need no treatment and can sometimes close on their own. Larger holes will need to be closed in open heart surgery by applying a patch or sewing shut the hole. Sometimes, a closure device can be inserted through cardiac catheterization. </p><p>If there are several holes, the cardiologist may insert a band around the pulmonary artery, a procedure called pulmonary artery banding. This allows the baby to grow until the child is better prepared for surgery to close the holes. </p><h2>What is the long-term outlook for children with ventricular septal defect?</h2><p>The outlook for children with this defect is very good, particularly if the hole was small and easily repaired. Children in whom the hole was not repaired are at risk of infection, poor growth, and the development of Eisenmenger's syndrome. Today, this is rare.</p>Ventricular septal defect (VSD)

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