AboutKidsHealth

 

 

Heart transplants: MedicationsHHeart transplants: MedicationsHeart transplants: MedicationsEnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemProcedures;Drug treatmentAdult (19+)NA2009-12-11T05:00:00ZAnne Dipchand, MD, FRCPC9.0000000000000055.0000000000000264.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>After a heart transplant, your child will need a variety of medications, including immunosuppressants, drugs to prevent infection, and drugs to lower blood pressure.<br></p><p>Your child will need a variety of different medications after a heart transplant. They can be grouped in the following categories:</p><h2> Key points </h2> <ul><li>Your child must take immunosuppressants for the rest of their life to prevent and treat rejection.</li> <li>Your child will take medicines to prevent infection as immunosuppressants increase their risk of contracting infection.</li> <li> Since immunosuppressants can cause high blood pressure, most children will be on blood pressure medication for the first 6 months after transplant.</li></ul>
Greffes du cœur : médicamentsGGreffes du cœur : médicamentsHeart Transplants: MedicationsFrenchCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemProcedures;Drug treatmentAdult (19+)NA2009-12-11T05:00:00ZAnne Dipchand, MD, FRCPC9.0000000000000055.0000000000000264.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Après une transplantation cardiaque, votre enfant aura besoin de toute une série de médicaments, notamment des immunosuppresseurs, des médicaments visant à prévenir les infections, ainsi que des médicaments destinés à faire baisser la tension artérielle.<br></p><p>Après une transplantation cardiaque, votre enfant aura besoin de toute une série de médicaments différents. Ces médicaments peuvent être regroupés dans les catégories suivantes. </p><h2> À retenir </h2> <ul><li>Votre enfant doit prendre des immunosuppresseurs pour le reste de sa vie en vue d’empêcher et de traiter les rejets.</li> <li>Il devra prendre des médicaments destinés à prévenir les infections, car les immunosuppresseurs augmentent le risque de contracter une infection.</li> <li>Comme les immunosuppresseurs peuvent entraîner une tension artérielle élevée, la majorité des enfants doivent prendre des médicaments pour la tension artérielle au cours des six premiers mois suivant la transplantation. </li></ul>

 

 

Heart transplants: Medications1678.00000000000Heart transplants: MedicationsHeart transplants: MedicationsHEnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemProcedures;Drug treatmentAdult (19+)NA2009-12-11T05:00:00ZAnne Dipchand, MD, FRCPC9.0000000000000055.0000000000000264.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>After a heart transplant, your child will need a variety of medications, including immunosuppressants, drugs to prevent infection, and drugs to lower blood pressure.<br></p><p>Your child will need a variety of different medications after a heart transplant. They can be grouped in the following categories:</p><h2> Key points </h2> <ul><li>Your child must take immunosuppressants for the rest of their life to prevent and treat rejection.</li> <li>Your child will take medicines to prevent infection as immunosuppressants increase their risk of contracting infection.</li> <li> Since immunosuppressants can cause high blood pressure, most children will be on blood pressure medication for the first 6 months after transplant.</li></ul><h2>Immunosuppressants</h2> <p>Your child will need to take immunosuppressants for the rest of his life. These drugs are used to prevent and treat rejection. Immunosuppressants include the following:</p> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=244&language=English">tacrolimus</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=115&language=English">cyclosporine</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=195&language=English">mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=221&language=English">prednisone</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=237&language=English">sirolimus</a></li></ul> <h2>Medications to prevent infection</h2> <p>Heart transplants and immunosuppressants can make your child more likely to develop some infections. Your child may be prescribed one or more of the following medications to prevent infection:</p> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=202&language=English">nystatin</a>, which helps prevent an infection in the mouth called thrush</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=112&language=English">cotrimoxazole​</a>, which helps prevent a lung infection called pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP)</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=146&language=English">ganciclovir</a> or cytogam, which help prevent and treat viral infections such as cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=65&language=English">acyclovir</a>, which helps prevent and treat viral infections such as chickenpox, shingles, herpes simplex, and CMV</li> <li>valganciclovir, which helps prevent and treat CMV</li></ul> <h2>Blood pressure medications</h2> <p>Immunosuppressants can cause high blood pressure as a side effect. Most children will be on medication to control their blood pressure for the first six months after transplant. These medications may include the following:</p> <ul> <li>a diuretic, which increases the flow of urine and reduces the amount of water and salt in the body, such as <a href="/Article?contentid=144&language=English">furosemide</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=241&language=English">spironolactone-hydrochlorothiazide​</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=72&language=English">amlodipine​</a></li> <li>short-acting <a href="/Article?contentid=199&language=English">nifedipine​</a>, which lowers the blood pressure quickly if it is too high</li></ul> <h2>Magnesium supplements</h2> <p>Immunosuppressants can lower the level of <a href="/Article?contentid=179&language=English">magnesium</a> in your child's blood. Magnesium supplements replace the lost magnesium​.</p> <h2>Ranitidine</h2> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=229&language=English">Ranitidine​</a> helps to prevent your child from getting an upset stomach when they are taking high doses of immunosuppressants.</p>Heart transplants: Medications

Thank you to our sponsors

AboutKidsHealth is proud to partner with the following sponsors as they support our mission to improve the health and wellbeing of children in Canada and around the world by making accessible health care information available via the internet.