Playing sports with congenital heart diseasePPlaying sports with congenital heart diseasePlaying sports with congenital heart diseaseEnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-12-14T05:00:00ZRoss Hetherington, PhD, C.PsychJennifer Russell, MD, FRCPC8.0000000000000058.0000000000000579.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about safe levels of activity for adults with congenital heart disease. Activity generally has positive effects on the body and its organs.</p><p>Regular physical activity has positive effects on most organs in the body, including the brain.</p> <p>The key to being active is regular, moderate activity (not maximum performance). This means exercising three times a week for 30 minutes. Moderate exercise should make you feel warm but not uncomfortable.</p><h2> Key points </h2> <ul><li>If you have a heart condition, how much activity you should do depends on how your heart performs when you exercise.</li></ul>
Pratiquer des sports et les anomalies cardiaques congénitalesPPratiquer des sports et les anomalies cardiaques congénitalesPlaying sports and congenital heart diseaseFrenchCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-12-14T05:00:00ZRoss Hetherington, PhD, C.PsychJennifer Russell, MD, FRCPC8.0000000000000058.0000000000000579.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Découvrez quels sont les niveaux d’activité sécuritaires pour les adultes atteints d’une cardiopathie congénitale. En général, l’activité a des effets positifs sur le corps et sur ses organes.</p><p>L’activité physique régulière a des effets positifs sur la plupart des organes dans le corps, y compris le cerveau.</p> <p>La clé est une activité physique modérée (pas une performance physique maximale). Cela revient à faire de l’exercice trois fois par semaine pendant 30 minutes. Une activité physique modérée devrait vous procurer une sensation de chaleur, et non de l’inconfort.</p><h2> À retenir </h2> <ul><li> Si vous souffrez d’une cardiopathie, votre degré d’activité dépendra de votre performance cardiaque lorsque vous faites de l’exercice.</li></ul>

 

 

Playing sports with congenital heart disease1712.00000000000Playing sports with congenital heart diseasePlaying sports with congenital heart diseasePEnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-12-14T05:00:00ZRoss Hetherington, PhD, C.PsychJennifer Russell, MD, FRCPC8.0000000000000058.0000000000000579.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about safe levels of activity for adults with congenital heart disease. Activity generally has positive effects on the body and its organs.</p><p>Regular physical activity has positive effects on most organs in the body, including the brain.</p> <p>The key to being active is regular, moderate activity (not maximum performance). This means exercising three times a week for 30 minutes. Moderate exercise should make you feel warm but not uncomfortable.</p><h2> Key points </h2> <ul><li>If you have a heart condition, how much activity you should do depends on how your heart performs when you exercise.</li></ul> <h2>Examples of activities </h2> <h3>High intensity </h3> <ul><li>Cycling</li> <li>Running</li> <li>Boxing</li> <li>Skiing</li> <li>Swimming</li> <li>Tennis</li> <li>Volleyball</li></ul> <h3>Low intensity</h3> <ul><li>Walking</li> <li>Hiking</li> <li>Golf</li> <li>Curling</li> <li>Gymnastics</li> <li>Horseback riding</li> <li>Diving</li></ul> <h3>Typical calorie burn for selected activities in a 70 kg (154 lb) adult</h3> <ul><li>Slow walking – 200 kcal/h</li> <li>Hiking – 300 kcal/h</li> <li>Fast walking – 350 kcal/h</li> <li>Swimming – 500 kcal/h</li> <li>Walking uphill – 500 kcal/h</li> <li>Tennis – 600 kcal/h</li> <li>Jogging – 700 kcal/h</li></ul> <h2>Monitoring activity levels</h2> <p>How much activity you should do depends on your heart condition and how your own heart can perform when you exercise.</p> <p>If you have a weak heart, there are usually concerns over:</p> <ul><li>lack of fluid replacement when you are sweating</li> <li>a big rise or fall in your blood pressure</li> <li>bruising, if you are on a blood thinner</li> <li>bone injuries.</li></ul> <p>​You are the best judge of what you can do. If you cannot talk and breathe, slow down a little. Your doctor can order an exercise test before you become active and give you a “target heart rate”. If you have an activity instructor, the doctor can guide them based on your history.</p> <h2>Restrictions on activities </h2> <p>Most patients can do more than they think, but some have to accept restrictions. Your doctor may set restrictions based on:</p> <ul><li> the type of sport or activity you are considering</li> <li>the difficulty of the activity</li> <li>how high your heart rate will go when doing the activity</li> <li>how your heart might respond to activity and sports in general.</li></ul> <h3>Heart conditions that generally do not need restrictions</h3> <ul><li>Mild pulmonary stenosis</li> <li>Small ventricular septal defect</li> <li>Small atrial septal defect</li> <li>Repaired ventricular septal defect or atrial septal defect</li> <li>Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot (usually)</li> <li>Mitral valve prolapse without arrhythmia</li> <li>Prosthetic valve with normal pump function</li></ul> <h3>Heart or circulation conditions that need restrictions on all but mild intensity sports </h3> <ul><li>Narrowed valves</li> <li>Weak pumping chambers (ventricle)</li> <li>Severe pulmonary hypertension</li> <li>Cyanosis</li> <li>Heart conditions needing repair through Mustard or Fontan procedures</li></ul> <h3>Patients who should avoid contact sports</h3> <ul><li>Patients with Marfan syndrome</li> <li>Patients with ascending aortic aneurysms</li> <li>Patients taking <a href="/Article?contentid=265&language=English">warfarin​</a>​​​</li></ul> <p>Some things they told you as a child may be different as you get older. Your condition may change over time, so restrictions may need to be reconsidered. Consult with your doctor.​</p> <h2>Competitive activity</h2> <p>Patients with a heart condition usually should not engage in competition. There may, however, be some exceptions in very mild and uncomplicated cases. This will have to be discussed with your heart specialist.</p> <h2>Death and sports</h2> <p>Exercise causes only a tiny number of deaths from heart problems in young people. Sudden cardiac death is often connected to an undiagnosed arrhythmia; even fewer deaths are caused by playing sports. If an adult is at any increased risk, the cardiologist will indicate this and discuss appropriate activities.​​</p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/playing_sports_with_congenital_heart_disease.jpgPlaying sports with congenital heart disease

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