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Brain and behaviour concerns in premature babiesBBrain and behaviour concerns in premature babiesBrain and behaviour concerns in premature babiesEnglishNeonatology;NeurologyPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)BrainNervous systemNAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZHilary Whyte, MSc, MB, BCh, BAO, MRCPI, FRCPC11.000000000000050.0000000000000479.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about brain injury in premature babies. Depending on the situation, brain injury may or may not lead to permanent disability.</p><p>Of all the potential complications that may challenge a premature baby, injuries to the brain are probably the most alarming to parents. While it is true that problems within the brain can lead to problems in all parts of the body and can have irreversible long-term effects on a child’s life, a baby’s brain is a work in progress and continues to develop for years after birth.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Recovering from a brain injury depends on the nature and extent of the injury as well as the birth weight of the premature baby.</li></ul>
Cerveau et troubles comportement chez les bébés prématurés CCerveau et troubles comportement chez les bébés prématurés Brain and behaviour concerns in premature babiesFrenchNeonatology;NeurologyPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)BrainNervous systemNAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZHilary Whyte, MSc, MB, BCh, BAO, MRCPI, FRCPC11.000000000000050.0000000000000479.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Lisez au sujet des lésions au cerveau chez les bébés prématurés. Selon le cas, une lésion au cerveau peut ou peut ne pas mener à une incapacité permanente.</p><p>De toutes les complications que peut connaître un bébé prématuré, les lésions au cerveau sont probablement celles qui sont les plus inquiétantes pour les parents. Bien qu’il soit vrai que tout problème au cerveau puisse mener à des problèmes ailleurs dans le corps et peuvent avoir des répercussions à long terme irréversibles sur la vie de l’enfant, le cerveau d’un bébé est un chantier en cours de développement qui continue de se développer pendant plusieurs années après la naissance. Une lésion au cerveau n’est pas nécessairement un événement catastrophique menant à une incapacité grave ou à la mort.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>Le rétablissement après une lésion cérébrale dépend de la nature et de l’étendue de la lésion de même que du poids à la naissance du bébé prématuré.</li></ul>

 

 

Brain and behaviour concerns in premature babies1771.00000000000Brain and behaviour concerns in premature babiesBrain and behaviour concerns in premature babiesBEnglishNeonatology;NeurologyPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)BrainNervous systemNAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZHilary Whyte, MSc, MB, BCh, BAO, MRCPI, FRCPC11.000000000000050.0000000000000479.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about brain injury in premature babies. Depending on the situation, brain injury may or may not lead to permanent disability.</p><p>Of all the potential complications that may challenge a premature baby, injuries to the brain are probably the most alarming to parents. While it is true that problems within the brain can lead to problems in all parts of the body and can have irreversible long-term effects on a child’s life, a baby’s brain is a work in progress and continues to develop for years after birth.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Recovering from a brain injury depends on the nature and extent of the injury as well as the birth weight of the premature baby.</li></ul><figure><img alt="preemie with eyes open" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/preemie_with_eyes_open_EN.jpg" /> </figure> <p>Brain injury is not necessarily a catastrophic event leading to serious disability or death. Some premature babies are capable of overcoming, at least to some degree if not completely, certain types of injuries to the brain. Much of this depends on the nature and extent of the injury. As with the many other challenges associated with prematurity, the more premature babies with lower birth weights are more at risk for brain injury and tend to have a more difficult time with the injury.</p><p>While some babies may recover completely from brain injury, others will not. Neurological conditions, often the end result of brain injury, can be irreversible, have mild, moderate, or severe effects on the body and mind, and can have serious short-term and long-term consequences. </p><h2>The structure and function of the mature brain</h2><p>It is almost a cliché to describe the brain as the body’s computer; it does the thinking and controls movement. But the brain is much more complex than any existing computer. It senses and interprets information coming from all parts of the body, it controls vital functions subconsciously, and it is malleable and adaptable. </p> <span class="asset-image-title">Cerebrospinal fluid</span> <p>As the fetus’s brain develops these abilities, it is also physically preparing its defenses against injury and the outside world in general. The brain’s first test in this regard usually comes at birth: the baby’s head, the largest part of the body, must make its way through the birth canal and into the world. The brain has several ways of protecting itself during this journey. Like adults, a baby’s skull is made up of several bones or plates. However, at birth these bones have not yet fused together, which gives the skull the ability to be molded somewhat. This ability makes for an easier delivery. In the months following birth, the plates of the skull settle and fuse together, creating a hard shell that protects the brain. </p><h3>Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)</h3><p>In addition to being encased in the skull, the brain is also surrounded by cerebrospinal fluid or CSF. This fluid is found around the brain and spinal cord, and in cavities deep within the brain, called ventricles. This system of CSF functions to nourish the brain but also to cushion the brain from knocks. The ventricles themselves are surrounded by brain tissue and blood vessels that deliver oxygen to the brain. In a premature baby, these blood vessels are thin and weak, and are vulnerable to injury.</p><h4>More information</h4><ul><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=1807&language=English">Diagnosis of brain and behaviour problems in premature babies</a> </li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=1846&language=English">Treatment of brain and behaviour problems in premature babies</a> </li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=1865&language=English">Ongoing care of brain and behaviour problems in premature babies</a> </li></ul>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/brain_and_behaviour_premature_babies.jpgBrain and behaviour concerns in premature babies

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