Periventricular leucomalacia (PVL)PPeriventricular leucomalacia (PVL)Periventricular leucomalacia (PVL)EnglishNeonatology;NeurologyPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)BrainNervous systemConditions and diseasesPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZHilary Whyte, MSc, MB, BCh, BAO, MRCPI, FRCPC12.000000000000045.0000000000000278.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), which kills brain tissues. PVL can lead to motor disorders, such as cerebral palsy.</p><p>Periventricular leucomalacia (PVL) is a condition in which decreased blood flow to brain tissue causes it to soften up and eventually die, leaving behind cysts filled with fluid. Over time, these cysts may fuse together or collapse altogether. The affected brain tissue and the nerve fibers that run through it help to control body movement; their loss will have an impact on this ability. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Periventricular leucomalacia (PVL) is a condition in which decreased blood flow to brain tissue causes it to soften up and die, leaving behing fluid-filled cysts.</li> <li>Risk factors include moderate and severe IVH, infections within the wombm asphyxia and a lengthy resuscitation following birth.</li> <li>Most premature babies diagnosed with PVL will go on to have some form of disability, however mild cases of PVL may have no lasting disability.</li></ul>
Leucomalacie périventriculaire (LPV)LLeucomalacie périventriculaire (LPV)Periventricular leucomalacia (PVL)FrenchNeonatology;NeurologyPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)BrainNervous systemConditions and diseasesPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZHilary Whyte, MSc, MB, BCh, BAO, MRCPI, FRCPC12.000000000000045.0000000000000278.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Lisez au sujet de la leucomalacie périventriculaire (LPV) qui tue des tissus cérébraux. La PVL peut mener à des incapacités motrices, comme la paralysie cérébrale.</p><p>La leucomalacie périventriculaire (LPV) est une condition où un flux sanguin réduit aux tissus cérébraux les font ramollir et éventuellement mourir, laissant derrière des cavités kystiques remplies de liquides. Éventuellement, ces kystes peuvent se fusionner ou s’affaisser complètement. Les tissus cérébraux atteints et les fibres nerveuses qui les traversent aident à contrôler la motricité du corps; leur perte aura un impact sur cette capacité. </p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>La leucomalacie périventriculaire (LPV) est une condition où la réduction du flot sanguin aux tissus cérébraux les fait ramollir et éventuellement mourir, laissant derrière des cavités kystiques remplies de liquides.</li> <li>Les facteurs de risque pour la leucomalacie périventriculaire incluent des hémorragies intraventriculaires légères ou graves, des infections intra-utérines, des asphyxies, et une réanimation prolongée après l’accouchement.</li> <li>La plupart des bébés ayant obtenu un diagnostic de leucomalacie périventriculaire continueront à avoir d’autres formes d’incapacités, bien que certains cas légers de PVL peuvent n’avoir aucune incapacité persistante.</li></ul>

 

 

Periventricular leucomalacia (PVL)1775.00000000000Periventricular leucomalacia (PVL)Periventricular leucomalacia (PVL)PEnglishNeonatology;NeurologyPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)BrainNervous systemConditions and diseasesPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZHilary Whyte, MSc, MB, BCh, BAO, MRCPI, FRCPC12.000000000000045.0000000000000278.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), which kills brain tissues. PVL can lead to motor disorders, such as cerebral palsy.</p><p>Periventricular leucomalacia (PVL) is a condition in which decreased blood flow to brain tissue causes it to soften up and eventually die, leaving behind cysts filled with fluid. Over time, these cysts may fuse together or collapse altogether. The affected brain tissue and the nerve fibers that run through it help to control body movement; their loss will have an impact on this ability. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Periventricular leucomalacia (PVL) is a condition in which decreased blood flow to brain tissue causes it to soften up and die, leaving behing fluid-filled cysts.</li> <li>Risk factors include moderate and severe IVH, infections within the wombm asphyxia and a lengthy resuscitation following birth.</li> <li>Most premature babies diagnosed with PVL will go on to have some form of disability, however mild cases of PVL may have no lasting disability.</li></ul><p>Risk factors for PVL include moderate and severe IVH, infections within the womb, asphyxia, and a lengthy resuscitation following birth. Although the brain tissue damage may have occurred before birth, during delivery, or in the immediate days following birth, the cysts take several weeks to appear, delaying a definitive diagnosis. About 75% of premature babies diagnosed with PVL will go on to have some form of disability. In general, the more mild the case, the less severe the disability will be. Very mild cases of PVL may have no lasting disability at all. </p> <p>In general, PVL leads to motor disorders, the most common of which is cerebral palsy (CP). Often, the brain tissues affected by PVL are those that control the legs, though if the damage is more extensive, one can expect that other parts of the body, including the arms and face, will be affected. </p> <p>The range of severity for CP is large; the mildest cases are not disabling, will not interfere with a child’s quality of life, and may be barely noticeable. Severe cases of CP may cause major disability, including an inability to walk and difficulty with speaking and eating. Mental delay will also be associated with more severe forms of cerebral palsy. </p> <h4>More information</h4> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=1811&language=English">Diagnosis of Periventricular Leucomalacia (PVL)</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=1846&language=English">Treatment of Periventricular Leucomalacia (PVL)</a></li></ul>Periventricular leucomalacia (PVL)

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