Behavioural and learning issuesBBehavioural and learning issuesBehavioural and learning issuesEnglishDevelopmentalPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)NANANAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPC12.000000000000027.0000000000000255.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about various behavioral problems that premature babies may develop as they grow. In general, the most premature babies are more at risk.</p><p>As they grow, some premature babies will develop behavioural problems. While it can be difficult to predict which premature babies will have lasting issues of this nature, in general, the most premature and the lowest birth weight babies are most at risk. Disabilities that affect the brain are also likely to have an effect on learning and education. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>On average, extremely and moderately premature babies are more likely to have behavioural issues.</li> <li>Each child is different and not all children born prematurely will grow up to have behavioural issues or learning disabilities.</li> <li>Behavioural problems that may affect a child include ADHD, internalizing and externalizing behaviours and autism spectrum disorder.</li> <li>Knowing a premature baby is more at risk to have a learning disability as a child allows parents, health professionals, and educators to take steps to diminish the effect of the disability.</li></ul>
Troubles du comportement et d'apprentissageTTroubles du comportement et d'apprentissageBehavioural and learning issuesFrenchNAPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)NANANAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPC12.000000000000027.0000000000000255.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Lisez au sujet des différents troubles du comportement que les bébés prématurés peuvent développer en grandissant. Généralement, les grands prématurés sont plus à risque.</p><p>Au fur et à mesure qu’ils grandissent, certains bébés prématurés développeront des troubles du comportement. Bien qu’il soit difficile de prédire quels bébés prématurés auront ce genre de problèmes à long terme, en général, les bébés les plus prématurés et ayant les poids de naissance les plus faibles sont plus à risque. Les incapacités qui affectent le cerveau sont susceptibles d’avoir des effets sur les apprentissages et l’éducation.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>En moyenne, les grands prématurés et les bébés modérément prématurés sont plus susceptibles de présenter des problèmes de comportement.</li> <li>Chaque enfant est différent et ce ne sont pas tous les enfants nés prématurément qui présenteront des problèmes de comportement ou des troubles d’apprentissage en grandissant.</li> <li>Les problèmes de comportement qui peuvent affecter un enfant comprennent les troubles d’hyperactivité avec déficit de l’attention (THADA), les comportements d’intériorisation et d’extériorisation et les troubles du spectre autistique. </li> <li>Savoir qu’un bébé prématuré est plus à risque de présenter des troubles d’apprentissage dans l’enfance permet aux parents, aux professionnels de la santé et aux éducateurs d’entreprendre des démarches afin de diminuer les effets de son incapacité.</li></ul>

 

 

Behavioural and learning issues1870.00000000000Behavioural and learning issuesBehavioural and learning issuesBEnglishDevelopmentalPremature;Newborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)NANANAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPC12.000000000000027.0000000000000255.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about various behavioral problems that premature babies may develop as they grow. In general, the most premature babies are more at risk.</p><p>As they grow, some premature babies will develop behavioural problems. While it can be difficult to predict which premature babies will have lasting issues of this nature, in general, the most premature and the lowest birth weight babies are most at risk. Disabilities that affect the brain are also likely to have an effect on learning and education. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>On average, extremely and moderately premature babies are more likely to have behavioural issues.</li> <li>Each child is different and not all children born prematurely will grow up to have behavioural issues or learning disabilities.</li> <li>Behavioural problems that may affect a child include ADHD, internalizing and externalizing behaviours and autism spectrum disorder.</li> <li>Knowing a premature baby is more at risk to have a learning disability as a child allows parents, health professionals, and educators to take steps to diminish the effect of the disability.</li></ul><h2>Behavioural issues</h2><p>On average, extremely and moderately premature babies score lower on tests that assess intelligence, behaviour, and competence in school. How much lower is a function of many factors, including how premature the child was born and if there were complicating factors during the newborn period. Children who show these characteristics, whether born premature or not, are at higher risk for social problems, which tend to persist into adulthood. </p><p>While this is not the most positive news, understanding this information in advance can help parents reduce the chances of social and behavioural problems from occurring. Additionally, while as a group, premature babies grow up to be at risk for social and behavioural problems, this does not mean that every child born prematurely will go on to experience these challenges. Again, the smallest and most premature babies are most likely to experience long-term neurological and developmental effects which in turn increase the risk of behavioural problems. </p><p>Most commonly, these behavioural problems include Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), internalizing and externalizing behaviours, and autism spectrum disorder. Attending follow-up clinics can help parents detect and address these types of problems early. </p><h2>Learning and education</h2><p>In general, premature babies, especially extremely premature and low birth weight babies, do not do as well at school as children born full-term. Studies show premature babies are below average in the first years of school, are more likely to be in need of special education, are less likely to finish high school and even less likely to attend university or college.</p><p>Although these statistics are not particularly positive, they do not mean that any one particular premature baby will grow to be a child with a learning disability. Additionally, learning disabilities can take many forms from nearly undetectable to quite severe. Learning disabilities can also be very broad, affecting much cognitive ability and memory, or they may be very specific, affecting learning in a very narrow way. Knowing a premature baby is more at risk to have a learning disability as a child allows parents, health professionals, and educators to take steps to diminish the effect of the disability. </p><p>Attending follow-up clinics can help parents detect and address these types of problems early, which is one of the most constructive ways of diminishing their effect. If no follow-up clinic specific to premature babies exist in your area, ask you paediatrician about further help and testing that may be available.</p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/behavioural_and_learning_issues_premature_babies.jpgBehavioural and learning issues

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