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Depression: OverviewDDepression: OverviewDepression: OverviewEnglishPsychiatryPreschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NABrainConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2016-07-15T04:00:00ZMarijana Jovanovic, MD, FRCPC;Daphne Korczak MD, MSc, FRCPC (Paediatrics), FRCPC (Psychiatry)​;Irfan Mian, MD, FRCPC, DABPN​​​7.0000000000000064.0000000000000695.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn how depression is different from sadness. Also learn about what causes depression, how common it is in children and teens, and what you can do to help your child.</p><h2>What is depression?</h2><p>Depression is an illness that involves a person feeling deep sadness or a lack of interest in activities that they previously enjoyed.</p><p>Every child and teen experiences sadness at some point in their life. Often this is a result of common stressors such as a big change, disappointment or the loss of a loved one.</p><p>Depression differs from this type of sadness because it:</p><ul><li>lasts longer (from weeks to months)</li><li>interferes with everyday functioning.</li></ul><p>Depression also affects a person’s <a href="/Article?contentid=645&language=English">sleep</a>, concentration and appetite and can also lead to feelings of guilt, hopelessness, worthlessness and, in severe cases, <a href="/Article?contentid=291&language=English">suicide</a>.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Sadness in response to big changes or losses can be normal, but it can be a sign of depression if it lasts for weeks to months and begins to interfere with everyday activities.</li> <li>Depression has a number of risk factors, including a person's genetics, the way they respond to stress and their family or school environment.</li> <li>See your doctor if your child is no longer attending school or extra-curricular activities. Go to the nearest emergency department if your child is expressing thoughts of suicide with a plan.</li> <li>Depression can occur with a number of other disorders, most frequently anxiety disorders.</li> </ul> <h2>What causes depression?</h2><p>A number of risk factors contribute to depression.</p><h3>Biological factors</h3><p>Biological factors include our genes, as depression is more likely when there is a history of it in the family. After puberty, it is also more common in girls than boys.</p><h3>Psychological factors</h3><p>Psychological factors include how a person tends to respond to stress. Someone who experiences more negative emotions in response to a stressor is more likely to experience depression.</p><h3>Social factors</h3><p>Social factors include various stressors in a child’s or teen’s environment, such as the loss of a parent or caregiver, divorce, bullying, poverty, difficulties at school and abuse or neglect.</p><h2>How common is depression in children and teens?</h2><p>Currently, about 2 per cent of children and 8 per cent of teens in Canada experience depression.</p><p>Previous research suggested that people often experienced their first episode of depression in their mid-20s. However, more recent research suggests that most adults with depression actually experience their first symptoms of depression as children and teens.</p><h2>Does depression occur with other conditions?</h2><p>Depression commonly occurs with other conditions, especially <a href="/Article?contentid=270&language=English">anxiety disorders</a>. It can also occur with:</p><ul><li><a href="/Article?contentid=285&language=English">obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)</a></li><li><a href="/Article?contentid=1927&language=English">post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)</a></li><li><a href="/Article?contentid=1922&language=English">attention deficit hyperactivity d​isorder (ADHD)</a></li><li>eating disorders such as <a href="/Article?contentid=268&language=English">anorexia</a>, <a href="/Article?contentid=282&language=English">bulimia</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=277&language=English">binge eating disorder</a></li><li>substance use disorders</li><li><a href="/Article?contentid=1925&language=English">oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder​</a></li><li>learning disorders</li></ul><h2>When to see a doctor for your child’s depression</h2><p>See a doctor if:</p><ul><li>your child’s low mood or irritability prevents them from going to school, spending time with friends, playing sports, pursuing hobbies or doing other everyday activities</li><li>your child expresses thoughts of <a href="/Article?contentid=289&language=English">self-harm</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=291&language=English">suicide</a></li><li>you have (or suspect you have) depression or another mental health condition and it is preventing you from offering enough help to your child on your own<br></li></ul><p>Your doctor can diagnose depression, if appropriate, based on <a href="/Article?contentid=284&language=English">typical signs and symptoms</a>.</p><p>If your child has voiced thoughts of suicide with a plan, <a href="/Article?contentid=292&language=English">protect your child</a> by going with them to your nearest emergency department.</p><h2>Further information</h2><p>For more information on depression, please see the following pages:</p><p><a href="/Article?contentid=284&language=English">Depression: Signs and symptoms</a></p><p><a href="/Article?contentid=707&language=English">Depression: Treatment with medications</a></p><p><a href="/Article?contentid=708&language=English">Depression: Treatment with psychotherapy and lifestyle changes</a></p>
الاكتئاباالاكتئابDepressionArabicPsychiatryPreschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NABrainConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZNA7.0000000000000064.0000000000000695.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<h2>النقاط الرئيسية</h2><ul><li>يمكن ان يعاني الاطفال من جميع الاعمار من الاكتئاب.</li><li>الاكتئاب يختلف عن الحزن العادي. وهو الشعور باليأس، والنقص في القيمة الذاتية، والشعور بالذنب الذي يدوم لفترة اطول من بضعة ايام.</li><li>يجب ان لا يكون هناك اي خزي من وجود الاكتئاب. الاكتئاب مشكلة صحة عقلية، وليس خياراً. </li><li>الاكتئاب غير المعالج هو السبب الرئيسي للانتحار عند المراهقين والبالغين. </li><li>يشمل العلاج عادة المداواة، والادوية او كليهما.<br></li></ul>
抑郁症抑郁症DepressionChineseSimplifiedNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00Z64.00000000000007.00000000000000695.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z
La dépression: présentation généraleLLa dépression: présentation généraleDepression: OverviewFrenchPsychiatryPreschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NABrainConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2016-07-15T04:00:00ZMarijana Jovanovic, MD, FRCPC;Daphne Korczak MD, MSc, FRCPC (Paediatrics), FRCPC (Psychiatry)​;Irfan Mian, MD, FRCPC, DABPN​​​7.0000000000000064.0000000000000695.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Apprenez ce qui distingue la dépression de la tristesse. Renseignez-vous aussi sur les causes de la dépression, la fréquence à laquelle elle se manifeste chez les enfants et les adolescents, et ce que vous pouvez faire pour aider votre enfant. </p><h2>Qu'est-ce que la dépression?</h2><p>La dépression est une maladie qui se manifeste par un sentiment de profonde tristesse ou un manque d'intérêt pour des activités qu'on aimait faire auparavant.</p><p>Tous les enfants et adolescents ressentent de la tristesse à un moment ou à un autre dans leur vie. Souvent, il s'agit de l'effet de facteurs de stress courants comme un changement important, une déception ou la perte d'un être cher.</p><p>La dépression diffère de ce type de tristesse pour les raisons suivantes:</p><ul><li>elle dure plus longtemps (de quelques semaines à quelques mois),</li><li>elle interfère avec les activités quotidiennes.</li></ul><p>La dépression affecte aussi le sommeil, la concentration et l'appétit et peut aussi provoquer des sentiments de culpabilité, de désespoir, d'inutilité et, dans les cas graves, conduire au suicide.</p><h2>À retenir</h2><ul><li>La tristesse en réponse à d'importants changements ou à une perte peut être un sentiment normal, mais peut devenir un signe de dépression si elle dure des semaines, voire des mois, et commence à interférer avec les activités quotidiennes.</li><li>La dépression comporte un certain nombre de facteurs de risque, y compris la génétique d'une personne, la façon dont elle réagit au stress, sa famille ou son environnement scolaire.</li><li>Consultez votre médecin si votre enfant ne fréquente plus l'école ou ne participe plus à des activités parascolaires. Rendez-vous au service d'urgence le plus proche si votre enfant a des pensées suicidaires avec un plan.</li><li>La dépression peut être accompagnée d'un certain nombre d'autres troubles, le plus souvent des troubles anxieux.</li></ul><h2>Quelles sont les causes de la dépression?</h2> <p>Un certain nombre de facteurs de risque contribuent à la dépression.</p> <h3>Facteurs biologiques</h3> <p>Les facteurs biologiques concernent les gènes, car il est plus probable de souffrir de dépression s'il y a des antécédents de cette maladie dans la famille. Après la puberté, la dépression est aussi plus fréquente chez les filles que chez les garçons.</p> <h3>Facteurs psychologiques</h3> <p>Les facteurs psychologiques concernent la façon dont une personne tend à réagir au stress. Une personne qui ressent davantage d'émotions négatives en réaction à un facteur de stress est plus susceptible de souffrir de dépression.</p> <h3>Facteurs sociaux</h3> <p>Les facteurs sociaux comprennent divers facteurs de stress dans l'environnement d'un enfant ou d'un adolescent comme la perte d'un parent ou d'un tuteur, le divorce, l'intimidation, la pauvreté, les difficultés à l'école et l'abus ou la négligence.</p> <h2>Quelle est la fréquence de la dépression chez les enfants et les adolescents?</h2> <p>Actuellement, environ 2 pour cent des enfants et 8 pour cent des adolescents au Canada souffrent de dépression.</p> <p>La recherche antérieure suggère qu'un premier épisode de dépression survient souvent au milieu de la vingtaine. Toutefois, des recherches plus récentes indiquent que la plupart des adultes souffrant de dépression ont connu leurs premiers symptômes de dépression pendant l'enfance ou l'adolescence.</p> <h2>La dépression peut-elle s'accompagner d'autres troubles?</h2> <p>La dépression est fréquemment accompagnée d'autres troubles, particulièrement des <a href="/Article?contentid=270&language=French">troubles anxieux</a>. Elle peut également être accompagnée par les troubles suivants:</p> <ul> <li>le <a href="/Article?contentid=285&language=French">trouble obsessionnel-compulsif (TOC)</a>,</li> <li>Le syndrome de stress post-traumatique (SPT),</li> <li>Le <a href="/Article?contentid=1922&language=French">trouble déficitaire de l'attention avec hyperactivité (TDAH)</a>,</li> <li>les troubles de l'alimentation comme <a href="/Article?contentid=268&language=French">anorexie</a>, <a href="/Article?contentid=282&language=French">boulimie</a> ou <a href="/Article?contentid=277&language=French">hyperphagie boulimique</a>,</li> <li>les troubles liés à la toxicomanie,</li> <li>le trouble oppositionnel avec provocation et le trouble de conduite,</li> <li>les troubles d'apprentissage.</li> </ul><h2>À quel moment consulter un médecin à propos de la dépression dont souffre votre enfant?</h2> <p>Consultez un médecin dans les cas suivants:</p> <ul> <li>le manque de motivation ou l'irritabilité empêche votre enfant d'aller à l'école, de passer du temps avec ses amis, de faire du sport, de pratiquer des loisirs ou de faire ses autres activités quotidiennes,</li> <li>votre enfant exprime des envies d'<a href="/Article?contentid=289&language=French">automutilation</a> ou de <a href="/Article?contentid=291&language=French">suicide</a>,</li> <li>vous souffrez (ou soupçonnez que vous souffrez) de dépression ou d'une autre maladie mentale ce qui vous empêche d'offrir suffisamment d'aide à votre enfant par vous-même.</li> </ul> <p>Le médecin peut diagnostiquer une dépression, le cas échéant, en fonction des <a href="/Article?contentid=284&language=French">signes et symptômes typiques</a>.</p> <p>Si votre enfant a exprimé des idées de suicide avec un plan, il faut le protéger en vous rendant avec lui au service d'urgence le plus proche.</p>
مایوسیممایوسیDepressionUrduNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00Z64.00000000000007.00000000000000695.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z

 

 

Depression: Overview19.0000000000000Depression: OverviewDepression: OverviewDEnglishPsychiatryPreschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NABrainConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2016-07-15T04:00:00ZMarijana Jovanovic, MD, FRCPC;Daphne Korczak MD, MSc, FRCPC (Paediatrics), FRCPC (Psychiatry)​;Irfan Mian, MD, FRCPC, DABPN​​​7.0000000000000064.0000000000000695.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn how depression is different from sadness. Also learn about what causes depression, how common it is in children and teens, and what you can do to help your child.</p><h2>What is depression?</h2><p>Depression is an illness that involves a person feeling deep sadness or a lack of interest in activities that they previously enjoyed.</p><p>Every child and teen experiences sadness at some point in their life. Often this is a result of common stressors such as a big change, disappointment or the loss of a loved one.</p><p>Depression differs from this type of sadness because it:</p><ul><li>lasts longer (from weeks to months)</li><li>interferes with everyday functioning.</li></ul><p>Depression also affects a person’s <a href="/Article?contentid=645&language=English">sleep</a>, concentration and appetite and can also lead to feelings of guilt, hopelessness, worthlessness and, in severe cases, <a href="/Article?contentid=291&language=English">suicide</a>.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Sadness in response to big changes or losses can be normal, but it can be a sign of depression if it lasts for weeks to months and begins to interfere with everyday activities.</li> <li>Depression has a number of risk factors, including a person's genetics, the way they respond to stress and their family or school environment.</li> <li>See your doctor if your child is no longer attending school or extra-curricular activities. Go to the nearest emergency department if your child is expressing thoughts of suicide with a plan.</li> <li>Depression can occur with a number of other disorders, most frequently anxiety disorders.</li> </ul> <h2>What causes depression?</h2><p>A number of risk factors contribute to depression.</p><h3>Biological factors</h3><p>Biological factors include our genes, as depression is more likely when there is a history of it in the family. After puberty, it is also more common in girls than boys.</p><h3>Psychological factors</h3><p>Psychological factors include how a person tends to respond to stress. Someone who experiences more negative emotions in response to a stressor is more likely to experience depression.</p><h3>Social factors</h3><p>Social factors include various stressors in a child’s or teen’s environment, such as the loss of a parent or caregiver, divorce, bullying, poverty, difficulties at school and abuse or neglect.</p><h2>How common is depression in children and teens?</h2><p>Currently, about 2 per cent of children and 8 per cent of teens in Canada experience depression.</p><p>Previous research suggested that people often experienced their first episode of depression in their mid-20s. However, more recent research suggests that most adults with depression actually experience their first symptoms of depression as children and teens.</p><h2>Does depression occur with other conditions?</h2><p>Depression commonly occurs with other conditions, especially <a href="/Article?contentid=270&language=English">anxiety disorders</a>. It can also occur with:</p><ul><li><a href="/Article?contentid=285&language=English">obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)</a></li><li><a href="/Article?contentid=1927&language=English">post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)</a></li><li><a href="/Article?contentid=1922&language=English">attention deficit hyperactivity d​isorder (ADHD)</a></li><li>eating disorders such as <a href="/Article?contentid=268&language=English">anorexia</a>, <a href="/Article?contentid=282&language=English">bulimia</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=277&language=English">binge eating disorder</a></li><li>substance use disorders</li><li><a href="/Article?contentid=1925&language=English">oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder​</a></li><li>learning disorders</li></ul><h2>How to help your child if they seem depressed</h2> <ul> <li>First, <a href="/Article?contentid=293&language=English">talk to your child about their feelings</a> and any stressors that might be contributing. Be sure to listen and offer support.</li> <li>Reassure your child and help them figure out how to deal with any stressors.</li> <li>Encourage your child to return to the activities they previously enjoyed, and allow them to choose which ones to start with.</li> <li>If your child has missed school, encourage them to return and address any possible stressors, such as bullying.</li> <li>When your child shows they are making an effort to take part, reward them with praise.</li> </ul> <h2>When to see a doctor for your child’s depression</h2><p>See a doctor if:</p><ul><li>your child’s low mood or irritability prevents them from going to school, spending time with friends, playing sports, pursuing hobbies or doing other everyday activities</li><li>your child expresses thoughts of <a href="/Article?contentid=289&language=English">self-harm</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=291&language=English">suicide</a></li><li>you have (or suspect you have) depression or another mental health condition and it is preventing you from offering enough help to your child on your own<br></li></ul><p>Your doctor can diagnose depression, if appropriate, based on <a href="/Article?contentid=284&language=English">typical signs and symptoms</a>.</p><p>If your child has voiced thoughts of suicide with a plan, <a href="/Article?contentid=292&language=English">protect your child</a> by going with them to your nearest emergency department.</p><h2>Further information</h2><p>For more information on depression, please see the following pages:</p><p><a href="/Article?contentid=284&language=English">Depression: Signs and symptoms</a></p><p><a href="/Article?contentid=707&language=English">Depression: Treatment with medications</a></p><p><a href="/Article?contentid=708&language=English">Depression: Treatment with psychotherapy and lifestyle changes</a></p><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/depression_overview.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/depression_overview.jpgDepression: Overview

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