Reading problems: How to help your childRReading problems: How to help your childReading problems: How to help your childEnglishDevelopmentalToddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years)NANANAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZVirginia Frisk, Ph.D., C. Psych11.000000000000066.0000000000000980.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Parents can be a huge help when their child is learning to read and write. Children become best at what they do most. Reading and writing should not simply be another activity that is only done at school. Reading and writing should become daily activities.</p><p>Parents and family members can be a huge help wihen children are learning to read and write. At each grade level, parents can work with their child at home to build certain skills and abilities.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Parents are a huge help when their child is learning to read and write.</li> <li>Reading and writing should be daily activites at home, not just at school.</li> <li>Seek professional help if you are worried your child is falling behind in reading and writing.</li></ul>
Comment aider avec les problèmes de la lectureCComment aider avec les problèmes de la lectureReading problems: How to help your childFrenchNAToddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years)NANANAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZVirginia Frisk, Ph.D., C. Psych11.000000000000066.0000000000000980.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Les parents peuvent être d’une aide précieuse lorsque leur enfant apprend à lire et à écrire. Les enfants deviennent meilleurs à ce qu’ils font souvent. Lire et écrire ne devrait pas être une activité qui se passe seulement à l’école. Lire et écrire devrait être des activités quotidiennes.</p><p>Les parents peuvent être d’une aide précieuse lorsque leur enfant apprend à lire et à écrire. At each grade level, parents can work with their child at home to build certain skills and abilities.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>Les parents sont d’une aide précieuse lorsque leur enfant apprend à lire et à écrire.</li> <li>Lire et écrire devraient être des activités quotidiennes à la maison, pas seulement à l’école.</li> <li>Allez chercher l’aide de professionnels si vous êtes inquiet que votre enfant prenne du retard en lecture et en écriture.</li></ul>

 

 

Reading problems: How to help your child1903.00000000000Reading problems: How to help your childReading problems: How to help your childREnglishDevelopmentalToddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years)NANANAPrenatal Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZVirginia Frisk, Ph.D., C. Psych11.000000000000066.0000000000000980.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Parents can be a huge help when their child is learning to read and write. Children become best at what they do most. Reading and writing should not simply be another activity that is only done at school. Reading and writing should become daily activities.</p><p>Parents and family members can be a huge help wihen children are learning to read and write. At each grade level, parents can work with their child at home to build certain skills and abilities.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Parents are a huge help when their child is learning to read and write.</li> <li>Reading and writing should be daily activites at home, not just at school.</li> <li>Seek professional help if you are worried your child is falling behind in reading and writing.</li></ul><p>Problems with expression go beyond spelling and grammar. They have to do with the organization of thoughts and ideas. For example, most children’s stories have a beginning, middle, and end. As a child learns to write and express themselves, they should be able to organize and structure their own compositions in a way that makes sense to another reader. Expressive writing programs address these and other issues of this nature. </p><h2>Kindergarten</h2><p>In kindergarten, work on building the following skills.</p><h3>Sound awareness</h3><ul><li>Have your child recognize and give rhyming words. For example, “What rhymes with cat?”; “Do cat and mat rhyme?”</li><li>Try naming pictures of objects and grouping those that rhyme together.</li><li>Work on isolating and identifying the first and last sounds in words, for example, play I Spy: “I spy with my little eye something that starts with /B/.” </li></ul><h3>Sound blending skills</h3><p>Use a few pictures as cues. Ask your child to listen to some sounds and put them together to tell you which picture you mean. Start by splitting the words into only two sound units. Say “c – at.” If your child can blend these to find the picture of the cat, then increase the number of sounds your child has to blend:“c-a-t.” </p><h3>Understanding the concept of a word and a sound</h3><ul><li>Clap the number of words in a sentence and clap the number of sounds in a word. For a variation, tap blocks or a table as you say each word or sound. </li></ul><h3>Recognizing letters and linking letters with sounds (sound-letter associations)</h3><ul><li>Teach one or two letters at a time. Practise until they are well learned before introducing more letters. The Jolly Phonics method teaches not only the letter name but also the sound the letter makes and a unique movement to help the child remember the associations. </li><li>Play “Concentration,” “Go Fish,” or Letter Dominos using the letters you are practising. </li><li>Try recognizing the letters you are working on when looking at signs, billboards, food packaging, labels and store fronts out in the community.</li></ul><h2>Grade 1</h2><ul><li>Help your child to focus on the position of sounds in words. </li><li>Draw a picture of a train (engine, passenger car or caboose). Put the letters representing each sound into the “train cars". Say the sounds while pointing to the letters. Then blend the sounds together. </li><li>Write letters on a sheet of paper. Have your child point to the correct letter or letters every time you say a word beginning with the sound(s). </li><li>Read aloud with your child every day, pointing to each word as you say it.</li><li>Read simple pattern and phonics books with your child. </li></ul><h3>Develop a personal word bank</h3><ul><li>Write out any challenging or new words on paper or flash cards. Have your child practise sounding out and reading the words. Shuffle the cards daily and see how many words your child can read in two minutes. Keep track of their progress over the week. </li><li>Introduce one or two sight words each week. Have your child trace the letters and make up sentences using these words. Put sight words on flash cards and add them to the word bank. </li><li>Make up simple pattern books using sight words and pictures. “I like _______.”; “______ is fun.” </li></ul><h3>Create a daily journal</h3><p>Begin a daily journal about family events. Start with one sentence and gradually increase the number of sentences. Encourage your child to try to sound out words. Provide correct spellings for mis-spelled words. Teach the use of capitals and periods. Type edited work on a computer. Keep this work in a binder with pictures from the event. </p><h3>Other useful tips to help with reading in Grade 1</h3><ul><li>Develop a personal dictionary or buy a simple dictionary. </li><li>For children who are still reversing letters, tape an alphabet strip to their desks for easy reference that shows correct capital and lowercase letters. Since <em>b/d</em> reversals are the most common, color code the letters (for example, <em>b</em> in red, <em>d</em> in blue) to help the child remember which is which.</li><li>For children who forget the short vowel sounds, tape a sound strip to their desks. Use pictures as cues. For example, a picture of an ant could be placed above or below the letter <em>a</em>, to represent the short <em></em><em>a</em>sound.</li></ul><h2>Grades 2 and 3</h2><h3>Use the repeated reading technique</h3><p>To develop reading fluency, try the repeated reading technique. Select a non-fiction passage about three or four paragraphs long that is slightly too hard for your child. Read the passage to your child, while your child reads along. Then ask your child to read the passage while you listen. Go over the words they cannot read. Have them read the passage aloud every day. Note the time they take to read the passage and any errors and keep track of their progress.</p><h3>Use paired reading </h3><p>Use paired reading if your child struggles with decoding. Read one sentence, then have your child read the next or you read one paragraph and then have your child read the next. </p><h3>Teach spelling rules</h3><p>Practise spelling rules until your child applies it automatically.</p><ul><li>Review the rule.</li><li>Spell single words to dictation.</li><li>Make up sentences using words that illustrate the spelling rule. Mis-spell some of those key words and have your child find and fix the spelling errors. </li><li>Complete spelling dictations.</li></ul><h3>Promote good reading comprehension</h3><ul><li>Continue reading age-appropriate books to your child to develop vocabulary and awareness of different grammatical structures.</li><li>When reading familiar books, leave out a word occasionally and see if your child can supply the right word. </li><li>Ask questions about what has happened and what might happen next. </li><li>Ask your child to define new terms. If they cannot, define it for them.</li></ul><h2>When to get professional help for reading difficulties</h2><p>Have your child assessed by a psychologist as soon as you feel their reading or spelling skills are lagging behind the standard milestones for children their age​.​</p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/reading_problems_how_to_help_your_child_premature_babies.jpgReading problems: How to help your child

Thank you to our sponsors

AboutKidsHealth is proud to partner with the following sponsors as they support our mission to improve the health and wellbeing of children in Canada and around the world by making accessible health care information available via the internet.