Behavioural disorders: OverviewBBehavioural disorders: OverviewBehavioural disorders: OverviewEnglishPsychiatryPreschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2017-06-20T04:00:00ZAlice Charach, MD, MSc, FRCPC13.000000000000030.0000000000000616.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Discover the causes of behavioural disorders and when to seek help about a child's behaviour.</p><h2>What is a behavioural disorder?</h2><p>It is common for children and teens to get into trouble and be irritable or aggressive from time to time, especially during the toddler and early teen years. For instance, a young child may have a temper tantrum or a teenager may talk back or argue with you now and then. </p><p>Disordered behaviour is different from typical developmental behaviour because it happens more often than not and causes problems in more than one setting. For example, the behaviour not only affects school and home life but can make friendships and other peer relationships difficult.</p><p>There are two main types of behavioural disorder: oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder. Your child may have <a href="/Article?contentid=1925&language=English">symptoms of one of these disorders</a> if:</p><ul><li>they have frequent outbursts, often at unexpected times (for example not just when tired or hungry)</li><li>have great difficulty following rules and expectations</li><li>their behaviour causes a lot of distress or trouble at home and school</li></ul><p>If you are concerned about your child or teen’s behaviour, consider if the frequency, duration and intensity of the behaviour are different than what would be expected for their particular developmental stage.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Challenging behaviour becomes a concern when it is frequent and unexpected and leads to trouble at home, at school and with peers.</li> <li>Behavioural disorders generally fall into two categories: oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder.</li> <li>Behavioural disorders can be associated with a family history of challenging behaviour, family stresses and a poor ability to manage emotions and activity levels.</li> <li>See your child’s doctor if your child’s behaviour changes suddenly or if their behaviour is more challenging than expected for their developmental stage.</li> </ul><h2>What causes behavioural disorders?</h2> <p>Behavioural disorders can be caused by:</p> <ul> <li>biological factors</li> <li>social and environmental factors</li> <li>psychological factors.</li> </ul> <h3>Biological factors</h3> <p>Some traits seen in behavioural disorders can run in families. Children with a family history of behaviour problems, learning problems, <a href="/Article?contentid=18&language=English">anxiety</a>, <a href="/Article?contentid=19&language=English">depression</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=279&language=English">bipolar disorder</a> may be more likely to have a behaviour problem.</p> <h3>Social and environmental factors</h3> <p>Children who come from families that regularly experience a lot of stress may be more likely to show signs of a behavioural disorder. Some common family stressors might include:</p> <ul> <li>financial difficulties</li> <li>exposure to violence</li> <li>family breakup</li> <li>harsh or inconsistent parenting</li> <li>inconsistent supervision, for example due to a parent’s mental health challenges or different styles of caregiving from a number of people</li> </ul> <h3>Psychological factors</h3> <p>Children with behavioural disorders often have other mental health conditions (see below). How a child manages their emotions, activity level and attention may suggest vulnerability to certain behavioural disorders.</p> <h2>How common are behavioural disorders in children?</h2> <p>Behavioural disorders are common, occurring in 16 to 24 per cent of children and youth, from pre-schoolers through to teens.</p><h2>When to seek help about your child’s behaviour</h2> <p>Consider speaking to a guidance counsellor or social worker in your child’s school about your child or teen’s behaviour if:</p> <ul> <li>you notice sudden or unexpected behavioural changes (increased irritability or aggression with no known cause)</li> <li>your child’s behaviour is more challenging than expected based on their developmental stage</li> <li>your child’s behaviour continually prevents them from succeeding at school or maintaining positive relationships at home or in the community</li> </ul> <p>See a doctor if you would like to request a referral to a mental health professional such as an educational psychologist.</p><h2>Further information</h2> <p>For more information on behavioural disorders, please see the following pages:</p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=1925&language=English">Behavioural disorders: Signs and symptoms</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=2000&language=English">Behavioural disorders: Treatment with psychotherapy and medications</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=2001&language=English">Behavioural disorders: How to help your child at home</a></p> <h2>​​Resources</h2> <p>Greene, R. (2014). <i>The Explosive Child: A New Approach for Understanding and Parenting Easily Frustrated, Chronically Inflexible Children.</i> Fifth edition. New York, NY: HarperCollins.</p> <p>Phelan, T. (2014). <i>1-2-3 Magic: Effective Discipline for Children 2-12.</i> Sixth edition. Naperville, IL: Sourcebooks, Inc.​</p>
Les troubles du comportement: présentation généraleLLes troubles du comportement: présentation généraleBehavioural disorders: OverviewFrenchPsychiatryPreschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2017-06-20T04:00:00ZAlice Charach, MD, MSc, FRCPC13.000000000000030.0000000000000616.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Découvrez les causes des troubles du comportement chez les enfants et sachez quand vous devez demander de l’aide.</p><h2>Qu’est-ce qu’un trouble du comportement?</h2><p>Il arrive souvent que les enfants et les adolescents s’attirent des ennuis et qu’ils soient irritables ou agressifs, surtout lorsqu’ils commencent à marcher ou au début de leur adolescence. Par exemple, les enfants en bas âge piquent parfois des crises et les adolescents peuvent être insolents ou querelleurs.</p><p>Les troubles comportementaux se distinguent de ces comportements normaux par le fait qu’ils sont plus fréquents et qu’ils causent des problèmes dans plusieurs aspects de la vie du jeune. Par exemple, le jeune ne s’attire pas seulement des ennuis à l’école et en famille, mais il éprouve des difficultés avec ses amis et ses camarades de classe.</p><p>Il existe deux principaux types de troubles : le trouble oppositionnel avec provocation et le trouble des conduites. Votre enfant peut présenter <a href="/Article?contentid=1925&language=French">les symptômes de l’un de ces troubles:</a> if:</p><ul><li>s'il explose souvent et le fait fréquemment sans crier gare (même s’il n’est pas fatigué et s’il n’a pas faim, par exemple);</li><li>s'il fait fi des règles et des normes;</li><li>si sa conduite crée une foule d’ennuis à sa famille, à ses camarades de classe et à ses professeurs.</li></ul><p>Si la conduite de votre enfant vous inquiète, demandez-vous si la fréquence de ce comportement inopportun, sa durée et son intensité diffèrent de la normale à son âge.</p><br><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Les difficultés de comportement deviennent inquiétantes lorsqu’elles sont inattendues, qu’elles se produisent fréquemment et qu’elles créent des ennuis en famille, à l’école et avec les camarades de classe.</li> <li>Les troubles du comportement se divisent généralement en deux catégories : le trouble oppositionnel avec provocation et le trouble des conduites.</li> <li>Ils sont souvent associés à des antécédents familiaux de comportements difficiles, au stress familial et à une mauvaise gestion des émotions et des niveaux d’activité.</li> <li>Consultez le médecin de votre enfant si sa conduite change soudainement ou s’il est plus difficile à vivre qu’il ne devrait l’être à son âge.</li> </ul><h2>Quelles sont les causes des troubles du comportement?</h2> <p>Les troubles du comportement peuvent être causés par:</p> <ul><li>facteurs biologiques;</li> <li>facteurs sociaux et environnementaux;</li> <li>facteurs psychologiques.</li></ul> <h3>Facteurs biologiques</h3> <p>Certains traits caractéristiques des troubles du comportement sont parfois héréditaires. Les enfants dont la famille a souffert de troubles comportementaux ou d’apprentissage, d’<a href="/Article?contentid=18&language=French">anxiété</a>, de <a href="/Article?contentid=19&language=French">dépression</a> ou d’une <a href="/Article?contentid=279&language=French">psychose bipolaire</a> courent peut-être plus de risques de présenter des troubles du comportement.</p> <h3>Facteurs sociaux et environnementaux</h3> <p>Les enfants dont la famille est très stressée sont sans doute plus susceptibles de présenter des symptômes de trouble comportemental. Voici certains des facteurs qui stressent les familles:</p> <ul><li>difficultés financières;</li> <li>exposition à de la violence;</li> <li>séparation;</li> <li>parents sévères ou imprévisibles;</li> <li>supervision inconstante causée, par exemple, par les troubles mentaux du père ou de la mère ou par le fait de passer d’un foyer à l’autre, chacun ayant un style de supervision différent.</li></ul> <h3>Facteurs psychologiques</h3> <p>Les enfants manifestant des troubles du comportement souffrent souvent d’autres troubles mentaux (voir ci-dessous). La façon dont l’enfant gère ses émotions, son niveau d’activité et son attention peut indiquer sa vulnérabilité à certains troubles comportementaux.</p> <h2>Quelle est la fréquence des troubles du comportement chez les enfants?</h2> <p>Ces troubles sont monnaie courante : on les observe chez 16 pour cent à 24 pour cent des jeunes, autant chez les enfants d’âge préscolaire que chez les adolescents.</p><h2>Quand solliciter de l’aide lorsque la conduite de votre enfant devient un problème</h2> <p>Vous pourriez consulter le conseiller d'orientation ou le travailleur social de l’école de votre enfant si:</p> <ul><li>vous remarquez des changements subits ou inattendus dans sa conduite (par exemple, il est devenu plus irritable ou plus agressif sans raison visible);</li> <li>il est plus difficile à vivre qu’il ne devrait l’être à son âge;</li> <li>sa conduite est telle qu’il éprouve des difficultés constantes à réussir à l’école ou à avoir de bonnes relations avec sa famille ou les habitants de son quartier.</li></ul> <p>Si vous le désirez, consultez un médecin qui vous recommandera à un spécialiste de la santé mentale, un psychopédagogue par exemple.</p><h2>Pour de plus amples renseignements</h2> <p>Pour de plus amples renseignements sur les troubles du comportement, veuillez consulter les pages suivantes:</p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=1925&language=French">Les troubles du comportement: signes et symptômes</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=2000&language=French">Les troubles du comportement: psychothérapie et médicaments</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=2001&language=French">Les troubles du comportement: aider votre enfant à domicile</a></p>

 

 

Behavioural disorders: Overview1924.00000000000Behavioural disorders: OverviewBehavioural disorders: OverviewBEnglishPsychiatryPreschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2017-06-20T04:00:00ZAlice Charach, MD, MSc, FRCPC13.000000000000030.0000000000000616.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Discover the causes of behavioural disorders and when to seek help about a child's behaviour.</p><h2>What is a behavioural disorder?</h2><p>It is common for children and teens to get into trouble and be irritable or aggressive from time to time, especially during the toddler and early teen years. For instance, a young child may have a temper tantrum or a teenager may talk back or argue with you now and then. </p><p>Disordered behaviour is different from typical developmental behaviour because it happens more often than not and causes problems in more than one setting. For example, the behaviour not only affects school and home life but can make friendships and other peer relationships difficult.</p><p>There are two main types of behavioural disorder: oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder. Your child may have <a href="/Article?contentid=1925&language=English">symptoms of one of these disorders</a> if:</p><ul><li>they have frequent outbursts, often at unexpected times (for example not just when tired or hungry)</li><li>have great difficulty following rules and expectations</li><li>their behaviour causes a lot of distress or trouble at home and school</li></ul><p>If you are concerned about your child or teen’s behaviour, consider if the frequency, duration and intensity of the behaviour are different than what would be expected for their particular developmental stage.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Challenging behaviour becomes a concern when it is frequent and unexpected and leads to trouble at home, at school and with peers.</li> <li>Behavioural disorders generally fall into two categories: oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder.</li> <li>Behavioural disorders can be associated with a family history of challenging behaviour, family stresses and a poor ability to manage emotions and activity levels.</li> <li>See your child’s doctor if your child’s behaviour changes suddenly or if their behaviour is more challenging than expected for their developmental stage.</li> </ul><h2>What causes behavioural disorders?</h2> <p>Behavioural disorders can be caused by:</p> <ul> <li>biological factors</li> <li>social and environmental factors</li> <li>psychological factors.</li> </ul> <h3>Biological factors</h3> <p>Some traits seen in behavioural disorders can run in families. Children with a family history of behaviour problems, learning problems, <a href="/Article?contentid=18&language=English">anxiety</a>, <a href="/Article?contentid=19&language=English">depression</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=279&language=English">bipolar disorder</a> may be more likely to have a behaviour problem.</p> <h3>Social and environmental factors</h3> <p>Children who come from families that regularly experience a lot of stress may be more likely to show signs of a behavioural disorder. Some common family stressors might include:</p> <ul> <li>financial difficulties</li> <li>exposure to violence</li> <li>family breakup</li> <li>harsh or inconsistent parenting</li> <li>inconsistent supervision, for example due to a parent’s mental health challenges or different styles of caregiving from a number of people</li> </ul> <h3>Psychological factors</h3> <p>Children with behavioural disorders often have other mental health conditions (see below). How a child manages their emotions, activity level and attention may suggest vulnerability to certain behavioural disorders.</p> <h2>How common are behavioural disorders in children?</h2> <p>Behavioural disorders are common, occurring in 16 to 24 per cent of children and youth, from pre-schoolers through to teens.</p><h2>Do behavioural disorders occur with other conditions?</h2> <p>Other conditions that often occur along with behavioural disorders include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=1922&language=English">attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=18&language=English">anxiety</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=19&language=English">depression</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=279&language=English">bipolar disorder</a></li> <li>substance use disorders</li> <li>learning disabilities</li> </ul><h2>When to seek help about your child’s behaviour</h2> <p>Consider speaking to a guidance counsellor or social worker in your child’s school about your child or teen’s behaviour if:</p> <ul> <li>you notice sudden or unexpected behavioural changes (increased irritability or aggression with no known cause)</li> <li>your child’s behaviour is more challenging than expected based on their developmental stage</li> <li>your child’s behaviour continually prevents them from succeeding at school or maintaining positive relationships at home or in the community</li> </ul> <p>See a doctor if you would like to request a referral to a mental health professional such as an educational psychologist.</p><h2>Further information</h2> <p>For more information on behavioural disorders, please see the following pages:</p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=1925&language=English">Behavioural disorders: Signs and symptoms</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=2000&language=English">Behavioural disorders: Treatment with psychotherapy and medications</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=2001&language=English">Behavioural disorders: How to help your child at home</a></p> <h2>​​Resources</h2> <p>Greene, R. (2014). <i>The Explosive Child: A New Approach for Understanding and Parenting Easily Frustrated, Chronically Inflexible Children.</i> Fifth edition. New York, NY: HarperCollins.</p> <p>Phelan, T. (2014). <i>1-2-3 Magic: Effective Discipline for Children 2-12.</i> Sixth edition. Naperville, IL: Sourcebooks, Inc.​</p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/behavioural_disorders_overview.jpgBehavioural disorders: Overview

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