Post-traumatic stress disorder: OverviewPPost-traumatic stress disorder: OverviewPost-traumatic stress disorder: OverviewEnglishPsychiatryPreschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2017-07-27T04:00:00ZDiane Benoit, MD, FRCPC10.000000000000050.0000000000000563.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Discover the causes and rates of post-traumatic stress disorder in children and teens.</p><h2>What is post-traumatic stress disorder?</h2><p>Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that is triggered by witnessing or experiencing a terrifying event. Examples of terrifying events include:</p><ul><li>abuse or neglect</li><li>domestic or community violence</li><li><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=303&language=English">bullying</a></li><li>war</li><li>accidents</li><li><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=933&language=English">burns</a></li><li><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=1040&language=English">animal attacks or bites</a></li><li>natural disasters</li><li>painful medical procedures.</li></ul><p>Children and teens with PTSD may experience flashbacks, nightmares, uncontrolled <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=18&language=English">anxiety</a> and uncontrollable thoughts about the event. As a result, they will often avoid reminders of the traumatic event.</p> <h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>PTSD may be suspected if a child’s difficulties with coping in response to traumatic events last longer than a month and interfere with everyday life.</li> <li>Factors associated with PTSD include a family history of mental health conditions, a person’s response to stress and previous exposure to a traumatic event. However, even without these risk factors, PTSD can affect children and teens who are exposed to a traumatic event.</li> <li>If your child has symptoms of PTSD, talk to them about their feelings and see your child’s doctor for further evaluation.</li> </ul><h2>What causes PTSD?</h2> <p>By definition, PTSD occurs <em>after</em> a person experiences or witnesses a traumatic event. Not everyone who experiences a traumatic event develops PTSD, however. Some children and teens are more likely to develop PTSD due to:</p> <ul> <li>biological factors</li> <li>psychological factors</li> <li>social factors.</li> </ul> <h3>Biological factors</h3> <p>Biological factors include genetics (traits that can be passed down from one generation to another) and a family history of mental health conditions.</p> <h3>Psychological factors</h3> <p>Psychological factors include a person's individual response to stress. Those who tend to experience more negative emotions in response to a stressor are at greater risk for PTSD.</p> <h3>Social factors</h3> <p>Social factors refer to a person's environment, including their family life and community. PTSD can be more common in those with previous experience of traumatic events and/or those who may lack supports to help them cope.</p> <h2>How common is PTSD in children and teens?</h2> <p>No Canadian statistics are available for PTSD in children and teens. However, US data suggest that 5 per cent of teens (one teen in 20) aged 13 to 18 meet the conditions for a PTSD diagnosis. Within this group, PTSD is more common in girls and is more common as teens get older.</p> <p>There are no clear studies on rates of PTSD in younger children, but US data indicate that the condition occurs in 60 per cent of children and teens exposed to domestic or family violence.</p><h2>Further information</h2> <p>For more information on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), please see the following pages:</p> <p><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=1928&language=English">PTSD: Signs and symptoms</a></p> <p><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=2005&language=English">PTSD: Treatment with psychotherapy and medications</a><br></p>
Trouble de stress post-traumatique: présentation généraleTTrouble de stress post-traumatique: présentation généralePost-traumatic stress disorder: OverviewFrenchPsychiatryPreschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2017-07-27T04:00:00ZDiane Benoit, MD, FRCPC10.000000000000050.0000000000000563.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Découvrez les causes et les taux de trouble de stress post-traumatique chez les enfants et les adolescents.</p><h2>Qu’est-ce que le trouble de stress post-traumatique?</h2><p>Le trouble de stress post-traumatique (TSPT) est un problème de santé mentale qui est directement lié à l’observation ou à l’expérience d’un événement terrifiant. Parmi ces événements, on compte:</p><ul><li>la violence ou la négligence;</li><li>la violence familiale ou communautaire;</li><li><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=303&language=French">l’intimidation</a>;</li><li>la guerre;</li><li>les accidents;</li><li>les brûlures;</li><li>les <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=1040&language=French">attaques animales ou les piqûres</a>;</li><li>les catastrophes naturelles;</li><li>les actes médicaux douloureux.</li></ul><p>Les enfants et les adolescents atteints d’un TSPT peuvent éprouver des flashbacks, des cauchemars, une <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=18&language=French">anxiété</a> incontrôlée et des pensées incontrôlables au sujet de l’événement traumatisant. Par conséquent, ils vont souvent éviter tout rappel de l’événement.</p><br><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Le TSPT peut être présumé si un enfant a des difficultés à surmonter un événement traumatique après plus d’un mois et que cet événement entrave la vie quotidienne.</li> <li>Les facteurs associés au TSPT sont principalement les antécédents de problèmes de santé mentale de la famille, la façon dont on répond au stress et une exposition antérieure à un événement traumatisant. Cependant, même en l’absence de ces facteurs de risque, le TSPT peut toucher les enfants et les adolescents qui sont exposés à un événement traumatisant.</li> <li>Si votre enfant présente des symptômes de TSPT, discutez de ses sentiments avec lui et consultez votre médecin pour obtenir une évaluation plus poussée.</li> </ul><h2>Quelles sont les causes du TSPT?</h2> <p>Par définition, le TSPT apparaît après qu’on a vécu ou été témoin d’un événement traumatisant. Toutefois, ce ne sont pas toutes les personnes subissant un événement traumatisant qui manifestent un TSPT. Certains enfants et adolescents sont plus à risque de présenter un TSPT en raison de:</p> <ul><li>facteurs biologiques;</li> <li>facteurs psychologiques;</li> <li>facteurs sociaux.</li></ul> <h3>Facteurs biologiques</h3> <p>Les facteurs biologiques comprennent l’hérédité (traits qui peuvent être transmis d’une génération à l’autre) et les antécédents de problèmes de santé mentale de la famille.</p> <h3>Facteurs psychologiques</h3> <p>Les facteurs psychologiques correspondent à la façon dont on répond au stress. Celui qui a tendance à vivre plus d’émotions négatives en réponse à un facteur de stress est plus à risque de manifester un TSPT.</p> <h3>Facteurs sociaux</h3> <p>Les facteurs sociaux se rapportent à l’environnement dans lequel on baigne, par exemple, sa vie de famille et sa collectivité. Le TSPT risque d’être plus fréquent chez les personnes qui ont déjà vécu un événement traumatisant ou qui ont manqué de soutien pour le surmonter.</p> <h2>Quelle est la fréquence du TSPT chez les enfants et les adolescents?</h2> <p>On ne trouve pas de statistiques canadiennes sur le TSPT chez les enfants et les adolescents. Cependant, les données américaines laissent supposer que cinq pour cent des adolescents de 13 à 18 ans (un adolescent sur 20) répondent aux critères de diagnostic du TSPT. Au sein de ce groupe, il est plus fréquent chez les filles et également plus fréquent à mesure que les adolescents vieillissent.</p> <p>Il n’existe aucune étude claire sur les taux de TSPT chez les enfants en bas âge, mais les données américaines indiquent que le trouble apparaît chez 60 % des enfants et des adolescents exposés à de la violence conjugale ou familiale.</p> <h2>Pour de plus amples renseignements</h2> <p>Pour de plus amples renseignements sur le trouble de stress post-traumatique, veuillez consulter les pages suivantes:</p> <p><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=1928&language=French">TSPT: signes et symptômes</a><br></p> <p><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=2005&language=French">TSPT: traitement à l’aide de la psychothérapie et des médicaments</a></p>

 

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder: Overview1927.00000000000Post-traumatic stress disorder: OverviewPost-traumatic stress disorder: OverviewPEnglishPsychiatryPreschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2017-07-27T04:00:00ZDiane Benoit, MD, FRCPC10.000000000000050.0000000000000563.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Discover the causes and rates of post-traumatic stress disorder in children and teens.</p><h2>What is post-traumatic stress disorder?</h2><p>Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that is triggered by witnessing or experiencing a terrifying event. Examples of terrifying events include:</p><ul><li>abuse or neglect</li><li>domestic or community violence</li><li><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=303&language=English">bullying</a></li><li>war</li><li>accidents</li><li><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=933&language=English">burns</a></li><li><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=1040&language=English">animal attacks or bites</a></li><li>natural disasters</li><li>painful medical procedures.</li></ul><p>Children and teens with PTSD may experience flashbacks, nightmares, uncontrolled <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=18&language=English">anxiety</a> and uncontrollable thoughts about the event. As a result, they will often avoid reminders of the traumatic event.</p> <h2>How does PTSD differ from other reactions to stressful or disturbing events?</h2> <p>PTSD is different from a typical reaction to stress in two ways.<br></p> <ul> <li>It lasts for over a month after the traumatic event.</li> <li>Its symptoms significantly interfere with everyday life.</li> </ul><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>PTSD may be suspected if a child’s difficulties with coping in response to traumatic events last longer than a month and interfere with everyday life.</li> <li>Factors associated with PTSD include a family history of mental health conditions, a person’s response to stress and previous exposure to a traumatic event. However, even without these risk factors, PTSD can affect children and teens who are exposed to a traumatic event.</li> <li>If your child has symptoms of PTSD, talk to them about their feelings and see your child’s doctor for further evaluation.</li> </ul><h2>What causes PTSD?</h2> <p>By definition, PTSD occurs <em>after</em> a person experiences or witnesses a traumatic event. Not everyone who experiences a traumatic event develops PTSD, however. Some children and teens are more likely to develop PTSD due to:</p> <ul> <li>biological factors</li> <li>psychological factors</li> <li>social factors.</li> </ul> <h3>Biological factors</h3> <p>Biological factors include genetics (traits that can be passed down from one generation to another) and a family history of mental health conditions.</p> <h3>Psychological factors</h3> <p>Psychological factors include a person's individual response to stress. Those who tend to experience more negative emotions in response to a stressor are at greater risk for PTSD.</p> <h3>Social factors</h3> <p>Social factors refer to a person's environment, including their family life and community. PTSD can be more common in those with previous experience of traumatic events and/or those who may lack supports to help them cope.</p> <h2>How common is PTSD in children and teens?</h2> <p>No Canadian statistics are available for PTSD in children and teens. However, US data suggest that 5 per cent of teens (one teen in 20) aged 13 to 18 meet the conditions for a PTSD diagnosis. Within this group, PTSD is more common in girls and is more common as teens get older.</p> <p>There are no clear studies on rates of PTSD in younger children, but US data indicate that the condition occurs in 60 per cent of children and teens exposed to domestic or family violence.</p><h2>Does PTSD occur with other conditions?</h2> <p>PTSD commonly occurs with other conditions, especially <a href="/Article?contentid=270&language=English">anxiety disorders</a>. It also commonly occurs with <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=19&language=English">depression</a> and substance use disorders.</p><h2>How can I help my child if they appear to have PTSD?</h2> <p>If your child seems to be showing <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=1928&language=English">signs and symptoms of PTSD</a> after a traumatic event, first talk to them about their feelings. Listen to your child and offer support.</p> <p>If your child has developed PTSD, it is important that they receive a proper assessment and <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=2005&language=English">formal treatment</a>. As a first step, take your child to their doctor.</p><h2>Further information</h2> <p>For more information on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), please see the following pages:</p> <p><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=1928&language=English">PTSD: Signs and symptoms</a></p> <p><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=2005&language=English">PTSD: Treatment with psychotherapy and medications</a><br></p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/post_traumatic_stress_disorder_overview.jpgPost-traumatic stress disorder: Overview

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