ADHD: How to help your child at homeAADHD: How to help your child at homeADHD: How to help your child at homeEnglishPsychiatrySchool age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BrainBrainNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2017-06-16T04:00:00ZAlice Charach, MD, MSc, FRCPC;Rosemary Tannock, PhD10.000000000000054.00000000000001214.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Find out how structure, consistency and clear communication can help you support a child with ADHD symptoms.</p><p>Many families prefer to start helping a child with <a href="/Article?contentid=1923&language=English">ADHD symptoms</a> through behavioural treatment at home. Children with ADHD often respond well to this approach. It can be useful for reinforcing other at-home interventions such as consuming a <a href="/Article?contentid=639&language=English">balanced diet</a>, maintaining <a href="/Article?contentid=645&language=English">proper sleep hygiene</a> and limiting <a href="/Article?contentid=643&language=English">screen time</a>.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Behavioural treatment for ADHD involves parents and teachers working together to create a structured environment for a child based on consistent rules and clear communication.</li> <li>To set your child up for success, use clear and concise instructions, reminders and prompts for desired behaviours and positive body language.</li> <li>To help your child handle social situations, play games that require co-operation with others, give positive feedback as soon as possible and focus on your child’s talents and strengths.</li> </ul><h2>What is involved in behavioural treatment for ADHD?</h2> <p>Behavioural treatment for ADHD involves a number of interventions directed at the child, the parents and teachers. It centres on:</p> <ul> <li>organization</li> <li>structure</li> <li>consistency</li> <li>clear communication</li> </ul> <p>Because ADHD affects all areas of a child's life, it is important to set up a consistent environment in which the child receives similar support both from family and teachers. This may be more challenging if children are living in two households, for instance if parents are divorced or separated.</p> <p>The goal of behavioural treatment is to help parents and teachers better manage the behaviour of a child with ADHD. It helps a child become responsible for their own behaviour and support them in the process. Many of the strategies used in behavioural treatment for ADHD can be used with all children.</p><h2>What types of behavioural treatments can I use with my child?</h2> <p>The main types of behavioural treatment strategies, or methods, help "set your child up for success". The strategies centre on:</p> <ul> <li>setting up a supportive environment</li> <li>using routines, schedules and rules</li> <li>giving positive, specific feedback about the things your child does well</li> </ul> <h3>Creating a supportive physical environment</h3> <p>To create a supportive physical environment for your child:</p> <ul> <li>set aside a quiet place to study after school</li> <li>create an area where your child can prepare everything they need for the next day at school, such as snacks, sports equipment, homework and permission slips</li> <li>keep visual reminders of things your child needs to do, including checklists, to-do lists, a notebook for homework assignments and a calendar; pictures depicting each task within a routine can be helpful</li> <li>store toys, art supplies and school supplies in the same places for ease of access</li> <li>label or colour-code belongings and storage containers</li> <li>limit <a href="/Article?contentid=643&language=English">screen time</a>, especially at night</li> </ul> <h3>Using rules, routines and prompts</h3> <p>To help your child remember what they need to do:</p> <ul> <li>set positive expectations for your child, and praise them when they meet them</li> <li>use reminders and prompts to encourage your child rather than a list of "don'ts"</li> <li>set reasonable, consistent rules and make sure your child understands them</li> <li>create routines for the morning time, homework, dinner time, bed time, chores and other regular events.</li> </ul> <h3>Encouraging your child</h3> <p>To help support your child:</p> <ul> <li>stay positive and upbeat</li> <li>be generous with encouragement and praise when your child does something right, even if not everything has been done perfectly, such as "I'm so proud of you for remembering to put all your homework in your bag! Remember to take your lunch too -- it's in the fridge."</li> <li>give specific feedback about good behaviour as soon as possible </li> <li>model appropriate behaviour, for example showing your child that you are listening by being quiet, looking at them and not being distracted </li> <li>involve your child in solving problems and finding ways to remember what they are supposed to do</li> </ul><h2>Further information</h2> <p>For more information on ADHD, please see the following pages:</p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=1922&language=English">ADHD: Overview</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=1923&language=English">ADHD: Signs and symptoms</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=1999&language=English">ADHD: Communicating with your child's school</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=1998&language=English">ADHD: Treatment with medications</a></p> <h2>Resources</h2> <p>The following websites offer support if a child has ADHD. </p> <p><a href="http://www.ldao.ca/" target="_blank">Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.caddac.ca/cms/page.php?2" target="_blank">Centre for ADHD Awareness, Canada - CADAC</a></p>
TDAH: comment aider votre enfant à la maisonTTDAH: comment aider votre enfant à la maisonADHD: How to help your child at homeFrenchPsychiatrySchool age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BrainBrainNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2017-06-16T04:00:00ZAlice Charach, MD, MSc, FRCPC;Rosemary Tannock, PhD10.000000000000054.00000000000001214.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Apprenez à recourir à la structure, à la constance et à la communication claire pour soutenir un enfant présentant des symptômes de TDAH.</p><p>De nombreuses familles préfèrent commencer à aider un enfant présentant des symptômes de TDAH par une thérapie comportementale à la maison. Les enfants atteints du TDAH réagissent souvent bien à cette stratégie. Elle peut être utile pour renforcer d’autres interventions à la maison, par exemple, une nutrition équilibrée, une bonne hygiène de sommeil et une limitation du temps d’écran.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Lors d’une thérapie comportementale pour traiter le TDAH, parents et enseignants doivent collaborer afin de créer un environnement structuré pour l’enfant, qui soit fondé sur des règles cohérentes et une communication claire.</li> <li>Pour aider votre enfant à réussir, utilisez des consignes, des rappels et des incitatifs clairs et concis pour le comportement désiré, et un langage corporel positif.</li> <li>Pour aider votre enfant à bien se comporter dans ses rapports sociaux, jouez à des jeux collaboratifs, fournissez une rétroaction positive rapidement et concentrez-vous sur les talents et les forces de votre enfant.</li> </ul><h2>Qu’exige une thérapie comportementale pour le traitement du TDAH?</h2> <p>Une thérapie comportementale pour le TDAH exige plusieurs interventions auprès de l’enfant, des parents et des enseignants. Elles concernent:</p> <ul> <li>l’organisation;</li> <li>la structure;</li> <li>la constance;</li> <li>une communication claire.</li> </ul> <p>Étant donné que le TDAH touche tous les aspects de la vie de l’enfant, il est important de créer un environnement cohérent dans lequel l’enfant bénéficie du même soutien de la part de la famille et des enseignants. Cela peut être plus difficile si l’enfant vit dans deux foyers, par exemple, quand les parents sont divorcés ou séparés.</p> <p>L’objectif de la thérapie comportementale est d’aider les parents et les enseignants à mieux gérer le comportement d’un enfant atteint du TDAH. Elle aide l’enfant à devenir progressivement responsable de son propre comportement. De nombreuses stratégies utilisées dans la thérapie comportementale pour le TDAH s’appliquent aussi à tous les enfants.</p><h2>Quelles stratégies ou méthodes de thérapie comportementale puis-je utiliser avec mon enfant?</h2> <p>Les principales stratégies ou méthodes de thérapie comportementale visent à « aider votre enfant à réussir ». Elles s’articulent autour des points suivants:</p> <ul> <li>mettre en place un environnement favorable;</li> <li>utiliser des routines, des emplois du temps et des règles;</li> <li>fournir une rétroaction positive et précise sur ce que votre enfant fait de bien.</li> </ul> <h3>Mettre en place un environnement favorable</h3> <p>Pour mettre en place un environnement favorable pour votre enfant:</p> <ul> <li>aménagez un endroit calme où il pourra faire ses devoirs après l’école;</li> <li>aménagez un endroit où votre enfant pourra préparer tout ce dont il a besoin pour le prochain jour d’école (collations, équipement de sport, devoirs et feuilles de permission);</li> <li>affichez des rappels visuels de ce qu’il doit faire, comme des listes de vérification, des listes à faire, un carnet pour les devoirs et un calendrier; des images illustrant toutes les tâches que comporte une routine peuvent être utiles;</li> <li>rangez les jeux ainsi que les fournitures artistiques et scolaires aux mêmes endroits afin d’en faciliter l’accès;</li> <li>étiquetez les effets personnels et les récipients de stockage de votre enfant ou marquez-les d’un codage couleur;</li> <li>limitez le temps d’écran, surtout le soir.</li> </ul> <h3>Utiliser des règles, des routines et des incitatifs</h3> <p>Pour aider votre enfant à se souvenir de ce qu’il doit faire:</p> <ul> <li>établissez des attentes positives pour votre enfant et félicitez-le lorsqu’il les réalise;</li> <li>servez-vous de rappels et d’incitatifs, qui sont plus encourageants que les évocations de « ce qu’il ne faut pas faire »;</li> <li>instaurez des règles raisonnables et cohérentes et assurez-vous que votre enfant les comprend;</li> <li>établissez des routines et des horaires cohérents pour le matin, les devoirs, les heures de repas, le coucher, les corvées et d’autres activités habituelles.</li> </ul> <h3>Encourager votre enfant</h3> <p>Pour aider votre enfant:</p> <ul> <li>restez positif et enthousiaste;</li> <li>créez des occasions de le féliciter, même s’il n’a pas agi parfaitement: « Je suis très fier que tu te sois souvenu de mettre tous tes devoirs dans ton sac! N’oublie pas ton déjeuner, il est dans le réfrigérateur. »;</li> <li>fournissez sans délai une rétroaction précise sur un bon comportement;</li> <li>donnez le bon exemple: par exemple, si vous écoutez votre enfant, regardez-le avec attention et en silence;</li> <li>impliquez votre enfant dans la résolution des problèmes et la recherche de moyens pour l’aider à se souvenir de ce que vous attendez de lui.</li> </ul><h2>Sources de renseignements</h2><p>Les sources de renseignements suivantes peuvent vous offrir un soutien et un complément d’informations sur le TDAH.</p><p> <a href="/Article?contentid=1922&language=French">TDAH : présentation générale</a></p><p> <a href="/Article?contentid=1923&language=French">TDAH : signes et symptômes</a></p><p> <a href="/Article?contentid=1999&language=French">TDAH : communiquer avec l’école de votre enfant</a></p><p> <a href="/Article?contentid=1998&language=French">TDAH : traitement à l’aide des médicaments</a></p><h2>Sources de renseignements</h2><p>Les sources de renseignements suivantes peuvent vous offrir un soutien et un complément d’informations sur le TDAH.</p><p> <a href="http://www.ldao.ca/" target="_blank">Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario</a> (uniquement en anglais) </p><p> <a href="http://www.caddac.ca/cms/page.php?2" target="_blank">Centre for ADHD Awareness, Canada - CADAC</a> (pages français)​​ </p>

 

 

ADHD: How to help your child at home1997.00000000000ADHD: How to help your child at homeADHD: How to help your child at homeAEnglishPsychiatrySchool age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BrainBrainNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2017-06-16T04:00:00ZAlice Charach, MD, MSc, FRCPC;Rosemary Tannock, PhD10.000000000000054.00000000000001214.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Find out how structure, consistency and clear communication can help you support a child with ADHD symptoms.</p><p>Many families prefer to start helping a child with <a href="/Article?contentid=1923&language=English">ADHD symptoms</a> through behavioural treatment at home. Children with ADHD often respond well to this approach. It can be useful for reinforcing other at-home interventions such as consuming a <a href="/Article?contentid=639&language=English">balanced diet</a>, maintaining <a href="/Article?contentid=645&language=English">proper sleep hygiene</a> and limiting <a href="/Article?contentid=643&language=English">screen time</a>.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Behavioural treatment for ADHD involves parents and teachers working together to create a structured environment for a child based on consistent rules and clear communication.</li> <li>To set your child up for success, use clear and concise instructions, reminders and prompts for desired behaviours and positive body language.</li> <li>To help your child handle social situations, play games that require co-operation with others, give positive feedback as soon as possible and focus on your child’s talents and strengths.</li> </ul><h2>How to help your child make friends and handle other social situations</h2> <p>You can help a child with ADHD by:</p> <ul> <li>playing games with them that require them to follow rules, concentrate and co-operate with others</li> <li>talking about difficult situations your child encounters with other children and using role play if needed to encourage them to better understand others</li> <li>noticing when they handle a situation well and pointing out what they did and why it worked</li> <li>talking about and imagining the consequences of actions or behaviour, such as "What do you think might happen if you did that?" or "What might the other person feel like if you said that?"</li> <li>helping them understand the importance of personal space and boundaries, for example not interrupting when someone else is talking and not speaking too loudly.</li> </ul> <p>Often children with ADHD might already know not to interrupt when someone is talking but may not be able to apply their knowledge in the moment because they are impulsive or cannot read the situation. Practice and prompting are important for building these skills and reinforcing more appropriate behaviour.</p> <h2>How to boost your child's confidence</h2> <p>While managing your child's behaviour, keep in mind that there are important aspects of life beyond your child's ADHD. Positive, prompt feedback for appropriate behaviour remains important, but children with ADHD also need opportunities to do something they enjoy and are good at. Help your child explore their interests and develop skills and a sense of mastery.</p> <h2>How to support yourself</h2> <p>Parenting a child with ADHD can be very challenging. Try to find ways to take a break, for instance by asking family and friends for support and reaching out to local counselling services if desired to help manage stress.</p> <h2>Where can I go for other help to address my child's symptoms?</h2> <p>You can apply many of the strategies in this section on your own, but you may also need or want extra help. This may include parent behaviour training to help you better understand your child and learn how to help your child practise positive behaviours. Your child may also benefit from tutoring to help them build their academic and organizational skills. Your doctor can help you find suitable services in your area for you and your child. </p><h2>What is involved in behavioural treatment for ADHD?</h2> <p>Behavioural treatment for ADHD involves a number of interventions directed at the child, the parents and teachers. It centres on:</p> <ul> <li>organization</li> <li>structure</li> <li>consistency</li> <li>clear communication</li> </ul> <p>Because ADHD affects all areas of a child's life, it is important to set up a consistent environment in which the child receives similar support both from family and teachers. This may be more challenging if children are living in two households, for instance if parents are divorced or separated.</p> <p>The goal of behavioural treatment is to help parents and teachers better manage the behaviour of a child with ADHD. It helps a child become responsible for their own behaviour and support them in the process. Many of the strategies used in behavioural treatment for ADHD can be used with all children.</p><h2>What types of behavioural treatments can I use with my child?</h2> <p>The main types of behavioural treatment strategies, or methods, help "set your child up for success". The strategies centre on:</p> <ul> <li>setting up a supportive environment</li> <li>using routines, schedules and rules</li> <li>giving positive, specific feedback about the things your child does well</li> </ul> <h3>Creating a supportive physical environment</h3> <p>To create a supportive physical environment for your child:</p> <ul> <li>set aside a quiet place to study after school</li> <li>create an area where your child can prepare everything they need for the next day at school, such as snacks, sports equipment, homework and permission slips</li> <li>keep visual reminders of things your child needs to do, including checklists, to-do lists, a notebook for homework assignments and a calendar; pictures depicting each task within a routine can be helpful</li> <li>store toys, art supplies and school supplies in the same places for ease of access</li> <li>label or colour-code belongings and storage containers</li> <li>limit <a href="/Article?contentid=643&language=English">screen time</a>, especially at night</li> </ul> <h3>Using rules, routines and prompts</h3> <p>To help your child remember what they need to do:</p> <ul> <li>set positive expectations for your child, and praise them when they meet them</li> <li>use reminders and prompts to encourage your child rather than a list of "don'ts"</li> <li>set reasonable, consistent rules and make sure your child understands them</li> <li>create routines for the morning time, homework, dinner time, bed time, chores and other regular events.</li> </ul> <h3>Encouraging your child</h3> <p>To help support your child:</p> <ul> <li>stay positive and upbeat</li> <li>be generous with encouragement and praise when your child does something right, even if not everything has been done perfectly, such as "I'm so proud of you for remembering to put all your homework in your bag! Remember to take your lunch too -- it's in the fridge."</li> <li>give specific feedback about good behaviour as soon as possible </li> <li>model appropriate behaviour, for example showing your child that you are listening by being quiet, looking at them and not being distracted </li> <li>involve your child in solving problems and finding ways to remember what they are supposed to do</li> </ul><h2>How to communicate clearly with a child with ADHD</h2> <p>To help your child understand what you expect of them:</p> <ul> <li>get your child's attention before asking a question or giving an instruction by getting face to face at eye level</li> <li>make sure your body language is positive</li> <li>use a calm and positive tone of voice</li> <li>give clear, direct instructions in short sentences and plain language</li> <li>repeat an instruction in exactly the same words if you need to – do not add more language for your child to process</li> <li>break instructions into chunks so your child does not need to process too much information at once</li> <li>pause between chunks to make sure your child is still paying attention and has time to process what you said</li> <li>use "when… then…" statements, for example, "When you finish your math homework, then you can have a snack."</li> <li>give meaningful encouragement and frequent, specific feedback, for example "Thank you for hanging up your coat."</li> <li>give reminders and prompts for the behaviour you want to see, and praise when your child follows instructions</li> <li>encourage your child to ask for help when they need it</li> </ul> <p>When and how often you give your child feedback are very important. Children with ADHD often need more immediate feedback than children without ADHD.</p><h2>Further information</h2> <p>For more information on ADHD, please see the following pages:</p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=1922&language=English">ADHD: Overview</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=1923&language=English">ADHD: Signs and symptoms</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=1999&language=English">ADHD: Communicating with your child's school</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=1998&language=English">ADHD: Treatment with medications</a></p> <h2>Resources</h2> <p>The following websites offer support if a child has ADHD. </p> <p><a href="http://www.ldao.ca/" target="_blank">Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.caddac.ca/cms/page.php?2" target="_blank">Centre for ADHD Awareness, Canada - CADAC</a></p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/ADHD_how_to_help_your_child_at_home.jpgADHD: How to help your child at home

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