Dietary therapies for epilepsyDDietary therapies for epilepsyDietary therapies for epilepsyEnglishNeurologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BrainNervous systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+) EducatorsNA2010-02-04T05:00:00ZElizabeth J. Donner, MD, FRCPC11.00000000000000855.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about dietary therapies for childhood epilepsy, which may be tried when medication has failed to control seizures and surgery is not an option.</p><p>Dietary therapy is a recognized treatment for epilepsy in children and is offered by many epilepsy care centres. It is usually tried in children for whom surgery is not an option, if two or more anti-epileptic medications have failed to control seizures or if the medications cause very severe side effects. Although it does not work for every child, it can produce dramatic results in some children.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Dietary therapies for epilepsy include the traditional ketogenic diet, medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) diet, modified Atkins diet and low glycemic index treatment (LGIT).</li> <li>All these dietary therapies involve restricting carbohydrates and increasing fat in the diet. </li> <li>Dietary therapies are usually tried in children for whom surgery is not an option, after two or more anti-epileptic drugs have failed to control seizures or if medication side effects are very severe.</li> <li>t is very important to follow a dietary therapy exactly as described under the guidance of a dietitian.</li></ul>
Traitement de l’épilepsie par l’alimentationTTraitement de l’épilepsie par l’alimentationDietary therapies for epilepsyFrenchNeurologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BrainNervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+) EducatorsNA2010-02-04T05:00:00ZElizabeth J. Donner, MD, FRCPC11.000000000000048.00000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Apprenez-en davantage sur les thérapies alimentaires pour l’épilepsie infantile qui peuvent être utilisées lorsque les médicaments ne réussissent pas à contrôler les crises et que la chirurgie n’est pas envisageable.</p><p>La thérapie alimentaire est un traitement reconnu pour l’épilepsie infantile qui est proposée dans de nombreux centres de soins pour l’épilepsie. On l’utilise habituellement chez les enfants pour qui l’opération n’est pas envisageable, lorsqu’au moins deux antiépileptiques n’ont pas réussi à contrôler les crises ou que les médicaments ont causé des effets secondaires graves. Même si cette thérapie n’est pas efficace chez tous les enfants, elle peut procurer des résultats remarquables chez d’autres.</p><ul><li>Les thérapies alimentaires pour l’épilepsie comprennent le régime cétogène classique, le régime de triglycérides à chaîne moyenne, le régime Atkins modifié et le traitement à faible indice glycémique.</li> <li>Toutes ces thérapies alimentaires comportent un régime faible en glucides et élevé en matières grasses.</li> <li>On utilise habituellement les thérapies alimentaires chez les enfants pour qui l’opération n’est pas envisageable, lorsqu’au moins deux antiépileptiques n’ont pas réussi à contrôler les crises ou que les médicaments ont causé des effets secondaires très graves.</li> <li>Il est très important de suivre une thérapie alimentaire à la lettre, selon les conseils d’un diététiste.</li></ul>

 

 

Dietary therapies for epilepsy2098.00000000000Dietary therapies for epilepsyDietary therapies for epilepsyDEnglishNeurologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BrainNervous systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+) EducatorsNA2010-02-04T05:00:00ZElizabeth J. Donner, MD, FRCPC11.00000000000000855.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn about dietary therapies for childhood epilepsy, which may be tried when medication has failed to control seizures and surgery is not an option.</p><p>Dietary therapy is a recognized treatment for epilepsy in children and is offered by many epilepsy care centres. It is usually tried in children for whom surgery is not an option, if two or more anti-epileptic medications have failed to control seizures or if the medications cause very severe side effects. Although it does not work for every child, it can produce dramatic results in some children.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Dietary therapies for epilepsy include the traditional ketogenic diet, medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) diet, modified Atkins diet and low glycemic index treatment (LGIT).</li> <li>All these dietary therapies involve restricting carbohydrates and increasing fat in the diet. </li> <li>Dietary therapies are usually tried in children for whom surgery is not an option, after two or more anti-epileptic drugs have failed to control seizures or if medication side effects are very severe.</li> <li>t is very important to follow a dietary therapy exactly as described under the guidance of a dietitian.</li></ul> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">The ketogenic diet is a form of dietary therapy for epilepsy. Jack calls it his "magic diet".</figcaption> <p>All forms of dietary therapy for epilepsy involve restricting carbohydrates and increasing fat in the diet. The traditional ketogenic diet, in which about 90 per cent of the calories in the diet come from fat, has been used to treat epilepsy since the 1920s with significant success. More recently, less restrictive diets that allow a wider range of foods have been developed. Not all treatments are available at all epilepsy care centres.</p> <ul><li>The traditional or "classic" ketogenic diet usually involves a ratio of 3 to 4 g of fat to every 1 g of protein and carbohydrate. Some children may need a slightly different ratio. Children on the ketogenic diet have to eat mostly fatty foods, such as butter and cream. They cannot eat starchy foods such as bread and pasta.</li> <li>The medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) diet includes a supplement (MCT oil) containing fatty acids called medium-chain triglycerides. Children are able to eat more protein and carbohydrate with this diet than with the classic ketogenic diet. However, it is less widely available.</li> <li>The modified Atkins diet, as its name suggests, is a modification of the Atkins diet for weight loss. Children on this diet can eat no more than 10 g of carbohydrate per day at first, and get about 65 per cent of their calories from fat. The modified Atkins diet was first described as a treatment for epilepsy in 2003.</li> <li>The low glycemic index treatment (LGIT) allows more carbohydrate than the other three diets. However, all the carbohydrate the child eats must have a low glycemic index, which is a measure of how much a particular food raises blood glucose (sugar). The LGIT was first described as a treatment for epilepsy in 2005.</li></ul> <p>Whichever diet is chosen, it must be <strong>strictly followed</strong> to give it the best chance of working. The treatment must be carefully monitored by a specially trained team, including a doctor and a dietitian.</p> <p>Dietary therapy for epilepsy should not be regarded as safer or more natural than medications for treating epilepsy. Just like medications, dietary therapies have side effects and are not right for all children. And like medications, dietary therapies are not a "miracle cure". As with any other treatment, some children will have complete seizure control, some children will still have some seizures and some children will see no effect.</p> <p>Unlike some forms of treatment, dietary therapy requires a high degree of collaboration between the child, parents, dietitian and doctor. The parents are ultimately the main implementers of this treatment: it is the parents who must manage the specific foods and the feedings. </p> <p>Dietary therapy can be used on its own or along with anti-epileptic medication. If children become seizure-free while using dietary therapy, the treatment is usually continued for at least two years. If one diet is working well to control seizures but the family finds the diet difficult to follow, it is sometimes possible to try switching from one form of dietary therapy to another.</p> <h2>How does dietary therapy work?</h2> <p>Our bodies usually burn glucose (carbohydrates) for energy. When the body does not have carbohydrates available for fuel, it will use fats instead. When the body uses fat as fuel (a situation called ketosis), it produces ketones. The brain can use these ketones instead of glucose as a source of energy. </p> <p>Doctors and researchers do not know exactly why diets that produce ketosis are effective for controlling seizures. Studies have not found a consistent relationship between ketone levels in the blood and seizure control. Controlling blood sugar levels may also be a factor in controlling seizures.</p> <h2>Who should use dietary therapy?</h2> <p>Dietary therapy is usually tried in children for whom surgery is not an option, after two or more anti-epileptic medications have failed to control seizures or in cases where the medications cause very severe side effects. For dietary therapy to have a chance of working, the child and family must be highly motivated to learn how to use it correctly. Dietary therapy requires consistent effort by the parents to make it work. It also requires the child's co-operation.</p> <p>Dietary therapy has been found to be effective for all seizure types. It has shown success in treating "drop" type seizures and epileptic encephalopathies such as Dravet syndrome, myoclonic-astatic epilepsy and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. </p> <p>Dietary therapy has had success in children aged 12 months to 12 years, but has also been used in teens.</p> <p>Children who are fed by a gastrostomy tube (G-tube) can use the ketogenic diet. It is given as a liquid formula through the G-tube.</p>Dietary therapies for epilepsy

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