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Antibiotic resistanceAAntibiotic resistanceAntibiotic resistanceEnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemDrug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2015-06-29T04:00:00ZSarah Lord, MD;Shaun Morris, MD, MPH, FRCPC, FAAP, DTM&H​​12.000000000000037.0000000000000651.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Antibiotic resistance is a growing public health concern. Learn more about what you can do to prevent it.</p><h2>What are antibiotics?</h2> <p>Infections can be caused by bacteria (germs), viruses, parasites or <a href="/Article?contentid=794&language=English">fungi</a>. Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections, such as <a href="/Article?contentid=784&language=English">pneumonia</a> or a <a href="/Article?contentid=935&language=English">urinary tract infection</a>. Antibiotics do not help to treat viral infections such as the <a href="/Article?contentid=12&language=English">common cold</a>, a viral cough or <a href="/Article?contentid=763&language=English">influenza (the flu)</a>.</p> <h2>What is antibiotic resistance?</h2> <p>Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in a way that causes antibiotics to become less effective or to not work at all. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Most infections like the common cold or flu are caused by viruses and should not be treated with antibiotics.</li> <li>Antibiotic resistance is a serious problem that causes people to have infections that are difficult to treat.</li> <li>Using antibiotics properly, including the right antibiotic at the right dose for the right person can help prevent antibiotic resistance.</li> <li>Plain soaps and household cleaners are safer and just as effective as antibacterial ones for use at home.</li> <li>Disposing of antibiotics properly (not in the water supply) is important to help stop the problem of antibiotic resistance.</li> </ul><h2>Causes of antibiotic resistance</h2> <p>Antibiotic resistance happens for many reasons. One reason is because antibiotics are used when they should not be, such as:</p> <ul> <li>Taking an antibiotic when it is not needed (such as to treat a viral illness).</li> <li>Taking the wrong antibiotic or the wrong dose.</li> <li>Stopping an antibiotic too soon.</li> <li>Using an antibiotic that was prescribed for somebody else.</li> </ul> <p>Antibacterial cleaning products that are used in the home, such as household cleaners or bath products, can also lead to antibiotic resistance. Studies have shown that plain soap is just as good at killing bacteria in the home as products labeled antibacterial. In addition, giving animals antibiotics to promote growth or prevent illness can generate resistance in animal bacteria that can later be transmitted to humans. </p>
Résistance aux antibiotiquesRRésistance aux antibiotiquesAntibiotic resistanceFrenchInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemDrug treatmentAdult (19+) CaregiversNA2015-06-29T04:00:00ZSarah Lord, MD;Shaun Morris, MD, MPH, FRCPC, FAAP, DTM&H​​12.000000000000037.0000000000000651.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>La résistance aux antibiotiques constitue une préoccupation sans cesse grandissante en matière de santé publique. Lisez cet article pour obtenir plus de renseignements sur les façons de la prévenir.</p><h2>Que sont les antibiotiques?</h2><p>Les infections peuvent être causées par des bactéries (microbes), des virus, des parasites ou des <a href="/Article?contentid=794&language=French">champignons</a>. Les antibiotiques servent à traiter les infections bactériennes comme une <a href="/Article?contentid=784&language=French">pneumonie</a> ou une <a href="/Article?contentid=935&language=French">infection des voies urinaires</a>. Les antibiotiques n’agissent pas sur les infections virales comme le <a href="/Article?contentid=12&language=French">rhume</a>, la toux causée par un virus ou l’<a href="/Article?contentid=763&language=French">influenza (grippe)​</a>.</p><h2>En quoi consiste la résistance aux antibiotiques?</h2><p>Les bactéries deviennent résistantes aux antibiotiques quand elles se transforment (changent) d’une manière qui réduit leur efficacité ou les rendent inopérants.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>La plupart des infections comme le rhume ou la grippe sont causées par des virus et ne doivent donc pas être traitées au moyen d’antibiotiques.</li><li>La résistance aux antibiotiques constitue un problème grave vu qu’elle est à l’origine d’infections difficiles à traiter.</li><li>L’utilisation appropriée des antibiotiques – prise par la bonne personne des bons antibiotiques à la bonne dose – peut permettre de prévenir la résistance aux antibiotiques.</li><li>Les savons et les nettoyants ménagers ordinaires sont plus sûrs et tout aussi efficaces que ceux portant l’étiquette « antibactérien » pour les besoins à domicile.</li><li>Il est important d’éliminer les antibiotiques de façon appropriée (sans contaminer les sources d’alimentation en eau) afin de mettre fin au problème de la résistance aux antibiotiques.<br><br></li></ul><h2>Causes de la résistance aux antibiotiques</h2><p>De nombreux facteurs sont à l’origine de la résistance aux antibiotiques. L’un d’eux est l’utilisation inappropriée des antibiotiques, dont voici des exemples :</p><ul><li>prendre des antibiotiques quand ils sont inefficaces (par exemple, pour une maladie virale),</li><li>ne pas prendre les bons antibiotiques ou la bonne dose d’antibiotiques,</li><li>cesser de prendre des antibiotiques trop rapidement,</li><li>prendre des antibiotiques prescrits pour une autre personne.</li></ul><p>L’usage de produits comme les nettoyants ménagers ou les produits pour le bain qui sont antibactériens peut aussi entraîner la résistance aux antibiotiques. Des études ont révélé qu’un savon ordinaire permet de tuer aussi efficacement les bactéries dans les domiciles que les produits portant l’étiquette « antibactérien ». De plus, le fait de donner des antibiotiques aux animaux afin de favoriser leur croissance ou de prévenir les maladies peut créer une résistance chez les bactéries qui les contaminent, laquelle risque d’être transmise par la suite aux humains.</p>

 

 

Antibiotic resistance2317.00000000000Antibiotic resistanceAntibiotic resistanceAEnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemDrug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2015-06-29T04:00:00ZSarah Lord, MD;Shaun Morris, MD, MPH, FRCPC, FAAP, DTM&H​​12.000000000000037.0000000000000651.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Antibiotic resistance is a growing public health concern. Learn more about what you can do to prevent it.</p><h2>What are antibiotics?</h2> <p>Infections can be caused by bacteria (germs), viruses, parasites or <a href="/Article?contentid=794&language=English">fungi</a>. Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections, such as <a href="/Article?contentid=784&language=English">pneumonia</a> or a <a href="/Article?contentid=935&language=English">urinary tract infection</a>. Antibiotics do not help to treat viral infections such as the <a href="/Article?contentid=12&language=English">common cold</a>, a viral cough or <a href="/Article?contentid=763&language=English">influenza (the flu)</a>.</p> <h2>What is antibiotic resistance?</h2> <p>Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in a way that causes antibiotics to become less effective or to not work at all. </p><h2>How does antibiotic resistance happen?</h2> <p>When bacteria come in contact with an antibiotic or antibacterial, the weaker bacteria die, but stronger ones survive. When the strong bacteria multiply, more and more strong bacteria are produced that are resistant to the antibiotic. </p> <p>Bacteria become stronger when they change, which reduces the effectiveness of antibiotics. For example, some bacteria can break down antibiotics or prevent the antibiotic from attaching to the site it needs to work. </p> <p>Bacteria can change more than once so that they are resistant to several antibiotics. This makes some bacteria very hard to kill.</p> <h2>Why is antibiotic resistance a problem?</h2> <p>Antibiotic resistance is a problem because we need antibiotics to treat bacterial infections that our bodies need help to get rid of. </p> <p>When bacteria are resistant to antibiotics, doctors have a hard time finding other antibiotics that will work to kill the bacteria. This means that if your child gets an infection from antibiotic-resistant bacteria, they can become very sick and more difficult to treat. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Most infections like the common cold or flu are caused by viruses and should not be treated with antibiotics.</li> <li>Antibiotic resistance is a serious problem that causes people to have infections that are difficult to treat.</li> <li>Using antibiotics properly, including the right antibiotic at the right dose for the right person can help prevent antibiotic resistance.</li> <li>Plain soaps and household cleaners are safer and just as effective as antibacterial ones for use at home.</li> <li>Disposing of antibiotics properly (not in the water supply) is important to help stop the problem of antibiotic resistance.</li> </ul><h2>Causes of antibiotic resistance</h2> <p>Antibiotic resistance happens for many reasons. One reason is because antibiotics are used when they should not be, such as:</p> <ul> <li>Taking an antibiotic when it is not needed (such as to treat a viral illness).</li> <li>Taking the wrong antibiotic or the wrong dose.</li> <li>Stopping an antibiotic too soon.</li> <li>Using an antibiotic that was prescribed for somebody else.</li> </ul> <p>Antibacterial cleaning products that are used in the home, such as household cleaners or bath products, can also lead to antibiotic resistance. Studies have shown that plain soap is just as good at killing bacteria in the home as products labeled antibacterial. In addition, giving animals antibiotics to promote growth or prevent illness can generate resistance in animal bacteria that can later be transmitted to humans. </p><h2>Prevention of antibiotic resistance</h2> <p>The following are ways that you can help prevent antibiotic resistance:</p> <ul> <li>Ask your doctor if antibiotics are the right treatment for your child.</li> <li>If your child needs antibiotics, always give them the full dose that is prescribed.</li> <li>Give your child the full course of antibiotics even if they feel better before the antibiotics are finished.</li> <li>Give antibiotics only to the child for whom they were prescribed.</li> <li>If you have old antibiotics leftover in your house, take them to a medicine disposal program if there is one available in your area.</li> <li>Use plain soaps and household cleaners instead of ones that are labeled as antibacterial.</li> </ul><h2>Safe disposal of antibiotics</h2><p>Antibiotics that end up in our water supply make the problem of antibiotic resistance worse. This usually happens if antibiotics are flushed down the toilet or poured down the sink. </p><p>Many pharmacies have drug take-back programs. If possible, return your unused over-the-counter and prescription drugs to your pharmacy. If your pharmacy does not have a drug take-back program check with your municipality about how to dispose of hazardous household waste, including over-the-counter and prescription drugs.</p>Antibiotic resistanceFalse

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