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Cough assist machine: How it helps to clear mucus from the lungsCCough assist machine: How it helps to clear mucus from the lungsCough assist machine: How it helps to clear mucus from the lungsEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)LungsLungsNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2016-07-07T04:00:00ZReshma Amin, MD, FRCPC, MSc​​6.0000000000000074.0000000000000639.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Find out how a cough assist machine can help your child if they have difficulty clearing mucus from their lungs. </p><p>Our <a href="https://pie.med.utoronto.ca/htbw/module.html?module=lung-child">lungs</a> produce secretions (mucus) to trap bacteria and any dust or other particles that we breathe in every day. A <a href="/Article?contentid=774&language=English">cough</a> is the body’s natural way of clearing this mucus from our airways. Clearing mucus by coughing allows us to breathe more easily and reduces the risk of lung infections such as <a href="/Article?contentid=784&language=English">pneumonia</a>.</p> <figure> <img alt="Child using a cough assist machine." src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/PMD_cough_assist_machine_EN.jpg" /> </figure><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Coughing clears mucus from the lungs and helps protect them from infection.</li> <li>A cough assist machine blows air into the lungs and pulls it out quickly to clear mucus.</li> <li>Cough assist treatment can help a child if they have frequent lung infections, weak chest or abdominal muscles or a weak cough.</li> <li>Always use the cough assist machine as instructed. If your child does not like the machine, your child’s team can change the settings.</li> </ul><h2>What is a cough assist machine?</h2> <p>When we get sick, we are less able to create a strong cough. Some children have a weak cough even when they are not sick.</p> <p>A cough assist machine mimics a strong cough to help your child clear their lungs and reduce the risk of lung infections. It can help if a child has:</p> <ul> <li>a disease causing weak muscles, such as:</li> <ul> <li>spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=943&language=English">muscular dystrophy</a></li> </ul> <li>a spinal cord injury</li> <li>low muscle tone</li> <li>a tracheostomy, ventilator or other supports to help them breathe</li> </ul> <h2>Signs your child might benefit from using a cough assist machine</h2> <p>Your child may benefit from a cough assist machine if:</p> <ul> <li>their cough sounds weak</li> <li>they have frequent lung infections, such as pneumonia</li> <li>they need frequent suctioning</li> </ul><h2>How does the cough assist machine work?</h2> <p>The cough assist machine includes a mask, mouthpiece or tracheostomy adaptor that is applied to the airway.</p> <p>As your child breathes in, the machine blows air into the lungs slowly. After a short pause, the machine quickly pulls the air out, along with any mucus, much like a cough. Mucus can also be suctioned after treatment with a cough assist machine.</p> <h2>How much does a cough assist machine cost?</h2> <p>A cough assist machine may be covered by your province’s public health insurance program. You can speak to your child’s doctor for more details.</p> <h2>How will I know how to use the cough assist machine?</h2> <figure> <img alt="Child wearing cough assist machine mask." src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/PMD_cough_assist_mask_EN.jpg" /> </figure> <p>After the machine arrives, a respiratory therapist (RT) will teach you, your family and any other caregivers how to use it.</p> <p>Only use the machine as prescribed by your doctor and shown by your respiratory therapist. Do not change the settings on the machine yourself.</p> <p>Your doctor will decide when and how often you should use cough assist with your child. Most children use it twice a day. If your child is sick and has more mucus than usual, you can use the cough assist machine more often until your child feels better.</p>​<h2>At Si​ckKids</h2> <p>In Ontario, the cost of a cough assist machine is covered by the Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP). If your family qualifies for funding from the province’s <a href="http://www.health.gov.on.ca/en/public/programs/adp/" target="_blank">Assistive Devices Program</a>, you can obtain a machine from the <a href="http://ontvep.ca/" target="_blank">Ontario Ventilator Equipment Pool (VEP)​</a>. Your doctor can help you apply for both the ADP funding and the cough assist machine from the VEP.</p>

 

 

Cough assist machine: How it helps to clear mucus from the lungs2447.00000000000Cough assist machine: How it helps to clear mucus from the lungsCough assist machine: How it helps to clear mucus from the lungsCEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)LungsLungsNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2016-07-07T04:00:00ZReshma Amin, MD, FRCPC, MSc​​6.0000000000000074.0000000000000639.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Find out how a cough assist machine can help your child if they have difficulty clearing mucus from their lungs. </p><p>Our <a href="https://pie.med.utoronto.ca/htbw/module.html?module=lung-child">lungs</a> produce secretions (mucus) to trap bacteria and any dust or other particles that we breathe in every day. A <a href="/Article?contentid=774&language=English">cough</a> is the body’s natural way of clearing this mucus from our airways. Clearing mucus by coughing allows us to breathe more easily and reduces the risk of lung infections such as <a href="/Article?contentid=784&language=English">pneumonia</a>.</p> <figure> <img alt="Child using a cough assist machine." src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/PMD_cough_assist_machine_EN.jpg" /> </figure><h2>What happens when we cough?</h2> <p>Most of the time, we cough as a reflex (an automatic response). There are three phases to a normal cough reflex.</p> <ol> <li>Taking a big breath in.</li> <li>Forcefully breathing out with the vocal cords closed.</li> <li>Rapidly opening the vocal cords and pushing the air and any mucus out of the lungs.</li> </ol><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Coughing clears mucus from the lungs and helps protect them from infection.</li> <li>A cough assist machine blows air into the lungs and pulls it out quickly to clear mucus.</li> <li>Cough assist treatment can help a child if they have frequent lung infections, weak chest or abdominal muscles or a weak cough.</li> <li>Always use the cough assist machine as instructed. If your child does not like the machine, your child’s team can change the settings.</li> </ul><h2>What if my child does not like using the machine?</h2> <p>While it might feel strange at first, most children adapt to using the cough assist machine very quickly.</p> <p>If your child does not like using their machine, you can speak to your child’s doctor, nurse practitioner or respiratory therapist. They can help adjust the machine’s settings to make using the machine more comfortable for your child.</p><h2>What is a cough assist machine?</h2> <p>When we get sick, we are less able to create a strong cough. Some children have a weak cough even when they are not sick.</p> <p>A cough assist machine mimics a strong cough to help your child clear their lungs and reduce the risk of lung infections. It can help if a child has:</p> <ul> <li>a disease causing weak muscles, such as:</li> <ul> <li>spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=943&language=English">muscular dystrophy</a></li> </ul> <li>a spinal cord injury</li> <li>low muscle tone</li> <li>a tracheostomy, ventilator or other supports to help them breathe</li> </ul> <h2>Signs your child might benefit from using a cough assist machine</h2> <p>Your child may benefit from a cough assist machine if:</p> <ul> <li>their cough sounds weak</li> <li>they have frequent lung infections, such as pneumonia</li> <li>they need frequent suctioning</li> </ul><h2>How does the cough assist machine work?</h2> <p>The cough assist machine includes a mask, mouthpiece or tracheostomy adaptor that is applied to the airway.</p> <p>As your child breathes in, the machine blows air into the lungs slowly. After a short pause, the machine quickly pulls the air out, along with any mucus, much like a cough. Mucus can also be suctioned after treatment with a cough assist machine.</p> <h2>How much does a cough assist machine cost?</h2> <p>A cough assist machine may be covered by your province’s public health insurance program. You can speak to your child’s doctor for more details.</p> <h2>How will I know how to use the cough assist machine?</h2> <figure> <img alt="Child wearing cough assist machine mask." src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/PMD_cough_assist_mask_EN.jpg" /> </figure> <p>After the machine arrives, a respiratory therapist (RT) will teach you, your family and any other caregivers how to use it.</p> <p>Only use the machine as prescribed by your doctor and shown by your respiratory therapist. Do not change the settings on the machine yourself.</p> <p>Your doctor will decide when and how often you should use cough assist with your child. Most children use it twice a day. If your child is sick and has more mucus than usual, you can use the cough assist machine more often until your child feels better.</p><h2>What are the risks of using a cough assist machine?</h2> <p>When used properly, using a cough assist machine carries the following very low risks:</p> <ul> <li>pneumothorax (an air leak in the lungs) if too much air is blown in</li> <li>worsening acid reflux</li> <li>food entering the airway. Your child’s team can create a feeding plan to minimize this risk.</li> </ul>​<h2>At Si​ckKids</h2> <p>In Ontario, the cost of a cough assist machine is covered by the Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP). If your family qualifies for funding from the province’s <a href="http://www.health.gov.on.ca/en/public/programs/adp/" target="_blank">Assistive Devices Program</a>, you can obtain a machine from the <a href="http://ontvep.ca/" target="_blank">Ontario Ventilator Equipment Pool (VEP)​</a>. Your doctor can help you apply for both the ADP funding and the cough assist machine from the VEP.</p>Cough assist machine: How it helps to clear mucus from the lungs

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