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Complications of diabetesCComplications of diabetesComplications of diabetesEnglishEndocrinologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)PancreasEndocrine systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2017-11-20T05:00:00ZCatherine Pastor, RN, MN, HonBScVanita Pais, RD, CDEAndrea Ens, MD, FRCPCJennifer Harrington, MBBS, PhD000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn what the potential complications of diabetes are, the risk factors and how they can be reduced.</p><p><a href="/Article?contentid=1717&language=English">Diabetes</a> can lead to health complications later in life if it is not properly managed. Complications are unwanted outcomes from an illness. There are various complications from diabetes that occur more often with high blood glucose levels and/or high blood pressure levels that are left untreated. Not everyone with diabetes will develop the complications seen below.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Diabetes complications fall into two groups: microvascular and macrovascular.</li> <li>Risk factors can be improved with proper blood sugar control and a healthy lifestyle.</li> <li>Risk factors for complications include poor blood sugar control, smoking and unhealthy weight.</li></ul>
Complications liées au diabèteCComplications liées au diabèteComplications of diabetesFrenchEndocrinologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)PancreasEndocrine systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2017-11-20T05:00:00ZCatherine Pastor, RN, MN, HonBScVanita Pais, RD, CDEAndrea Ens, MD, FRCPCJennifer Harrington, MBBS, PhD000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Apprenez-en davantage sur les complications possibles liées au diabète, les facteurs de risque et comment ils peuvent être atténués.</p><p>Le <a href="/Article?contentid=1717&language=French">diabète</a> peut entraîner des complications au niveau de la santé plus tard dans la vie s’il n’est pas correctement pris en charge. Les complications sont les incidences indésirables d’une maladie. Plusieurs des complications liées au diabète se produisent principalement en présence d’un taux élevé de sucre dans le sang ou d’une pression artérielle élevée qui ne sont pas pris en charge. Toutes les personnes atteintes de diabète ne développent pas nécessairement les complications décrites ci-dessous.</p><h2>À retenir<br></h2><ul><li>Il y a deux types de complications : microvasculaires et macrovasculaires.</li><li>L’effet négatif des facteurs de risque peut être endigué grâce à un bon contrôle du taux de glycémie et à l’adoption d’un mode de vie sain.</li><li>Les facteurs de risque liés aux complications comprennent la glycémie mal contrôlée, le tabagisme et le surpoids. </li></ul>

 

 

Complications of diabetes2520.00000000000Complications of diabetesComplications of diabetesCEnglishEndocrinologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)PancreasEndocrine systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2017-11-20T05:00:00ZCatherine Pastor, RN, MN, HonBScVanita Pais, RD, CDEAndrea Ens, MD, FRCPCJennifer Harrington, MBBS, PhD000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Learn what the potential complications of diabetes are, the risk factors and how they can be reduced.</p><p><a href="/Article?contentid=1717&language=English">Diabetes</a> can lead to health complications later in life if it is not properly managed. Complications are unwanted outcomes from an illness. There are various complications from diabetes that occur more often with high blood glucose levels and/or high blood pressure levels that are left untreated. Not everyone with diabetes will develop the complications seen below.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Diabetes complications fall into two groups: microvascular and macrovascular.</li> <li>Risk factors can be improved with proper blood sugar control and a healthy lifestyle.</li> <li>Risk factors for complications include poor blood sugar control, smoking and unhealthy weight.</li></ul><h2>What are the potential complications of diabetes?</h2><p>Complications fall into two groups:</p><ul><li>Microvascular complications involve small blood vessels.</li><li>Macrovascular complications involve large blood vessels.</li></ul><p>The risk of these complications can be improved with proper blood sugar (glucose) control and healthy lifestyle changes.</p><p>There are also other conditions that occur more often in people with diabetes and can develop over time.</p> <figure class="asset-c-80"><span class="asset-image-title">Potential complications of </span> <span class="asset-image-title"></span><span class="asset-image-title">diabetes</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/diabetes_vascular_complications_EN.jpg" alt="Body parts affected by microvascular and macrovascular diabetes complications highlighted " /><figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Complications</figcaption><figcaption class="asset-image-caption"></figcaption><figcaption class="asset-image-caption"> related to diabetes fall into two groups: microvascular complications involving small blood vessels and macrovascular complications involve large blood vessels. Macrovascular complications almost never happen to children or teenagers. </figcaption></figure> <h3>Microvascular (small blood vessel) complications</h3><p>Microvascular complications occur mostly in people with diabetes. They include:</p><ul><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=2522&language=English">retinopathy</a> (eye damage), cataracts (clouding of the eye’s natural lens) or glaucoma​ (damage to the eye nerve)</li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=2523&language=English">nephropathy</a> (kidney damage; <a href="https://pie.med.utoronto.ca/htbw/module.html?module=kidney-child">kidneys</a> are the organs of the body that remove bodily waste in the urine)</li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=2524&language=English">neuropathy</a> (nerve damage; nerves are fibers that carry electric messages and allow communication between the brain and spinal cord and the rest of the body).</li></ul><p>These problems almost never happen in young children and they are uncommon in teenagers. However, diabetes probably starts to have an effect from the time it begins. </p><h3>Macrovascular (large blood vessel) complications </h3><p>Macrovascular complications also occur in the general population, but they are more common in people with diabetes. They include:</p><ul><li>risk of heart attack (<a href="/Article?contentid=2524&language=English">cardiovascular disease</a>)</li> <li>risk of stroke (<a href="/Article?contentid=2524&language=English">cerebrovascular disease</a>)</li><li>poor circulation to the limbs, which may also cause foot problems (<a href="/Article?contentid=2524&language=English">peripheral vascular disease​</a>).<br></li></ul><p>Macrovascular complications almost never happen to children or teenagers.</p><h2>Risk factors for complications</h2><p>A person’s risk of having complications is higher in the following situations. Many of these conditions are checked frequently in people with diabetes.</p><h3>Poor blood sugar control</h3><p>Optimal blood sugar control reduces the chance that complications will develop. However, that does not mean that someone with poor control will definitely have complications. It also does not mean that someone with excellent control is guaranteed to be complication-free. </p><h3>Smoking</h3><p>Smoking increases the risk of complications a great deal. Smokers with diabetes are at much greater risk of developing complications than non-smokers. Those complications will also worsen more quickly in people who smoke than in non-smokers. Quitting at any time is beneficial.</p><h3>Unhealthy weight </h3><p>People who are overweight have a greater risk of complications. <a href="/Article?contentid=1741&language=English">Healthy eating</a> and an active lifestyle reduce the risk and should be encouraged in everyone.</p><h3>High blood pressure</h3><p>High blood pressure (<a href="/Article?contentid=898&language=English">hypertension</a>) increases the risk of complications for people with diabetes because of increased pressure on the kidneys, heart and blood vessels. Lowering the blood pressure with medical treatment and a healthy lifestyle reduces this risk. Regular blood pressure checks in clinic are an important part of diabetes care.</p><h3>High blood fats </h3><p>People with diabetes may develop high blood fat levels (hyperlipidemia). Blood fats are called lipids and include <a href="/Article?contentid=891&language=English">cholesterol</a> and triglycerides. Following a healthy lifestyle, keeping a healthy weight, and keeping blood sugar levels in target range, can help keep blood fat levels in the normal range.</p><h3>Having proteins in the urine</h3><p>The kidneys filter the blood and get rid of the waste. Proteinuria is a condition where proteins leak into the urine instead of staying in the body. Finding these proteins in urine may indicate kidney problems.</p><h3>Having diabetes for a longer time </h3><p>Complications rarely arise in people who have had <a href="/Article?contentid=1719&language=English">type 1 diabetes </a>for less than five years and before puberty. In <a href="/Article?contentid=1721&language=English">type 2 diabetes​</a>, complications may occur by the time of diagnosis. The longer a person has had diabetes (either type 1 or 2), the more likely complications are to appear. </p> ​​ https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/diabetes_vascular_complications_EN.jpgComplications of diabetesFalse

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