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Bipolar disorder: OverviewBBipolar disorder: OverviewBipolar disorder: OverviewEnglishPsychiatryTeen (13-18 years)NANAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2016-07-15T04:00:00Z​Marijana Jovanovic, MD, FRCPC;Daphne Korczak MD, MSc, FRCPC (Paediatrics), FRCPC (Psychiatry)​;Irfan Mian, MD, FRCPC, DABPN000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn about the different types of bipolar disorder and how they differ from everyday mood swings.</p><h2>What is bipolar disorder?</h2><p>Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder consisting of episodes of:</p><ul><li>elevated or irritable mood (called manic or hypomanic episodes)</li><li>low mood (depressive episodes)</li></ul><p>Bipolar disorder cannot be diagnosed until a person has experienced a manic or hypomanic episode.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Mood changes that are severe or sustained, interfere with everyday activities, pose a safety risk or include symptoms of psychosis can be a sign that a child or teen has developed bipolar disorder.</li><li>A manic episode (lasting at least seven days) must occur before a child is diagnosed with bipolar disorder, type 1. A hypomanic episode (lasting at least four days) must be present before a child is diagnosed with bipolar disorder, type 2.</li><li>See your doctor if your child is experiencing symptoms of hypomania or mania.</li><li>Go to the nearest emergency department if your child is voicing suicidal thoughts, engaging in significant risk taking behaviours or showing symptoms of psychosis.</li></ul> ​​​<h2>What causes bipolar disorder?</h2> <p>There is no single known cause of bipolar disorder but rather a number of possible factors. For example, children who have a parent or sibling with bipolar disorder are up to six times more likely to develop the disorder themselves.</p> <p>In addition, bipolar disorder can be more likely to occur in response to various stressors in a child's environment, such as the loss of a parent or caregiver, school difficulties, bullying, poverty or early life abuse or neglect. Some substances, such as cannabis, may also increase the risk of or unmask bipolar disorder.</p> <h2>How common is bipolar disorder in children and teens?</h2> <p>Bipolar disorder spectrum affects between 1 and 3 per cent of teens. It is not yet clear how common it is among younger children.</p><h2>When to see a doctor about bipolar disorder</h2> <p>See your child's doctor once you suspect that your child or teen has bipolar disorder (typically, after a first episode of mania).</p> <p>Go to your nearest emergency department if there are concerns about your child's safety (for instance if your child <a href="/Article?contentid=292&language=English">expresses suicidal thoughts</a> or engages in risk-taking behaviour) or if your child is experiencing psychosis.</p> <h2>Does bipolar disorder occur with other conditions?</h2> <p>Bipolar disorder often occurs with other conditions, especially <a href="/Article?contentid=270&language=English">anxiety disorders</a>. Other conditions that commonly occur with bipolar disorder include:</p> <ul><li>substance use disorders</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=1922&language=English">attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) </a></li> <li>disruptive behaviour disorders such as oppositional defiant disorder.</li></ul><h2>When to see a doctor about bipolar disorder</h2> <p>See your child's doctor once you suspect that your child or teen has bipolar disorder (typically, after a first episode of mania).</p> <p>Go to your nearest emergency department if there are concerns about your child's safety (for instance if your child <a href="/Article?contentid=292&language=English">expresses suicidal thoughts</a> or engages in risk-taking behaviour) or if your child is experiencing psychosis.</p><h2>Further information</h2><p>For more information on bipolar disorder, please see the following pages:</p><p><a href="/Article?contentid=280&language=English">Bipolar disorder: Signs and symptoms</a></p><p><a href="/Article?contentid=704&language=English">Bipolar disorder: Treatment with medications</a></p><p><a href="/Article?contentid=705&language=English">Bipolar disorder: Treatment with psychotherapy and lifestyle changes</a></p>
Le trouble bipolaire: présentation généraleLLe trouble bipolaire: présentation généraleBipolar disorder: OverviewFrenchPsychiatryTeen (13-18 years)NANAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2016-07-15T04:00:00Z​Marijana Jovanovic, MD, FRCPC;Daphne Korczak MD, MSc, FRCPC (Paediatrics), FRCPC (Psychiatry)​;Irfan Mian, MD, FRCPC, DABPN000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Découvrez les différents types de trouble bipolaire et comment ils diffèrent des sautes d'humeur quotidiennes.</p><h2>Qu'est-ce que le trouble bipolaire?</h2> <p>Le trouble bipolaire est un trouble de l'humeur qui comporte l'un ou l'autre de ces épisodes:</p> <ul> <li>une humeur irritable ou euphorique (épisodes hypomaniaques ou maniaques),</li> <li>le manque d'énergie (épisodes dépressifs).</li> </ul> <p>Le trouble bipolaire ne peut pas être diagnostiqué jusqu'à ce qu'une personne ait vécu un épisode hypomaniaque ou maniaque.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Il est normal d'avoir des sautes d'humeur en réaction à de grands changements ou à des pertes. Cependant, les sautes d'humeur graves ou durables, celles qui interfèrent avec les activités quotidiennes, posent un risque de sécurité ou comportent des symptômes de psychose peuvent être un signe que l'enfant ou l'adolescent a développé un trouble bipolaire.</li> <li>Il faut qu'il y ait eu un épisode de manie d'au moins sept jours avant qu'un enfant ne reçoive un diagnostic de trouble bipolaire, type 1. Il faut qu'il y ait eu un épisode d'hypomanie (d'une durée d'au moins quatre jours) pour qu'un enfant reçoive un diagnostic de trouble bipolaire, type 2.</li> <li>Consultez votre médecin si votre enfant éprouve des symptômes d'hypomanie ou de manie. Rendez-vous à l'urgence si votre enfant exprime des idées suicidaires, s'engage dans des comportements à risques importants ou présente des symptômes de psychose.</li> <li>Le trouble bipolaire peut être accompagné d'un certain nombre d'autres troubles, le plus souvent des troubles anxieux et de TDAH.</li> </ul> ​​​<h2>Les causes du trouble bipolaire</h2> <p>Il n'existe pas une seule cause connue du trouble bipolaire, mais plutôt un certain nombre de facteurs possibles. Par exemple, les enfants qui ont un parent, un frère ou une sœur souffrant d'un trouble bipolaire sont jusqu'à six fois plus susceptibles de développer la maladie eux-mêmes.</p> <p>En outre, le trouble bipolaire peut être plus susceptible de survenir en réponse à divers facteurs de stress dans l'environnement de l'enfant, comme la perte d'un parent ou d'une personne soignante, les difficultés scolaires, l'intimidation, la pauvreté ou l'abus ou la négligence dans les premières années de la vie. Certaines substances, comme le cannabis, peuvent aussi accroître le risque de trouble bipolaire ou contribuer à le dévoiler.</p> <h2>Quelle est la fréquence du trouble bipolaire chez les enfants et les adolescents? </h2> <p>Le trouble bipolaire affecte entre 1 et 3 pour cent des adolescents. On ne connaît pas la fréquence de la survenance du trouble bipolaire chez les jeunes enfants.</p><h2>Le trouble bipolaire peut-il s'accompagner d'autres troubles?</h2> <p>Le trouble bipolaire est fréquemment accompagné d'autres troubles, particulièrement des <a href="/Article?contentid=270&language=French">troubles anxieux</a>. Parmi les autres troubles de santé qui accompagnent fréquemment le trouble bipolaire figurent:</p> <ul> <li>les troubles liés à la toxicomanie,</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=1922&language=French">le trouble déficitaire de l'attention avec hyperactivité (TDAH) </a>,</li> <li>le trouble de comportements perturbateurs comme le trouble oppositionnel avec provocation.</li> </ul><h2>Quand consulter un médecin au sujet du trouble bipolaire?</h2> <p>Consultez le médecin de votre enfant si vous pensez que votre enfant ou votre adolescent a un trouble bipolaire (généralement, après un premier épisode de manie).</p> <p>Rendez-vous au service d'urgence le plus proche s'il y a des inquiétudes sur la sécurité de votre enfant (par exemple si votre enfant exprime des pensées suicidaires ou s'engage dans des comportements à risques) ou si votre enfant est aux prises avec une psychose.</p>

 

 

Bipolar disorder: Overview279.000000000000Bipolar disorder: OverviewBipolar disorder: OverviewBEnglishPsychiatryTeen (13-18 years)NANAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2016-07-15T04:00:00Z​Marijana Jovanovic, MD, FRCPC;Daphne Korczak MD, MSc, FRCPC (Paediatrics), FRCPC (Psychiatry)​;Irfan Mian, MD, FRCPC, DABPN000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn about the different types of bipolar disorder and how they differ from everyday mood swings.</p><h2>What is bipolar disorder?</h2><p>Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder consisting of episodes of:</p><ul><li>elevated or irritable mood (called manic or hypomanic episodes)</li><li>low mood (depressive episodes)</li></ul><p>Bipolar disorder cannot be diagnosed until a person has experienced a manic or hypomanic episode.</p><h2>How is bipolar disorder different from everyday mood swings?</h2> <p>Every child and teen experiences changes in their mood as a result of stressors or big life changes. What makes bipolar disorder different is that each change in mood lasts longer (from days to months) and interferes with the person's everyday functioning.</p> <p>In addition to changes in mood, the mania and depression linked with bipolar disorder can:</p> <ul> <li>affect a person's <a href="/Article?contentid=645&language=English">sleep</a>, concentration and appetite</li> <li>cause someone to lose interest in enjoyable activities</li> <li>lead to feelings and thoughts of worthlessness, hopelessness and <a href="/Article?contentid=291&language=English">suicide</a></li> <li>lead to risk-taking behaviour, such as putting themselves in physical danger<br></li> </ul> <p>Some children and teens with bipolar disorder may also experience psychosis during their mood episodes. When a person has psychosis, they experience thoughts and sensations that are so impaired that they have trouble identifying what is real and what is not. They may experience delusions such as paranoia or see or hear things that are not there.</p> <h2>Types of bipolar disorder</h2> <p>Not everyone experiences bipolar disorder in the same way. The condition exists on a spectrum that includes:</p> <ul> <li>bipolar disorder, type 1</li> <li>bipolar disorder, type 2</li> <li>other specified bipolar and related disorder</li> <li>unspecified bipolar and related disorder</li> </ul> <h3>Bipolar disorder, type 1</h3> <p>Bipolar disorder, type 1, is diagnosed when a child or teen has had at least one episode of mania. This means that they have had a number of <a href="/Article?contentid=280&language=English">specific symptoms</a> for at least one week that significantly impair their everyday functioning.</p> <p>Bipolar disorder, type 1, can be diagnosed when symptoms last less than a week if the child also has symptoms of psychosis or needs to be admitted to hospital.</p> <p>Children and teens with bipolar disorder often also experience depressed or mixed episodes. But even if a child has one or more episodes of depression, they can only be diagnosed accurately with bipolar disorder, type 1, once they have an episode of mania.</p> <h3>Bipolar disorder, type 2</h3> <p>Bipolar disorder, type 2, is diagnosed after a child or teen has had at least one episode of hypomania. This means that they have had a number of <a href="/Article?contentid=280&language=English">specific symptoms</a> over at least four days. The symptoms impair the child's everyday functioning but not to the same degree as mania.</p> <p>Children and teens with hypomania do not require an admission to hospital, and there are no associated symptoms of psychosis. They may experience one or more episodes of depression, but the diagnosis cannot be made before the first episode of hypomania occurs.</p> <h3>Other specified bipolar and related disorder or unspecified bipolar and related disorder</h3> <p>A healthcare professional will diagnose one of these if a child or teen has symptoms of bipolar disorder but does not meet all the conditions for bipolar disorder, types 1 or 2.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Mood changes that are severe or sustained, interfere with everyday activities, pose a safety risk or include symptoms of psychosis can be a sign that a child or teen has developed bipolar disorder.</li><li>A manic episode (lasting at least seven days) must occur before a child is diagnosed with bipolar disorder, type 1. A hypomanic episode (lasting at least four days) must be present before a child is diagnosed with bipolar disorder, type 2.</li><li>See your doctor if your child is experiencing symptoms of hypomania or mania.</li><li>Go to the nearest emergency department if your child is voicing suicidal thoughts, engaging in significant risk taking behaviours or showing symptoms of psychosis.</li></ul> ​​​<h2>What causes bipolar disorder?</h2> <p>There is no single known cause of bipolar disorder but rather a number of possible factors. For example, children who have a parent or sibling with bipolar disorder are up to six times more likely to develop the disorder themselves.</p> <p>In addition, bipolar disorder can be more likely to occur in response to various stressors in a child's environment, such as the loss of a parent or caregiver, school difficulties, bullying, poverty or early life abuse or neglect. Some substances, such as cannabis, may also increase the risk of or unmask bipolar disorder.</p> <h2>How common is bipolar disorder in children and teens?</h2> <p>Bipolar disorder spectrum affects between 1 and 3 per cent of teens. It is not yet clear how common it is among younger children.</p><h2>When to see a doctor about bipolar disorder</h2> <p>See your child's doctor once you suspect that your child or teen has bipolar disorder (typically, after a first episode of mania).</p> <p>Go to your nearest emergency department if there are concerns about your child's safety (for instance if your child <a href="/Article?contentid=292&language=English">expresses suicidal thoughts</a> or engages in risk-taking behaviour) or if your child is experiencing psychosis.</p> <h2>Does bipolar disorder occur with other conditions?</h2> <p>Bipolar disorder often occurs with other conditions, especially <a href="/Article?contentid=270&language=English">anxiety disorders</a>. Other conditions that commonly occur with bipolar disorder include:</p> <ul><li>substance use disorders</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=1922&language=English">attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) </a></li> <li>disruptive behaviour disorders such as oppositional defiant disorder.</li></ul><h2>When to see a doctor about bipolar disorder</h2> <p>See your child's doctor once you suspect that your child or teen has bipolar disorder (typically, after a first episode of mania).</p> <p>Go to your nearest emergency department if there are concerns about your child's safety (for instance if your child <a href="/Article?contentid=292&language=English">expresses suicidal thoughts</a> or engages in risk-taking behaviour) or if your child is experiencing psychosis.</p><h2>Does bipolar disorder occur with other conditions?</h2><p>Bipolar disorder often occurs with other conditions, especially <a>anxiety disorders</a>. Other conditions that commonly occur with bipolar disorder include:</p><ul><li>substance use disorders</li><li><a href="/Article?contentid=1922&language=English">attention deficit hype​ractivity disorder (ADHD)</a> </li><li>disruptive behavioural disorders such as <a href="/Article?contentid=1925&language=English">oppositional defiant disorder</a>.</li></ul><h2>Further information</h2><p>For more information on bipolar disorder, please see the following pages:</p><p><a href="/Article?contentid=280&language=English">Bipolar disorder: Signs and symptoms</a></p><p><a href="/Article?contentid=704&language=English">Bipolar disorder: Treatment with medications</a></p><p><a href="/Article?contentid=705&language=English">Bipolar disorder: Treatment with psychotherapy and lifestyle changes</a></p> <img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/bipolar_disorder_overview.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/bipolar_disorder_overview.jpgBipolar disorder: OverviewFalse

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