Bulimia nervosa: OverviewBBulimia nervosa: OverviewBulimia nervosa: OverviewEnglishPsychiatryTeen (13-18 years)NANAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2016-02-02T05:00:00ZSeena Grewal, MD, MSc, FRCP(C);Teresa Bansen, MSW;Tania Turrini, RD​000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-ZLearn about the main features and causes of bulimia nervosa. <h2>What is bulimia nervosa?</h2><p>Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder and mental health condition that involves binge eating followed by inappropriate compensation, usually through purging behaviours.</p><ul><li>Binge eating is a period of uncontrolled eating, when a large amount of food is eaten in a short period of time. It is often followed by the person feeling shame over their perceived lack of control.</li><li>Purging is when a person with bulimia induces vomiting or uses laxatives or other pills to rid their body of the calories they consumed during their binge. Some people with bulimia will also go through periods of starvation or do excessive exercise to try to lose weight.</li></ul><p>People with bulimia are very good at hiding their illness. They may be of average or above average weight, but they often have abnormal attitudes towards food and struggle with poor body image.</p><p>Bulimia nervosa is more common than anorexia nervosa. However, people with bulimia often do not seek help, as they may be embarrassed by or ashamed of their eating patterns. As a result, bulimia may go undiagnosed for some time.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Bulimia is an eating disorder and mental health condition that involves binge eating followed by inappropriate compensation through purging.</li> <li>Binge eating involves eating a large amount of food in an uncontrolled way in a short period of time. It is often followed by feelings of guilt and shame. </li> <li>Purging can include induced vomiting, use of laxatives or other pills or, sometimes, periods of starvation or too much exercise.</li> <li>Bulimia arises from a mix of social factors, stressful life events and genetics. It usually begins between the ages of 14 and 22 and often occurs with a mental health condition such as depression or a substance use disorder.</li> </ul><h2>What causes bulimia?</h2> <p>The exact causes of bulimia nervosa are unknown. Generally, bulimia results from a mix of social factors, stressful life events and genetics. Often, people who develop bulimia begin their illness with a period of attempted or actual weight loss.</p> <h3>Social factors</h3> <p>Peer pressure to fit in, dieting and the media's emphasis on being thin may all play a part in someone developing bulimia. Other factors include certain environments or activities such as involvement in a body-based sport such as gymnastics, which may put pressure on a child or teen to lose weight.</p> <h3>Stressful life events</h3> <p>A person may develop bulimia after experiencing stress or a trauma. The stress or trauma may cause them to feel a loss of control that is reflected in bingeing and purging.</p> <h3>Genetics</h3> <p>Having a relative who has been diagnosed with an eating disorder may be a risk factor for developing bulimia nervosa. Also, certain temperaments or personality traits, such as increased impulsivity, may make someone more likely to develop bulimia.</p> <h2>Who is affected by bulimia?</h2> <p>Bulimia typically begins between the ages of 14 and 22. It may often occur with an existing mental health condition such as depression or a substance use disorder.</p><h2>Further information</h2> <p>For more information on bulimia, please see the following pages:</p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=283&language=English">Bulimia: Signs and symptoms</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=281&language=English">Bulimia: Medical complications</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=706&language=English">Bulimia: Treatment options​</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=294&language=English">Bulimia: How to help your child at home​</a></p> ​<h2>Resources</h2> <p><a href="http://www.nedic.ca/" target="_blank">NEDIC – National Eating Disorder Infor​mation Centre</a> (Canada)</p> <p><a href="http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/" target="_blank">NEDA – National Eating Disorder Association</a> (United States)</p> <p>American Academy of Pediatrics – <em><a href="https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/emotional-problems/Pages/Eating-Disorders-in-Children.aspx" target="_blank">​Eating Disorders in Children</a> ​</em></p> <p><a href="http://www.b-eat.co.uk/" target="_blank">B-EAT – Beating Eating Disorders</a> (United Kingdom)</p> <p><a href="http://www.keltyeatingdisorders.ca/" target="_blank">Kelty Eating Disorders​</a> (Kelty Mental Health Resource Centre, BC Children's Hospital)</p> <p>Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario – <a href="http://www.cheo.on.ca/en/eating_disorder_info" target="_blank"><em>Eating Disorders​</em></a></p> ​
Boulimie mentale: présentation généraleBBoulimie mentale: présentation généraleBulimia nervosa: OverviewFrenchPsychiatryTeen (13-18 years)NANAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2016-02-02T05:00:00ZSeena Grewal, MD, MSc, FRCP(C);Teresa Bansen, MSW;Tania Turrini, RD​000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Découvrez les causes et les caractéristiques principales de la boulimie mentale.</p><h2>​​En quoi consiste la boulimie mentale?</h2> <p>La boulimie mentale est un trouble du comportement alimentaire et de santé mentale caractérisé par une frénésie alimentaire suivi d’une compensation inappropriée, généralement un comportement de purge.</p> <ul> <li>Une frénésie ou rage alimentaire est un épisode de consommation incontrôlée d’une grande quantité d’aliments ingérée dans un court laps de temps. L’épisode est souvent suivi d’un sentiment de honte de ne pas avoir su se maîtriser.</li> <li>Un comportement de purge est lorsque le boulimique induit des vomissements ou utilise des laxatifs ou autres pilules pour éliminer les calories ingérées pendant la frénésie. Certains boulimiques se contraignent aussi à des périodes de jeûne ou font des exercices physiques de façon excessive pour essayer de perdre du poids.</li> </ul> <p>Les personnes boulimiques dissimulent habilement leur maladie. Elles ont souvent un poids normal ou plus élevé que la normale, mais elles affichent des attitudes anormales envers la nourriture et ont des problèmes d’image corporelle.</p> <p>Les cas de boulimie mentale sont plus fréquents que ceux d’anorexie mentale. Toutefois, nombreux sont les boulimiques qui ne demandent pas d’aide sans doute parce qu’ils ont honte ou se sentent gênés de parler de leurs habitudes alimentaires. Par conséquent, une boulimie peut rester non diagnostiquée pendant un certain temps.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>La boulimie est un trouble du comportement alimentaire et de santé mentale caractérisé par une frénésie alimentaire suivi d’un comportement compensatoire inapproprié de purge.</li> <li>Une frénésie ou rage alimentaire est un épisode de consommation incontrôlée d’une grande quantité d’aliments ingérée dans un court laps de temps. L’épisode est souvent suivi d’un sentiment de honte et de culpabilité.</li> <li>La purge peut comprendre l’induction de vomissements, l’utilisation de laxatifs ou d’autres pilules ou, parfois, des périodes de jeûne ou d’exercices physiques excessifs.</li> <li>Le déclenchement de la boulimie peut être associé à un ensemble de facteurs sociaux et d’événements stressants de la vie alliés à la génétique. La boulimie se déclare généralement entre 14 et 22 ans. Elle frappe souvent ceux qui sont déjà atteints d’un trouble de santé mentale, tels que la dépression, ou d’un problème de toxicomanie.</li> </ul><h2>Quelles sont les causes de la boulimie?</h2> <p>Les causes exactes de la boulimie sont inconnues. En règle générale, son déclenchement peut être associé à un ensemble de facteurs sociaux et d’événements stressants de la vie alliés à la génétique. La maladie commence souvent avec une période de perte de poids ou une tentative de perdre du poids.</p> <h3>Facteurs sociaux</h3> <p>La pression exercée par les pairs pour s’intégrer, les régimes et l’importance accordée dans les médias à la minceur peuvent favoriser le déclenchement de la boulimie. Certains milieux ou des activités telles que la participation à un sport axé sur le corps, comme la gymnastique, constituent d’autres facteurs qui peuvent exercer une pression sur un enfant ou un adolescent de perdre du poids.</p> <h3>Événements stressants de la vie</h3> <p>La boulimie peut être déclenchée par des sentiments de stress ou un traumatisme. Le stress ou un traumatisme peut provoquer le sentiment d’une perte de contrôle qui se reflète dans la frénésie alimentaire avec purge.</p> <h3>Génétique</h3> <p>Le fait d’avoir un membre de la parenté chez qui un trouble alimentaire a été diagnostiqué peut être un facteur de risque dans le déclenchement de la boulimie mentale. En outre, certains tempéraments ou traits de personnalité, tels que l’impulsivité accrue, peuvent rendre quelqu’un plus susceptible de développer la boulimie.</p> <h2>Qui est atteint de boulimie?</h2> <p>La boulimie se déclare généralement entre 14 et 22 ans. Elle frappe souvent ceux qui sont déjà atteints d’un trouble de santé mentale, tels que la dépression, ou d’un problème de toxicomanie.</p><h2>En savoir plus</h2> <p>Pour plus d’informations sur la boulimie, veuillez consulter les pages suivantes:</p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=283&language=French">Boulimie: signes avant-coureurs</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=281&language=French">Boulimie: complications médicales</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=706&language=French">Boulimie: options de traitement</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=294&language=French">Boulimie: comment aider votre enfant à la maison​</a></p> <h2>Ressources</h2> <p><a href="http://www.nedic.ca/" target="_blank">NEDIC – Centre d’information sur les troubles alimentaires</a> (Canada)</p> <p><a href="http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/">NEDA – Association nationale des troubles alimentaires</a> (États-Unis)</p> <p>L'académie américaine de pédiatrie – <em><a href="https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/emotional-problems/Pages/Eating-Disorders-in-Children.aspx" target="_blank">​Eating Disorders in Children</a></em></p> <p><a href="http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/" target="_blank">B-EAT – Lutter contre les troubles alimentaires</a> (Royaume Uni)</p> <p><a href="http://www.keltyeatingdisorders.ca/" target="_blank">Troubles alimentaires Kelty</a> (Centre de ressources sur la santé mentale Kelty, Hôpital pour enfants de la Colombie-Britannique)</p> <p>Le Centre hospitalier pour enfants de l’est de l’Ontario – <em><a href="http://www.cheo.on.ca/en/eating_disorder_info" target="_blank">Eating Disorders​</a></em>​</p>

 

 

Bulimia nervosa: Overview282.000000000000Bulimia nervosa: OverviewBulimia nervosa: OverviewBEnglishPsychiatryTeen (13-18 years)NANAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2016-02-02T05:00:00ZSeena Grewal, MD, MSc, FRCP(C);Teresa Bansen, MSW;Tania Turrini, RD​000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-ZLearn about the main features and causes of bulimia nervosa. <h2>What is bulimia nervosa?</h2><p>Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder and mental health condition that involves binge eating followed by inappropriate compensation, usually through purging behaviours.</p><ul><li>Binge eating is a period of uncontrolled eating, when a large amount of food is eaten in a short period of time. It is often followed by the person feeling shame over their perceived lack of control.</li><li>Purging is when a person with bulimia induces vomiting or uses laxatives or other pills to rid their body of the calories they consumed during their binge. Some people with bulimia will also go through periods of starvation or do excessive exercise to try to lose weight.</li></ul><p>People with bulimia are very good at hiding their illness. They may be of average or above average weight, but they often have abnormal attitudes towards food and struggle with poor body image.</p><p>Bulimia nervosa is more common than anorexia nervosa. However, people with bulimia often do not seek help, as they may be embarrassed by or ashamed of their eating patterns. As a result, bulimia may go undiagnosed for some time.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Bulimia is an eating disorder and mental health condition that involves binge eating followed by inappropriate compensation through purging.</li> <li>Binge eating involves eating a large amount of food in an uncontrolled way in a short period of time. It is often followed by feelings of guilt and shame. </li> <li>Purging can include induced vomiting, use of laxatives or other pills or, sometimes, periods of starvation or too much exercise.</li> <li>Bulimia arises from a mix of social factors, stressful life events and genetics. It usually begins between the ages of 14 and 22 and often occurs with a mental health condition such as depression or a substance use disorder.</li> </ul><h2>What causes bulimia?</h2> <p>The exact causes of bulimia nervosa are unknown. Generally, bulimia results from a mix of social factors, stressful life events and genetics. Often, people who develop bulimia begin their illness with a period of attempted or actual weight loss.</p> <h3>Social factors</h3> <p>Peer pressure to fit in, dieting and the media's emphasis on being thin may all play a part in someone developing bulimia. Other factors include certain environments or activities such as involvement in a body-based sport such as gymnastics, which may put pressure on a child or teen to lose weight.</p> <h3>Stressful life events</h3> <p>A person may develop bulimia after experiencing stress or a trauma. The stress or trauma may cause them to feel a loss of control that is reflected in bingeing and purging.</p> <h3>Genetics</h3> <p>Having a relative who has been diagnosed with an eating disorder may be a risk factor for developing bulimia nervosa. Also, certain temperaments or personality traits, such as increased impulsivity, may make someone more likely to develop bulimia.</p> <h2>Who is affected by bulimia?</h2> <p>Bulimia typically begins between the ages of 14 and 22. It may often occur with an existing mental health condition such as depression or a substance use disorder.</p><h2>Further information</h2> <p>For more information on bulimia, please see the following pages:</p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=283&language=English">Bulimia: Signs and symptoms</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=281&language=English">Bulimia: Medical complications</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=706&language=English">Bulimia: Treatment options​</a></p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=294&language=English">Bulimia: How to help your child at home​</a></p> ​<h2>Resources</h2> <p><a href="http://www.nedic.ca/" target="_blank">NEDIC – National Eating Disorder Infor​mation Centre</a> (Canada)</p> <p><a href="http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/" target="_blank">NEDA – National Eating Disorder Association</a> (United States)</p> <p>American Academy of Pediatrics – <em><a href="https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/emotional-problems/Pages/Eating-Disorders-in-Children.aspx" target="_blank">​Eating Disorders in Children</a> ​</em></p> <p><a href="http://www.b-eat.co.uk/" target="_blank">B-EAT – Beating Eating Disorders</a> (United Kingdom)</p> <p><a href="http://www.keltyeatingdisorders.ca/" target="_blank">Kelty Eating Disorders​</a> (Kelty Mental Health Resource Centre, BC Children's Hospital)</p> <p>Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario – <a href="http://www.cheo.on.ca/en/eating_disorder_info" target="_blank"><em>Eating Disorders​</em></a></p> ​<img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/bulimia_overview.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/bulimia_overview.jpgBulimia nervosa: Overview

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