CPR: General knowledgeCCPR: General knowledgeCPR: General knowledgeEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Lungs;TracheaRespiratory systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+) Hospital healthcare providersNA2017-06-29T04:00:00ZReshma Amin, MD, FRCPC, MSc;Faiza Syed, BHSc, RRT;Tuyen Tran, RRT000Flat ContentHealth A-Z



CPR: General knowledge2947.00000000000CPR: General knowledgeCPR: General knowledgeCEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Lungs;TracheaRespiratory systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+) Hospital healthcare providersNA2017-06-29T04:00:00ZReshma Amin, MD, FRCPC, MSc;Faiza Syed, BHSc, RRT;Tuyen Tran, RRT000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<h2>What is CPR and why is it important?</h2><p>Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a life-saving procedure that combines <a href="/Article?contentid=2948&language=English">chest compressions</a> and artificial ventilation on a child or infant who is having, or is about to have, a cardiac arrest (heart attack). CPR should be done for any child or infant who is unresponsive with abnormal breathing or no breathing at all.</p><p>CPR is vital because it tries to:</p><ul><li>preserve brain function</li><li>restore blood circulation<br></li><li>restore breathing.</li></ul><h2>What are the common causes of abnormal breathing?</h2><p>In most cases, a child's or infant's heart stops beating <em>not</em> because of a problem with their heart (unless they have a primary heart condition) but because of a breathing emergency. A breathing emergency can occur if:</p><ul><li>there is not enough <a href="/Article?contentid=2958&language=English">oxygen</a> in the air your child is breathing in</li><li>your child's heart and lungs are not working properly<br></li><li>your child's airway is blocked because of an</li><ul><li>airway obstruction (for example, choking or a blocked <a href="/Article?contentid=2916&language=English">tracheostomy tube</a>)</li><li>allergic reaction</li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=2911&language=English">upper respiratory tract</a> infection.</li></ul></ul><h2>What can I do to prevent breathing emergencies in my child?</h2><p>To prevent breathing emergencies:</p><ul><li>make sure your child has enough humidity</li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=2927&language=English">suction the tracheostomy tube</a> appropriately to prevent it from plugging</li><li>make sure your child has 24-hour “eyes-on” care with an alert caregiver who is trained in tracheostomy management and care</li><li>make sure that your child is not pulling out their tracheostomy tube</li><li>make sure your child is not putting anything into their tracheostomy tube</li><li>supervise your child when they are with small children who may pull at the tracheostomy tube or put something in it</li><li>monitor your child’s blood oxygen level with an <a href="/Article?contentid=2962&language=English">oximeter</a></li><li>contact your child's healthcare provider if you observe early signs of <a href="/Article?contentid=2913&language=English">infection in your child​</a> (early recognition of illness is very important).</li></ul><h3>General safety precautions</h3><ul><li>Supervise young children when they are eating.</li><li>Keep small objects away from young children.</li><li>Check all toys for small parts that could break off.</li><li>Keep poisonous products, including medications, out of children’s reach.</li><li>Use correctly installed car seats and other child restraints.</li><li>Teach children how to use roads safely.</li><li>Teach children about the dangers of electricity.</li></ul><h2>How will I know that my child has stopped breathing or has ineffective breathing?</h2><p>Your child’s breathing has stopped when:</p><ul><li>their chest does not rise and fall</li><li>you cannot hear or feel air movement.</li></ul><p>Your child’s breathing is ineffective when:</p><ul><li>they have very slow and shallow breaths</li><li>they have very fast and shallow breaths</li><li>their breathing is laboured and noisy, as if gasping for air</li><li>they are experiencing fatigue</li><li>their skin is sweaty </li><li>their skin colour is slightly blue</li><li>they are less alert, aware and responsive than usual.</li></ul><p>If your child stops breathing or has ineffective breathing, their body does not get enough oxygen. You must act <strong>immediately</strong> to restore or improve their breathing.</p><p></p> <a class="btn btn-primary" href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/trachvent">Return to trach-vent learning hub</a><br>CPR: General knowledgeTruehttps://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=2948&language=Englishhttps://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=2946&language=English

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