|Obsessive compulsive disorder: Treatment with psychotherapy and medications||709.000000000000||Obsessive compulsive disorder: Treatment with psychotherapy and medications||Obsessive compulsive disorder: Treatment with psychotherapy and medications||O||English||Psychiatry||School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)||NA||NA||Non-drug treatment||Caregivers
Adult (19+)||NA||2016-07-19T04:00:00Z||Sandra L. Mendlowitz, PhD, C Psych||10.1000000000000||52.0000000000000||624.000000000000||Health (A-Z) - Procedure||Health A-Z||<p>Learn how psychotherapy and medications can help improve the symptoms of OCD.</p>||<p>OCD is known to be treated successfully with both psychotherapy and medications.</p>||<h2>Key points</h2>
<li>CBT for OCD should be conducted by a clinician experienced in treating OCD.</li>
<li>CBT and ERP should always be tried before medications are prescribed.</li>
<li>Medications are generally used with CBT in cases of more severe OCD.</li>
</ul>||<h2>Psychotherapy for OCD</h2>
<h3>Cognitive behavioural therapy</h3>
<p>Research has shown cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) to be a very effective treatment for OCD. CBT is a type of therapy in which a person learns to:</p>
<li>recognize how their thoughts, feelings and behaviours are connected</li>
<li>challenge their worries or unrealistic thoughts</li>
<li>replace their thoughts with more rational or realistic thoughts</li>
<p>With OCD, the person over-estimates the importance of an intrusive thought. This can then make them feel anxious. The rituals they create offer temporary relief from their anxiety, but they provide no real guarantee that the thought will not recur. As a result, the ritual is repeated, usually several times, until the person "feels right" or has repeated the actions a special number of times.</p>
<p>CBT helps to address the anxiety a child with OCD might feel, but another treatment, exposure response prevention (ERP), helps them to challenge their thoughts and learn relaxation techniques such as deep breathing and muscle relaxation.</p>
<h3>Exposure response prevention (ERP)</h3>
<p>As its name suggests, ERP consists of two major parts: exposure and response prevention.</p>
<li>Exposure involves having your child confront the feared situation (for example touching an object they think is contaminated).</li>
<li>Response prevention involves keeping the child from acting on their immediate compulsion (for example preventing them from washing their hands immediately).</li>
<li>While parents may help stop the child completing the ritual, (for example by turning off the main water valve so there is no running water), the child eventually must be able to stop themselves independently.</li>
<p>ERP is designed to allow the child to tolerate the anxiety without following the ritual. At first, not following the ritual is the most difficult part of treatment for the child, but, over time, their anxiety naturally reduces and the link between the fear and ritual weakens.</p>
<p>If your child needs ERP, it is not unusual to have many sessions before they stop the ritual. Even still, this treatment remains the most effective way to treat OCD.</p>||<h2>Medications for OCD</h2>
<p>CBT remains the first line of treatment for children with mild to moderate OCD symptoms. For moderate to severe symptoms, both CBT and medications called <a href="/Article?contentid=701&language=English">selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)</a> can be successful. Medications can also work well when someone's anxiety is too severe to engage in CBT or other treatment on its own.</p>
<p>Established medications for treating children and teens with OCD include:</p>
<li><a href="/Article?contentid=142&language=English">fluoxetine</a> (Prozac)<br></li>
<p>Other SSRIs may also be used.</p>||<h2>Further information</h2><p>For more information about OCD, please see the following pages:</p><p>
<a href="/Article?contentid=285&language=English">OCD: Overview</a></p><p>
<a href="/Article?contentid=288&language=English">OCD: Signs and symptoms</a></p><p>
<a href="/Article?contentid=286&language=English">OCD: How it affects your child's life</a></p><p>
<a href="/Article?contentid=287&language=English">OCD: How to help your child</a></p><h2>Resources</h2><p>The following books and websites have some useful advice about OCD for parents and teens.</p><h3>Books</h3><p>Chansky, T. (2001).
<em>Freeing Your Child from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: a Powerful, Practical Program for Parents of Children and Adolescents</em>. Harmony.</p><p>Derisley, J., et al (2008).
<em>Breaking Free from OCD: a CBT Guide for Young People and Their Families</em>. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. </p><p>Dotson, A. (2014).
<em>Being Me with OCD: How I Learned to Obsess Less and Enjoy My Life</em>. Free Spirit Publishing. </p><p>Jassi, A. (2013).
<em>Can I Tell You about OCD? A Guide for Friends, Family, and Professionals</em>. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.</p><h3>Websites</h3><p>International OCD Foundation (2016).
<a href="https://kids.iocdf.org/" target="_blank">
<em>OCD in Kids</em></a>.</p><p>TeenMentalHealth.org (2016).
<a href="http://teenmentalhealth.org/learn/mental-disorders/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd/" target="_blank">Obsessive Compulsive Disorder</a></em>.</p><p>AnxietyBC (2016).
<a href="https://www.anxietycanada.com/parenting/obsessive-compulsive-disorder" target="_blank">Obsessive Compulsive Disorder</a></em>.<br></p>||<img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/obsessive_compulsive_disorder_psychotherapy.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />||https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/obsessive_compulsive_disorder_psychotherapy.jpg||Obsessive compulsive disorder: Treatment with psychotherapy and medications||False|