Speech and language milestonesSSpeech and language milestonesSpeech and language milestonesEnglishDevelopmentalBaby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years)NANAHealthy living and preventionCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZVirginia Frisk, Ph.D., C. Psych000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Find out how a child's speech and language skills usually develop by age five.</p><p>​It is helpful to know the usual developmental stages a child goes through when learning speech and language. Keep in mind that these stages are ranges, and the ranges are approximate. Individual babies, toddlers, and children achieve different skills at different times within the range. Some features of language development are listed below for each developmental stage.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Language is generally divided in to two categories: receptive and expressive.​</li><li>Receptive language is understanding the expressions and words of others. Expressive language is the ability to express yourself to others.</li><li>As children improve their language skills their receptive language is almost always better than their expressive language.</li></ul>

 

 

Speech and language milestones732.000000000000Speech and language milestonesSpeech and language milestonesSEnglishDevelopmentalBaby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years)NANAHealthy living and preventionCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2009-10-31T04:00:00ZVirginia Frisk, Ph.D., C. Psych000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Find out how a child's speech and language skills usually develop by age five.</p><p>​It is helpful to know the usual developmental stages a child goes through when learning speech and language. Keep in mind that these stages are ranges, and the ranges are approximate. Individual babies, toddlers, and children achieve different skills at different times within the range. Some features of language development are listed below for each developmental stage.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Language is generally divided in to two categories: receptive and expressive.​</li><li>Receptive language is understanding the expressions and words of others. Expressive language is the ability to express yourself to others.</li><li>As children improve their language skills their receptive language is almost always better than their expressive language.</li></ul><p>Language is generally divided in to two categories: receptive and expressive. Receptive language is essentially understanding the expressions and words of others. Children begin to develop this skill first. Expressive language is the child’s ability to express themselves. </p><p>As children improve their language skills, they tend to understand more than they can say. In other words, their receptive language is almost always better than their expressive language.</p> <h2>Eight to 13 months</h2><ul><li>Points at objects they want</li><li>Shakes head to indicate “no”</li><li>Waves good-bye</li><li>Uses sounds as if they were words</li><li>Uses jargon</li><li>Imitates adult’s sounds</li></ul><h2>12 to 18 months</h2><ul><li>Begins to develop a receptive vocabulary of words they understand, for example, they are able to point to objects when named by an adult</li><li>Understands a number of single words and short phrases</li><li>Uses approximately 10 to 20 words for objects</li></ul><h2>18 to 24 months</h2><ul><li>Understands simple questions and commands</li><li>Begins to combine two words to form a sentence</li><li>Increases expressive vocabulary, or the words they use when speaking, to about 200 words</li><li>Begins to use negatives: “no juice”</li></ul><h2>24 to 36 months</h2><p>During this period, your child will begin to use three-word sentences. Their sentences will increase in length over this period. Their grammar will become more precise. Here are a few other milestones.</p><ul><li>Uses prepositions such as “in” and “on”</li><li>Adds “ing” to verbs: “go” becomes “going”</li><li>Adds auxiliary verbs: “He can play”</li><li>Adds “s” to words to indicate more than one: “dogs”</li><li>Begins to add “a” and “the” to sentences</li><li>Learns to use pronouns, negatives, and conjunctions in the middle of sentences: “he,” “can’t,” “and”</li></ul><p>Your child will also begin to use language for more complex purposes.</p><ul><li>Understands many concepts: in/out; big/little; go/stop; animals; toys; top/bottom</li><li>Follows two-part directions: “get your coat and mitts”</li><li>Follows simple stories in books</li><li>Begins to ask “why?”</li><li>Becomes a story teller</li><li>Can say the following sounds: h, p, m, d, and k</li><li>The child’s speech is 75% to 100% intelligible</li></ul><h2>Three to five years</h2><p>Now your child will understand most of what is being said to them. Their sentences and stories will become more complex. Their conversational skills will improve. They will understand how to get someone’s attention to begin a conversation and how to take turns in a conversation. Their vocabulary will grow from about 1000 words at three years of age to 5,000 or more words by five years of age.</p><p>At age three, 75% of what a child says should be understandable to a complete stranger.</p><p>His grammar will be come more complex, for example: </p><ul><li>links ideas in sentences using “and,” “because,” “what,” “when,” “but,” “that,” “if,” “so”</li><li>uses pronouns correctly: I, she, he, her, him, me, mine, they</li><li>reverses order of words to ask questions: “What is he doing?” as opposed to “What he is doing?”</li><li>uses auxiliary verbs in questions: “Is he sick?”</li><li>uses more advanced forms of negatives: “didn’t”</li><li>overgeneralizes some rules: “I runned”; “two gooses”</li></ul><p>Between three and five years, your child’s ability to pronounce letters and blended letters will grow. Children are able to produce the following specific sounds:</p><ul><li>at three years: w, b, t, f, g, ng, n</li><li>at four years: l, sh, ch, s, j</li><li>at five years: z, r​.</li></ul><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/speech_language_milestones.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/speech_language_milestones.jpgSpeech and language milestones

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