EaracheEEaracheEaracheEnglishOtolaryngologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)EarsNervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Decreased hearing;Earache;Fever;Pain2015-04-24T04:00:00ZElly Berger, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, MHPE8.0000000000000069.0000000000000616.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>An earache can develop because of an infection, impacted earwax or an injury. Learn how to treat an earache at home and when to see a doctor.<br></p><h2>What is earache?</h2> <p>Earache can be a sharp, dull or burning pain in one or both ears. This pain can last for a short or long time. Earache is common in children.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>An earache can be a sharp, dull or burning pain in one or both ears that can last for a short or long time.</li> <li>Earaches are often caused by ear and other upper respiratory infections. Other causes include impacted earwax or injury.</li> <li>You can help relieve a child's earache by encouraging them to swallow if the earache is due to changes in altitude. You can give over-the-counter pain medications if the earache is due to infection or injury.</li> <li>Get medical help right away if your child has severe pain and fever, if they have new or worsening symptoms or if they have fluid or blood oozing from the ear. </li> </ul><h2>Causes of earache</h2><p>The Eustachian tubes connect the ears to back of the mouth, near the throat. Short-term changes in pressure in one or both Eustachian tubes are one of the most common causes of earache. The changes in pressure occur when a child has an <a href="/article?contentid=12&language=English">upper respiratory infection</a>, such as the common cold or a throat, ear or sinus infection.</p><h3>Ear infections</h3><p>An <a href="/article?contentid=8&language=English">ear infection</a> occurs when there is swelling or build-up of fluids in the middle ear, most often from a viral or bacterial infection. It is also called otitis media. The middle ear is the space between the eardrum and inner ear.</p> <figure class="asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Otitis media</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/IMD_otitis_media_EN.jpg" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">In otitis media, the Eustachian tube is blocked. Fluid and pressure then build up in the middle ear. This makes the eardrum bulge outward and causes pain.</figcaption> </figure> <p>A child with an ear infection displays some of the following common signs and symptoms:</p><ul><li>ear pain</li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a></li><li>fussiness</li><li>irritability</li><li>pulling or rubbing the ear</li><li>increased <a href="/Article?contentid=448&language=English">crying</a></li><li>trouble sleeping</li><li>fluid draining from the ear</li><li>difficulty hearing.<br></li></ul><h3>Other possible causes of earache</h3><ul><li>Pressure changes in the ears (for example during take-off or landing in a plane or if there is a lot of mucus in the sinuses)</li><li>Injury to the ear</li><li>Irritation from a foreign object in the ear</li><li>Impacted (packed-in) ear wax in the ear canal, usually caused by using cotton swabs incorrectly</li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=747&language=English">Swimmer's ear (otitis externa)</a></li></ul><h2>How to treat your child’s earache</h2> <p>If your child has an earache on an airplane, have them chew gum or swallow to help relieve the pressure in their ears. If your child is an infant, allowing them to suck on a bottle or breastfeed while the plane lands may ease their discomfort.</p> <p>If your child is diagnosed with an ear infection, and they are under six months of age, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics. If your child is older than six months and they have only mild discomfort and a low-grade fever, your doctor might decide to wait for two or three days to see if the ear infection gets better on its own. If your child is older than six months, but they are in a lot of pain or have a high fever, the doctor might decide to start the antibiotic treatment right away.</p> <p>You can give over-the-counter pain medications such as <a href="/Article?contentid=62&language=English">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="/article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a> to reduce your child’s pain. Only give ibuprofen if your child is drinking reasonably well. Do not give ibuprofen to babies younger than 6 months without first talking to your doctor.</p><h2>When to call a doctor for earache</h2> <p>See a doctor if:</p> <ul> <li>your child has severe pain and fever</li> <li>your child's symptoms get worse over the next 24 to 48 hours</li> <li>your child has dizziness, severe headaches, stiff neck or swelling around or behind the ear</li> <li>your child has fluid or blood oozing from the ear.<br></li> </ul>
Mal d’oreilleMMal d’oreilleEaracheFrenchOtolaryngologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)EarsNervous systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+) CaregiversEarache;Decreased hearing;Fever;Pain2015-04-24T04:00:00ZElly Berger, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, MHPEHealth (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Une infection, un bouchon de cérumen ou une blessure peut causer un mal d’oreille. Sachez comment le traiter et quand consulter un médecin.<br></p><h2>Qu’est-ce que le mal d’oreille?</h2><p>Un mal d’oreille (otalgie) peut provoquer une douleur aiguë, sourde ou cuisante dans une seule oreille ou dans les deux. Il peut durer peu de temps ou longtemps. Les enfants en souffrent fréquemment.<br></p><h2>À retenir</h2><ul><li>Un mal d’oreille (une otalgie en termes médicaux) peut provoquer une douleur aiguë, sourde ou cuisante dans une seule oreille ou dans les deux, et durer peu de temps ou longtemps.</li><li>Les otalgies sont souvent causées par des infections de l’oreille (otites) ou des voies respiratoires supérieures, et parfois par des bouchons de cérumen (cire) ou des blessures.</li><li>Vous pouvez soulager l’otalgie d’un enfant en l’encourageant à avaler si le problème est un changement d’altitude et lui administrer un analgésique sans ordonnance si son oreille est infectée ou blessée.</li><li>Obtenez une aide médicale immédiate si votre enfant est en proie à une douleur intense, s’il a une forte fièvre, s’il présente de nouveaux symptômes, si ses symptômes empirent, ou encore si un liquide ou du sang s’écoule de son oreille.<br></li></ul><h2>Causes du mal d’oreille</h2><p>La trompe d’Eustache relie l’oreille à la partie postérieure de la bouche, près de la gorge. Les maux d’oreille sont souvent causés par des changements soudains de pression dans l’une des trompes d’Eustache ou dans les deux. Ces changements se produisent lorsque l’enfant souffre d’une <a href="/article?contentid=12&language=French">infection des voies respiratoires supérieures</a>, comme le rhume ou une infection de la gorge, des oreilles ou des sinus.<br></p><h3>Otites moyennes</h3><p>Une <a href="/article?contentid=8&language=French">otite moyenne (infection de l’oreille</a>) se produit lorsque des liquides s’accumulent dans l’oreille moyenne, le plus souvent en raison d’une infection virale ou bactérienne. L’oreille moyenne est l’espace situé entre le tympan et l’oreille interne.</p> <figure class="asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Otite moyenne</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/IMD_otitis_media_FR.jpg" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">L'otite moyenne survient quand la trompe d'Eustache est bouchée. Un liquide s'accumule alors dans l'oreille moyenne, ce qui exerce une pression sur le tympan, l'enflamme (le fait bomber) et occasionne de la douleur.</figcaption> </figure> <p>Un enfant souffrant d’otite moyenne manifeste certains des symptômes courants suivants :</p><ul><li>mal d’oreille</li><li><a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=French">fièvre</a></li><li>irritabilité</li><li>se tirer ou se frotter l’oreille</li><li><a href="/Article?contentid=448&language=French">pleurs</a> plus fréquents</li><li>insomnie<br></li><li>écoulements de liquide dans l’oreille</li><li>difficultés à entendre</li></ul><h3>Autres causes possibles des maux d’oreille</h3><ul><li>Des changements de pression dans les oreilles (par exemple, au décollage et à l’atterrissage d’un avion ou si les sinus sont engorgés de mucus)</li><li>Lésion de l’oreille</li><li>Irritation causée par la présence d’un corps étranger dans l’oreille</li><li>Bouchon de cérumen (cire) dans le conduit auditif externe, causée d’ordinaire par l’abus de cotons-tiges</li><li><a href="/Article?contentid=747&language=French">Otite du baigneur (otite externe)</a>.</li></ul><h2>Comment traiter le mal d’oreille de votre enfant</h2><p>Si votre enfant a mal aux oreilles à bord d’un avion, suggérez-lui de mâcher de la gomme ou d’avaler, actions qui soulageront la pression dans ses oreilles. S’il s’agit d’un bébé, essayez de le soulager en lui donnant le biberon ou le sein.</p><p>S’il souffre d’une otite moyenne et qu’il a moins de six mois, le médecin lui prescrira des antibiotiques. S’il a plus de six mois, qu’il souffre d’un léger malaise et qu’il a une faible fièvre, il se peut que votre médecin décide d’attendre deux ou trois jours pour voir si son infection s’améliore d’elle-même. S’il a plus de six mois, mais qu’il souffre beaucoup ou qu’il a une forte fièvre, il est possible que le médecin décide de le mettre sans tarder sous antibiotiques.</p><p>Si votre enfant a mal, vous pouvez soulager sa douleur en lui donnant des analgésiques sans ordonnance comme de l’<a href="/Article?contentid=62&language=French">acétaminophène</a> ou de l’<a href="/article?contentid=153&language=French">ibuprofène</a>. Ne donnez pas d’ibuprofène aux enfants éprouvant des difficultés à boire ni aux bébés de moins de 6 mois sans d’abord en parler à votre médecin.</p><h2>Quand consulter le médecin pour un mal d’oreille</h2><p>Consultez-le dans les cas suivants :</p><ul><li>Votre enfant a une forte fièvre et est en proie à des douleurs intenses.</li><li>Ses symptômes ont empiré depuis 24 à 48 heures.</li><li>Il est étourdi, il souffre de maux de tête intenses, il a la nuque raide ou encore son oreille – ou la région de son oreille – est enflée.</li><li>Un liquide ou du sang s’écoule de son oreille.</li></ul>

 

 

Earache750.000000000000EaracheEaracheEEnglishOtolaryngologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)EarsNervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Decreased hearing;Earache;Fever;Pain2015-04-24T04:00:00ZElly Berger, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, MHPE8.0000000000000069.0000000000000616.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>An earache can develop because of an infection, impacted earwax or an injury. Learn how to treat an earache at home and when to see a doctor.<br></p><h2>What is earache?</h2> <p>Earache can be a sharp, dull or burning pain in one or both ears. This pain can last for a short or long time. Earache is common in children.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>An earache can be a sharp, dull or burning pain in one or both ears that can last for a short or long time.</li> <li>Earaches are often caused by ear and other upper respiratory infections. Other causes include impacted earwax or injury.</li> <li>You can help relieve a child's earache by encouraging them to swallow if the earache is due to changes in altitude. You can give over-the-counter pain medications if the earache is due to infection or injury.</li> <li>Get medical help right away if your child has severe pain and fever, if they have new or worsening symptoms or if they have fluid or blood oozing from the ear. </li> </ul><h2>Causes of earache</h2><p>The Eustachian tubes connect the ears to back of the mouth, near the throat. Short-term changes in pressure in one or both Eustachian tubes are one of the most common causes of earache. The changes in pressure occur when a child has an <a href="/article?contentid=12&language=English">upper respiratory infection</a>, such as the common cold or a throat, ear or sinus infection.</p><h3>Ear infections</h3><p>An <a href="/article?contentid=8&language=English">ear infection</a> occurs when there is swelling or build-up of fluids in the middle ear, most often from a viral or bacterial infection. It is also called otitis media. The middle ear is the space between the eardrum and inner ear.</p> <figure class="asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Otitis media</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/IMD_otitis_media_EN.jpg" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">In otitis media, the Eustachian tube is blocked. Fluid and pressure then build up in the middle ear. This makes the eardrum bulge outward and causes pain.</figcaption> </figure> <p>A child with an ear infection displays some of the following common signs and symptoms:</p><ul><li>ear pain</li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a></li><li>fussiness</li><li>irritability</li><li>pulling or rubbing the ear</li><li>increased <a href="/Article?contentid=448&language=English">crying</a></li><li>trouble sleeping</li><li>fluid draining from the ear</li><li>difficulty hearing.<br></li></ul><h3>Other possible causes of earache</h3><ul><li>Pressure changes in the ears (for example during take-off or landing in a plane or if there is a lot of mucus in the sinuses)</li><li>Injury to the ear</li><li>Irritation from a foreign object in the ear</li><li>Impacted (packed-in) ear wax in the ear canal, usually caused by using cotton swabs incorrectly</li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=747&language=English">Swimmer's ear (otitis externa)</a></li></ul><h2>How to treat your child’s earache</h2> <p>If your child has an earache on an airplane, have them chew gum or swallow to help relieve the pressure in their ears. If your child is an infant, allowing them to suck on a bottle or breastfeed while the plane lands may ease their discomfort.</p> <p>If your child is diagnosed with an ear infection, and they are under six months of age, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics. If your child is older than six months and they have only mild discomfort and a low-grade fever, your doctor might decide to wait for two or three days to see if the ear infection gets better on its own. If your child is older than six months, but they are in a lot of pain or have a high fever, the doctor might decide to start the antibiotic treatment right away.</p> <p>You can give over-the-counter pain medications such as <a href="/Article?contentid=62&language=English">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="/article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a> to reduce your child’s pain. Only give ibuprofen if your child is drinking reasonably well. Do not give ibuprofen to babies younger than 6 months without first talking to your doctor.</p><h2>When to call a doctor for earache</h2> <p>See a doctor if:</p> <ul> <li>your child has severe pain and fever</li> <li>your child's symptoms get worse over the next 24 to 48 hours</li> <li>your child has dizziness, severe headaches, stiff neck or swelling around or behind the ear</li> <li>your child has fluid or blood oozing from the ear.<br></li> </ul>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/IMD_otitis_media_EN.jpgEaracheFalseEarache

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