Fifth disease (erythema infectiosum)FFifth disease (erythema infectiosum)Fifth disease (erythema infectiosum)EnglishInfectious DiseasesSchool age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-15 years)SkinImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Fever;Headache;Rash2010-03-05T05:00:00ZSheila Jacobson, MBBCh, FRCPC7.0000000000000072.0000000000000414.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>A general overview of the symptoms, causes and treatment of fifth disease, and other useful tips for parents.</p><br><br><h2>What is fifth disease?</h2> <p>Fifth disease is a viral infection. It is also known as "slapped cheek syndrome." This because it causes a red rash on the cheeks. A virus called Parvovirus B19 causes fifth disease. Parvovirus B19 can spread from person to person. It spreads through droplets in the air or on surfaces we touch. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Fifth disease is a viral infection that is usually mild.</li> <li>People with blood disorders and pregnant women are at risk of complications.</li> <li>Once the rash appears, the child is no longer contagious.</li> </ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of fifth disease</h2> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">mild fever</a>, chills, headaches and other flu-like symptoms (these usually appear four to 14 days after the virus enters the body, and can last up to three weeks)</li> <li>bright red cheeks</li> <li>pale area around mouth</li> <li>a red, blotchy, lace-like rash that appears on the torso about four days after the illness starts</li> <li>the rash then spreads to the arms and the rest of the body</li> <li>the rash can be more well-defined after a warm bath (it can be itchy and last from seven to 21 days)</li> <li>sometimes joint pain or swelling</li> </ul><h2>How to help your child with fifth disease</h2> <p>Offer your child fluids often. This helps to avoid dehydration. Treat fever or pain with <a href="/Article?contentid=62&language=English">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a>. </p> <p>Because fifth disease is caused by a virus, antibiotics will not work. There is no effective lotion or medication for the rash. </p> <p>Children who are otherwise healthy are usually healthy again after a few weeks. </p><h2>Complications</h2> <p>Fifth disease can make children with blood disorders such as <a href="/Article?contentid=745&language=English">sickle cell disease</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=840&language=English">thalassemia</a> more sick. </p> <p>The virus can spread from a pregnant woman to her unborn child. If this happens, it can lead to severe and life threatening conditions in the unborn baby. It can also cause a miscarriage. </p><h2>When to seek medical assistance</h2> <p>See the doctor if: </p> <ul> <li>your child becomes ill with fifth disease</li> <li>your child has an blood disorder</li> <li>you are pregnant or if any pregnant women have been in contact with your child with fifth disease </li> </ul>
Cinquième maladie de l'enfant (mégalérythème épidémique ou érythème infectieux aigu)CCinquième maladie de l'enfant (mégalérythème épidémique ou érythème infectieux aigu)Fifth disease (erythema infectiosum)FrenchInfectious DiseasesSchool age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-15 years)SkinImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Fever;Headache;Rash2010-03-05T05:00:00ZSheila Jacobson, MBBCh, FRCPC7.0000000000000072.0000000000000414.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Aperçu simple des symptômes, des causes, et des traitements associés à cette éruption cutanée et autres conseils utiles pour les parents. </p><h2>Qu'est-ce que la 5<sup>e</sup> maladie de l'enfant?</h2> <p>La 5<sup>e</sup> maladie de l'enfant est une infection virale. Les éruptions cutanées très rouges sur les joues donnent l'impression que le malade a été giflé, ce qui explique l'origine du terme anglais de langue courante « slapped cheek syndrome ». La 5<sup>e</sup> maladie de l'enfant est causée par un virus appelé « Parvovirus B19 ». Le Parvovirus B19 peut se propager d'une personne à l'autre. Il se propage par l'entremise de gouttelettes dans l’air ou des surfaces que nous touchons. </p><h2>Points clés</h2> <ul> <li>La 5<sup>e</sup> maladie de l’enfant est une infection virale qui est habituellement bénigne.</li> <li>Les personnes qui souffrent de troubles sanguins et les femmes enceintes pourraient développer des complications.</li> <li>Une fois que l'éruption cutanée apparaît, l'enfant n'est plus contagieux.<br></li> </ul><h2>Signes et symptômes de la 5<sup>e</sup> maladie de l'enfant</h2><ul><li>Légère fièvre, frissons, maux de tête et autres symptômes qui ressemblent au rhume. Ces symptômes apparaissent habituellement 4 à 14 jours après avoir contracté le virus. Ils peuvent durer jusqu'à 3 semaines.</li><li>Joues rouges vif</li><li>Région pâle autour de la bouche</li><li>Une éruption rouge, en plaques et ressemblant à de la dentelle apparaît sur le torse environ 4 jours après le début de la maladie. Cette éruption se propage ensuite aux bras et au reste du corps. Il se peut que l'éruption soit mieux définie après un bain chaud. Elle peut démanger. Elle peut durer de 7 à 21 jours.</li><li>Parfois, douleurs articulaires ou enflure des articulations.<br></li></ul><h2>Comment aider votre enfant atteint de la 5<sup>e</sup> maladie de l’enfant</h2> <p>Donnez-lui souvent du liquide. Cela permet d'éviter la déshydratation. Soignez la fièvre ou la douleur avec de l'acétaminophène (Tylenol, Tempra) ou de l'ibuprofène (Motrin, Advil). </p> <p>Puisque la 5<sup>e</sup> maladie de l'enfant est provoquée par un virus, les antibiotiques ne fonctionneront pas. Il n'y a pas de lotion ou de médicaments efficaces pour les éruptions cutanées. </p> <p>Les enfants qui sont normalement en santé se rétabliront habituellement après quelques semaines.</p><h2>Complications</h2> <p>La 5<sup>e</sup> maladie de l'enfant peut aggraver l'état des enfants qui souffrent de troubles sanguins, comme la drépanocytose ou la thalassémie.</p> <p>Une femme enceinte peut transmettre le virus à l'enfant qu'elle porte, ce qui peut provoquer des maladies graves et potentiellement mortelles pour le bébé à naître. Cela peut également provoquer une fausse couche. </p><h2>À quel moment faut-il obtenir de l'aide médicale </h2> <p>Consultez un médecin dans les cas suivants : </p> <ul> <li>Votre enfant contracte la 5<sup>e</sup> maladie de l'enfant</li> <li>Votre enfant souffre d’un trouble sanguin</li> <li>Vous êtes enceinte ou une femme enceinte a été en contact avec votre enfant, lequel a contracté la 5<sup>e</sup> maladie de l’enfant </li> </ul>

 

 

Fifth disease (erythema infectiosum)756.000000000000Fifth disease (erythema infectiosum)Fifth disease (erythema infectiosum)FEnglishInfectious DiseasesSchool age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-15 years)SkinImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Fever;Headache;Rash2010-03-05T05:00:00ZSheila Jacobson, MBBCh, FRCPC7.0000000000000072.0000000000000414.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>A general overview of the symptoms, causes and treatment of fifth disease, and other useful tips for parents.</p><br><br><h2>What is fifth disease?</h2> <p>Fifth disease is a viral infection. It is also known as "slapped cheek syndrome." This because it causes a red rash on the cheeks. A virus called Parvovirus B19 causes fifth disease. Parvovirus B19 can spread from person to person. It spreads through droplets in the air or on surfaces we touch. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Fifth disease is a viral infection that is usually mild.</li> <li>People with blood disorders and pregnant women are at risk of complications.</li> <li>Once the rash appears, the child is no longer contagious.</li> </ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of fifth disease</h2> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">mild fever</a>, chills, headaches and other flu-like symptoms (these usually appear four to 14 days after the virus enters the body, and can last up to three weeks)</li> <li>bright red cheeks</li> <li>pale area around mouth</li> <li>a red, blotchy, lace-like rash that appears on the torso about four days after the illness starts</li> <li>the rash then spreads to the arms and the rest of the body</li> <li>the rash can be more well-defined after a warm bath (it can be itchy and last from seven to 21 days)</li> <li>sometimes joint pain or swelling</li> </ul><h2>Fifth disease spreads before the rash appears</h2> <p>Fifth disease is mildly contagious. This means it can spread from person to person. The illness is most likely to spread before the rash appears. After the rash appears, the virus is no longer contagious. Your child can attend school while they have the rash. </p> <p>The virus spreads much like the common cold virus. An infected person can spread the virus by breathing, sneezing or touching surfaces. </p><h2>How to help your child with fifth disease</h2> <p>Offer your child fluids often. This helps to avoid dehydration. Treat fever or pain with <a href="/Article?contentid=62&language=English">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a>. </p> <p>Because fifth disease is caused by a virus, antibiotics will not work. There is no effective lotion or medication for the rash. </p> <p>Children who are otherwise healthy are usually healthy again after a few weeks. </p><h2>Complications</h2> <p>Fifth disease can make children with blood disorders such as <a href="/Article?contentid=745&language=English">sickle cell disease</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=840&language=English">thalassemia</a> more sick. </p> <p>The virus can spread from a pregnant woman to her unborn child. If this happens, it can lead to severe and life threatening conditions in the unborn baby. It can also cause a miscarriage. </p><h2>When to seek medical assistance</h2> <p>See the doctor if: </p> <ul> <li>your child becomes ill with fifth disease</li> <li>your child has an blood disorder</li> <li>you are pregnant or if any pregnant women have been in contact with your child with fifth disease </li> </ul><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/fifth_disease.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/fifth_disease.jpgparvovirusFifth disease (erythema infectiosum)

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