TetanusTTetanusTetanusEnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZMark Feldman, MD, FRCPC8.0000000000000062.0000000000000601.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Tetanus is a sudden and often fatal disease that is caused by bacteria. Learn about its signs and symptoms, treatment and prevention.<br></p><h2>What is tetanus?</h2> <p>Tetanus is a sudden and often fatal disease. It is caused by a poison produced by bacteria. The bacteria are found in dirt and dust. It can get into the body through a wound. The poison then spreads to the central nervous system. It can cause severe muscle spasms. This can interfere with breathing. Tetanus often leads to jaw stiffness. It is sometimes called "lock-jaw."</p> <p>Tetanus can be fatal even with treatment. Children who live through tetanus can have long-term problems with speech, memory or thinking. </p> <p>There is a vaccine to prevent tetanus. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Tetanus is a rare medical emergency. See the doctor right away if you think your child may have the disease.</li> <li>The bacteria that cause tetanus are found in soil, dust or animal droppings.</li> <li>Tetanus can be fatal. It can cause long-term problems with speech, memory or thinking.</li> <li>Make sure your child's tetanus immunizations are up to date. </li> </ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of tetanus</h2> <p>Symptoms can appear from a few days to several weeks after the bacteria enter your child's body through a wound. On average it takes about eight days to show symptoms. Signs and symptoms may include:</p> <ul> <li>being unable to open the mouth</li> <li>trouble swallowing</li> <li>tightening of facial muscles</li> <li>muscle spasms in the neck, back or belly</li> <li>difficulty breathing</li> <li>fever</li> </ul><h2>Causes</h2> <p>The bacteria that cause tetanus are found in soil, dust or animal droppings. Children catch tetanus when bacteria enter an untreated wound. The bacteria produce a powerful poison. The poison attacks the nervous system. </p> <p>If pregnant mothers do not have enough antibodies in their blood, their newborn babies can develop tetanus. This is called neonatal tetanus. It is common in many developing countries. It is rare in Canadian children.</p> <h2>Risk factors</h2> <ul> <li>fewer than 3 doses of tetanus vaccine</li> <li>more than 10 years since last booster</li> <li>international travel without being vaccinated</li> <li>an untreated wound</li> </ul><h2>Treatment of tetanus</h2> <p>Tetanus is diagnosed by a physical exam. If your child is diagnosed with tetanus, they will be admitted to the hospital. Antibiotics will be given to kill the infection. Other drugs, such as sedatives, may be used to control the muscle spasms. Muscle relaxants may be required. A ventilator may be used to help with breathing. </p><h2>When to seek medical assistance</h2> <p>Tetanus is a medical emergency. Contact a doctor or go to the nearest Emergency Department if you think your child may have tetanus. Women who are planning a pregnancy should make sure their tetanus booster is up to date. </p>
TétanosTTétanosTetanusFrenchInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZMark Feldman, MD, FRCPC8.0000000000000062.0000000000000601.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Le tétanos est une maladie soudaine et souvent mortelle causée par des bactéries. Apprenez-en davantage sur les signes et symptômes, le traitement et la prévention.<br></p><h2>Qu'est-ce que le tétanos?</h2> <p>Le tétanos est une maladie soudaine et souvent mortelle qui est causée par un poison produit par des bactéries. Ces bactéries se retrouvent dans la terre et la poussière et elles peuvent pénétrer dans l'organisme par une blessure. Le poison se répand alors jusqu'au système nerveux central et peut causer des spasmes musculaires sévères, ce qui peut nuire à la respiration. Le tétanos provoque souvent une raideur dans la mâchoire et on le surnomme parfois « lock-jaw » (mâchoires barrées).</p> <p>Le tétanos peut être mortel même si on le traite. Les enfants qui survivent au tétanos peuvent avoir des troubles d'élocution, de mémoire ou des troubles cognitifs à long terme. </p> <p>Il existe un vaccin contre le tétanos. </p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Le tétanos est une urgence médicale rare. Consultez immédiatement le médecin si vous croyez que votre enfant peut avoir contracté la maladie.</li> <li>Les bactéries qui causent le tétanos se retrouvent dans la terre, la poussière ou les excréments d'animaux.</li> <li>Le tétanos peut être mortel. Il peut aussi causer des troubles d'élocution, de mémoire ou des troubles cognitifs à long terme.</li> <li>Assurez-vous que l'immunisation de votre enfant contre le tétanos est à jour. </li></ul><h2> Signes et symptômes du tétanos</h2> <p>Les symptômes peuvent apparaître quelques jours ou plusieurs semaines après que la bactérie ait pénétré dans l'organisme de votre enfant par une blessure. Les symptômes mettent en moyenne 8 jours à se manifester. Les signes et symptômes peuvent comprendre:</p> <ul> <li>incapacité à ouvrir la bouche</li> <li>difficulté à avaler</li> <li>tension des muscles faciaux</li> <li>spasmes musculaires dans le cou, le dos ou le ventre</li> <li>difficulté à respirer</li> <li>fièvre</li> </ul><h2>Causes</h2> <p>Les bactéries qui causent le tétanos se retrouvent dans la terre, la poussière ou les excréments d'animaux. Les enfants attrapent le tétanos lorsque les bactéries pénètrent dans une plaie non soignée. Les bactéries produisent alors un puissant poison qui attaque le système nerveux.</p> <p>Si une femme enceinte n'a pas d'anticorps dans son sang, son enfant nouveau-né pourrait développer le tétanos. C'est ce qu'on appelle le tétanos néonatal qui est courant dans plusieurs pays en développement mais rare au Canada.</p> <h2>Facteurs de risque</h2> <ul> <li>moins de 3 doses du vaccin contre le tétanos</li> <li>plus de 10 ans depuis le dernier rappel</li> <li>voyage international sans avoir été vacciné</li> <li>blessure non soignée</li> </ul><h2>Traitement du tétanos</h2> <p>On diagnostique le tétanos par un examen physique. Si on diagnostique le tétanos chez votre enfant, il sera hospitalisé et des antibiotiques lui seront administrés pour combattre l'infection. D'autres médicaments, comme des sédatifs, peuvent être utilisés pour contrôler les spasmes musculaires, et l'on pourrait également utiliser des relaxants musculaires. Il est possible que votre enfant doive utiliser un ventilateur pour faciliter la respiration. </p><h2>À quel moment faut-il obtenir de l'aide médicale?</h2> <p>Le tétanos est une urgence médicale. Entrez en contact avec un médecin ou rendez-vous à la salle d'urgence la plus près si vous croyez que votre enfant a peut-être contracté le tétanos. Les femmes qui planifient une grossesse devraient s'assurer que leur injection de rappel est à jour. </p>

 

 

Tetanus759.000000000000TetanusTetanusTEnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZMark Feldman, MD, FRCPC8.0000000000000062.0000000000000601.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Tetanus is a sudden and often fatal disease that is caused by bacteria. Learn about its signs and symptoms, treatment and prevention.<br></p><h2>What is tetanus?</h2> <p>Tetanus is a sudden and often fatal disease. It is caused by a poison produced by bacteria. The bacteria are found in dirt and dust. It can get into the body through a wound. The poison then spreads to the central nervous system. It can cause severe muscle spasms. This can interfere with breathing. Tetanus often leads to jaw stiffness. It is sometimes called "lock-jaw."</p> <p>Tetanus can be fatal even with treatment. Children who live through tetanus can have long-term problems with speech, memory or thinking. </p> <p>There is a vaccine to prevent tetanus. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Tetanus is a rare medical emergency. See the doctor right away if you think your child may have the disease.</li> <li>The bacteria that cause tetanus are found in soil, dust or animal droppings.</li> <li>Tetanus can be fatal. It can cause long-term problems with speech, memory or thinking.</li> <li>Make sure your child's tetanus immunizations are up to date. </li> </ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of tetanus</h2> <p>Symptoms can appear from a few days to several weeks after the bacteria enter your child's body through a wound. On average it takes about eight days to show symptoms. Signs and symptoms may include:</p> <ul> <li>being unable to open the mouth</li> <li>trouble swallowing</li> <li>tightening of facial muscles</li> <li>muscle spasms in the neck, back or belly</li> <li>difficulty breathing</li> <li>fever</li> </ul><h2>Causes</h2> <p>The bacteria that cause tetanus are found in soil, dust or animal droppings. Children catch tetanus when bacteria enter an untreated wound. The bacteria produce a powerful poison. The poison attacks the nervous system. </p> <p>If pregnant mothers do not have enough antibodies in their blood, their newborn babies can develop tetanus. This is called neonatal tetanus. It is common in many developing countries. It is rare in Canadian children.</p> <h2>Risk factors</h2> <ul> <li>fewer than 3 doses of tetanus vaccine</li> <li>more than 10 years since last booster</li> <li>international travel without being vaccinated</li> <li>an untreated wound</li> </ul><h2>Treatment of tetanus</h2> <p>Tetanus is diagnosed by a physical exam. If your child is diagnosed with tetanus, they will be admitted to the hospital. Antibiotics will be given to kill the infection. Other drugs, such as sedatives, may be used to control the muscle spasms. Muscle relaxants may be required. A ventilator may be used to help with breathing. </p><h2>What you can do to help your child with tetanus</h2> <p>Try to make your child comfortable after they get out of the hospital. Make sure that any wounds are treated and heal properly. The doctor will show you how to clean and treat wounds. Antibiotics may be needed.</p><h2>Prevention</h2> <p>Tetanus is not spread through saliva or by touching another person. Most children catch the disease by getting dirt, dust or animal droppings into an open wound. Babies can get tetanus from their infected mother. </p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=1986&language=English">Immunization</a> is the only safe and reliable way to avoid tetanus. Children should be immunized against tetanus in early childhood. Immunization has made tetanus a very rare disease. Trying to avoid dirt and dust may cause more problems than it solves.</p> <p>In Canada, the tetanus vaccine is given in a combination shot. Tetanus vaccines are normally given:</p> <ul> <li>at two months, four months and six months of age</li> <li>once at 18 months</li> <li>once between four and six years of age</li> <li>once every 10 years thereafter (booster shots)</li> </ul> <p>If your child was not immunized as a baby, speak to your child's doctor about catching up.</p><h2>When to seek medical assistance</h2> <p>Tetanus is a medical emergency. Contact a doctor or go to the nearest Emergency Department if you think your child may have tetanus. Women who are planning a pregnancy should make sure their tetanus booster is up to date. </p>Tetanus

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