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Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)RRespiratory syncytial virus (RSV)Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)EnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsTrachea;LungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough;Fever;Runny nose2022-11-25T05:00:00Z7.3000000000000064.80000000000001123.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>RSV is a virus that infects the lungs and airways and causes respiratory illness, especially in children. Learn how you can help your child if they have RSV.</p><h2>What is respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?</h2><p>Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infects the lungs and airways and causes respiratory illness. It is a very common cause of cold in both children and adults. Most children will have an RSV infection by the age of two. Children are more likely to catch it during the RSV season, typically from November to April, when the virus is most active. Although most children will have a mild infection and not require any medical attention, RSV can also cause <a href="/article?contentid=765&language=english">bronchiolitis</a>, an inflammation of the lower airways, in young infants and toddlers. </p> <figure class="asset-c-80"><span class="asset-image-title">Respiratory system</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Respiratory_system_MED_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Location of the lungs, trachea, bronchus, bronchioles and diaphragm in a boy, with close-up on bronchioles and alveoli" /> </figure><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a very common virus that causes cold symptoms in most infants and toddlers. However, it can sometimes cause serious breathing problems in some babies and infants, such as bronchiolitis.</li><li>RSV is spread when droplets from someone who is infected with the virus come into contact with the eyes, nose or mouth of someone nearby. It can also spread when droplets land on surfaces and someone touches that surface and then touches their eyes, nose or mouth.</li><li>You can help prevent spreading the virus by regularly washing your hands and keeping your child away from people who are unwell.</li></ul><h2>Signs and symptoms caused by respiratory syncytial virus</h2><p>A baby or child with this infection may:</p><ul><li><a href="/article?contentid=774&language=english">cough</a></li><li>have a runny nose</li><li>have a <a href="/article?contentid=30&language=english">fever</a></li><li>sometimes wheeze (breathe with a high-pitched whistling sound)</li></ul><p>Because these are common symptoms, it is easy to mistake RSV for other respiratory viruses. </p><p>In most cases, you can take care of your child with RSV or other respiratory viruses at home as long as they are breathing comfortably, and they are drinking and peeing as usual. The infection usually lasts a few days and resolves without the need for specific treatment.</p><p>In healthy adults, RSV is usually not serious. But adults can pass the virus to children, and older adults are at risk for more severe disease with RSV.</p><h2>Respiratory syncytial virus can be serious</h2><p>Some babies and children can develop a severe form of RSV. This may be in the form of <a href="/article?contentid=765&language=english">bronchiolitis</a> or <a href="/article?contentid=784&language=english">pneumonia</a> (lung infection) For more information about bronchiolitis, please see <a href="/article?contentid=765&language=english">www.aboutkidshealth.ca/bronchiolitis</a>. </p><h2>Treatment of respiratory syncytial virus</h2><p>When a child is fighting RSV, treatment is mainly supportive to relieve the symptoms and maintain oxygen and hydration. </p><h3>Treatment for fever</h3><p>If your child has fever and is uncomfortable, you can give them <a href="/article?contentid=62&language=english">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="/article?contentid=153&language=english">ibuprofen</a>. DO NOT give your child <a href="/article?contentid=77&language=english">acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)</a>. For more information about how to care for a baby, toddler or child with a fever, visit <a href="/article?contentid=30&language=english">www.aboutkidshealth.ca/fever</a>. </p><h3>Treatment for cough</h3><p>For most children, the cough is just a symptom of the virus. The cough will get better as the virus runs its course. Over-the-counter and prescription cold medicines do not make the illness go away faster. Cough and cold medicines should not be given to children under six years of age. Most cold and flu medicines are safe for children six years of age or older but need to be given with caution as they can cause unwanted side effects, such as drowsiness, dizziness, trouble falling asleep or rapid heart rate.</p><p>Sometimes a severe cough can be a sign of a complication, such as a chest infection or asthma. A doctor can listen to your child's chest to assess if your child is having a complication and give treatment for these conditions, if needed.</p><h3>Antibiotics</h3><p>Antibiotics have no effect on viruses, such as RSV, and would not routinely be used as they will not help your child get better faster.</p><p>You should seek medical attention if your child has trouble taking in enough fluids to avoid dehydration. The first sign of this is reduced urine output (peeing less than usual; diapers are less wet). </p><p><strong>Go to the nearest Emergency Department or call 911 if:</strong></p><ul><li>your child is working very hard to breathe or stops breathing </li><li>your child becomes unresponsive </li><li>your child’s skin turns blue (in people with lighter skin), pale or grey (in people with darker skin)</li></ul>
Virus respiratoire syncytial (VRS)VVirus respiratoire syncytial (VRS)Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)FrenchInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough;Fever;Runny nose2013-10-29T04:00:00Z8.0000000000000062.00000000000001097.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Le VRS est un virus qui infecte les poumons et les voies respiratoires, et qui produit des symptômes semblables à ceux de la grippe. </p><h2>Qu'est-ce que le VRS?</h2><p>Le virus respiratoire syncytial (VRS) est un virus qui atteint les poumons et les voies respiratoires. Il provoque des rhumes et constitue la principale cause de la <a href="/article?contentid=765&language=french">bronchiolite</a> chez les nourrissons et les bambins. La plupart des enfants auront contracté l’infection due au VRS avant d’atteindre l’âge de 2 ans. L’infection est plus répandue de novembre à avril, soit la période où le virus est le plus actif. Toutefois, la majorité des enfants auront une infection légère et n’auront pas besoin de soins médicaux. </p> <figure class="asset-c-80"><span class="asset-image-title">Système respiratoire</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Respiratory_system_MED_ILL_FR.jpg" alt="L’emplacement des poumons, de a trachée, de la bronche, des bronchioles et du diaphragme dans un garçon" /> </figure><h2>À ret​enir</h2> <ul><li>Le VRS est un virus très répandu causant des infections pulmonaires dont les symptômes sont peu marqués chez la plupart des bébés et des enfants. Il peut toutefois causer des infections pulmonaires graves chez certains d’entre eux.</li> <li>Vous pouvez limiter ou prévenir la propagation du virus en vous lavant régulièrement les mains et en évitant tout contact direct avec votre bébé quand vous êtes vous même infecté ainsi que toute exposition de votre bébé à d’autres personnes infectées.</li> <li>Si votre bébé est fortement à risque de contracter des infections pulmonaires graves, il aura besoin d’une dose du médicament « palivizumab » tous les mois durant la saison du VRS (de novembre à avril).</li> <li>Vous pouvez vous assurer que votre bébé reçoive ce médicament en rappelant à votre fournisseur de soins de santé qu’il en a besoin ainsi qu’en en faisant le suivi des dates de rendez vous.</li></ul><h3>Symptômes de l’infection au VRS</h3><p>Un bébé ou un enfant infecté peut :</p><ul><li> <a href="/article?contentid=774&language=french">tousser</a>,</li><li>présenter un écoulement du nez,</li><li>avoir de la <a href="/article?contentid=30&language=french">fièvre</a>,</li><li>présenter parfois une respiration sifflante.</li></ul><p>Il est facile de confondre une infection au VRS avec une grippe ou une autre infection virale, car ils ont tous des symptômes en commun.</p><p>Dans la plupart des cas, les parents peuvent eux mêmes s’occuper de leurs enfants infectés par le VRS tant que les petits ces derniers respirent aisément, que leur peau ne devient pas bleuâtre et qu’ils boivent et urinent (font pipi) normalement. L’infection ne dure généralement que quelques jours. Les adultes en santé ne sont généralement pas gravement infectés, mais ils peuvent tout de même transmettre le virus aux enfants.</p><h2>Les incidences de l’infection au VRS peuvent être gr​aves</h2><p>Chez certains bébés et enfants, l’infection au VRS peut entraîner une <a href="/article?contentid=784&language=french">pneumonie</a> ou une <a href="/article?contentid=765&language=french">bronchiolite​</a> qui sont des maladies susceptibles d’être graves. Dans de telles situations, vous devrez peut-être amener votre enfant au cabinet de votre omnipraticien ou de votre pédiatre ou aux services d’urgence d’un hôpital.</p><h3>Votre bébé ou votre enfant a potentiellement plus de risques d’être très malade à la suite d’une infection au VRS dans les cas suivants :</h3><ul><li>Il est né prématurément (avant la 33e semaine de grossesse) et est âgé de moins de 6 mois au début de la saison du VRS, en novembre.</li><li>Il est âgé de moins de 2 ans et est aux prises avec certains troubles pulmonaires, une cardiopathie congénitale, le syndrome de Down ou une affection du système immunitaire. Le médecin de votre enfant vous expliquera la situation.</li><li>Il présente d’autres problèmes de santé particuliers dont vous parlera le médecin de votre enfant.</li></ul><h2>Traitem​ent</h2><p>Lorsqu’un enfant lutte contre une infection au VRS, le traitement consiste principalement à soulager les symptômes de l’infection. Comme les antibiotiques n’ont aucun effet sur les virus, ils ne peuvent pas accélérer la guérison de votre enfant.</p><h2>U​​n médicament est nécessaire aux bébés à risques élevés durant la saison du VRS</h2><p>Aucun médicament ne peut empêcher votre bébé d’être infecté par le VRS. De plus, le fait d’avoir eu une infection au VRS ne permet pas de l’immuniser par la suite. L’individu moyen peut avoir une infection au VRS à maintes reprises pendant sa vie.</p><p>Aucun vaccin contre le virus n’est encore disponible pour le grand public. Il existe néanmoins un médicament qui permet d’éviter que l’infection au VRS devienne très grave. Ce produit est recommandé pour les bébés risquant fortement une telle complication. Votre fournisseur de soins de santé déterminera si votre enfant a besoin de ce médicament appelé <a href="/article?contentid=208&language=french">palivizumab</a> et dont le nom commercial est Synagis. On nomme parfois ce traitement prophylaxie anti VRS, ce qui veut dire  « traitement préventif contre le VRS ». Le palivizumab est donné sous forme injectable. La piqûre est habituellement administrée dans un muscle. Il n’y a aucune contre indication en ce qui concerne les vaccins habituels des enfants. Le médicament stimulera chez votre enfant la production d’anticorps qui permettront à son organisme de combattre une infection au VRS. Ces anticorps réduiront les risques que l’infection devienne grave.</p><p>Puisque l’efficacité d’une dose de palivizumab dure 30 jours environ, votre enfant devra obtenir une injection chaque mois au cours de la saison du VRS. Si vous remettez un rendez vous ou en sautez un, l’effet bénéfique du médicament aura pris fin et votre enfant n’aura plus de protection contre le virus.</p><h3>Les réactions sont ra​res</h3><p>Les effets secondaires les plus courants du palivizumab sont la fièvre, les éruptions cutanées ou la rougeur de la peau dans la zone d’injection. Les réactions graves dues aux allergies sont très rares. Demandez au médecin ou à l’infirmier prenant en charge votre enfant de vous fournir les renseignements à jour au sujet des réactions au médicament.</p><h3>Rappelez au médecin ou à l’infirmier responsable que votre bébé a besoin d’un médicament pour éviter une infection au VRS</h3><p>L’injection, qui peut se faire à l’hôpital, au cabinet du médecin, ou dans une clinique de traitement contre le VRS, peut être administrée par un médecin ou un infirmier.</p><h3>Pour vous assurer que votre bébé obtienne tous les mois le traitement approprié, vous devriez :</h3><ul><li>Consigner les dates des rendez vous. Pour faire un suivi, servez vous du carnet d’immunisation régulier ou imprimez les tableaux ci dessous.</li></ul><h2>Prophylaxie anti-VRS</h2><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Palivizumab</th><th>Date<br></th><th>Emplacement</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Dose #1</td><td></td><td></td></tr><tr><td>Dose #2</td><td></td><td></td></tr><tr><td>Dose #3</td><td></td><td></td></tr><tr><td>Dose #4</td><td></td><td></td></tr><tr><td>Dose #5</td><td></td><td></td></tr><tr><td>Dose #6</td><td></td><td></td></tr></tbody></table><p></p><h2>Infection au VRS: résultats positifs aux tests et hospitalisations</h2><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th> </th><th> Date </th><th> Date </th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>VRS- positif</td><td></td><td></td></tr><tr><td>VRS admission à l'hôpital</td><td></td><td></td></tr><tr><td>Congé de l'hôpital</td><td></td><td></td></tr></tbody></table><ul><li>Rappelez au médecin ou à l’infirmier responsable que votre bébé a besoin d’un médicament pour éviter une infection au VRS.</li></ul><p>Pour plus de renseignements au sujet de la prophylaxie anti VRS, consultez le site du <a href="https://www.ontario.ca/fr/page/obtenez-le-remboursement-integral-de-certains-medicaments" target="_blank">ministère de la santé de l'Ontario</a>.</p>

 

 

 

 

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)764.000000000000Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)REnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsTrachea;LungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough;Fever;Runny nose2022-11-25T05:00:00Z7.3000000000000064.80000000000001123.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>RSV is a virus that infects the lungs and airways and causes respiratory illness, especially in children. Learn how you can help your child if they have RSV.</p><h2>What is respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?</h2><p>Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infects the lungs and airways and causes respiratory illness. It is a very common cause of cold in both children and adults. Most children will have an RSV infection by the age of two. Children are more likely to catch it during the RSV season, typically from November to April, when the virus is most active. Although most children will have a mild infection and not require any medical attention, RSV can also cause <a href="/article?contentid=765&language=english">bronchiolitis</a>, an inflammation of the lower airways, in young infants and toddlers. </p> <figure class="asset-c-80"><span class="asset-image-title">Respiratory system</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Respiratory_system_MED_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Location of the lungs, trachea, bronchus, bronchioles and diaphragm in a boy, with close-up on bronchioles and alveoli" /> </figure><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a very common virus that causes cold symptoms in most infants and toddlers. However, it can sometimes cause serious breathing problems in some babies and infants, such as bronchiolitis.</li><li>RSV is spread when droplets from someone who is infected with the virus come into contact with the eyes, nose or mouth of someone nearby. It can also spread when droplets land on surfaces and someone touches that surface and then touches their eyes, nose or mouth.</li><li>You can help prevent spreading the virus by regularly washing your hands and keeping your child away from people who are unwell.</li></ul><h2>Signs and symptoms caused by respiratory syncytial virus</h2><p>A baby or child with this infection may:</p><ul><li><a href="/article?contentid=774&language=english">cough</a></li><li>have a runny nose</li><li>have a <a href="/article?contentid=30&language=english">fever</a></li><li>sometimes wheeze (breathe with a high-pitched whistling sound)</li></ul><p>Because these are common symptoms, it is easy to mistake RSV for other respiratory viruses. </p><p>In most cases, you can take care of your child with RSV or other respiratory viruses at home as long as they are breathing comfortably, and they are drinking and peeing as usual. The infection usually lasts a few days and resolves without the need for specific treatment.</p><p>In healthy adults, RSV is usually not serious. But adults can pass the virus to children, and older adults are at risk for more severe disease with RSV.</p><h2>Respiratory syncytial virus can be serious</h2><p>Some babies and children can develop a severe form of RSV. This may be in the form of <a href="/article?contentid=765&language=english">bronchiolitis</a> or <a href="/article?contentid=784&language=english">pneumonia</a> (lung infection) For more information about bronchiolitis, please see <a href="/article?contentid=765&language=english">www.aboutkidshealth.ca/bronchiolitis</a>. </p><h2>How does respiratory syncytial virus spread?</h2><p>RSV is spread through droplets from a person infected with the virus that are expelled when the person talks, coughs or sneezes. These droplets can make contact with the eyes, nose and mouth of people nearby or they may land on surfaces around the infected person. RSV can live on countertops and other hard objects for more than six hours. It can live on clothes and hands for up to one hour. Contact spread can then occur when someone touches a surface that is contaminated by droplets that contain germs and then touches their eyes, nose or mouth.</p><p>RSV can also be spread by touching:</p><ul><li>mucus from the nose or mouth of a person who has the virus</li><li>soiled tissues, surfaces, clothes and toys a person with the virus has touched</li><li>the unwashed hands of a person with the virus</li></ul><h2>Treatment of respiratory syncytial virus</h2><p>When a child is fighting RSV, treatment is mainly supportive to relieve the symptoms and maintain oxygen and hydration. </p><h3>Treatment for fever</h3><p>If your child has fever and is uncomfortable, you can give them <a href="/article?contentid=62&language=english">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="/article?contentid=153&language=english">ibuprofen</a>. DO NOT give your child <a href="/article?contentid=77&language=english">acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)</a>. For more information about how to care for a baby, toddler or child with a fever, visit <a href="/article?contentid=30&language=english">www.aboutkidshealth.ca/fever</a>. </p><h3>Treatment for cough</h3><p>For most children, the cough is just a symptom of the virus. The cough will get better as the virus runs its course. Over-the-counter and prescription cold medicines do not make the illness go away faster. Cough and cold medicines should not be given to children under six years of age. Most cold and flu medicines are safe for children six years of age or older but need to be given with caution as they can cause unwanted side effects, such as drowsiness, dizziness, trouble falling asleep or rapid heart rate.</p><p>Sometimes a severe cough can be a sign of a complication, such as a chest infection or asthma. A doctor can listen to your child's chest to assess if your child is having a complication and give treatment for these conditions, if needed.</p><h3>Antibiotics</h3><p>Antibiotics have no effect on viruses, such as RSV, and would not routinely be used as they will not help your child get better faster.</p><h2>Preventing respiratory syncytial virus</h2><p>You can help stop the spread of RSV by:</p><ul><li>washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand sanitizer before and after touching your child. Ask others to do the same.</li><li>coughing or sneezing into your sleeve instead of your hands and putting used tissue into the garbage right away.</li><li>avoiding kissing or similar close contact with your child's face and hands when you are unwell.</li><li>wearing a mask in indoor public settings.</li><li>staying away from your hospitalized premature baby if you are sneezing, coughing or have a runny nose or a fever.</li><li>keeping your baby away from crowds and anyone with sneezing, coughing, a runny nose or a fever, especially during respiratory virus season. Infections spread more easily when there are more people around.</li><li>cleaning surfaces in your home that are touched often on a regular basis, more often during respiratory virus season.</li></ul><p>Do not expose your child to cigarette smoke. Smoking has been associated with increased infection rates.</p><p>No medicine can stop your baby from catching RSV, and getting RSV once does not prevent a future infection. The average person may have an RSV infection multiple times during their lifetime.</p><p>There is no vaccine available for RSV. In certain young children who are at very high risk of RSV, a medication to prevent acquiring RSV called <a href="/article?contentid=208&language=english">palivizumab</a> may be recommended by health-care providers. This medication may be given to babies born very prematurely, or who have a severe lung or heart condition. </p><p>Visit the <a href="https://www.health.gov.on.ca/en/pro/programs/drugs/funded_drug/fund_respiratory.aspx">Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care website</a> to find more information about RSV prophylaxis.</p><p>You should seek medical attention if your child has trouble taking in enough fluids to avoid dehydration. The first sign of this is reduced urine output (peeing less than usual; diapers are less wet). </p><p><strong>Go to the nearest Emergency Department or call 911 if:</strong></p><ul><li>your child is working very hard to breathe or stops breathing </li><li>your child becomes unresponsive </li><li>your child’s skin turns blue (in people with lighter skin), pale or grey (in people with darker skin)</li></ul><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/respiratory_syncytial_virus.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/respiratory_syncytial_virus.jpgrsvRespiratory syncytial virus (RSV)False

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